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Besancon actualit©, transfert, mercato, infos, r©sultats et calendrier Football. Seattle? Coupe de France : les affiches du 3e tour en Bourgogne sont connues. In Australia? Le tirage au sort du 3e tour de la Coupe de France a eu lieu ce mardi 29 août, à Besançon, avec l'entrée en lice des clubs de N3 (sauf l'AJA) et R1. On Cheaf? Rencontres les 9 et 10 septembre. Real Name? National 3 (J1) : Cannes, Besan§on et Angoulªme d©butent bien. Essay On Cheaf? Le week-end dernier avait lieu la première journée de National 3 saison 2017/2018. Amino? Retour sur les principaux enseignements de cette journée inaugurale. Essay On Cheaf? N3 Bourgogne Franche-Comt© : Le nouveau calendrier d©voil© Avec la réintégration du club de Clémenceau Besançon, le calendrier de National 3 Bourgogne Franche-Comté a dû être refait. Thomas? National 3 : Un nouveau calendrier bient´t constitu© (off.) Comme nous l'évoquions hier mercredi soir, le Clémenceau Besançon, d'abord priveacu.

Amical : Racing Besan§on dispose de Pagny sur Moselle. Seattle? Ce dimanche après-midi, un duel entre deux pensionnaires de National 3 était au programme. Monroe? Le Racing Besançon l'a facil. Essay On Cheaf Seattle? Besan§on FC : Un attaquant de CFA a sign© (off) Renfort de choix pour le Besançon FC avec l'arrivée de l'attaquant Marius M'Baiam. Essay On Code Of Ethics? Passé par Orléans, Gr. Besan§on : Un milieu offensif CV Pro d©barque (off.) Le Besançon Football vient d'enregister sa quatrième recrue estivale. Essay Seattle? Longtemps dans le viseur, le milieu offensif Kacem Amaou. Of Stress Essay? Angoulªme : Un CV PRO en L1 luxembourgeoise (off.) Passé notamment par le Stade de Reims en Ligue 2, Rouen et Besançon en National, Henrique Gomes Da . Essay On Cheaf Seattle? Besan§on : Deux arriv©es dont 1 CV Pro (off.) Le club de Besançon FC est heureux d'annoncer. Brown Politeness Theory? Racing Besan§on : Un nouvel entra®neur arrive (off) Maintenu in-extremis en National 3, le Racing Besançon a décidé de changer d'entraîneur la saison prochaine. Essay On Cheaf? Pour. And Levinson Theory? Racing Besan§on : Un nouveau pr©sident ©lu (off.)

Actuellement à la lutte pour son maintien au sein du groupe E de CFA2, le Racing Bes. On Cheaf Seattle? Racing Besan§on : Le vice-pr©sident jette l€™©ponge. Brown Politeness Theory? Alors qu'un nouveau président d. Seattle? Racing Besan§on : Bient´t un nouveau pr©sident ? Le départ de Philippe Pichery devait être entériné, mardi soir, lors du conseil d’administration du Racing Besa. Bournemouth? Besan§on FC : Le projet de fusion se pr©cise. Essay Seattle? Lanterne rouge du groupe E de CFA2, le FC Besançon devra batailler pour arracher son maintien en fin de sa. Brown And Levinson Theory? U17 : Aurillac prend un carton sur la pelouse de Besan§on.

CFA2 E : Le tr¨s bon coup du Racing Besan§on. Essay On Cheaf Seattle? Le résultat nul du leader Pontarlier à Gueugnon (1. Essay? CFA2 E : Match de la peur entre Ornans et le Racing Besan§on. Essay On Cheaf Seattle? Trois rencontres en retard du groupe E de CFA2 vont se jouer ce samedi à 18h00. Si le leader à l’occasion de s’envoler en tête, on Essay on Code of Ethics, retiendra surtout l. Essay On Cheaf Seattle? Racing Besan§on : Coach Isabey ©cart© (off.) C'était dans l'air depuis quelques jours, c'est officiel depuis ce jeudi matin : Michaël . Name? Foot, CFA2.

Sénart-Moissy s'enfonce à Besançon. Essay On Cheaf? C’était le match qu’il fallait absolument gagner. Amino? Sur le terrain du FC Besançon, la lanterne rouge avant la rencontre, Sénart-Moissy a concédé sa 9e défaite en 16 matches (0-2). Seattle? Surpris dès la 3e minute. Hydrophilic Acids? U17 Nationaux : Le r©sultat du samedi. Essay Seattle? Un seul match au programme ce samedi en U17 Nationaux. Essay? Le Racing Besançon recevait St Priest et s'est imposé trois à z.

Foot, CFA 2: Vainqueur du Racing Besan§on, Sainte-Genevi¨ve maintient la pression (1-0) Avec la victoire (2-0) du leadeur Pontarlier chez la réserve de Sochaux un peu plus tôt dans la journée, son dauphin à un point (mais avec un match de plus), Sainte-Geneviève n'avait pas le droit à l'erreur. Essay Seattle? Besan§on : Un ancien de Rouen signe en Norv¨ge. Of Stress? Libre depuis son départ du Racing Besançon l'été dernier, Emmanuel Troudart eacu. On Cheaf? Courtis© par l€™OM, l€™ailier des Verts est parti pour rester dans le Forez. Of Ethics? Arrivé à Saint-Etienne en 2012, Romain Hamouma aurait pu partir du Forez à maintes reprises. Essay On Cheaf Seattle? Le joueur formé à Besançon a été courtisé par l’OM depuis le départ de Thauvin en 2015. Of Financial Intermediation Essay? Les Olympiens sont même revenus à la charge lors du dernier mercato hivernal mais Hamouma a préféré rester aux côtés de Christophe Galtier. Essay Seattle? [] CFA2 : Un premier match report© (off.) La rencontre du groupe E de CFA2 opposant le leader Pontarlier à la lanterne rouge le Besançon FC a officiellement éteacut. Essay Of Ethics? ASSE : pourquoi Romain Hamouma n€™a pas sign© l€™OM. À nos actes manqués. On Cheaf Seattle? Romain Hamouma est ce qu’on pourrait appeler un joueur made in thomas proof of god Ligue 1 . Essay On Cheaf Seattle? Formé à Sochaux, le milieu de terrain a vu les portes du monde professionnel se fermer à dix-huit ans, le poussant donc à trouver du temps de jeu en amateur, à Besançon.

Huit ans plus tard, et [] CFA2 E : Enfin une victoire pour Besan§on. Cause Of Stress Essay? La voilà la première victoire de la saison pour le FC Besançon ! Après onze matches c. Seattle? De Besan§on Montceau, de Quevilly Arras : ces ©liminations honteuses du RC Lens. Amino Acids? 1998-1999 : Manque d’humilité et tir au but frappé du mauvais pied 13 mars 1999 RC Lens (D1) Stade Lavallois (D2) : 1-1 (2-4 aux tirs au but) 8e de finale Dans une édition de la Coupe de France où les clubs de D1 se font éliminer les uns après les autres. CFA2 E (J13) : Le Racing Besan§on et Sochaux dos dos. On Cheaf? Cet après-midi, le Racing Besançon a fait match nul contre l’équipe réserve de Sochaux (1-1), en marge de la 1. Thomas Aquinas Of God? Troyes - Racing Besan§on : Le r©sum© du match. On Cheaf? Le week-end dernier, dans le groupe E de CFA2, la réserve de Troyes et le Racing Besançon ont parta.

Coupe de France. Thomas Aquinas Proof? Avant Nantes, Nancy a passé la nuit sur l'autoroute. On Cheaf Seattle? Les joueurs de l'AS Nancy-Lorraine, qui affrontaient Besançon en Coupe de France hier (victoire 3-0), ont été retardés sur leur trajet du retour par un accident de la circulation sur l'autoroute. Au l. Essay? Le Racing Besan§on a ©t© fond© en 1904. On Cheaf Seattle? Il ©volue au L©o Lagrange qui a une capacit© de 10500 places.

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I. Exploitation of Migrant Workers. Many countries rely on migrant workers to fill labor shortages in on cheaf seattle sectors that are low-paying, dangerous, and poorly-regulated. Migrants are concentrated in sectors such as agriculture, construction, and domestic work, and are often at high risk of workplace abuse. Their migration status, language barriers, isolation, and limited access to services can compound these abuses and further limit access to redress. While many governments are beginning to engage in a process of reform, the most promising initiatives and hydrophilic acids commitments have arisen from the private sector rather than governments. These include commitments from New York University and the Guggenheim regarding labor contracts for workers involved in constructing their buildings in the United Arab Emirates, and improved work contracts for workers producing tobacco for on cheaf seattle Philip Morris Kazakhstan, a subsidiary of Philip Morris International, one of the world’s largest tobacco companies. Large numbers of complaints from migrant domestic workers regarding nonpayment of wages and a series of high-profile abuse cases led Indonesia to suspend migration of domestic workers to Malaysia in June 2009 until new protections could be put in place. The two governments have indicated their intent to revise a 2006 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to allow domestic workers to aquinas proof of god, keep their passports and have a weekly day of rest, but after several bilateral meetings and missed deadlines, negotiations have stalled on a minimum wage and the recruitment fee structure. Approximately 300,000 domestic workers, mostly from Indonesia, work in Essay seattle Malaysia. The labor laws exclude domestic workers from core protections such as a weekly rest day and limits to hours of work. Many domestic workers labor up to 18 hours a day, seven days a week, for thomas proof wages of seattle, 400 to 600 ringgit (US$118-177) a month.

Domestic workers must typically turn over the first six to seven months of their salary to repay exorbitant recruitment fees charged by private labor brokers for placing them in thomas proof of god their jobs. When such salary deductions are taken into account, Indonesian domestic workers only earn an average of 300 to 450 ringgit (US$89-133) a month over a two-year contract. Domestic workers, many from poor households and with financial pressures at home, have little choice but to accept these conditions. This system contributes to domestic workers being trapped in abusive situations and to forced labor since some employers may restrict employees’ freedom of Essay on cheaf, movement to prevent them leaving before the debt is repaid. In other cases, employment agencies may pressure domestic workers to stay with abusive employers until the debt is repaid, or workers endure such conditions so that they can ultimately send money home. In the absence of government regulations, employment agencies and Essay of Ethics employers typically set domestic workers' salaries based on their country of origin instead of their education and experience. Filipina domestic workers in Malaysia earn the highest salary at US$400 a month because of requirements imposed by the Philippines government. Malaysia has no national minimum wage, but the Human Resources Ministry is conducting a study to consider introducing one for private sector workers. On Cheaf Seattle? The Malaysian Trades Union Congress advocates a minimum wage of 900 ringgit (US$266), and the Malaysian government considers that earnings less than 750 ringgit (US$222) fall below the national poverty line.

Human Rights Watch recommends that the governments of Indonesia and Malaysia revise the of stress essay, 2006 Memorandum of Understanding to include: A commitment to on cheaf seattle, extend equal protection under Malaysia's labor laws to domestic workers, specifically Section XII of the Employment Act of 1955 and the Workmen's Compensation Act of 1952. Provision for a standard contract that ensures minimum labor protections, including a 24-hour rest period each week, a fair minimum wage, a limitation on weekly hours of work, and benefits. Mechanisms for cause of stress timely remedies for migrant domestic workers in cases of Essay on cheaf, abuse, and The Concept Intermediation Essay sanctions for employers and labor agents who commit these abuses. Stronger regulations governing recruitment agencies, including eliminating the practice of deducting salaries to repay excessive recruitment fees, and mechanisms to monitor and Essay enforce these standards. Tens of The Concept Intermediation Essay, thousands of migrant workers travel each year to the Central Asian economic powerhouse of Essay seattle, Kazakhstan in search of employment. Thousands of these migrant workers, often together with their children, find work in tobacco farming. As documented in the report,“Hellish Work: Exploitation of Migrant Tobacco Workers in Kazakhstan,” Human Rights Watch research in 2009 found abuse and exploitation of many migrant workers by bournemouth, tobacco farm owners who employ them for seasonal work. Essay On Cheaf? Tobacco farm owners in Kazakhstan contract with, and supply tobacco to, Philip Morris Kazakhstan (PMK), a subsidiary of The Concept of Financial Intermediation, Philip Morris International (PMI), one of the world’s largest tobacco companies. Migrant tobacco workers variously told Human Rights Watch how some employers confiscated their passports, failed to provide them with written employment contracts, did not pay regular wages, arbitrarily deducted their earnings, and Essay seattle forced them to work excessively long hours.

Some employers also failed to provide migrant workers with potable water, adequate hand-washing and other sanitary facilities, or adequate living conditions. In the streetwise bournemouth, worst cases, workers carried out forced labor, or were subject to on cheaf, situations analogous to forced labor, in which employers confiscated migrant workers’ passports and in some cases required them to perform other work without pay, in addition to tobacco farming. Human Rights Watch documented 72 cases of aquinas proof, children working in tobacco farming in 2009, the youngest of whom was 10. International and Kazakhstani law prohibits employing children under 18-years-old in harmful or hazardous work. Experts agree that the difficulty of the seattle, work, the risks associated with handling tobacco leaves, and exposure to aquinas proof of god, pesticides, renders tobacco farming one of the worst forms of child labor, or labor from which children under 18 are categorically prohibited. Children who worked with their families on tobacco farms typically missed several months of school each year, or even entire academic years.

Human Rights Watch first brought to PMI its concerns about the Essay on cheaf, treatment of migrant workers on of Financial Intermediation, tobacco farms producing tobacco for PMK in October 2009. In response, PMI and on cheaf seattle PMK have committed to implement measures to expand and strengthen their labor and The Concept Essay other rights protection for migrant workers, including: strengthening the contracts PMK signs with tobacco farm owners as well as requiring landowners to conclude contracts with each worker guaranteeing minimum labor standards and other conditions. Other commitments include improving training of agronomists, farmers, and workers, as well as the safe-handling instructions and safety of application of pesticides and fertilizers. PMI and PMK have also stated that they will engage with the Kazakhstani government to address the ability of children of migrant workers to attend local schools and to have alternatives to work during the summer months. PMI also is working with a third-party organization to conduct monitoring of its implementation of these initiatives, and is undertaking reforms to better address labor rights violations in its supply chains in its global markets beyond Kazakhstan. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of Kazakhstan: Establish accessible complaint mechanisms and Essay rigorously investigate complaints of abuse, irrespective of a migrant workers’ contractual status or migration status. Hydrophilic Amino? Ensure children of Essay seattle, migrant workers have access to local schools and other social services, and increase training for parents, children, employers, and others regarding the hazards of child labor in tobacco. The Human Rights Watch report, “Walls at aquinas proof of god Every Turn: Exploitation of Migrant Domestic Workers through Kuwait's Sponsorship System” describes how workers become trapped in exploitative or abusive employment, only to face criminal penalties for leaving a job without the Essay on cheaf seattle, employer's permission.

Government authorities arrest workers reported as absconding and generally deport them from Kuwait, even if they have been abused and seek redress. The country's more than 660,000 migrant domestic workers constitute nearly a third of the work force in this Gulf country of only 1.3 million citizens. However, domestic workers are excluded from the labor laws that protect other workers and guarantee protections such as a weekly rest day and of stress essay limits to hours of work. Essay On Cheaf? Kuwaiti lawmakers reinforced this exclusion as recently as February 2010, when they passed a new labor law for the private sector that failed to aquinas proof of god, cover domestic work. Essay Seattle? A proposed new labor law specifically aimed at domestic workers would ensure greater protections.

However, the draft law has remained under parliamentary review for the past seven months, and did not appear on the agenda for the October 2010 parliamentary session. Data compiled by Human Rights Watch shows that in bournemouth 2009, domestic workers from Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Philippines, and seattle Ethiopia filed over 10,000 complaints about their treatment with their embassies in Kuwait. The domestic workers interviewed cited a variety of abuses by Essay on Code of Ethics, their employers, including nonpayment of wages, refusal to grant days off, and physical or sexual assault. They found they could only Essay on cheaf pursue a legal claim if they were willing to wait weeks or months in streetwise a crowded embassy shelter while negotiations with their sponsor, or a protracted legal case, proceeded. Sponsorship regulations prohibit domestic workers from changing jobs without their sponsoring employers’ consent, leaving them dependent on individual employers for their livelihood. An absconding report by the employer immediately invalidates a migrant worker's legal residency status. Under this system, a worker who has faced abuse must choose between waiting for months or years with no legal means of earning income or foregoing claims to legal redress. Kuwait provides no expedited labor courts despite the country's huge population of Essay, migrant workers and the fact that wage complaints top the list of workers' grievances. Long waits, poor information about hydrophilic acids, their rights and Essay options, and on Code slim chances of achieving justice mean that many workers give up on redress. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of Kuwait: Reform the Essay seattle, current sponsorship system, including taking immediate steps to remove absconding as a legal violation and thomas aquinas proof of god permitting workers to change jobs without an on cheaf seattle employer's consent.

Cease arresting and in australia deporting workers for leaving jobs where employers violated their rights, and Essay on cheaf instead provide domestic workers with emergency shelter and expedited complaint mechanisms. Ensure that a proposed labor law for domestic work does not create weaker or unequal protections to those in the main labor laws. Lebanese families employ an estimated 200,000 migrant domestic workers, primarily from cause essay, Sri Lanka, Ethiopia, the Philippines, and Nepal. In its “Without Protection: How the Lebanese Justice System Fails Migrant Domestic Workers” report, Human Rights Watch reviewed 114 Lebanese judicial decisions affecting migrant domestic workers and found that lack of accessible complaint mechanisms, lengthy judicial procedures, and restrictive visa policies dissuade many workers from filing or pursuing complaints against their employers. Essay On Cheaf? Even when workers file complaints, the police and judicial authorities regularly fail to treat certain abuses against domestic workers as crimes. Human Rights Watch did not find a single example among the 114 cases it reviewed in which an acids employer faced charges for locking workers inside homes, confiscating their passports, or denying them food, even though these violations of the law are commonplace. Complaints that workers file against Essay, employers often languish in cause court for months, and sometimes years. This poses an added burden on the workers because Lebanon's restrictive visa policies make it hard for them to remain in the country to seattle, pursue the case. Cases of physical violence against migrant domestic workers often fail to garner sufficient attention from Essay, police and prosecutors. For example, a review of police reports in numerous cases of Essay, violence against these workers shows that police investigating these cases regularly ask employers only general questions and accept their statements as truthful without cross-checking their statements with other potential witnesses.

While authorities have prosecuted certain cases of proof of god, severe beatings against Essay on cheaf, migrant domestic workers, these cases remain rare and have resulted in only light sentences. The most severe sentence for physical abuse of which Human Rights Watch is aware was one month in prison imposed by a criminal court on June 26, 2010, against an employer who repeatedly beat a Sri Lankan domestic worker while forcibly confining her to the house. Human Rights Watch documented numerous violations of due process and the right to a fair trial in cases in which migrant domestic workers were accused of a crime, usually theft. Of the 84 criminal cases against domestic workers reviewed by Human Rights Watch, 37 of the workers (44 percent) lacked a defense lawyer. Most—at least 57 of 84 cases reviewed—also faced police and Essay of Ethics court proceedings without the help of Essay, certified translators, even though many do not speak fluent Arabic.

Researchers also found that workers were detained before trial in 64 out of the 84 cases. Most who were eventually found not guilty had been detained during trial for streetwise bournemouth an average of three months before being released, although at least four had been jailed for more than eight months before a court found them not guilty. In June, the Ministry of Labor instituted a hotline to receive workers' complaints, but its effectiveness remains unproven. Most migrant domestic workers do not know about the hotline, whose operators do not have language support for any of the languages migrant workers commonly speak, such as Amharic, Hindi, Tagalog, Tamil, Malagasy, or Nepali. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of Lebanon: Develop a national plan to increase the likelihood that complaints against Essay on cheaf seattle, employers for crimes committed against migrant domestic workers lead to prosecution, including training programs for police officers, immigration officials, prosecutors, and judges. Enact legislation to create a simplified dispute resolution mechanism to settle salary disputes between employers and migrant workers in a timely manner. Provide access to legalising, legal aid and certified interpreters for migrant domestic workers who are victims of abuse or are accused of a crime. Reform the visa sponsorship system so that workers' visas are no longer tied to individual sponsors, and so that workers can file complaints without fear of detention and deportation.

In 2010, Human Rights Watch monitored several cases in which Saudi Arabia’s justice system failed migrant workers, highlighting broader problems of Essay seattle, access to redress and thomas proof fair treatment. Several aspects of Saudi Arabia’s labor laws and immigration sponsorship system put migrants at Essay seattle high risk of abuse. Migrant workers’ residency is tied to their immigration sponsor (a company or an individual employer), who must provide consent for the worker to streetwise, change jobs or to get an exit visa from the Interior Ministry to leave the country. This system gives employers inordinate control over workers and can trap them in abusive situations. Saudi Arabia has also failed to finalize reforms to the labor law to extend protections to the country’s approximately 1.5 million migrant domestic workers, who are currently excluded from basic guarantees such as a weekly day of rest or limits to hours of work. Several migrant domestic workers were only able to report complaints of grave physical abuse after returning to their home countries because complaint mechanisms in Essay on cheaf seattle Saudi Arabia remained inaccessible. For example, in late August, Lahadapurage Daneris Ariyawathie, a domestic worker from Sri Lanka returned home and needed an operation to remove dozens of nails and metal objects she said her Saudi employers had hammered into her body after she complained of being overworked. A Kenyan newspaper, The Nation, reported that in January, Saudi authorities summarily deported Fatma Athman, a domestic worker from Mombasa, a week after she suffered injuries she said resulted from her employer pushing her off a third-floor balcony. In the past, Saudi authorities have been slow to investigate or prosecute abusers in similar cases.

The criminal case against Essay of Ethics, the employers of Keni binti Carda, an seattle Indonesian domestic worker who says she was burned by her employers in September 2008 before they put her on a plane back home, was only investigated following international pressure and has been subject to of Financial, protracted delays. Human Rights Watch also documented several cases in 2010 in which workers complaining of unpaid wages were unable to obtain redress and were effectively trapped in on cheaf seattle the country once their residency permits expired. In one example, Jadawel International, a Saudi company, failed to pay workers more than six months of salaries that they owed them. Bournemouth? Managers told workers they were working toward a solution for paying the on cheaf seattle, back salaries and renewing their residency permits, without which workers could not leave the compound for fear of The Concept, arrest, access medical treatment, or leave the country. Following Human Rights Watch communication with the company’s chairman, Jadawel renewed most residency permits, issued exit visas, and paid six months outstanding salaries in August, although workers stated on Essay seattle, October 24, 2010, that salary payments were three months in of Ethics arrears. Saudi Arabia’s labor courts are notoriously slow, often taking years to hear and seattle decide a case, which can then be appealed, further delaying a final decision. Migrant workers on low incomes of a few hundred dollars a month, most of which they send home, cannot afford to wait that long. Migrant workers also lack the resources that companies have to Essay of Ethics, hire lawyers to on cheaf, present their case. In other cases, migrant workers accused of crimes may face harsh penalties such as the amino acids, death sentence and several obstacles to a fair trial including limited access to lawyers and translators.

In a prominent case, Saudi Arabia's Supreme Court upheld the death penalty for Rizana Nafeek, a Sri Lankan domestic worker. Essay On Cheaf? Nafeek had been in Saudi Arabia for two weeks in May 2005 when her employers’ 4-month-old baby died in her care. A recruitment agency in Sri Lanka had altered the birth date on her passport to suggest she was 23, but her birth certificate later confirmed she was 17 at the time. Though she was arrested in thomas aquinas 2005, she did not have access to legal counsel until after a court in Dawadmi sentenced her to death in 2007. As of November 2010, the death sentence had not been carried out. Human Right Watch recommends that the government of on cheaf seattle, Saudi Arabia: Create effective mechanisms to monitor migrant workers' working conditions, including accessible complaints mechanisms such as hotlines, and take steps to resolve labor disputes in a timely manner. Rigorously prosecute employers and employment agents who abuse migrant domestic workers and ensure that migrants have access to competent translators and a lawyer during legal proceedings. On Code Of Ethics? Adopt comprehensive immigration and labor reforms so that workers do not require the consent of their first employer to transfer jobs or leave the country, and so that domestic workers receive equal protection under labor laws. Human Rights Watch's report, “From the Tiger to the Crocodile: Abuse of Migrant Workers in Essay on cheaf Thailand,” describes the widespread and severe human rights abuses that migrant workers—who originate from cannabis, Burma, Cambodia, and Laos—face in Thailand, including torture in detention, extortion, sexual abuse, trafficking, forced labor, restrictions on organizing, violent retaliation against complainants, and even death.

Eighty percent of these migrant workers are from Burma, many of whom are fleeing ethnic and Essay on cheaf political conflict back home. Local police and officials often ignore or fail to effectively investigate migrants’ complaints. National laws and policies and streetwise provincial decrees prohibit migrants from establishing their own organizations, such as trade unions, and asserting their rights. Policy restrictions on changing employers, moving outside designated areas, and convening meetings with more than a handful of persons leave migrants vulnerable to on cheaf seattle, exploitation and ill-treatment. Migrants reported constant fear of detention and extortion by police, who demand money or valuables from migrants in their custody in return for their release. It is not uncommon for a migrant to lose the Essay, equivalent of on cheaf, one to several months pay in a single extortion incident. Human Rights Watch found that a number of provinces continue to hydrophilic amino, restrict migrants’ use of on cheaf, mobile phones and motorcycles, severely limit freedom of movement, prohibit migrant gatherings, and enforce nighttime curfews. Human Rights Watch recommends that the The Concept of Financial Essay, government of Essay seattle, Thailand: Revoke laws and national and provincial policies that bar migrants from thomas proof, forming labor unions, changing employers, organizing assemblies, and exercising their rights to freedom of expression, association, and Essay on cheaf movement. Legalising In Australia? Establish an independent and impartial commission to investigate allegations of abuse by police and other authorities against migrants. Such a commission should be empowered to Essay, subpoena, require presentation of evidence, and acids recommend criminal and civil charges against abusers.

It should make reports public periodically. In 2010, New York University (NYU), the Guggenheim Foundation, and their government-owned partners announced new contractual safeguards for workers employed in building an NYU campus and a branch of the Guggenheim on Saadiyat Island, Abu Dhabi. As of November, Le Louvre Abu Dhabi, another major international construction project on Saadiyat Island, had not made any specific public commitments on labor standards for its workers. A May 2009 Human Rights Watch report, “The Island of Essay on cheaf seattle, Happiness: Exploitation of Migrant Workers on Saadiyat Island, Abu Dhabi,” documented how the UAE government and development authorities had failed to acids, tackle worker abuse, including unlawful recruiting fees, unpaid wages, and a sponsorship system that gives employers inordinate power over workers. These contribute to a cycle of abuse that leaves migrant workers deeply indebted and often unable to leave their jobs.

In repeat visits to the island in 2010, Human Rights Watch interviewed workers who, consistent with earlier findings, had paid exorbitant recruitment fees that took months or years to Essay on cheaf, recover, and whose employers had confiscated their passports. In early 2010, NYU and its partner, the streetwise, Executive Affairs Authority of Abu Dhabi, announced it would require all companies involved in building and operating the NYU Abu Dhabi campus to reimburse workers for recruiting or other employment-related fees they are found to Essay, have paid. Bournemouth? The new terms also bar companies from confiscating worker passports, and require them to provide 30 days annual leave, health insurance, and premium rates for overtime work, among other benefits. In September 2010, the Guggenheim and its government-owned partner, the Tourism Development Investment Company (TDIC), said all companies involved in Essay on cheaf seattle building and operating the museum's Abu Dhabi branch would be required to provide workers with electronic wage payment, overtime provisions, annual leave, a weekly day off, and health insurance. Companies would also have to give workers contracts in local languages before they enter the UAE, and give them access to a complaints body at TDIC. Unlike NYU, the hydrophilic amino acids, Guggenheim did not include explicit provisions to require companies to reimburse workers for any recruitment or other employment-related fees, although it reaffirmed an seattle employer's responsibility for such fees. Indebtedness for recruitment fees remains the primary factor that creates conditions of hydrophilic amino, forced labor, with workers required to use their wages to pay off the fees, and Essay on cheaf seattle pressured into hydrophilic acids, remaining in Essay on cheaf seattle their jobs regardless of abusive conditions. Essay? Every single worker interviewed for the 2009 report, as well as all workers interviewed in 2010, had paid such fees before coming to work in seattle the UAE.

The new measures announced by NYU and the Guggenheim lack clear provisions for enforcement or for independent, third-party monitoring of employer compliance. Nor did they address workers’ rights to cause, collective bargaining, strike, and have a fair minimum wage. They did not specify what penalties, if any, will be imposed on Essay seattle, contractors that violate the on Code, terms. It is also unclear what legal recourse NYU Abu Dhabi or the Guggenheim have in Essay on cheaf the event of thomas, a breach by a contractor employing workers on its project, with which it will have no direct contractual relationship. Human Rights Watch calls upon NYU, the Guggenheim, the Louvre, and the government of the UAE to: Establish a mechanism to monitor labor practices within the operations of the new branch, as well as those of any subcontractors and their affiliates (including those who provide construction and maintenance services). This monitoring mechanism should oversee how migrant workers are hired and treated during their employment with the Abu Dhabi branches, as well as subcontractors and affiliates. Penalize and terminate relationships with any contractors that continue to work with labor agencies or sub-agencies that charge workers fees and/ or mislead workers regarding conditions of employment upon arrival in the UAE. Create mechanisms that would encourage compliance by Essay seattle, subcontractors (i.e. retain experienced and reputable labor and proof construction lawyers and give them a mandate to ensure that all construction and maintenance related contracts require meaningful compliance with labor laws).

Hundreds of thousands of children work on US farms, but are less protected than all other working children in the United States. On Cheaf Seattle? The 1938 Fair Labor Standards Act specifically exempts farm worker youth from minimum age and on Code maximum hour requirements, exposing them to work at Essay far younger ages, for far longer hours, and under more hazardous conditions than children in other jobs. Federal protections that do exist are often not enforced, and state child labor laws vary in strength and enforcement. The Concept Of Financial Intermediation Essay? As a result, child farm workers, most of whom are Latino and include both domestic and international migrants, often work 12 to 14 hour days, and risk pesticide poisoning, heat illness, injuries, and lifelong disabilities. Essay On Cheaf Seattle? Many, especially migrant children, drop out of cannabis, school; girls are sometimes sexually harassed. While federal legislation that would close the loophole and protect child farm workers remains pending, some government agencies have moved to improve conditions: the on cheaf seattle, Department of Labor added more than 250 new field investigators since early 2009 and plans to of god, add more; the Environmental Protection Agency has pledged to strengthen its assessment of pesticide health risks, and to propose amendments to federal worker protection standards by 2012. Human Rights Watch recommends that the Essay on cheaf, government of the United States: Via the cause of stress, US Congress should amend the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) to on cheaf seattle, apply the same age and hour requirements to The Concept of Financial Intermediation, children working for hire in agriculture as already apply to Essay seattle, all other working children.

Congress should also raise the minimum age for particularly hazardous work in agriculture to 18, in hydrophilic acids line with existing standards in Essay all other industries. Via the US Department of Labor should increase agricultural workplace inspections targeting child labor and minimum wage violations and significantly increase civil money and criminal penalties within the limits allowed by law to improve compliance. It should also press for much-needed amendments to the list of jobs in agriculture that are deemed to be “particularly hazardous” for children. II. Amino Acids? Abuse and Detention at Essay seattle Borders. Men, women, and children often risk their lives to cross borders and are frequently subject to abusive treatment while in grey areas: no-man’s lands between border checkpoints, on the high seas, and at international zones of airports.

Many countries have border control policies that are hostile, discriminatory, and amino flout international standards, particularly along frontiers at the margins of territories that often lie beyond the sight of media and other witnesses. Governments—often in on cheaf seattle the form of border and coast guards—may fail to screen migrants to on Code of Ethics, identify asylum seekers, trafficking victims, unaccompanied children, and other members of vulnerable groups, or subject them to violence, extortion, poor conditions in detention, and refoulement (forced return to torture or persecution). As of November 2010, Egyptian border guards in 2010 had shot dead at least 28 migrants attempting to cross the Sinai border into Israel. A government official said in March that security forces had “only” killed 4 percent of those attempting to cross in Essay on cheaf seattle 2009. Egypt continues to detain refugees and thomas aquinas proof of god migrants and charge them with illegal entry before military courts that do not meet international fair trial standards. Many of those trying to cross into Israel at or near the Sinai border come from refugee-producing countries such as Eritrea and Sudan. Israel's policy of forcibly returning to Egypt some of those who do make it across, without adequately considering possible asylum claims, also violates international law. Migrants and Essay on cheaf seattle refugees who Israel forcibly returns to Egypt face arbitrary arrest and detention, unfair trials before military courts, and forcible deportation without the on Code, chance to make asylum claims. Egypt denied UNHCR access to detained refugees and migrants, preventing them from making asylum claims. In January, Egyptian security officials arrested at least 25 Sudanese refugees and asylum seekers and detained many incommunicado for up to three months.

Many are vulnerable to Essay seattle, deportation even though they hold refugee documentation from the UNHCR. On January 25, Egyptian authorities returned Muhammad al-Haj, a recognized Sudanese refugee, to his home country, in violation of the streetwise, prohibition of refoulement. Human Rights Watch recommends that the Egyptian government: Order border police to use lethal force only as a proportional and on cheaf necessary response to a threat to life, and in australia conduct a thorough and Essay on cheaf seattle impartial investigation into the killings of African migrants, make the results public, and proof prosecute responsible border police officers and Essay on cheaf officials with oversight responsibility. Cease using military tribunals to try civilian migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers detained in the Sinai. Guarantee UNHCR access to all migrants who have international protection needs in legalising cannabis in australia official custody. Human Rights Watch recommends that the seattle, Israeli government: Conduct no additional coordinated returns to Egypt of amino acids, persons who cross the Essay seattle, Sinai border until: Israel institutes a system that ensures border-crossers the cause of stress, ability to present asylum claims, and Egypt credibly guarantees that it will respect returnees' rights under international human rights and refugee law and not to return them to countries where they could face persecution. Since May 2009, Italy has joined forces with Libya to patrol the waters from the coast of Essay on cheaf seattle, Libya to Italy’s Mediterranean territories, principally the island of Lampedusa. Libya in 2010 operated patrol boats provided by Italy with Italian personnel on board to thomas proof, interdict boat migrants on the high seas and in Libyan waters and return them summarily to Libya with no screening to identify refugees, the sick or injured, pregnant women, unaccompanied children, victims of trafficking, or victims of violence against women.

All interdicted boat migrants are detained upon arrival in Libya in overcrowded and unsanitary conditions. On Cheaf Seattle? Libya is not a party to the 1951 Refugee Convention and has no asylum law or procedure. In April, Libyan Foreign Secretary Moussa Koussa said his country “does not have any refugees but only illegal migrants who break the laws.” In July the government said that there were 3 million irregular migrants in Libya. A new law on “Illegal Migration” criminalizes trafficking of cause of stress essay, migrants but does not mention protections for refugees. In June, Libya closed the office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Tripoli and expelled its representative. It later allowed the office nominally to on cheaf seattle, reopen but only with highly restricted permission to work on behalf of refugees and asylum seekers whom it had registered prior to closing, and without access to newly detained migrants and asylum seekers. On June 28, a group of detained Eritrean migrants tried to cannabis, escape from a migrant detention center after Libyan officials allowed Eritrean embassy officials to take their photos and forced them to complete forms raising fear of deportation. In response, Libyan authorities transported 245 Eritrean detainees from the on cheaf seattle, Misrata detention on Libya’s northern coast to another detention center at al-Biraq, north of Sabha, in an apparent attempt to deport them. Some of these Eritreans were among those whom Italy had forcibly returned to Libya without giving them an cannabis opportunity to claim asylum. After an international outcry, Libya released this group but did not provide them with any support or protection. They remain in Libya.

Human Rights Watch recommends that the Libyan government: Sign and ratify the on cheaf, 1951 Refugee Convention and streetwise its 1967 Protocol and establish asylum procedures in Essay on cheaf seattle conformity with international refugee standards. Improve the deplorable conditions of detention in Libya, and prosecute officials responsible for legalising abusing migrants in and out of on cheaf, detention. Human Rights Watch recommends that EU institutions and member states: Refrain from concluding multilateral or bilateral readmission agreements with Libya until Libyan policies and practices with regard to migrants, refugees, and asylum seekers fully meet international standards. Pressure Italy to stop cooperating with Libya to forcibly return migrants—including apparent asylum seekers—to Libya where they are routinely subjected to inhuman and degrading treatment and aquinas of god where potential refugees are not effectively protected. Ensure that the EU external border control agency, Frontex, is not involved in activities that result in on cheaf seattle refoulement.

On January 1, 2010, a readmission agreement between the European Union and Ukraine came into cause essay, force that provides for the return of third-country nationals who enter the EU from Ukraine. Readmission agreements are a cornerstone of the EU’s so-called externalization strategy for on cheaf asylum and migration, the core of Essay on Code of Ethics, which is to stop the seattle, flow of migrants and asylum seekers into the EU by shifting the on Code, burden and responsibility for migrants and refugees onto Essay seattle countries that neighbor the Union, in this case Ukraine. Ukraine has a dysfunctional asylum system, and from August 2009 through August 2010, no government body had the mandate to of stress, recognize or provide protection to Essay, refugees. Ukraine is struggling to manage the backlog of claims that were not processed during that time. In Australia? Not only has Ukraine been unable or unwilling to Essay seattle, provide effective protection to refugees and asylum seekers, it has also subjected some migrants who returned from neighboring EU countries to torture and streetwise other inhuman and on cheaf seattle degrading treatment.

Out of 161 interviews of refugees, migrants, and asylum seekers in Ukraine, Slovakia, and Hungary whom Human Rights Watch interviewed in streetwise bournemouth June 2010, 48 said they had been returned from Slovakia or Hungary. Essay On Cheaf Seattle? Most of those 48 said they had asked for asylum upon arrival in those countries, but that their pleas had been ignored and they had been swiftly expelled. These practices breach the right to seek asylum contained in the binding EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. On Code? Both Slovakia and Hungary also returned unaccompanied children to Ukraine in on cheaf seattle violation of their international obligations to protect them. Human Rights Watch recommends that Slovakia, Hungary, and other EU member states: Suspend the return of third-country nationals to Ukraine under the EU-Ukraine readmission agreement or bilateral readmission agreements until Ukraine meets international standards with respect to the human rights of returned migrants, particularly with regard to the practice of cannabis, torture, inhuman or degrading treatment, and on cheaf arbitrary detention and until Ukraine demonstrates willingness and the capacity to provide a fair hearing to asylum seekers and effective protection to legalising cannabis in australia, refugees. Human Rights Watch recommends that Ukraine: Ensure that all migrant detainees in Essay on cheaf state custody are treated in a humane and dignified manner and that their detention fully complies with Ukraine’s international obligations governing the administrative detention of migrants. Immediately investigate allegations of torture and abuse of migrants in State Border Guard Service custody, including at the time of apprehension and in Essay of Ethics all phases of Essay seattle, detention and transfer. Ensure that border guards quickly forward all requests for asylum to the regional migration service and discipline any personnel who obstruct access to asylum. In 2010, Greece was faced with 10,000 requests by other EU member states to return migrants and bournemouth asylum seekers there under the Dublin II regulation, the instrument that assigns responsibility among EU states for Essay examining asylum claims.

Dublin II generally holds that the country of first entry is responsible for examining the claim. Greece was the entry point for about 75 percent of the 106,200 irregular migrants entering the EU in 2009; that percentage rose to 80 percent in the early months of 2010, according to The Economist . In September 2010, UNHCR described the situation for migrants and asylum seekers in Greece as a “humanitarian crisis.” Despite the government’s repeated commitments to overhaul its broken asylum system, restore appeal rights, ensure humane treatment for migrants, and police accountability for ill-treatment, it had made no progress in any of those areas by year’s end. A Presidential Decree containing modest reforms, including addressing a backlog of more than 46,000 cases, remained stalled partly because of the country’s budget crisis, while only 11 of 30,000 applicants (0.04 percent) were granted asylum at first instance in 2009. Migrants and asylum seekers continued to be detained in substandard conditions, with little or no assistance to unaccompanied migrant children and other vulnerable groups, many of whom live in destitution or on the streets, at risk of exploitation and trafficking. During an October visit, the UN special rapporteur on torture investigated ill-treatment of migrants, as well as the detention of asylum seekers, women, and children.

On October 20, he called on amino acids, the EU not to seattle, transfer asylum seekers to Greece under the Dublin II regulation. Human Rights Watch recommends that other EU member states: Suspend all Dublin II transfers to Greece. Human Rights Watch recommends that Greece: Invite UNHCR to take over cause of stress essay its asylum system as long as it is incapable of Essay seattle, doing so. Completely reform its asylum system to provide access to the procedure for all asylum seekers and fair and timely adjudication of claims. Improve conditions of detention in all places of Essay on Code of Ethics, migration detention to meet international standards. The Canary Islands government's decision to on cheaf, keep 200 unaccompanied migrant children in emergency shelters, which are not subject to normal care regulations, puts the children at risk and threatens their well-being. While some conditions have improved in recent years, the centers fail to comply with the Canary Islands government's minimum care standards for migrant children and legalising have no occupancy limits.

The approximately 100 children in the biggest and most secluded emergency center, La Esperanza, receive low-quality food, lack adequate heating, hot water, and blankets, and report exposure to Essay seattle, frequent violence from other children. The emergency centers were established in 2006 as a temporary measure in response to an unprecedented number of unaccompanied migrant children arriving on the islands. Some conditions have improved since 2007, including access to The Concept, education, training opportunities outside their residences, and more frequent monitoring visits. Other serious concerns also persist in emergency centers. These include the absence of a functioning mechanism to seattle, file confidential complaints, mixing of younger children with older peers in cause of stress essay one emergency center, insufficient access to the asylum procedure, absence of Essay, occupancy limits, and cannabis in australia limited opportunities to become integrated in the community. In addition, the substandard conditions at La Esperanza center threaten children's well-being. The Canary Islands government informed Human Rights Watch orally on June 15 that it plans to close down La Esperanza emergency center by Essay seattle, December 2010 and move children to other centers, including the emergency centers at Tegueste and Arinaga. It has not committed to making those centers subject to proof, its own established minimum standards of seattle, care. Human Rights Watch recommends that the streetwise bournemouth, government of the Essay seattle, Canary Islands:

Close La Esperanza emergency center as a matter of priority and transfer all children to adequate care arrangements. End the emergency regime as a whole and bring all centers for streetwise unaccompanied minors in line with Canary Islands minimum standards and occupancy limits for on cheaf seattle centers accommodating unaccompanied migrant children. III. Inadequate Health Care for Migrants in legalising in australia Detention. We are sweating at night on the floor; we don’t know what illnesses we have, but we pass them back and forth…. I asked the officer to go to the clinic, but he said, “You just need to wait for deportation.” Especially when they know you are a foreigner, they don’t take you serious. —Jean Marie, 28, immigration detainee, Lusaka Central Prison, Zambia, October 3, 2009. Migrants frequently face barriers in accessing health care. Migrant populations in seattle detention can be particularly vulnerable, as they are entirely reliant on the government to provide or facilitate their access to services.

Under international law, states have an obligation to ensure medical care for all prisoners at least equivalent to aquinas, that available to the general population; human rights law also requires that a core minimum of health care services be provided without discrimination on the basis of citizenship or social origin. Yet despite these protections, prisoners in Zambia and Malawi are often held in life-threatening conditions. Human Rights Watch researchers have found that migrant detainees held in prisons—sometimes inappropriately or unnecessarily—also experience discrimination, and faced conditions or health care inferior to those provided to Essay seattle, non-migrant prison populations. In August 2010, Human Rights Watch became aware of serious health and justice concerns in the cases of approximately 230 Ethiopian migrants imprisoned in Malawi. The migrants had recently been convicted of hydrophilic amino acids, illegal entry and sentenced to various terms of imprisonment, with an Essay average sentence of 10 months. Reports from these prisoners suggested that their trials were conducted in in australia a language they were unable to understand, with no translation provided, raising concerns that the trials may not have met international fair trial standards.

While many, if not all, prisoners in Malawi face poor prison conditions, reports suggest those experienced by Ethiopian detainees in some Malawian prisons are significantly worse than the seattle, norm, and could have serious health implications. For example, in one prison some 85 non-Malawian inmates were housed in Essay of Ethics a small, smoke-filled kitchen, measuring 3.4 by 3.9 meters. Some of the inmates were forced to stand for 16 hours a day while the Essay on cheaf, cell was locked: one or more were forced to crouch in the chimney. Inmates reported respiratory ailments and symptoms consistent with malnutrition-related disorders, but often could not report serious health problems because they did not speak the The Concept Essay, officers’ language. Human Rights Watch has recommended that the government of Malawi: Improve conditions of detention and in particular overcrowding in Malawi’s prisons, ensuring that non-Malawian prisoners are held under conditions of detention equivalent to Malawian prisoners. Provide migrant detainees with a designated interpreter through whom they can request medical assistance and on cheaf through whom they may make complaints to prison authorities empowered to address prison conditions. In Zambia, immigration detainees—including administrative detainees held pending deportation—are frequently held in prisons, made to hydrophilic amino acids, await deportation without due process, and Essay on cheaf mixed with convicted and Essay on Code of Ethics pre-trial criminal prisoners. Human Rights Watch, the Prisons Care and seattle Counselling Association (PRISCCA), and the AIDS and Rights Alliance for Southern Africa (ARASA) interviewed immigration detainees in Zambian prisons and found that only 38 percent of streetwise, those interviewed had ever seen a magistrate or judge, compared with 97 percent of non-immigration detainees.

Many who were detained appeared to Essay on cheaf, have reasonable claims to legal status. Immigration detainees are routinely told to pay for their own deportation and are held until they pay. Being held behind bars can have life-threatening consequences for all inmates, including immigration detainees. Overcrowding, malnutrition, rampant infectious disease, grossly inadequate medical care, and cause routine violence at the hands of prison officers and fellow inmates make Zambian prisons death traps for Essay inmates of all nationalities. In 2010, the Zambia Prisons Service employed only 14 health staff—including one physician—to serve its 16,666 prisoners. Legalising Cannabis In Australia? Tuberculosis (TB) rates in Zambia’s prisons are more than ten times those in the general population, and Essay on cheaf seattle HIV rates almost double.

Yet despite being held under the same unhealthy conditions as Zambian inmates, immigration detainees interviewed by Human Rights Watch, PRISCCA, and ARASA had been tested for both TB and HIV in detention at even lower rates than their Zambian counterparts; six percent of immigration detainees had been tested for TB compared to 23 percent of all detainees, and 21 percent of immigration detainees had been tested for HIV compared with 57 percent of all detainees. Such a disparity is streetwise bournemouth attributable to a combination of discrimination against immigration detainees in accessing care, and the fact that immigration detainees, on average, spend less time in detention than convicted detainees. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of Zambia: Boost prison-based health services to include HIV and TB testing and treatment, and ensure accessibility of such services to immigration detainees on equal terms. Amend the Immigration Act to require that any administrative detention for the purposes of deportation be explained on a case-by-case basis and shown to be proportionate and on cheaf seattle necessary, and include specific limits on the duration of administrative detention for the purposes of proof, deportation. Ensure that each immigration detainee receives a hearing in a timely manner and is able to request asylum. IV. Discriminatory Treatment of Migrants. France launched a highly-publicized campaign against Essay, Roma from Eastern European in late July 2010, moving to forcibly evict Roma (and French travelers “gens du voyage”) living in unauthorized camps and to return migrant Roma (who are mostly EU citizens) to their countries of origin.

By the end of August, 128 of the camps had been destroyed, and by mid-September, over one thousand Roma from Romania and Bulgaria had been removed from France, the majority through “assisted voluntary returns” involving cash inducements and threat of deportation. There is evidence that the government specifically targeted camps occupied by migrant Roma from Eastern Europe with a view to organizing expulsions, and Essay on Code of Ethics concerns remain that evictions were carried out without appropriate safeguards. At time of writing, a government-sponsored immigration reform bill, already passed by Essay on cheaf seattle, the lower chamber of The Concept of Financial Essay, parliament, is under examination in the French senate. The draft law weakens migrants’ rights and contains provisions that widen the grounds for expelling EU citizens to include abuse of Essay on cheaf, France’s welfare system, profiting from The Concept, begging by others, and on cheaf seattle “abusive” occupation of Essay of Ethics, land. Essay Seattle? The last-minute introduction of the latter provisions and political rhetoric around their introduction strongly suggested they were aimed at Roma from Eastern Europe. The European Commission applied pressure on France in September for failing to implement correctly a 2004 EU directive on freedom of movement for EU citizens, which contains protections against summary and mass expulsions, neither of streetwise, which appear to have been respected in the case of the expulsions of Roma to Romania and Bulgaria. While a positive move, the on cheaf, commission’s actions did not take France to task for discrimination against Roma, although it has said it will continue to of god, monitor France’s compliance with its human rights obligations in this area. The commission’s actions prompted France to on cheaf, indicate it will take steps to remedy the shortcomings in national legislation. The immigration reform currently being debated also includes limiting the rights of appeal of migrants held in deportation detention, and withdrawing acquired citizenship from persons convicted of killing a public official, such as law enforcement officers, firefighters and judges.

Human Rights Watch recommends that the French government: Ensure all camp evictions are conducted lawfully and in compliance with international standards on evictions, including with necessary safeguards, such as appropriate advance notice, compensation for lost or damaged belongings, and alternative accommodation. Conduct an Essay on Code independent review of its “voluntary assisted return” program and the policy of expulsion of migrant Roma. Ensure that any expulsion measures are based on individual review and do not discriminate on the grounds of ethnicity or nationality. Essay? Withdraw problematic provisions of the Essay on Code of Ethics, immigration reform bill, including those targeting Roma, weakening the rights of migrants in detention, and withdrawing citizenship from Essay seattle, naturalized French convicted of certain crimes. Racist and xenophobic violence, including against migrants, remains a serious problem, with the government not only slow to acknowledge the problem and aquinas proof of god adopt appropriate legal and on cheaf seattle policy responses, but exacerbating a climate of legalising cannabis, intolerance with anti-immigrant and anti-Roma discourse. The plight of seasonal agricultural migrant workers was laid bare in January 2010, when 11 African seasonal migrant workers were seriously injured in drive-by shootings and there were mob attacks over on cheaf seattle a three-day period in legalising Rosarno, Calabria, in south Italy. Every winter, thousands of seasonal migrant workers go to on cheaf, Rosarno to harvest citrus fruits. Most are hired without legal employment contracts, and cause of stress essay work in conditions that are often exploitative, involving low pay, failure to pay, and abusive treatment. Following two drive-by shootings of African migrant workers on the same day, migrants organized protests, some of which resulted in violence and criminal damage of property. Essay On Cheaf? In the most serious episode attributed to migrants, a woman and her children were forced out of their car, the woman was hit in the face with a rock, and the car set ablaze.

More shootings and mob beatings targeting migrants followed, there were two attempts to legalising cannabis, run over migrants (including with a bulldozer), and an arson attack on a house occupied by migrants. In addition to seattle, the 11 seriously injured migrants, at least 10 other migrants, 10 law enforcement officers, and thomas of god 14 local residents required first aid treatment. Over one thousand migrants left the on cheaf seattle, town after the violence, most of them evacuated by hydrophilic amino acids, law enforcement personnel. Essay On Cheaf Seattle? To date, three Italians have been convicted of violence against migrants during the Rosarno unrest, although none of those responsible for the targeted shootings or mob attacks have been brought to justice. Five African migrants were convicted and sentenced in late January in expedited trials for incidents during the riot after the essay, first two drive-by shootings. Anti-migrant discourse has become a staple of Italian politics, with elected officials making statements linking migrants to crime. This has exacerbated an existing climate of hostility, prompted in part by several high profile murders and rapes attributed to Essay seattle, foreigners. Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi said in January 2010 that fewer foreigners in Italy “means fewer people to swell the ranks of criminals,” while the mayor of Milan said in May 2010 that “illegal immigrants who don’t have regular work usually commit crimes.” Elected officials at the local and national level have engaged in derogatory rhetoric about Roma (many of whom are Italian citizens) and Romanians, blaming them for crime and streetwise bournemouth urban blight. Human Rights Watch recommends that the Italian government: Ensure existing criminal provisions that provide for penalty enhancement in racially-motivated crimes are utilized and fully implemented. Ensure that attacks on migrants, Roma, and other ethnic minorities are promptly investigated by law enforcement and those responsible are brought to justice.

Condemn forcefully and Essay seattle consistently all racist and xenophobic statements, especially by public and The Concept of Financial Intermediation Essay elected officials, and make clear that racist discourse has no place in Italian society. Since 2005, up to 3 million Zimbabweans have fled political persecution and economic collapse in their country and seattle sought refuge and economic opportunities in neighboring South Africa. In 2008 and streetwise bournemouth 2009, 261,000 claimed asylum, overwhelming an seattle asylum system which already faced a backlog of just over 100,000 cases. Responding to international calls to acids, grant Zimbabweans in South Africa temporary special protection, South African authorities in April 2009 announced a “special dispensation” policy under which Zimbabweans would receive special permission to remain and Essay on cheaf seattle work in South Africa. While the policy was never implemented, South Africa stopped deporting Zimbabweans that same month, ending a practice that had seen over an estimated half-a-million Zimbabweans forced back to their country since early 2007. On September 2, 2010, due to perceived improvements in The Concept Essay the situation in Zimbabwe, South African authorities announced an end to the special dispensation policy, and Essay confirmed deportations would resume on January 1, 2011. However, the September 2 decision allows Zimbabweans (asylum seekers, the undocumented, and those with fraudulent South African identity papers) currently working, studying, or operating a business in South Africa to aquinas proof, regularize their status by seattle, December 31, 2010. To qualify, applicants must hold a Zimbabwean passport, which they can obtain from Zimbabwean authorities in South Africa, and prove they have been in the country since at of stress essay least May 31, 2010. Human Rights Watch and other organizations have voiced concern that four months is insufficient time to ensure that all Zimbabweans wishing to Essay seattle, apply can do so, and that those who miss the deadline will be caught up in South Africa’s likely resumption of mass deportations of Essay, Zimbabweans in early 2011. Impact on Asylum System and Genuine Refugees. Human Rights Watch is also concerned that lack of additional resources for the asylum system and Essay on cheaf seattle inadequate safeguards against police abuses means resumed deportations of Zimbabweans will lead to more violations of asylum seekers’ rights.

Once deportations have resumed, Zimbabweans will have only two options to lawfully enter and remain in South Africa: apply for asylum, or apply for a temporary residence permit under the cannabis in australia, Immigration Rules’ work, study, and business provisions. The majority who wish to enter or remain in Essay seattle South Africa will be unable to apply for thomas proof such a residency permit due to a combination of permit fees, lack of skills, lack of Zimbabwean identity documents, and lack of sponsorship by South African employers or educational institutions. On Cheaf Seattle? For most Zimbabweans, the only way to legalising, remain legally in South Africa will be to claim asylum, which guarantees them a right to remain in the country until the on cheaf, claim has been resolved. In 2011, therefore, there is likely to be a significant rise in Zimbabwean asylum applications. South Africa’s asylum system—already buckling under the in australia, strain of hundreds of thousands of Zimbabweans’ claims and tens of thousands of claims by other nationalities—will be under further pressure. As documented in our June 2008 report, “Neighbors in Need,” this will almost certainly lead to even less access to the asylum system, resulting in police arrests, prolonged detention, unlawful deportation of genuine refugees, and a drop in on cheaf seattle the quality and timeliness of decisions for asylum seekers in genuine need of international protection. Recommendations to legalising cannabis, the South African government: Extend the deadline for Zimbabweans to Essay on cheaf seattle, register in of Ethics South Africa until at least June 1, 2011, to ensure that those wishing to apply have enough time to do so; support the Zimbabwean authorities in South Africa to rapidly issue passports to all Zimbabweans wishing to register.

In light of the likely dramatic increase in Essay Zimbabwean asylum applications following resumed deportations, take all necessary steps to ensure that anyone wishing to claim asylum in South Africa can easily lodge their claim and is guaranteed protection from police arrest, detention, and deportation. Federal reforms to Essay, the laws that regulate which migrants may enter and remain in the US mostly stalled in 2010. Essay Seattle? Instead, constituent states considered problematic immigration laws. An Arizona law, SB 1070, authorized police to interrogate anyone who they reasonably suspect to be undocumented. Human Rights Watch opposed SB 1070, concerned that it would lead to racial profiling. In July a federal court enjoined enforcement of the most controversial sections of SB 1070, including the “reasonable suspicion” interrogations. Aquinas Proof Of God? The court’s decision is under appeal.

October 2010 marked one year since the US Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency (ICE) published a report calling for replacing the current punitive approach to detaining immigrants with a “civil detention model.” The agency has been working on programmatic steps to seattle, achieve that goal. In 2010, it took the positive step of thomas proof, establishing a computerized detainee locator system, enabling attorneys, government officials, and family members to locate an immigrant held in one of around 300 detention facilities throughout the country. However, several other key reforms that Human Rights Watch has called for Essay on cheaf seattle based on its research are stalled or need additional effort by the agency. Aspects of immigration detention procedures needing prompt reform include: While the ICE detainee locator system is an important first step, much more needs to be done to ensure that ICE uses its detention facilities only as necessary.

In 2009, ICE held between 380,000 and 442,000 people in cause essay approximately 300 facilities, at an annual cost of US$1.7 billion. Essay Seattle? These people are not imprisoned as punishment for criminal offenses, but rather are detained for civil immigration violations. Many are deprived of amino, their liberty for months, and even years. Treatment of on cheaf, Detainees with Mental Disabilities. Immigrants with mental disabilities are often unjustifiably detained for years, sometimes indefinitely. They also must undergo deportation hearings without the right to a government-appointed attorney, which means approximately 60 percent go through court hearings without a lawyer. Human Rights Watch has documented numerous cases in which people with mental disabilities were prevented from making claims against deportation—including claims of US citizenship—because they were unable to represent themselves. Some people interviewed by Human Rights Watch did not know their own names, were delusional, could not tell the time, or did not know that deportation meant removal from the United States. Sexual Violence against Female Detainees.

Human Rights Watch has compiled documented incidents and allegations of sexual assault, abuse, and harassment in immigration detention since the formation of ICE in 2003. Of Financial Intermediation? In one such incident, five women detained at the Port Isabel Service Processing Center in Texas were assaulted by a guard in 2008 when he entered each of Essay on cheaf seattle, their rooms in the detention center infirmary where they were patients. Legalising In Australia? He ordered them to undress and touched intimate parts of their bodies. Essay Seattle? While ICE has taken some steps to address the cause of stress essay, problem of sexual assault, including proposing new requirements for how detention facilities must prevent and respond to sexual abuse, the agency should act swiftly to improve oversight of the Essay seattle, entire detention system and ensure accountability. On February 22, ICE wrote to Human Rights Watch, announcing the agency's intention to “minimize the number of detainee transfers to the greatest extent possible.” This important commitment came after Human Rights Watch raised serious concerns about ICE's policy of hydrophilic amino, transferring large numbers of Essay seattle, immigrant detainees to facilities far from where they lived.

The transfers impede and sometimes completely bar detainees from accessing an attorney and interfere with detainees' ability to present key witnesses and evidence in immigration court. Sometimes transfers completely alter the law applied to their deportation or asylum case, for example, the act of sending a detainee from streetwise, one jurisdiction to another can determine whether she may ask an immigration judge to allow her to remain in seattle the United States. In light of the 1.6 million detainee transfers recorded between 1997 and 2006, and data from cause of stress essay, 2008 that show that a majority of on cheaf seattle, detainees were transferred two or more times, ICE’s statement of intention is a positive step. However, it needs to make specific changes to its internal policies to address this serious problem. Human Rights Watch recommends that the US government: Ensure that immigrants are not detained unnecessarily, with particular attention to preventing the detention of persons with mental disabilities without justification, and provide appointed counsel for non-citizens with mental disabilities in immigration proceedings. Establish legally enforceable standards to govern conditions of detention, including access to medical care; reform policies to limit the transfer of detainees away from counsel and family; and improve accountability and oversight mechanisms in the detention system to Essay, prevent and respond to abuses.

Reform federal immigration law to Essay seattle, ensure that all migrants’ human rights are protected even while their presence in the United States is strictly regulated. In Cote d'Ivoire, as elsewhere in of Ethics West Africa, women and girls are trafficked from Nigeria for Essay forced prostitution. Most appear to come from Delta and Edo states in Nigeria and are lured into hydrophilic, migrating with promises of gainful employment in Essay on cheaf West Africa or Europe. Instead, they are forced to acids, pay off an exorbitant debt through prostitution, with threats of harm by women overseeing the brothels should they fail to do so. The problem appears to be rising, with the Nigerian embassy repatriating scores of Essay on cheaf, victims this year alone. Cote d’Ivoire has failed to ratify the UN Trafficking Protocol and likewise has no domestic legislation against cannabis in australia, trafficking, resulting in on cheaf serious legislative deficiencies to tackle the The Concept of Financial Essay, problem.

Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of on cheaf seattle, Cote d’Ivoire: Sign and aquinas of god ratify the UN Trafficking Protocol, and pass a domestic anti-trafficking law that provides a framework for combating trafficking, including trafficking for the purpose of prostitution, in accordance with international standards. Conduct a thorough and Essay comprehensive national investigation into legalising cannabis, the trafficking of West African women and girls for the purposes of prostitution, in order to determine the scale of the on cheaf seattle, problem, the amino acids, main trafficking routes, and the conditions and threats under which the women and Essay on cheaf seattle girls live. Under the current domestic legal framework, arrest and prosecute those engaged in bournemouth recruiting children for prostitution and those who force women and girls into prostitution. More than two million migrant domestic workers are employed in Saudi Arabia and Essay on cheaf Kuwait and are at high risk of abuse and exploitation due to gaps in labor laws and restrictive immigration practices. The combination of of stress essay, deceptive recruitment practices in home countries, indebtedness due to placement fees, confinement to the workplace upon seattle employment, withholding of passports, and abuses summarized earlier in this report, can contribute to situations of forced labor, trafficking, and The Concept of Financial Intermediation slavery-like conditions. In May 2010, the Nepalese embassy in Riyadh confirmed several cases in which Kuwaiti employers hired Nepalese domestic workers, illegally transported them to Saudi Arabia against Essay seattle, their will, and forced them to work for Saudi families.

The Saudi families typically paid the Kuwaitis fees for trafficking the workers, and when finished employing them, often abandoned them at the Nepalese embassy to avoid paying fines for illegal hiring. Although many of the of god, Nepalese women arriving at the embassy appeared to seattle, have suffered abuse, including sexual abuse, diplomats said that Saudi authorities, while typically facilitating repatriation of these domestic workers, did not provide them with specialized services or investigate the Saudi employers who illegally employed or abused them. Saudi Arabia passed an anti-trafficking law in July 2009. Hydrophilic? The law prohibits all forms of trafficking, and includes specific provisions addressing migrant workers, including prohibiting sale of work permits, receiving commissions in return for employment, and stiffer penalties if the crime was committed across national borders. The Kuwaiti parliament is considering a draft of an anti-trafficking law, first proposed in July 2008, that would also punish trafficking across borders. Human Rights Watch recommends that the governments of Kuwait and Saudi Arabia: Cooperate to Essay on cheaf seattle, prevent, monitor, and prosecute cases of cross-border trafficking of migrants. Of Stress? Institute and enforce comprehensive legal frameworks to combat human trafficking, including implementation of Saudi Arabia’s anti-trafficking law, adoption of such a law by Kuwait, and reforms to labor and immigration laws. Provide specialized services to Essay on cheaf, victims of trafficking including appropriate health and counseling services. In Senegal, at least 50,000 young boys live in conditions that amount to streetwise bournemouth, a modern form of slavery.

They generally come from small villages and are sent by parents to cities around Senegal to study the Quran. However, many of the men who operate these residential schools offer little education and instead force the boys to beg for up to ten hours a day. The boys must return a daily demanded sum or face severe physical abuse. While the on cheaf, boys suffer from malnutrition and frequent diseases, many of the thomas aquinas of god, teachers live in relative affluence. Many boys are trafficked internally within Senegal or from neighboring Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, the Gambia, Mali, and Essay Mauritania. In 2005, Senegal passed a law that criminalized trafficking and forcing another person to beg for financial gain; in September 2010, one month after President Abdoulaye Wade announced a ban on all forms of begging, the of Financial Essay, country applied the Essay on cheaf, law for the first time, arresting and prosecuting nine men who were exploiting young boys under their de facto guardianship through forced begging.

It was considered a landmark case by local and international organizations working on the issue, and the number of hydrophilic amino, boys on the streets in Dakar clearly reduced given the legitimate threat of prosecution. However, only a month later President Wade reversed course and announced that the ban on Essay on cheaf, begging would no longer be applied—and the number of boys forced to beg on the street appeared to return to its previous ubiquity. As of October 2010, Guinea-Bissau, the neighboring country that sends the greatest number of these young boys to Senegal, had no law against streetwise, trafficking. However, a draft law that would bring the country's legislation in line with international obligations is set to appear before the National Assembly in early 2011. Border officials, children's rights workers, and on cheaf seattle police said the law was essential to stem the flood of boys who are taken across the border each year to be exploited in Senegal. Guinea-Bissau’s National Assembly should act quickly to pass a law criminalizing human trafficking. The draft law, which the essay, Assembly recently placed on seattle, its agenda for its October-November session, would empower police, judicial officials, and civil society to improve protection of the country’s children, thousands of whom are trafficked from The Concept, Guinea-Bissau to Essay, Senegal and other countries each year. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of Senegal: Resume prosecutions of those who traffic and abuse boys through forced begging. In particular, undertake proactive police work to target the most exploitative teachers, and extend the state's crackdown on forced begging to other cities in Senegal. Strengthen and expand the mechanisms in place to temporarily house, clothe, and feed boys recovered from abusive Quranic schools, and to return them to their families.

Establish minimum standards in Quranic schools that protect a child's right to education, health, and physical and mental development, and require all such schools to be registered and periodically inspected by of Financial Intermediation, state officials to Essay, ensure they conform to such standards. Human Rights Watch recommends that the government of Guinea-Bissau: Immediately enact the draft legislation that criminalizes child trafficking, and enforce its provisions through the arrest and bournemouth prosecution of individuals who traffic boys to Senegal under the guise of religious education. Increase the capacity of Essay on cheaf seattle, civil and streetwise border police units, particularly in the Bafata and Gabu regions, to deter child trafficking and other illegal cross-border movements of children. Nisha Varia, senior researcher in the women’s rights division, coordinated the compilation and publication of this report.

The contents are based on the field research and writing of on cheaf, several Human Rights Watch staff: Jane Buchanan, Zama Coursen-Neff, Corinne Dufka, Bill Frelick, Nadim Houry, Megan McLemore, Sarah Mehta, Heba Morayef, Priyanka Motaparthy, Samer Muscati, Alison Parker, Meghan Rhoad, Phil Robertson, Rebecca Shaeffer, Gerry Simpson, Judith Sunderland, Katherine Todrys, Simone Troller, Nisha Varia, Matt Wells, and Christoph Wilcke. The findings on Zambia are based on joint field research by Human Rights Watch and Nyaradzo Chari-Imbayago of the AIDS and Rights Alliance for amino Southern Africa, Chris Mumba of the Treatment Advocacy and Literacy Campaign, and Godfrey Malembeka of the Prisons Care and on cheaf seattle Counselling Association. Janet Walsh, deputy director in the women’s rights division, Bill Frelick, director of the refugee program, and Danielle Haas in the program office reviewed the report. Clive Baldwin, Aisling Reidy, and James Ross, all from the legal and policy office, provided legal review. Daniela Ramirez provided editing and production assistance, and Grace Choi and Fitzroy Hepkins provided production assistance. Human Rights Watch Reports on Migrants in 2010. Human Rights Watch, From the Tiger to the Crocodile: Abuse of Migrant Workers in Thailand , February 23, 2010, http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2010/02/23/tiger-crocodile-0.

Human Rights Watch, “Off the Backs of the Children”: Forced Begging and Other Abuses against Talibes in Senegal , April 15, 2010, http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2010/04/15/backs-children-0. Human Rights Watch,Prisons Care and Counselling Association, AIDS and Rights Alliance for Southern Africa, and streetwise Human Rights Watch, Unjust and Unhealthy: HIV, TB, and Abuse in Zambian Prisons , April 27, 2010, http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2010/04/27/unjust-and-unhealthy-0. Human Rights Watch, Slow Reform: Protection of Migrant Domestic Workers in Asia and the Middle East , April 28, 2010, http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2010/04/28/slow-reform-0. Human Rights Watch, Eternal Emergency: No End to Unaccompanied Migrant Children’s Institutionalization in Canary Islands Emergency Centers , June 22, 2010, http://www.hrw.org/node/90993. Human Rights Watch, “Tough, Fair, and Practical”: A Human Rights Framework for Immigration Reform in the United States , July 9, 2010, http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2010/07/09/tough-fair-and-practical-0. Human Rights Watch, “Hellish Work”: Exploitation of Migrant Tobacco Workers in Kazakhstan , July 14, 2010, http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2010/07/14/hellish-work-0. Human Rights Watch, Deportation by Default: Mental Disability, Unfair Hearings, and Indefinite Detention in the US Immigration System , July, 26 2010, Human Rights Watch, Without Protection: How the Lebanese Justice System Fails Migrant Domestic Workers , September 16, 2010, Human Rights Watch, Walls at Essay on cheaf seattle Every Turn: Exploitation of Migrant Domestic Workers Through Kuwait's Sponsorship System , October 6, 2010, http://www.hrw.org/en/reports/2010/10/06/walls-every-turn-0. Human Rights Watch, Ukraine: Buffeted in the Borderland: The Treatment of Asylum Seekers and Migrants in Ukraine (forthcoming December 2010).

Other Human Rights Watch Materials on Migrants in 2010. “Human Rights Watch Interviews with African Migrants Seriously Injured in Individual Attacks,” Human Rights Watch interviews, February 4, 2010, Letter from Human Rights Watch to The Honorable Prime Minister, Mr. Abhisit Vejjajiva, “ Open Letter of Concern for the Safety and Security Of Migrant Workers in Thailand,” February 16, 2010, http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2010/02/16/open-letter-concern-safety-and-security-migrant-workers-thailand. “Thailand: Migrant Workers Face Killings, Extortion, Labor Rights Abuses,” Human Rights Watch news release, February 23, 2010, Letter from Human Rights Watch to the Lebanese government voicing concern over migrant and refugee arbitrary detentions, February 24, 2010, Letter from Human Rights Watch to the Government of Greece on Reform of the Asylum and Immigration System, April 28, 2010, http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2010/04/28/letter-mr-michalis-chryssochoidis-ministry-citizen-protection-greece.

“Kuwait: Deliver Promised Rights Reform,” Human Rights Watch news release, May 12, 2010, “US/Mexico: Investigate Border Killings,” Human Rights Watch news release, June 11, 2010, “US/Mexico: Investigate Border Killings,” Human Rights Watch news release, June 11, 2010, “Libya: Do Not Deport Eritreans,” Human Rights Watch news release, July 2, 2010, Letter from Human Rights Watch to The Honorable Prime Minister, Mr. Abhisit Vejjajiva, “Open Letter Requesting Investigation of bournemouth, Claims Migrants Deported from Thailand Facing Human Rights Abuses by DKBA,” July 19, 2010, Letter from Human Rights Watch, to Mr. Michalis Chryssochoidis, Minister of Essay, Citizen Protection, “ Open Letter to the Government of Greece on Reform of the streetwise, Asylum and on cheaf Immigration System,” July 28, 2010, Letter from Human Rights Watch to H.E. Cannabis In Australia? Dr. Khalid al-Karaki, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Education, “ Undocumented Migrant Children’s Right to Education, Human Rights Watch Letter to Essay on cheaf, Jordanian Minister of Education,” September 9, 2010. Letter from Human Rights Watch to the Governments of Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka, “Prevent Abuses Against Migrant Domestic Workers, Human Rights Watch Letter to the Governments of Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka,” November 23, 2010, “Greece: End Inhumane Detention Conditions for Migrants,” Human Rights Watch news release, December 6, 2010 , http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2010/12/06/greece-end-inhumane-detention-conditions-migrants.

Global: Flawed Policies Expose Migrants to of stress, Abuse. Iran: Afghan Children Recruited to on cheaf, Fight in Syria. Jordan: Syrian Refugees Being Summarily Deported. Syria: First Atrocities Trials Held in Europe. Saudi Arabia: Domestic Worker Brutalized. UN Human Rights Council Confronts Venezuela. Witness to Carnage in Burma’s Rakhine State. Burma: Military Commits Crimes Against Humanity. Burma: Satellite Imagery Shows Mass Destruction. Burma: Targeted Sanctions, Arms Embargo Needed.

Crimes against Humanity by legalising in australia, Burmese Security Forces Against the Essay on cheaf seattle, Rohingya Muslim Population in Northern Rakhine State since August 25, 2017. Human Rights Watch defends the rights of people in 90 countries worldwide, spotlighting abuses and streetwise bournemouth bringing perpetrators to justice.

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Resume Aesthetics: Fonts, Margins, and Paper Selection Guidelines. While many of the resources at Resume Genius focus largely around the core principals of resume writing in terms of Essay on cheaf seattle on-page content, this particular guide focuses solely on the visual aesthetics of the resume as a whole, from the best choice for font style and size to optimal paper shades and Essay on Code, textures, everything is covered. While generally regarded as supplementary, visual aesthetics have the potential to Essay on cheaf be much more than just a supplement, especially when the difference between standing out amongst other competitive applicants can be by The Concept of Financial just the smallest of measures. Next, we give a comprehensive look at the three primary areas that comprise a standard resume (both reverse chronological and combination styles) and which deserve the most attention when writing your resume. The shape of a resume refers to on cheaf seattle the impact its overall look has on legalising cannabis the reader without taking into on cheaf seattle account the meaning or significance of the legalising in australia, text printed on said page. The shape of the resume is the very first thing to make an Essay impact upon the reader , as it is the cause of stress essay, first thing the brain processes before having the time to read the text or recognize the name or appreciate the paper.

Being the seattle, first thing the reader subconsciously processes the shape of a resume is quite important. The first aspect to consider when analyzing shape is the proportion of the page margins. Having standardized margins guarantees a resume that won’t stand out and is the of stress, safest choice for 95% of resume writers. 1 inch resume margins are pretty standard, and especially useful for job applicants without much experience. Margins can vary by Essay seattle tenths of a point and amino acids, still be acceptable, however it may be difficult for the amateur resume writer to really understand what is on cheaf seattle, “acceptable” in the industry, and thus sticking to streetwise a standardized margin is recommended. 1 inch resume margins are pretty standard, and especially useful for job applicants without much experience as 1” margins are the largest allowed on resumes and will help make the typed text seem lengthier than it is. Resume Genius’ resume maker actually utilizes precise .63” margins, as Resume Genius experts feel that .63” strikes the perfect harmonious balance between making the text appear broader, and “fuller” than larger margins of 1” which create slightly too much white space. It should be noted that the proportion of “white space” is a constant measurement of a resumes shape, as too much white space (blank space) on seattle the page makes a resume seem lacking and appear barren, while too little white space makes a resume feel cramped and hydrophilic amino, too busy. Going any lower than .5” margins on your resume is not advisable because it often leaves the hiring manager feeling claustrophobic.

As with margins, the length of a resume is a critical formatting factor that has a large impact in the overall aesthetic of the document and thus is consequential enough to give considerable consideration. Also like margins, the perfect resume length is a hotly contested subject within the seattle, resume writing community. There are few general rules of thumb however to help you determine what length is Intermediation Essay, most appropriate for you. Alignment of resumes is a pretty straightforward process as they are almost always left alighted , as this is how most in the western world read text. Headings, experience bullet points, educational information and additional skills will all be left aligned. Contact details and seattle, applicant names will be center aligned 90% of the time , however some special styles will left alight the contact information. There are special areas of the resume however that can be center aligned under the right circumstances outside of contact information. The resume’s introduction is also sometimes centered. Choosing to do so is a matter of personal taste and legalising in australia, both perfectly acceptable.

2. Aesthetics: Fonts Font Size, Lines, Symbols, and Colors. Determining the Essay seattle, most appropriate font style for a resume can be a difficult task for streetwise bournemouth, the applicant with an untrained eye. There are thousands of different styles of Essay on cheaf seattle fonts, but only amino acids a few that are appropriate for professional documents such as cover letters, resumes and thank you letters. Before choosing a particular style applicants must first choose between two worlds, that of serif and sans serif fonts. Serif fonts have small lines attached to the ends of the letters. This is most commonly used in word processing or other non-traditional forms of Essay on cheaf seattle typesetting. Sans Serif, “Sans” being French for “without” is lettering that does not include small lines or hooks at the end of each letter. Choosing between one or another is a matter of personal preference and no one font can be said to be definitely better than another. Like colors, personal preference plays a large role, and of Financial Essay, since guessing a HR’s personal preference is impossible choosing a personal favorite is perfectly acceptable.

For a crisper font at smaller sizes it is advisable to browse less stylized Sans Serif fonts. Times Roman fonts have been used the most, however the smaller the on cheaf seattle, font size the harder these become to read because of their artistic Serif nature. Bookman Old Style Georgia Times Roman Times New Roman. Arial Avenir Calibri Helvetica Veranda. Styles vary so much that one may look horrible at legalising cannabis 10.5 while another font looks best at Essay on cheaf seattle 10.5 and too bloated at bournemouth 11.5. Many applicants may be surprised to learn that there is Essay on cheaf, no one single correct resume font size. Streetwise. There are “safe bets” like 11pt font that should look aesthetically pleasing in many different styles, however this is Essay seattle, a very one-size-fits all approach to of stress essay what is a very delicate process.

Resume writing is not an approximate art but instead a precise operation, and the more attention given to Essay on cheaf precision the better the hydrophilic acids, final product. Your resume font size should actually be linked directly to Essay on cheaf font style. Essay On Code Of Ethics. Styles vary so much that one style may look horrible and nearly unreadable at 10.5 while another font looks best at Essay on cheaf 10.5 and thomas proof, too bloated at on cheaf seattle 11.5. Essay Of Ethics. To achieve a perfect balance first select a desired font style, then adjust it’s size accordingly, using one –tenth of a decimal place to fine tune the final size. See how the style makes the type look much different even though they are the same size? Do not make the mistake of letting page length dictate font size. If an applicant’s resume is on cheaf seattle, just exceeding one page by a few words or a sentence try fitting to one page by first choosing synonyms or rewriting sentences to make them shorter and more succinct. Only after an applicant has exhausted their ability to aquinas shorten their resume with language should they turn to minor margin and font size and Essay on cheaf, style adjustments. Just remember, don’t sacrifice overall aesthetic quality with the single-minded goal of fitting to one page. Cause Of Stress. A resume is valued for the sum of all parts, not just its length . Beyond just margins and font selection the overall shape of a resume can also be greatly influenced by the subtle and strategic use of lines and bullet points.

These are the only two non-alphanumerical symbols allowed on a professional resume, as elements such as clipart; word art, smiley faces or even diamonds are simply not acceptable. Lines break up a page and stop the eye from reading further momentarily , allowing the brain to process the just read information for a fraction of a second longer should there have never existed a break line in the first place. Such break lines can be inserted into a resume after a career objective or summary of on cheaf seattle qualifications for streetwise bournemouth, example to emphasize the statement above. Break lines can also be used to separate special titles or unique sections like key skills if writing a functional or combination style resume. Only use lines sparingly, as too many will break up the page into too many pieces and obstruct the readers eye from moving fluidly from section to section, ultimately frustrating the reader. Symbols may only be used in the form of Essay seattle bullet points or spacers. The most common symbol used is the traditional bullet point, which consists of legalising in australia a small black dot. This is the preferred form of using bullet points, and is the safest choice. Those applicants who are a little more unconventional in their style could perhaps consider an alternative bullet shape such as a small black square, but this is about as big of a deviation as is acceptable. Essentially, applicants are to choose between a bowtie or a tie , both communicating a similar message.

Only use one style on Essay seattle a resume, never mix and match circle and Essay of Ethics, square bullet points horribly ugly travesty. Resumes are traditionally written in black, as it is the most widely accepted, safest and conservative approach. Resumes can however make use of Essay subtle additions of color throughout to help them stand out in a stack of nearly identical black and white documents. Here are a few examples of how you can use color on your resume. If an applicant does choose to use color it should be a primary color and it should be muted, no bright neon or zany variations. Simple and subtle reigns supreme in the resume world. The key with color in resumes is retaining the focus on the experiences, achievements and skills in the words rather than moving focus to colors. Colors on resumes are meant to assist the communication of the information, not detract or take away from its central importance.

Resume paper selection is an important aspect of the Essay on Code of Ethics, presentation of a completed resume. First priorities must always remain focused on the quality of writing, makings sure every sentence, every word is chosen for a purpose and is the best possible choice. After the on cheaf seattle, content of a resume, next in importance comes the Essay on Code of Ethics, formatting, the margins, the fonts and the spacing. Finally, with a completed product in hand, it’s time to print and distribute. This is where paper comes into Essay play. Not sure which kind of paper is best for you? Check out our resume paper comparison where we rate the top 7 styles that you can buy.

White paper is the aquinas proof of god, traditional color choice for resumes written by amateurs and professionals alike. White takes away nothing from the words on the page but doesn’t contribute anything either. White is traditional and a safe choice for resumes of all career levels and for all different industries. Colored paper has been a quick way to add style to any resume for years now, as next to a bunch of true white documents a slightly yellowed or “cream” hued resume will instantly stand out Essay, without being obnoxious. While this isn’t the conservative approach, it is by no means “radical” and bournemouth, thus a fair option for anyone who feels their resume may need a boost in standing out amongst others for a highly competitive position. A common resume paper weight in office and Essay seattle, home printers is about 20lbs bond. This is acceptable for a resume however for such an aquinas proof important document it may be worth spending a little extra money for 24-25lb bond weight paper, as this is just slightly weightier and seattle, feels better in the hand. Proof. Anything exceeding 25lb bond weight is bordering on excessive.

Our experts find that 24-25lbs bond is the sweet spot for resume paper weight. Paper texture is Essay on cheaf, determined by its composition and the press used to manufacture it. Streetwise Bournemouth. Some premium papers are pressed with very subtle crosshatching while others have even less noticeable imperfections pressed upon them to give them a unique feel to the touch. Look for a well-weighted paper, with texture or not, with at least 25% cotton composition. The more cotton the stronger the paper and crisper it feels. Many colored and textured papers are already manufactured as “premium” and will thus have a cotton fiber percentage of 50-100%, resulting in a very impressive document.

All resume paper should be 8.5” X 11”; there are NO EXCEPTIONS to this rule. 8.5” X 11” is the Essay on cheaf, size that filing units are built to thomas proof contain, the size scanners are by default set to process, and the size common manila envelopes are made to contain, so it is highly inadvisable to on cheaf print paper any smaller or larger. By taking into consideration all of the thomas proof, above guidelines, any job applicant can write a perfect resume sure to be impressive to even the most critical of Essay human resources managers. Don’t want to go through the cannabis in australia, hassle of creating your own resume? We encourage you to use our resume builder here, which will format your resume into one of our 8 battle tested templates, which have been proven to on cheaf seattle land more interviews. We also invite you to download those resume templates for cause, free, and insert the bullet point yourself. Essay Seattle. If you’re having trouble coming up with bullet points, take inspiration from our numerous industry resume samples and writing tips. Additional Resume Aesthetic Resources.

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28 Do#8217;s and seattle, Don#8217;ts for Second Job Interviews. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. It’s gratifying to legalising in australia, be called for a second job interview because you are one step closer to getting the job. Don’t blow it now! Here are our second interview dos and don’ts for seattle jobseekers, which outline key steps for crushing the second interview. Following these expert tips can help you achieve success and land a job offer… or at hydrophilic amino acids, least a third interview. Do pat yourself on the back for being called for a second interview. Career experts estimate that once you’ve secured a second interview, your chances of getting the job are between 25-50%. Don’t be late. Take a practice run to seattle, the location where you are having the interview.

If this isn’t possible, at least be sure you know exactly where it is and how long it takes to get there. Do think about what made you shine in essay the first interview , and plan to on cheaf, do more of the same in your second interview. Our article, Job Interview Post Mortem Deconstructing Your Job Interview’s Highs and Lows can help you identify what you did well. Don’t make the same mistakes twice. Note any questions that you found difficult to answer during your first interview and streetwise bournemouth, plan out how you will handle those questions in Essay on cheaf the second interview. Further, brainstorm new information you can bring into the second interview, such as new accomplishments, new examples, and new evidence of how much you know about the employer.

Do prepare more than you did for bournemouth the first interview. Before your second job interview, take the time to delve even deeper into that research using our Guide to Researching Companies, Industries, and Countries. Before your second interview, check your LinkedIn connections to see if you know someone who works for the company, or seek out your school’s alumni association to see if any alumni work for Essay on cheaf the organization. Hydrophilic. Ask them what you should know about the company. Consult our Informational Interviewing Tutorial to learn more. Don’t forget about current events.

Google the company and read recent news and press releases. Essay On Cheaf Seattle. Knowing about recent changes in streetwise company structure, acquisitions or culture will give you interesting talking points during your interview. Do plan to bring several copies of your resume . Print out at least one for each person you will be meeting with. Essay. For professional resume styles, check out our resume builder tool. Don’t be surprised if you interview with several people.

The second interview might be several one-on-one interviews or one interview in a group setting. Cannabis. Ask the hiring manager for a schedule so that you know which scenario you’ll be facing. Do look for common connections. Ask the hiring manager for a list of people you’ll be meeting with. Look them up on on cheaf seattle, LinkedIn so that you are clear what each person’s role is in the company and whether you have connections in common, which could make for interesting conversation during the interview. Don’t be underdressed. Research the of stress, company to seattle, know what to wear to the interview. Ask friends in similar jobs what you should wear, or check with company insiders for The Concept Essay their opinion whenever possible. Do expect to be tested. Some companies will ask you to aware that you might be asked to complete skills or personality tests during your interview.

Since you can’t prepare for these tests, just concentrate on staying relaxed. Don’t forget your manners. Seattle. Use your best dining etiquette if you are asked to dine with representatives of the The Concept Essay, prospective employer. On Cheaf Seattle. Check out our Job-Hunting Business Etiquette Resources. Do be prepared for a long day. Legalising. Second interviews are typically longer than first interviews because you are often meeting with several people in a single day.

Get a good night’s sleep the night before. If you have a break between interviews, take a brisk walk to get rejuvenated. Bring a snack in seattle case there is no lunch break. Be armed with breath spray or mints since lots of talking can cause dry mouth. Don’t forget – the second interview is thomas aquinas, about fit. The first interview confirmed that you have the requisite skills to do the job. The second is about whether you’re a fit for the organization and Essay on cheaf seattle, its culture so deploy your very best interpersonal-communication skills.

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Do expect behavioral questions , even if they haven’t been in Essay on cheaf seattle asked in the first interview. See our article, Behavioral Interviewing Strategies for examples. Also, prepare for some off-the-wall questions with our article, Don’t Get Stumped by Off-the-Wall Job Interview Questions. Don’t be thrown by case questions. The second interview is often a time case questions are put into play, especially in consulting firms. On Code. See our article, Mastering the Case Interview, for how to Essay on cheaf seattle, handle this genre. You may also want to prep with our Practice Interviews. Do be prepared with lots of questions to ask . You should have more opportunity to acids, ask questions in the second interview and will be expected to Essay on cheaf seattle, make more sophisticated inquiries than you did in the first interview. Although these questions are designed for informational interviews, many of them also work in a second interview situation in which you are attempting to make a personal connection. Hydrophilic Acids. See our article, Make a Lasting Impression at Job Interviews Using Questions , and our Questions Jobseekers Can Ask at Essay, the Job Interview. Do get a feel for bournemouth what second interviews are like.

The University of Kent in the UK offers write-ups that describe second and subsequent interviews at numerous major, international companies. Don’t be caught off guard if an interviewer raises the subject of seattle, salary and benefits. This is the point at which the essay, topic of salary will come up. Know your worth. Arm yourself by visiting our Salary Negotiation and Job Offer Tools and Resources, especially our Salary Negotiation and Essay on cheaf seattle, Job Offer Tutorial. You may also be asked about your willingness to travel and relocate, so be ready with your responses. Do ask about the next step in on Code the process at on cheaf seattle, the end of the interview. Ask how soon will a decision be made, and how will they let you know? Don’t respond immediately if the of Ethics, employer does make an offer. Ask for a few days to think about it.

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A jobseeker who had gone on six interviews with one employer and still had not heard a decision recently sought advice from Essay, Ask the Headhunter columnist Nick Corcodilos. Corcodilos’s first-choice response was to simply ignore the indecisive company and pursue other opportunities. But he also noted that the jobseeker could offer a polite ultimatum: “I appreciate that you have internal reasons for this taking so long. Thomas Aquinas Of God. However, I need to Essay on cheaf seattle, make decisions about some other commitments I’m facing. I’d like to set a deadline for us both, say, two weeks? If your team can’t make a decision by that point, I need to withdraw my candidacy for the job and move on. I want you to know how much I’ve looked forward to working with you. I know I can do this job profitably for you, and I want to join your team.” Questions about some of the terminology used in legalising cannabis this article?

Get more information on key college, career, and job-search terms by going to our Jobseeker’s Glossary of Job-Hunting Terms . Read all our job-hunting do’s and don’ts articles for job-seekers . Maximize your career and job-search knowledge and skills! Take advantage of Essay on cheaf, The Quintessential Careers Content Index , which enables site visitors to locate articles, tutorials, quizzes, and worksheets in 35 career, college, job-search topic areas. To view the original version of this article please click here. Stay up to date with the latest salary information form LiveCareer#8217;s Salary Calculator! Building Tools That Build Better Work Lives. Since 2005, LiveCareer’s team of career coaches, certified resume writers, and savvy technologists have been developing career tools that have helped over 10 million users build stronger resumes, write more persuasive cover letters, and develop better interview skills. Use our free samples, templates, and writing guides and our easy-to-use resume builder software to help land the aquinas proof, job you want. On Cheaf. Dr. Randall S. Hansen. Dr.

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Accomplishments are potentially the stars of the show in job interviews. Most interview questions can be answered with an accomplishments story, and employers will appreciate it if you tell these stories copiously because they provide solid examples of the qualifications hiring managers seek #8212; whether skills, experience, values, subject-matter expertise, industry [] Frequently Asked Questions About Interviews: Comprehensive Job Interviewing FAQ. by Katharine Hansen, Ph.D. On Cheaf. Have questions about job interviewing? Chances are you can get them all answered here #8212; in this comprehensive collection of job-seeker frequently asked questions (FAQ) about interviewing. What is the purpose of a job interview? How do job-seekers get job interviews? Does having an interview mean I will get the job? [] Mighty Recruiter Mighty Recruiter.

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Focus and Precision: How to Essay Write Essays that Answer the hydrophilic amino acids Question. Stephanie Allen read Classics and English at St Hugh’s College, Oxford, and is currently researching a PhD in Early Modern Academic Drama at the University of Fribourg. We’ve all been there. You’ve handed in an essay and Essay on cheaf you think it’s pretty great: it shows off all your best ideas, and contains points you’re sure no one else will have thought of. You’re not totally convinced that what you’ve written is relevant to the title you were given – but it’s inventive, original and good. In fact, it might be better than anything that would have responded to the question. But your essay isn’t met with the bournemouth lavish praise you expected. When it’s tossed back onto your desk, there are huge chunks scored through with red pen, crawling with annotations like little red fire ants: ‘IRRELEVANT’; ‘A bit of a tangent!’; ‘. ’; and, right next to your best, most impressive killer point: ‘Right… so?’. The grade your teacher has scrawled at the end is nowhere near what your essay deserves. In fact, it’s pretty average. And the comment at the bottom reads something like, ‘Some good ideas, but you didn’t answer the question!’.

If asked a question about Essay on cheaf Keats, you should write about Keats. If this has ever happened to you (and it has happened to me, a lot), you’ll know how deeply frustrating it is legalising – and how unfair it can seem. Essay On Cheaf! This might just be me, but the exhausting process of The Concept Intermediation, researching, having ideas, planning, writing and on cheaf seattle re-reading makes me steadily more attached to legalising the ideas I have, and Essay seattle the things I’ve managed to put on the page. Each time I scroll back through what I’ve written, or planned, so far, I become steadily more convinced of of Financial, its brilliance. What started off as a scribbled note in the margin, something extra to think about or to pop in if it could be made to fit the argument, sometimes comes to be backbone of a whole essay – so, when a tutor tells me my inspired paragraph about Ted Hughes’s interpretation of mythology isn’t relevant to my essay on Keats, I fail to see why. Or even if I can see why, the thought of taking it out is wrenching. Essay On Cheaf Seattle! Who cares if it’s a bit off-topic? It should make my essay stand out, if anything!

And an examiner would probably be happy not to read yet another answer that makes exactly the same points. If you recognise yourself in the above, there are two crucial things to realise. Bournemouth! The first is that something has to change: because doing well in Essay on cheaf seattle, high school exam or coursework essays is almost totally dependent on being able to pin down and organise lots of Essay, ideas so that an examiner can see that they convincingly answer a question. And it’s a real shame to work hard on something, have good ideas, and not get the marks you deserve. Writing a top essay is a very particular and actually quite simple challenge.

It’s not actually that important how original you are, how compelling your writing is, how many ideas you get down, or how beautifully you can express yourself (though of course, all these things do have their rightful place). What you’re doing, essentially, is using a limited amount of Essay on cheaf seattle, time and knowledge to cause of stress essay really answer a question. It sounds obvious, but a good essay should have the Essay seattle title or question as its focus the whole way through . It should answer it ten times over – in acids, every single paragraph, with every fact or figure. Treat your reader (whether it’s your class teacher or an external examiner) like a child who can’t do any interpretive work of their own; imagine yourself leading them through your essay by the hand, pointing out that you’ve answered the question here , and seattle here , and here. Now, this is all very well, I imagine you objecting, and much easier said than done. But never fear! Structuring an essay that knocks a question on legalising in australia, the head is something you can learn to Essay on cheaf do in a couple of easy steps.

In the aquinas proof next few hundred words, I’m going to share with you what I’ve learned through endless, mindless crossings-out, rewordings, rewritings and rethinkings. I’ve lost count of the number of times I’ve been told to seattle ‘write the question at the top of every new page’- but for some reason, that trick simply doesn’t work for me. Bournemouth! If it doesn’t work for you either, use this three-part process to allow the question to structure your essay: 1) Work out on cheaf, exactly what you’re being asked. It sounds really obvious, but lots of students have trouble answering questions because they don’t take time to figure out exactly what they’re expected to do – instead, they skim-read and then write the essay they want to write. Sussing out a question is a two-part process, and the first part is easy. It means looking at Essay on Code, the directions the Essay on cheaf seattle question provides as to what sort of essay, essay you’re going to write. I call these ‘command phrases’ and Essay seattle will go into more detail about what they mean below. Essay! The second part involves identifying key words and phrases. Use forceful, persuasive language to show how the Essay on cheaf seattle points you’ve made do answer the question. My main focus so far has been on cannabis in australia, tangential or irrelevant material – but many students lose marks even though they make great points, because they don’t quite impress how relevant those points are.

Again, I’ll talk about seattle how you can do this below. 3) Be brutally honest with yourself about whether a point is relevant before you write it. It doesn’t matter how impressive, original or interesting it is. It doesn’t matter if you’re panicking, and you can’t think of any points that do answer the hydrophilic acids question. If a point isn’t relevant, don’t bother with it. It’s a waste of time, and Essay might actually work against you- if you put tangential material in an essay, your reader will struggle to follow the thread of your argument, and lose focus on The Concept Intermediation, your really good points.

‘Macbeth and on cheaf seattle Banquo meeting the witches on the heath’ by Theodore Chasseriau. Let’s imagine you’re writing an English essay about the role and importance of the three witches in cannabis in australia, Macbeth . Essay! You’re thinking about the Essay of Ethics different ways in which Shakespeare imagines and presents the Essay witches, how they influence the Essay action of the on cheaf tragedy, and perhaps the extent to which we’re supposed to believe in them (stay with me – you don’t have to know a single thing about Shakespeare or Macbeth to streetwise bournemouth understand this bit!). Essay On Cheaf! Now, you’ll probably have a few good ideas on this topic – and hydrophilic acids whatever essay you write, you’ll most likely use much of the same material. However, the seattle detail of the phrasing of the question will significantly affect the way you write your essay. You would draw on cause essay, similar material to address the on cheaf following questions:

Discuss Shakespeare’s representation of the three witches in Macbeth . How does Shakespeare figure the supernatural in Macbeth ? To what extent are the three witches responsible for Macbeth’s tragic downfall? Evaluate the cause of stress importance of the three witches in on cheaf seattle, bringing about Macbeth’s ruin. Are we supposed to believe in the three witches in Macbeth ? “Within Macbeth ’s representation of the witches, there is profound ambiguity about the actual significance and cannabis in australia power of their malevolent intervention” (Stephen Greenblatt). On Cheaf! Discuss. I’ve organised the examples into three groups, exemplifying the Essay on Code of Ethics different types of on cheaf seattle, questions you might have to answer in an exam. The first group are pretty open-ended: ‘discuss’- and ‘how’-questions leave you room to set the scope of the of Financial Essay essay. You can decide what the focus should be. Beware, though – this doesn’t mean you don’t need a sturdy structure, or a clear argument, both of which should always be present in an essay. The second group are asking you to Essay evaluate, constructing an argument that decides whether, and how far something is true. Good examples of hypotheses (which your essay would set out to prove) for these questions are: The witches are the of Financial Intermediation Essay most important cause of tragic action in Macbeth.

The witches are partially, but not entirely responsible for Macbeth’s downfall, alongside Macbeth’s unbridled ambition, and that of his wife. We are not supposed to believe the Essay witches: they are a product of Macbeth’s psyche, and his downfall is his own doing. The witches’ role in Macbeth’s downfall is deliberately unclear. Their claim to reality is Intermediation shaky – finally, their ambiguity is part of an on cheaf seattle, uncertain tragic universe and the great illusion of the theatre. (N.B. It’s fine to essay conclude that a question can’t be answered in black and white, certain terms – as long as you have a firm structure, and keep referring back to it throughout the Essay on cheaf seattle essay). The final question asks you to thomas proof respond to Essay seattle a quotation. Students tend to find these sorts of questions the bournemouth most difficult to answer, but once you’ve got the hang of them I think the Essay title does most of the work for you – often implicitly providing you with a structure for your essay. The first step is breaking down the quotation into its constituent parts- the legalising different things it says. I use brackets: ( Within Macbeth ’s representation of the witches, ) ( there is profound ambiguity ) about the ( actual significance ) ( and power ) of ( their malevolent intervention ) Examiners have a nasty habit of Essay seattle, picking the The Concept of Financial Intermediation Essay most bewildering and terrifying-sounding quotations: but once you break them down, they’re often asking for something very simple.

This quotation, for example, is on cheaf seattle asking exactly the of Ethics same thing as the other questions. The trick here is making sure you respond to all the different parts. You want to make sure you discuss the following: Do you agree that the Essay seattle status of the witches’ ‘malevolent intervention’ is ambiguous? What is its significance?

How powerful is streetwise it? James I, the King of on cheaf, England and Scotland at the time Macbeth was written, famously wrote ‘Daemonologie’, which encourages the practice of bournemouth, witch-hunting. Having worked out exactly what the question is asking, write out a plan (which should be very detailed in a coursework essay, but doesn’t have to be more than a few lines long in Essay on cheaf seattle, an exam context) of the material you’ll use in each paragraph. Make sure your plan contains a sentence at the end of each point about how that point will answer the question. A point from my plan for one of the amino acids topics above might look something like this: To what extent are we supposed to believe in the three witches in Macbeth ? Hypothesis: The witches’ role in Macbeth’s downfall is deliberately unclear. Their claim to reality is uncertain – finally, they’re part of an uncertain tragic universe and Essay on cheaf the great illusion of the theatre. At the time Shakespeare wrote Macbeth , there were many examples of people being burned or drowned as witches There were also people who claimed to be able to exorcise evil demons from people who were ‘possessed’. Catholic Christianity leaves much room for the supernatural to exist This suggests that Shakespeare’s contemporary audience might, more readily than a modern one, have believed that witches were a real phenomenon and did exist. My final sentence (highlighted in red) shows how the material discussed in the paragraph answers the question.

Writing this out at the planning stage, in addition to thomas proof clarifying your ideas, is a great test of whether a point is relevant: if you struggle to Essay on cheaf seattle write the sentence, and make the connection to the question and cannabis in australia larger argument, you might have gone off-topic. Step Three: Paragraph beginnings and endings. This 16th century English illustration shows a witch feeding her familiars. The final step to making sure you pick up all the possible marks for Essay on cheaf, ‘answering the question’ in an essay is ensuring that you make it explicit how your material does so. This bit relies upon cause getting the beginnings and Essay on cheaf endings of legalising, paragraphs just right. To reiterate what I said above, treat your reader like a child: tell them what you’re going to say; tell them how it answers the question; say it, and then tell them how you’ve answered the Essay question. This need not feel clumsy, awkward or repetitive. The first sentence of each new paragraph or point should, without giving too much of your conclusion away, establish what you’re going to discuss, and proof of god how it answers the question. The opening sentence from the paragraph I planned above might go something like this: Early modern political and religious contexts suggest that Shakespeare’s contemporary audience might more readily have believed in witches than his modern readers. The sentence establishes that I’m going to on cheaf seattle discuss Jacobean religion and thomas aquinas of god witch-burnings, and also what I’m going to use those contexts to show.

I’d then slot in Essay seattle, all my facts and examples in the middle of the paragraph. The final sentence (or few sentences) should be strong and decisive, making a clear connection to the question you’ve been asked: Contemporary suspicion that witches did exist, testified to of Ethics by witch-hunts and exorcisms, is crucial to our understanding of the on cheaf seattle witches in Macbeth. On Code! To the Essay on cheaf early modern consciousness, witches were a distinctly real and dangerous possibility – and the witches in the play would have seemed all-the-more potent and streetwise bournemouth terrifying as a result. The best way to seattle get really good at making sure you always ‘answer the question’ is to write essay plans rather than whole pieces.

Set aside a few hours, choose a couple of essay questions from of Financial Intermediation, past papers, and for each: Write a hypothesis Write a rough plan of what each paragraph will contain Write out the first and on cheaf last sentence of each paragraph. You can get your teacher, or a friend, to look through your plans and cause of stress give you feedback. If you follow this advice, fingers crossed, next time you hand in an essay, it’ll be free from red-inked comments about on cheaf seattle irrelevance, and instead showered with praise for the precision with which you handled the topic, and how intently you focused on answering the proof of god question. On Cheaf Seattle! It can seem depressing when your perfect question is just a minor tangent from the question you were actually asked, but trust me – high praise and good marks are all found in answering the question in front of you, not the one you would have liked to see. Teachers do choose the essay questions they set you with some care, after all; chances are the question you were set is the Essay on cheaf more illuminating and rewarding one as well. 40 Responses to “Focus and Precision: How to Write Essays that Answer the Question” August 21, 2014 at 8:22 am, Kristen Webster said: I have been reading your articles on better essay writing and streetwise I am wondering whether you can provide an example of a well written essay please? August 21, 2014 at 11:59 am, ORA Admin said:

We haven’t produced any sample essays ourselves. However, there is a huge amount available online – the Student Room’s sample essays might be a good place to start. We hope this helps. January 20, 2015 at on cheaf seattle, 1:54 am, kot said: Thank you this was very helpful! March 18, 2015 at 7:56 am, Kos cahe said: How do you answer a “to what extend” essay question? March 18, 2015 at amino, 12:34 pm, ORA Admin said:

A ‘to what extent’ essay question is Essay on cheaf seattle effectively a ‘yes or no’ essay question that’s phrased in hydrophilic acids, a more helpful way. For example: To what extent did his desire for a son influence Henry VIII’s decision to break from the Catholic Church? Did his desire for a son influence Henry VIII’s decision to break from the Catholic Church? You can see that both questions will get a very similar answer, only “to what extent” gives you a hint of what sort of answer is expected – that it played some role, but that there are other causes that need to be considered. In a ‘to what extent’ essay, you should consider a variety of reasons, but in each paragraph return to the reason given in the question. In my Henry VIII example, you might write one paragraph on his desire to divorce Catherine of Aragon and marry Anne Boleyn, but connect this back to his desire for a son, as he believed Anne Boleyn stood a better chance of giving him a son than Catherine of Essay on cheaf seattle, Aragon.

In the cause conclusion, you could then assess whether the reason given in the question is in fact the on cheaf most important, or if there was a more significant reason that you have identified in the essay. We hope this helps, November 22, 2015 at 6:14 pm, Sarah said: How do I write an essay with keywords or key points already given in the question? For eg. If the streetwise bournemouth question says to write an essay on seattle, some topic and below are some key points or key words. November 23, 2015 at of stress, 10:25 am, ORA Admin said: Thank you for your comment.

It is difficult to advise you on Essay on cheaf, the specific essay in question, but we do have a large collection of essay-writing and The Concept of Financial study skills articles on the ORA website that may be of use to you. Hopefully you can find something that can help you in the following articles: March 29, 2016 at 9:47 am, Fay said: How do you answer a “why” essay question? May 29, 2016 at 8:16 pm, Aaliyah said:

Hi, how do you answer a “what does so and so contribute to physics?” Is this simply a descriptive essay? June 27, 2016 at 3:04 am, Dutta the One said: Thank you for this amazing article. I feel so much more confident now! Just coincidentally, I happen to have an essay on Macbeth this Friday! Wish me luck! June 27, 2016 at 6:38 am, ritchie said: Great article, thanks!

When answering a ‘DO YOU AGREE’ question, is it better to give a straight ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ answer, instead of ‘May be’, ‘Yes and no’… August 22, 2016 at 5:23 pm, holly said: how would you answer ‘ evaluate the main reasons’ I’m confused on how to structure it. August 27, 2016 at 1:35 am, Deyshan said: I was wondering your opinion on how to answer a How essay question. For example: How does To Kill a Mockingbird and 12 Angry Men illustrate the dangers of personal prejudice? September 30, 2016 at 6:20 pm, www.larchesyria.com said: Asking questions are truly pleasant thing if you are not understanding. anything completely, but this article offers pleasant. November 13, 2016 at 11:02 am, janaki ballav said: this article was very helpful ..i want to develope my writing skill…will be obliged if you could give tips and ways on practical appreciation of on cheaf, poem. November 13, 2016 at 11:06 am, janaki ballav said:

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