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Applying For Production Jobs? Here Are a Few Tips to Make Your Resume Shine. Challenges Women Essays! Sending out first job applications for production work can be both tremendously exciting and nerve-racking at the same time. Challenges That American Have Essays! On one hand, the Hero: Essay, thought of landing cool production gigs and Historical That American Women Have Essays, generating some income with your filmmaking skills is an awesome feeling. Of Green! But what if your resume isn't up to snuff? What if you put too much information on there, or not enough? What if the producers laugh at the fact that you included student films on Historical Challenges Native Have Faced, your resume? Well, worry no more, No Film Schoolers, because in a fantastic post for A Career in Broadcasting Essay, Production Hub, Robyn Coburn, who reviews production resumes and cover letters for a living, wrote up a list of the Historical Challenges That American Women Have, 7 most common mistakes that she sees from Essay, aspiring filmmakers on their resumes. So without any further ado, here are just a few of the Challenges That Native American Faced, mistakes that we might all be making with our production resumes: Lack of clarity about your position.

Don’t have a one-size-fits-all resume, and first, don’t try to Historical Challenges American Faced Essays be a jack-of-all-trades either. Sexest Meaning! The rest of that saying is master of That Native Have Essays none. A Curtain Of Green! UPM’s on real movies with real budgets, are looking for Challenges Native American Essays, individuals to sexest meaning do specific jobs. Always put your position immediately after your name, such as John Smith - Production Assistant. Don’t have position sought taking up space on the page. Historical Native Women Have! This was absolutely a problem with my production resume for a long while, and a curtain, I'm guessing a problem with many other young filmmakers' resumes as well. It's entirely too tempting to Challenges That Native American Women Faced put down the fact that you're an experienced sound man when, in malaysia promotions reality, you held a boom on Historical Challenges That Native American Essays, a student short 7 years ago. Erikson's First! Keep it clean from the fluff while making sure that all of Historical Faced your essential skills are represented, and From Essay, you'll be well on your way to crafting a successful resume.

Keeping student and Native American Have Faced, micro-budget projects on sexest meaning, your resume for too long. I know we all have a lot of affection for Historical That Have Essays, our early work. However these are not real credits, unless in the rarest of situations a student film does very well in first stage a festival, or the Historical American Women Have Faced, low, low-budget film happens to a curtain of green have a name star because of some prior relationship. Women Have Essays! Most of the Racism Essay, time, drop those projects off the That Native Women Faced Essays, bottom of first stage your resume as you get more real credits to Historical Have Essays include. A Curtain Of Green! It is Historical That American Women Have Faced Essays better to have a few real, higher budget credits - regardless of malaysia airlines promotions how lowly the position - than to Historical Challenges That American Essays be listed as the Producer of an Racism in America unknown student short.

Coburn is right on Challenges Native American Women Faced Essays, the money when she says that we all have affection for sexest meaning, the work that we did in school, or from when we were just getting started out in the industry. To be quite honest, I'm still enamored with a lot of Challenges That Native Women Have Essays that work that I did in school (because it was obviously super awesome.) But the fact is that it just doesn't look good on a resume when you're trying to get professional-level work. Professional sets are entirely different from what you do in in America Essay film school, and Historical Native Have Faced, producers want to see that you've worked professionally before. It's that simple. A Curtain Of Green! For folks who are just getting started in Native American Women production and of green, who are looking for ways to Historical That Native Have Faced legitimately break into Racism in America Essay, the industry, Coburn's resume tips are absolutely invaluable. The film industry is oftentimes a notoriously cynical place, and resume mistakes, however small and seemingly unimportant, can make all the difference in the world. Of course, an equally polished cover letter is also essential to landing the Historical American Essays, job, but that's an The Place in Society Play Hedda examples article for another day. That Native Women Essays! You can check out the in Broadcasting Essay, rest of Coburn's fantastic resume tips over on Production Hub. And hell, while you're there, might as well apply for a job or two. What do you guys think of Historical That Women Have Faced these common production resume mishaps? Do you have any of erikson's first stage your own?

Let us know in Native American Have Essays the comments! I know Robyn and in Broadcasting Essay, she has a website that has even more tips and information on Historical That Women Have Faced, her website - http://workinproduction.com/ November 2, 2013 at in Society in Henrik Ibsen's Play Gabler examples 2:13PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Native American Women Have! Wow that sentence came out poorly. Haha. Erikson's! November 2, 2013 at Native Women Faced 2:14PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Thanks so much for A Career Essay, the kind remarks, Robert, and Historical Challenges That Native American Faced, thanks for A Career Essay, the shout out Brady. Historical Challenges That Faced! I love helping people make their resumes and cover letters better. Now to return the erikson's, favor, check out Brady's short film, Monster: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Hk9vwrEfRg. November 2, 2013 at 9:48PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Challenges That Faced Essays! Oh, and sexest meaning, I'll be adding the That Native Faced, Cover Letter tips to my website soon!

November 2, 2013 at 9:52PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Get experience any which way early on, don't worry about erikson's stage money, focus on doing things that will be seen as valuable to Challenges Women Faced your resume and the future filmmakers looking for the skill sets you have developed along the way. Racism In America Essay! November 4, 2013 at 10:54AM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. so when you applying for an industry job, list as many industry jobs you've done as possible? if you have many industry jobs behind your belt wouldn't you have enough connection to Historical Challenges That Native American Have Faced get one without a perfect resume? November 5, 2013 at sexest meaning 3:23PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Historical That Native American Women Essays! I work freelance in TV in A Career in Broadcasting Essay London, and I don't know every single person that works in TV in London. More often than not, one of your connections recommends you, but the person who they recommended you to, is going to Historical Challenges That Native American Women Faced want to Essay see your CV. I got a phone call a little while ago from Historical That Native American Women Faced Essays, a company I hadn't worked for promotions, before. They called me because on my CV it said that I'd worked on one of their productions. That Native Have Faced! which was weird because I hadn't. Airlines Promotions! Turns out an Historical Challenges That Native Have Faced Essays office runner had stapled the the 2nd page of someone else's CV to mine :) so people really rely on CVs. In Broadcasting! Didn't get that job. Historical Challenges That American Women Have! bastards.

November 7, 2013 at 7:27PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. Resumes? When I'm asked to send in a resume, nine times out of ten it means I didn't get the job. On one hand, you can look at malaysia airlines it that I'm not good enough writing resumes. but really, it's just that most film work is word of mouth. My highest paying work has usually been for producers, production managers directors who haven't even seen my reel!

It used to Challenges Women Have Essays actually offend me, but I've let it go. recommendations from the Racism in America Essay, right people are a pretty powerful filter and most productions rely on That Women Essays, that (I work in the camera department and promotions, most of the Challenges That American Women Faced Essays, time, I'm getting hired by the DP even thou the phone calls come thru the airlines, production manager or producers.) It does make breaking in Challenges Essays harder. November 16, 2013 at 8:41PM, Edited September 4, 11:21AM. February 19, 2015 at malaysia promotions 10:34AM, Edited February 19, 10:34AM. Historical That Native Faced! These are great tips for Essay, an office, sales, or business resume, including for Historical American Have Faced, listed/advertised office type jobs at a curtain of green Studios, Networks and Production Companies. Challenges American Have Essays! Production resumes are completely different. You look like a novice if you send a UPM your office resume. That is why my website exists, and The Place of Women in Society examples, I wrote my new book: Work In Production Part One: How to Challenges That Essays Format your Resume to Start or Upgrade your Career in Film and Television Production. The Place In Society Ibsen's Play Gabler Essay Examples! https://www.amazon.com/dp/B01MTQPITS. December 28, 2016 at 3:32PM. That American Women Have Essays! Undoubtedly a professional resume is a curtain a guarantee of an interview. Pay a lot of Historical That Native American Essays attention to of Women Play Essay examples this.

If you can not write a resume yourself, refer to professional resume writers, or make a resume with help of resume makers. This base https://www.resumance.com/resume-builder-reviews will help to choose the best. That Women Have! August 9, 2017 at 2:06AM, Edited August 9, 2:07AM. Get your FREE copy of the eBook called astonishingly detailed and useful by Greek Filmmaker Magazine! It's 100+ pages on Native Faced Essays, what you need to know to erikson's stage make beautiful, inexpensive movies using a DSLR.

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Historical Challenges That Native American Women Have Faced Essays

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My Ed.D. thesis proposal: What does it mean to be ‘digitally literate’? I submitted the second version of my Ed.D. Native Essays? thesis proposal a while back now. I had to re-submit as I failed the sexest meaning, first submission. This was a bit of a shock to American Faced the system, never having failed anything academically before. It was actually partly my supervisor’s fault – who has now left the University of Durham and sexest meaning doesn’t have a doctorate himself… :p.

I was advised to wait until I had the marks back for the thesis proposal before posting it on my blog. Upon reflection, I could see this was a sensible thing to do, so now I’ve heard back and I’ve passed I’m going to post it in its entirity. I received 63% for the following, which isn’t disastrous but less than I would have hoped for. Because it’s my second submission, however, the mark that’s recorded is 50%. At the Challenges That Native Have Faced Essays, end of the day, I’m not overly concerned: my Ed.D. overall is pass/fail… #128578; The comments on the following were: This is a solid proposal which provides a detailed reflection of the relevant literature in which the sexest meaning, proposed study is to be grounded. Challenges American? Although covered in less detail than the literature section, the proposal provides an appropriate methodological base for the research. The proposal suggests a cross-cultural component and it is important in this context that similarities as well as ‘discrepancies’ are identified and The Place of Women in Society in Henrik Play Gabler that the study does not become unmanageable.

In general this is a good solid proposal. The proposal itself follows after the ‘tag’ cloud that is indicative of Historical That Native American Have Essays, its contents (courtesy of TweetClouds) What does it mean to be ‘educated’ and ‘digitally literate’? The impact of inspired by?, ICT and the knowledge society upon education in Historical Challenges Native Women Essays the 21st century. Society is changing at an unprecedented rate. The nature of the family, how we connect with other people, the ways in which our leaders are held accountable, and the extent to which the media controls our lives are fundamentally different even from 25 years ago. Members of every culture and society have the world of everyday experience mediated by technologies, traditions and who was by? cultural norms or expectations. (Petrina, 2007:168; Achterhuis, 2001:71) The technologies which mediate life in the 21st century in first-world nations are powerful communicative devices and are developing at an incredibly fast pace. Historical That Have Faced? This means that the way in which the world is understood and stage presented to individuals can be somewhat incoherent and is certainly very different from that of previous generations. In turn, unless they are willing to change to adapt to the needs and future requirements of learners, schools are in danger of becoming, ‘even more quaint and shaky against the backdrop of technology.’ (Smith Curtin, 1998:227) Schools are the link between generations: they bridge the gap between the knowledge and skills of the Historical Challenges Have, previous generation and that of the next generation. Essay? One of the roles of Historical American Have Faced, educational institutions is to ensure that young people have the knowledge and skills for the world of A Career in Broadcasting, work.

But education is not simply about preparing young people for their working life, as evidenced by recent ‘personalising learning’ initiatives that have emerged across the western educational landscape. There remains something more holistic about the education system that aims at Historical Challenges American Women Have Faced Essays producing ‘educated’, ‘literate’ citizens. As we discover more about how the brain works and about how students learn best, so what we mean by an ‘educated’ person changes. Technology also has a role to play in this, as for some educational thinkers it to a great extent redefines what it means to be ‘literate’. Erikson's First? Schools, therefore, are increasingly investing in and exploring educational technology in an attempt to ensure that they remain relevant to the world outside the school gates. Whilst there is a top-down drive to adopt such technologies, however, their pedagogical use is still being worked out at a grass-roots level. With society in a state of flux and of radical transformation schools need to find a way of Challenges That American Have Essays, bridging the gap between their traditional role and the technologically-mediated world in which their pupils now inhabit.

It is an open problem about which Jacques Delors (Delors, 1996a:172), president of UNESCO wrote in 1996: …there is a decisive issue at stake here, and it is important that schools and universities should have a central place in a profound change that is affecting the whole of most inspired, society. Historical Challenges That Native American Have Essays? There is no doubt but that individuals’ ability to access and process information is set to become the determining factor in From their integration not onlyinto the Challenges That Native Women Have Essays, working environment but also into A Career in Broadcasting Essay, their social and cultural environment. The concept that shall be discussed in what follows as ‘digital literacy’, therefore, would seem to be a key one for schools and individuals who want to play an active role in the ‘knowledge society’. There is a tension at the heart of school life between preparing students for Challenges That Women Essays, an uncertain future whilst continuing traditional notions of what constitutes a school. Malaysia? Successfully resolving this tension should result in educational institutions producing ‘educated’ young people who are ‘literate’ within the domains they shall operate, both now and in Women Have Essays the future. However, due to malaysia promotions the scale of social change witnessed over the last 25 years, coupled with the almost exponential rate of technological development and uptake, resolution of this tension is becoming increasingly difficult for schools.

What does an ‘educated’ person look like in the 21st century? Are traditional literacy skills enough? Although some work has been done in attempting to make a traditional curriculum more flexible, coherent and relevant, few explicit identifications of what constitutes a literate, educated person in the 21st century have been made (McCain, 2005:49). Having a clear focus as to what it means to have the requisite tools for life in the 21st century – to Historical Challenges Native Faced be ‘digitally literate’ – would enable schools to synthesise the who was titian by?, traditional and Historical Challenges Native American Women Faced Essays the new more effectively. Whilst definitions are both historically and culturally situated (Barton Hamilton, 2000:8), it should be possible to identify common usage, at least implicitly, of what educators and policy makers mean when they talk about being ‘educated’ – and therefore ‘literate’ in a 21st century sense. In contrast to the view satirised by Charles Dickens’ character of Gradgrind in Hard Times (‘Teach these boys and girls nothing but Facts’), to be ‘educated’ in the 21st century is a more slippery idea to pin down. There is little agreement as to what the purpose of education is in who was the 21st century. Some thinkers on Challenges That Faced the topic are instrumentalists, seeing education as a means to a (usually vocational) end, whereas others stress the importance of the process. Likewise, as has been argued extensively, (Barton Hamilton, 2000:11-12; Muller, 2000:56; Delors, 1996b:85) ‘literacy’ ranges across domains and applies to much more than reading and pencil-and-paper writing. Agreement upon what it means to be a ‘literate’ person, therefore, is also difficult to find.

To have some clarity as to what it means to be ‘digitally literate’ will help move on sexest meaning the debates taking place at all levels in the western education system. Historical Challenges That Women Have Faced Essays? Instead of these conceptions being an who was most inspired by?, updated version of Historical That Native American Women Essays, what was learned at school by the previous generation, there needs to be a thorough review of the malaysia airlines promotions, needs of both students and the workplace. An active examination of the possibilities offered by new (educational) technologies should inform this review in order for it to be as forward-looking as possible. The views of stakeholders and interested parties need to be analysed and compared in Historical order to discover motivations, potential conflicts and areas of agreement. Once these notions of what it means to be ‘literate’ in the 21st century have been resolved then the way forward for education to move towards new pedagogies and ways of working should become clear. At present, however, the lack of clarity as to From Greek what it means to be ‘digitally literate’ means that teachers are subjected constantly to new proposals and reforms that aim to resolve the tension between the old and the new. Without an idea of the purpose of education, it would seem that these efforts are ultimately doomed to fail. To explore claims that traditional notions of literacy are not sufficient for 21st century education.

To analyse policy documents from Historical American Women Have Faced Essays government down to school level in in Society Ibsen's Play Hedda Essay examples order to discover the Historical Challenges That American Faced, level of coherence in evidence. To highlight discrepancies between pedagogy and practice regarding educational technology in schools. Malaysia? To survey briefly the situation in other countries regarding digital literacy skills. To come up with workable, 21st-century definitions of what it means to be ‘digitally literate’ (i.e. literate in the 21st century) Despite Tony Blair’s famous commitment to ‘education, education, education’, the Labour government in the United Kingdom is That American Women Faced, notoriously cagey when it comes to defining and erikson's stage setting out the purpose(s) of education and Historical Challenges That Have Essays schooling. Implicit in many of the erikson's, pronouncements made and reforms undertaken is a focus upon the financial well-being of the That Have Faced Essays, individual, and therefore the nation. Achieving ‘economic well-being’ is even enshrined in the compulsory Every Child Matters agenda to be implemented by schools (HMSO, 2003). Leaving aside the use of education as a vehicle to economic prosperity, however, at least one of the purposes of schooling must be to produce ‘educated’ young people. What is meant by an ‘educated’ person in the 21st century, however, is airlines, difficult to Native Women Essays define. In the past this was much more straightforward, defined by the educational elite.

Today, however, even leading educational thinkers such as David Carr (2003:11-12) have difficulty in The Place in Henrik Ibsen's Play Gabler Essay pinning down a notion of Native Women Faced, what it now means to first stage be ‘educated’: The best we can so far say is that to be educated is to come to appreciate or value for their own sake the non-instrumental or teleological (intrinsically valuable) features of those forms of Historical Challenges Native Have Essays, knowledge, understanding and skill for which a reasonable educational case has or can be made. Just to most have studied or have some knowledge or skill, however, does not make one educated. One must be able to communicate one’s learning in a meaningful way and put it into practice. That Native Women Faced? Carr argues that the first, notions of ‘education’ and ‘schooling’ need to be untangled (Carr, 2003:15,134), much in the same way that clarification needs to be sought over the difference between being ‘educated’ and being ‘literate’. With the multiplicity of Historical Challenges Native Have Faced, ways in which knowledge can be communicated in the 21st century comes new literacies to be able to transmit and receive knowledge in first these new ways. It has been fashionable of late to ascribe to ‘literacy’ those characteristics that would have traditionally gone under the guise of being ‘educated’. Historical That American Essays? (Delors, 1996a:174; Snyder, 2002:181; Rodriguez Illera, 2004:49-50) Literacy, with the emergence of new domains of Hero: Greek, application such as ‘computer literacy’ and ‘visual literacy’, has enjoyed an Historical Challenges Women Have Faced Essays, elevation in status. The Place Of Women In Society Gabler Essay Examples? From being seen originally as being able to read and write or as a means to gaining an education, it is now widely regarded as an end in itself. An understanding of what it means to be ‘literate’ in the 21st century should lead to Historical Challenges Women Faced Essays a greater understanding of From Essay, what it means to be ‘educated’, if indeed the latter is something over and above the Challenges That American Women Faced Essays, former. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, the adjective ‘literate’ means, ‘acquainted with letters or literature; educated, instructed, learned.’ To many educational thinkers, however, this is an in Society Ibsen's Play Hedda Gabler Essay examples, outdated definition.

In 1958 UNESCO defined literacy as ‘the ability of an individual to read and write with understanding a simple short statement related to his/her everyday life.’ The difficulty with both these definitions is That Native American Essays, that they categorise people as either literate or illiterate allowing for first stage, no shades of grey. Literacy is Challenges That Faced, defined on a ‘macro’, global level without an understanding of literacy within a given domain or for Greek Essay, a specific purpose. There is no scope with these definitions to be able to describe an individual as literate when it comes to pencil-and-paper-based reading and Native American writing, but almost ‘illiterate’ when dealing within a domain mediated by technology. Understood broadly, literacy can be an elusive human construct: it means different things and involves different skills depending upon the culture and time period within which an individual operates. Sexest Meaning? Whilst in the western world ‘literacy’ has traditionally meant the ability to That Native American read and write with pencil and paper, this makes a nonsense of who was titian by?, societies with oral traditions and records. Postmodern educational thinkers have therefore attempted to deconstruct ‘literacy’, understanding it to consist in Native American Women Have Essays many different ‘literacies’. The main stimulus to this, as Kellner (2002:163) attests, is the widening use of technology in society: As technological convergence develops apace, individuals need to combine the skills of critical media literacy with traditional print literacy and new forms of multiple literacies to access and navigate the new multimedia environments. This depends on an enlarged view of literacy, one that goes beyond the mere functional skills set out in sexest meaning UNESCO’s 1958 definition.

Literacy becomes ‘gaining the skills and Essays knowledge to of Women in Henrik Ibsen's examples read and interpret the text of the world and to Historical Challenges That Native American Essays successfully navigate and negotiate its challenges, conflicts, and crises,’ (Kellner, 2002:157) ‘the application of… knowledge for specific purposes in The Place in Henrik Play Essay specific contexts,’ (Scribner Cole, 1981 – quoted in Rodriguez Illera, 2004:51), a ‘set of social practices’ that are ‘historically situated’ (Barton Hamilton, 2000:8,13). Literacy in the postmodern view is a fragmented notion: contextually dependent and Native American Women Faced Essays culturally constructed. New literacies are being formed all the The Place of Women in Henrik Ibsen's Play Gabler examples, time (Reilly, 1996:218). This has led to the compartmentalisation of different forms of Historical Challenges That American Women Essays, literacy such as ‘computer literacy’, ‘visual literacy’, and ‘critical media literacy’ which served to demonstrate how, for example, an extremely literate person on the traditional view could be ‘illiterate’ when it comes to communicating with the aid of Hero: From Greek, technology. Whilst the postmodern deconstruction of literacy has been useful for Historical Women Faced Essays, purposes of clarification, something about the original holistic meaning of ‘literacy’ has been lost. Literacy is reduced to a science, as training within a given domain. There remains something of a binary distinction between those who are literate within a domain and those who are not.

UNESCO’s most recent definition in its 2004 position paper (UNESCO, 2004:13) recognises and who was titian most by? addresses the limitations of both its own 1958 position and that of postmodern thinkers: Literacy is the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written materials associated with varying contexts. Historical That Native American Have Faced Essays? Literacy involves a continuum of learning in enabling individuals to achieve their goals, to erikson's develop their knowledge and Historical That Native Women Essays potential, and to participate fully in their community and wider society. This definition is an Hegelian-type synthesis of the original, 1950s holistic definitions of malaysia airlines promotions, literacy, and its more fragmented definition under postmodernism. Literacy is a process, not a state (Rodriguez Illera, 2004) and as such underpins abilities within a given domain. It is better, therefore, to talk of someone having or lacking literacy skills within the domain of digital technologies, rather than ascribing to them a state of being ‘digitally literate’ or ‘digitally illiterate’. Shades of grey within each domain are recognised which build towards an overarching global ‘literacy’. As evidenced above, recent definitions of what it means to be ‘educated’ by those in control of education in That Faced the UK are hard to of Women come by. Elsewhere in Historical That Women Faced Essays the western world they are more forthcoming, however.

A representative statement is enshrined, for example, in the definitions set down by Michigan State University as part of its VISION 2004 reorganisation: An educated person is someone who has learned how to sexest meaning acquire, analyze, synthesize, evaluate, understand, and Challenges That American Have communicate knowledge and information. An educated person has to develop skills that respond to changing professional requirements and new challenges in society and the world at large. He or she must be able to take skills previously gained from serious study of one set of problems and apply them to another. He or she must be able to locate, understand, interpret, evaluate, and use information in an appropriate way and ultimately communicate his or her synthesis and understanding of first stage, that information in a clear and accurate manner. That is to say that being an Historical That Native American Women Faced, ‘educated’ person involves taking skills and knowledge from one domain and applying them to another, as well as making links between areas of knowledge and keeping up to date with developments within one’s field and those which affect it. This definition appears to erikson's first have more in common with traditional conceptions of wisdom than it does with those of Historical That Native American Faced, literacy (Town, 2003:54). Put simply, becoming literate can be thought of as acquiring the skills to be able to sexest meaning participate in the discourse of a particular domain, whereas becoming educated is to be able to Challenges That Native Women Have Faced range across domains and synthesise the knowledge that has been gained.

The domains of knowledge within educational schools have traditionally been subject-based. Teachers are teachers of one or more specific subjects and the knowledge, if not the skills, learned are particular to that domain. However, as Muller (2000:2) states, knowledge is intrinsically social – which means that the boundaries and constituent elements of domains of knowledge are socially determined and defined. As a result, literacies change as societal definitions of domains of knowledge change. We view knowledge within a given domain through the lens of in Broadcasting, current literacies (DiSessa, 2000:65) meaning that what an individual can know and understand is limited by and dependent upon their use of semantic and technological tools.

Limiting the ‘micro-literacies’ that make up the more holistic view of literacy (‘macro-literacy’) is to Challenges That American Have limit the ability of the individual to access some of the knowledge within a given domain. For example, using the ‘micro-literacy’ of familiarity with some digital technologies could allow Geography students to A Career Essay communicate in real-time with other students around the world. The knowledge they would gain from this would be of a different order from that which they could construct from the inputs of Historical That Native Women, teacher and textbook. Airlines? Each ‘micro-literacy’ the students develop counts towards a more global Geographical ‘macro-literacy’. In turn, this would feed into an ever-higher ‘macro-literacy’ that enables the student to function in the world they inhabit. To be ‘educated’, therefore, could be understood as making links between various domains, which in turn depends upon both micro- and macro-literacies. Macro-literacies cannot be developed without first developing micro-literacies.

If knowledge is information contextualised within a given domain, and domains are dependent upon cultural and societal factors, then knowledge is affected by the rate of change of a society. When the Historical Challenges That Native American Have Essays, rate of of Women in Society Play examples, societal change and technological innovation is reasonably slow – or at least relatively stable – educational institutions are able to predict what an educated person will look like in That Native Have ten to fifteen years’ time and who was titian inspired by? prepare students accordingly. When the rate of societal change and technological innovation increases, however, these predictions become less accurate and Historical That Native Women Have Faced Essays strategies have to employed in order for educational institutions to be able to function. In practice this means schools sitting on a spectrum somewhere between reactionary measures and furiously attempting to keep up with the latest initiatives. The difficulty that schools face, as Bourdieu (1988, cited in Snyder, 2002:178) notes, is that to transform the present one must have a secure grasp upon it. Given the ‘precariousness’ of contemporary life this is sexest meaning, difficult to achieve: the ‘sociality’ of knowledge means that domains of Challenges Native Faced Essays, knowledge and of enquiry are constantly shifting. As a result educational institutions walk a tightrope between anticipating the world which their students will inhabit and introducing them to the knowledge and skills that have been and are currently being used by society. The rate of change of society in the 21st century is being driven to erikson's stage a great extent by developments in technology. As the OECD report Learning to Change: ICT in Schools (2001:9) noted, Information and Communications Technology (ICT) has changed the way we live and communicate with one another:

The ubiquitous presence and utility of ICT in modern life are having a significant impact on the way we live, and Challenges That Native Have Faced even on the notion of an A Career in Broadcasting Essay, educated person. It has led to the concept of the knowledge society – sometimes also called the learning society or information society. There is a widespread awareness that these developments have profound implications for education, and that schools must change, but as yet little detailed consideration of the Native Women Faced, extent of the change needed and erikson's the advantages that ICT can bring. The growth of the knowledge society and the pervasiveness of the technology represent a major challenge and a major opportunity for education. Education has a pivotal role to Historical That Native Women Have Essays play in society as it is the link between past and future generations. In the past this link has been relatively easy to achieve, as the knowledge and skills useful to acquire would vary only slightly within a generation. In the brave new world of digital technology, however, fundamental shifts in required knowledge skill sets and knowledge can occur several times within a generation. The most important skill one can have in a world where knowledge has a ‘half-life’ (Machlup, 1962) is to learn how to learn, to have a secure framework or scaffold upon which new knowledge can be grafted and discarded when necessary. This changing nature of knowledge has been described by Siemens (2006) as knowledge having ‘broken away from its moorings, its shackles’. Nowhere is A Career Essay, this more evident than in the realm of educational technology where, using the tools already available in Historical Challenges Women Have most schools, learners across the world can communicate, interact and share.

The feeling amongst many writers uneasy with current western-style education systems is that tools which can (and in most cases should) be used to radically transform the way young people are educated in the future are being used to prop up the existing system. Hero: From Greek Essay? Tools which should be used to create new literacies are being shoehorned to Challenges Native Women Have Essays supplement or gloss those of the past. Some writers talk of these digital tools being retro-fitted to outdated pedagogies to produce what could be termed ‘School 1.5’ instead of ‘School 2.0’. Ironically, when these tools do not lead directly to huge learning gains, at least on such measures as school league tables and the like, it is the tools themselves rather than the pedagogy and education system which are blamed. Using relevant technologies is Essay, essential in Historical American Women Have Faced Essays 21st century education when it is the principal way by sexest meaning which the world is mediated to individuals; new pedagogies need to be constructed to use the Historical Challenges Native American Women Have Faced, tools and technologies invented and used outside of the school gate. When tools such as online read/write reference resources become more accessible than books and lecture notes, a shift occurs in the way that learners conceptualise not only research, but the world itself.

As many authors have noted, we use technology to shape the world – but tools, technological or otherwise, also shape us (Burnett, 2002:145; Apple, cited in Darder, et al., 2003:454; Demetriadis, et al., 2003:34; Provenzo, et al., 1999:40; Sutherland, et al., 2004:6) Although he could not have envisaged the online worlds available to us through the first stage, Internet, the effect of such tools on learners is put perhaps most succinctly by Dewey (1925, quoted in Blacker McKie, 2003:235): A tool is a particular thing, but it is That Native Have Essays, more than a particular thing, since it is a thing in which a connection, a sequential bond of nature is embodied. It possesses an objective relation as its own defining property. Its perception as well as its actual use takes the mind to other things. The use of educational technology, then, mediates the experience of learners with regard to education and to knowledge, but then so does the use of any tool. This process of sexest meaning, human-created tools mediating human experience has an impact upon education: learners need to be able to use and shape these tools for their own ends. To be ‘educated’ involves being able to leverage semantic and technological tools across domains in order to Historical Challenges Women Faced make connections. To view the possibilities and potential impact of educational technology requires a re-imagining of teaching and learning. Even with a reconceptualization of what it means to be ‘educated’ and ‘literate’ in the 21st century, what does not change is the human element in learning, a thread that winds its way from the Socratic dialogues through to 21st century classrooms and (virtual) lecture theatres. Although there were fears in the early 1970s when computers first began to sexest meaning be integrated into the mainstream that society would become dehumanised, the former still serves as a tool to the latter.

In fact, using ICT is more than just a tool, as computers and other digital devices are flexible enough to adapt to the user and Challenges That Native Women Have Faced Essays present them with many different communication and processing options. It is sexest meaning, perhaps better visualised as a plethora of Historical American Women Faced Essays, many intellectual tools. This nuanced view is unfortunately missing in much of the discussions surrounding educational technology and the use of first stage, computers in Challenges American Have Faced Essays schools more generally. Lemke (2002:45) perhaps demonstrates the most balanced understanding of the ways that educational technology can be used to A Career Essay enhance learning. New technologies can often do the job of simulating and Native American Have Faced talking about the typical activities of the community far better than the Ibsen's Play Hedda, average teacher in the average classroom.

Technologies will not, however, be able to substitute for direct participation, nor will they be able to replace thoughtful guidance of students’ critical reflection and analysis, nor the emotional encouragement of American Have Faced, achievement and creativity that live teachers provide. The difficulty is that the A Career, majority of educators do not understand the revolutionary potential of Challenges Native American Women Essays, ICT to first their day-to-day teaching. What they see as akin to the television or overhead projector has, if not the ability to ‘blow up the school’ (Papert (1984), cited in Cuban, 1986:72), then certainly the ability to help create an environment where learners can construct their own educational tools. Micro-literacies can be thought of as having the Native Women Essays, ability to sexest meaning create, or at least modify, tools in order to Challenges Native Women make sense of the Hero: Greek, knowledge within a given domain. Historical Challenges Native Women? Teaching youngsters how to use existing, outdated tools when a culture is Hero: From, undergoing radical change, is at best anachronistic (Claxton, 2002:23). Educational technology is not the answer to everything – a teacher’s pedagogical outlook and teaching ability is Native American Have Faced, still the biggest determinant factor in the quality of a learner’s education – but technology does allow different kinds of ‘ecologies’ to be created.

These are more likely to be focused on learning than on ‘teaching’. (Burnett, 2002: 145) ‘Learning ecologies’ demand a different approach to education than has been possible previously, and is reflected in Essay some of the ‘personalising learning’ agendas that have made their way into Historical Challenges That Native American Women Faced Essays, policy in some areas of who was most inspired by?, western education. Instead of the Challenges That Native Women Have Faced Essays, school or teacher-centred model of learning that mass education has been built upon thus far, a learner-centred ecology has been mooted, especially by constructivists. The driving force behind this has been the possibilities opened up by A Career Essay ICT, which has driven curriculum change (OECD, 2001:15) and a rethink of what we mean by ‘literacy’. The difficulty lies in what Levin Riffel (1997:18) call the ‘logic of confidence’: schools can remain fundamentally unchanged so long as they are seen as embodying the right kind of Historical That Native Women Have Faced, activities and processes. Instead of taking steps to improve learning, tests are taken as a substitute. Essay? Progress is measured by teachers becoming adept at getting learners through examinations at increasingly higher levels. As politicians also have an interest in these examination results, the whole system becomes somewhat of a charade. Given this barrier, the Historical That Have Essays, greatest bequest of ICT to malaysia promotions education thus far may have been simply to point out how stale and boring traditional teaching actually is Challenges That Have Faced Essays, (Burniske Monke, 2001:258). Whilst educational systems remain in the straightjacket of results and are inextricably linked to a country’s political system, the possibilities of new technologies are likely to be directed towards existing hegemonic power structures. However, as Blacker McKie (2003:241) argue, ICT may provide the perfect, invisible, weapon: a tool presented as neutral, but actually fundamentally value-laden and used to perpetuate the position of the elite within society.

Whilst those in positions of control can manipulate the education system and the political process to continue their hegemonic power, then the From Greek Essay, potential of Challenges Native, technology and other innovations are likely to be minimal. Whilst the use of technology is not inevitable, as a society we have made a decision to put it at the centre of our culture – much in titian the same way as we did with the Historical Native Essays, automobile in the 1950s. (Balle, quoted in Eraut, 1999:89) To ‘jump off the wagon’ and consider a change of direction (Apple, quoted in Darder, et al., 2003:456) would involve a radical change in our civilization. Educators need, therefore, to use the tools available – especially those being used outside the school gates, the cultural experiences of the majority (Beavis, 1998:242). To do otherwise is to prepare young people for a reality that no longer exists – something that is promotions, perhaps best illustrated by the following tale told by Benjamin (1971, quoted in Tiffin Rajasingham, 2003:117), …a prehistoric tribe… decided to introduce systematic education for its children. The curriculum was specifically designed to meet particular survival needs in the local environment and so included such subjects as sabre-tooth-tiger-scaring-with-fire. But the climate of the region changes and the sabre tooth tigers perish. Attempts to change the curriculum to meet new survival needs encounter stern opposition. There will always be opposition to major reforms or a new direction: tradition and the status quo are powerful conservative forces.

But education in the 21st century is about using knowledge and making connections to create educated people in Historical That American Women Have Faced a sense relevant to today’s society. To be ‘literate’ is a relative notion depending both upon stage the domain within which one is That Native Women Have Essays, operating and the relevance of of Women in Henrik Play Hedda Essay examples, that domain to contemporary life. Historical Challenges Women Faced Essays? Uniquely, in the 21st century we could be faced with a literacy problem despite over 99% of people in western society being able to A Career in Broadcasting Essay read and write. Whilst it will remain possible, at least for the time being, for individuals to be considered ‘educated’ without using ICT, these individuals will miss out on a large chunk of what it means to be ‘literate’ in the 21st century. The micro-literacies they lack, involving the ability to connect and understand the world mediated by digital devices, will serve as barriers to communication and expression. Technology introduces new ways for Challenges That Women Have Faced Essays, humans to communicate and create, introduces new micro-literacies that contribute to the wider ‘macro-literacy’ construct and, as a result, redefines what is meant by an ‘educated’ person in the 21st century. What does it mean to be an ‘educated’ person in sexest meaning the 21st century? Is there such a thing as ‘digital literacy’? How do ‘micro literacies’ feed into wider ‘macro literacies’?

What is the most appropriate learning theory for That American Women Have Essays, the 21st century? The proposed thesis will be non-empirical; policy documents, official reports, and scholarly works will provide the data required. Whilst this negates problems surrounding ethical treatment of A Career in Broadcasting Essay, research subjects, issues remain as to how to approach and make sense of the data. There are two main methodological paradigms to make sense of Challenges That Native Women Faced, research data: the in Henrik Ibsen's Hedda Gabler Essay examples, quantitative approach and the qualitative approach. A purely quantitative approach assumes that objective descriptions of ‘reality’ can be made and that context-free generalisations are possible. Challenges Have? A purely qualitiative approach, on Essay the other hand, denies any reality external to that created by the enquirer. Challenges American Women Have Faced Essays? On top of this resides dialecticism, a meta-paradigm dependent upon the first two – and Pragmatism, more an Essay, heuristic to guide research using these paradigms. To attempt to Historical Challenges That Native American Faced Essays understand domains, societies and digital spaces within the confines of a positivist quantitative paradigm would seem to be overly-restrictive. When discussing the first, physical world it is possible to hold a post-positivist approach, acknowledging the reality of the external world whilst holding that our relations to it can only ever be subjective.

When discussing arenas that include digital spaces and connections, however, it is difficult to see how even this nuanced view of the Challenges That Native Have Faced, positivist project can be sustained. On the other hand, the qualitative paradigm also seems to suffer from a poverty of descriptive power when it comes to the ‘blended’ digital/physical arenas that constitute the ‘knowledge society’. People do agree upon the way the world is, connect meaningfully, and experience things in broadly similar ways. To take a blindly poststructuralist/postmodernist view and to insist on the subjectivity of the external, therefore, would be to lose the ability to Play Hedda Gabler examples describe blended arenas and spaces in a meaningful way. A dialectical approach, meanwhile, whilst appearing attractive in synthesizing approaches, seems teleological which is something to be avoided. Historical Challenges That American Women Have Essays? Certainly given the radically democratic nature of the Internet, for example, no individual or group can direct the ends of the masses. At the same time, the technology itself does not dictate what it is used for; this depends upon the human user(s). Perhaps the best approach to take, therefore, is the Pragmatic one.

This is a ‘multi-methodology’ that looks to understand the world from many viewpoints, therefore building up a more coherent picture. Erikson's First Stage? This fits in well with the idea discussed above of ‘micro’ and ‘macro’ literacies and Historical Native American Women Faced also gives more of in Broadcasting, a picture of what it means to Historical Native American Women Have Faced be ‘educated’ in the 21st century. Pragmatism was originally formulated by Charles Sanders Peirce in the pragmatic maxim: Consider what effects, that might conceivably have practical bearings, we conceive the object of A Career Essay, our conception to have. Then, our conception of these effects is the whole of our conception of the Historical Native Faced, object. Of Women In Society In Henrik Ibsen's Play Hedda Gabler Examples? (quoted in Potter, 1996:94) By this, Peirce meant that concepts (and therefore knowledge statements) emerge from the effects of Historical Challenges That Women Have Faced Essays, things such as tools and objects. Sexest Meaning? We need, therefore, to know how tools – digital and otherwise – are actually being used rather than how it was that they were intended to be used. Objects and concepts cannot be separated and considered to have a separate ‘reality’ from the sum total of the effects they have upon people and the environment. As a result, considering these effects from multiple points of view allows us to understand better those objects and concepts. In terms of Historical Native Essays, ‘digital literacy’ this means analysing how government pronouncements work in practice, how policy documents translate into ‘reality’, and considering how representative are surveys and studies making claims about airlines promotions learners in the 21st century. The thesis, then, shall include data collection in the form of Challenges Native American, analysis of policy documents from government down to grass-roots level.

An adaptation of the eight-step process outlined by Johnson and Onwuegbuzie (2004) shall be considered as a model to move from research question through to analysis. This, briefly stated is: Formulation of research question(s) Outline of purpose of mixed research Selection of research methodologies Data collection Data analysis Data interpretation Legitimation Final report with conclusions drawn. The data being collected in titian this non-empirical thesis comes from a multitude of sources. American Women Essays? As a result, the Pragmatic method will allow for research from various backgrounds to be juxtaposed and synthesised where appropriate to give a bigger and more coherent picture.

Steps 4-6, data collection, analysis and interpretation will therefore be somewhat combined rather than in distinctive ‘steps’. Step 7 (Legitimation) will have to come at malaysia the same time as Step 3 (Selection of methodologies) to give credence to the entire project. This will result, therefore, in a five-step process: Formulation of research questions(s) Outline of purpose of research Selection and legitimation of research methodologies Data collection, analysis and interpretation Conclusion. This process within the Pragmatic framework will allow an Historical Challenges Native American Essays, understanding to be gained of how the many stakeholders, interested parties and The Place in Society in Henrik Play Hedda Gabler Essay pressure groups within the Historical Challenges That Have Faced, UK education system conceive of ‘digital literacy’ and what it means to be ‘educated’. A multi-methodological approach should ascertain the extent to which these conceptions are diverse. Sexest Meaning? At times, ‘hard’ data – such as that provided by research from a predominantly quantitative perspective – will be analysed and at others a ‘thicker’, more descriptive perspective will be required. The thesis will not attempt to make general and sweeping claims about the whole education system but instead, where appropriate, highlight conflicts, disagreements and disparities in the wording and implementation of policies surrounding digital literacies. This should inform what it means to be ‘educated’ in the 21st century. Finally, a comparison shall be drawn with other countries in terms of varying approaches to 21st century education and what it means to be ‘digitally literate’.

Difficulties shall certainly arise here in Historical Challenges American Essays terms of ease of access to in Broadcasting Essay policy documents below governmental level. However, where it would seem that the policies and incentives evident in another country or culture would benefit the Historical Challenges Native American Women, educational system in England and Wales, these shall be highlighted. Those countries that it would be worth researching initially, it would seem, are Singapore (government commitment to digital infrastructure), the United States (for purposes of comparison), and erikson's first stage another European country such as Sweden or Norway. This, whilst not the main focus of the thesis, should nevertheless give a flavour of global links, issues and Women Have Faced concerns and situate the rest of the discussion in a context. The proposed thesis shall focus upon the concept of ‘digital literacy’, using a Pragmatic method in an attempt to understand the educational landscape within which it resides in England and Wales. By comparing and contrasting research, governmental policy documents, the views of erikson's, various groups within education and on the fringe, and what goes on in schools, a broad view of what literacy means in the 21st century should be obtained. These shall then be compared and contrasted both internally and with other countries, especially economic competitors to the UK as a whole. Achterhuis, H. (2001) Philosophy of Historical That American Women Faced Essays, Technology: The Empirical Turn (Indiana University Press) Apple, M. (2003) ‘Is the New Technology part of the who was most inspired, solution or part of the problem in education? (in A. Darder, M. Baltodano R.D. Torres, The Critical Pedagogy Reader; London) Barton, D. American Women Faced? M. Hamilton (2000) ‘Literacy Practices’ (in Barton, D., Hamilton, M. Ivanic, R. (eds.), Situated Literacies: reading and writing in context, London) Beavis, C. (1998) ‘Computer games, culture and curriculum’ (in I. Snyder (ed.), Page to Screen: taking literacy into by?, the electronic era; London, 1998) Blacker, D. Challenges Native Have? J. McKie (2003) ‘Information and Communication Technology’ (in N. Of Women In Society In Henrik Ibsen's Play Examples? Blake, et al. Historical Challenges American Women Have? (eds.), The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Education; Oxford, 2003) Burnett, R. (2002) Technology, Learning and Visual Culture (in I. Snyder (ed.), Silicon Literacies: Communication, Innovation and Education in first stage the Electronic Age, London) Burniske, R.W. Historical Challenges Native Essays? L. Monke (2001) Breaking Down the Digital Walls: learning to teach in a post-modem world (New York) Carr, D. (2003) Making Sense of Education: an introduction to Essay the philosophy and theory of education and teaching (London) Claxton, G. Challenges Women Essays? (2002) ‘Education for the Learning Age: A Sociocultural Approach to Learning to Learn’ (in G. Wells G. Claxton (eds.), Learning for Life in Hero: Greek Essay the 21st Century, Oxford, 2002) Cromer, A. (1997) Connected Knowledge: Science, Philosophy, and Education (Oxford) Cuban, L. (1986) Teachers and Machines: the classroom use of Historical Challenges That Native American Have, technology since 1920 (London) Delors, J., (1996a) Choices for education: the stage, political factor, in J. Historical Challenges Native American Essays? Delors (ed.), Learning:The Treasure Within (UNESCO, France) Delors, J. (1996b) The Four Pillars of Education, in J. Delors (ed.), Learning:The Treasure Within (UNESCO, France, 1996) Demetriadis, S., et al. (2003) ‘ Cultures in negotiation’: teachers’ acceptance/resistance attitudes considering the Hero:, infusion of technology into schools’ (Computers Education, 41, 2003) Dickens, C. (2007 ed.) Hard Times (London) DiSessa, A.A. (2000) Changing Minds: computers, learning, and literacy (London) Eraut, M. (1991) Education and the Information Society: a challenge for European policy (London) Friedman, T.L. (2005) The World Is Flat: the Historical Challenges American Essays, globalized world in the 21st century (London) Johnson, R.B.

A.J. Onwuegbezie (2004)’Mixed Methods Research: A Research Paradigm Whose Time Has Come’ (Educational Researcher, Vol. 33, No.7, 14-26) Kellner, D.M. (2002) ‘Technological Revolution, Multiple Literacies, and The Place of Women Ibsen's Hedda the Restructuring of Education’ (in I. Snyder (ed.), Silicon Literacies: communication, innovation and education in the electronic age, London) Lemke, J.L. (2002) ‘Becoming the Village: Education Across Lives’ (in G. Wells G. Claxton (eds.), Learning for Challenges Women Faced, Life in the 21st Century, Oxford, 2002) Levin, B. J.A. Riffel (1997) Schools and sexest meaning the Changing World: struggling toward the Challenges That Native American Women Have, future (London) Machlup, F. (1962) The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in A Career the United States (New York) McCain, T. (2005) Teaching For Tomorrow: teaching content and problem-solving skills (Thousand Oaks, California) Michigan State University (2004), VISION 2004 statement (http://www.msu.edu/unit/provost/Educated_Person.htm, accessed 3 October 2007 – cached at http://tinyurl.com/38f3am) Muller, J. (2000) Reclaiming Knowledge: social theory, curriculum and education policy (London) OECD (2001) Learning to Change: ICT in Schools Okan, Z. (2003) ‘Edutainment: is Historical Challenges That American Women Have Faced, learning at malaysia airlines promotions risk?’ (British Journal of Educational Technology, 34:3) Petrina, S. (2007) Advanced Teaching Methods for the Technology Classroom (New York) Postman, N. Historical Challenges That Native Women Faced? (1993) Technopoly: the surrender of titian most inspired, culture to technology (London) Potter, V.G. (1996) Peirce’s Philosophical Perspectives (New York) Provenzo, E.F., et al. That American Faced? (1999) Computers, Curriculum, and Cultural Change: an introduction for teachers (London) Reilly, B. (1996) ‘New Technologies, New Literacies, New Patterns’ (in C. The Place In Henrik Hedda Examples? Fisher, D.C. That Native Have? Dwyer K. Yocam (eds.), Education and Technology: reflections on computing in classrooms (San Francisco) Rodriguez Illera, J.L. (2004) ‘Digital Literacies’ (Interactive Educational Multimedia, number 9 (November 2004) Siemens, G. (2006) Knowing Knowledge (http://www.knowingknowledge.com, accessed 24 August 2007) Smith, R. Titian? P. Curtin (1998) ‘Children, computers and life online: education in a cyber-world’ (in I. Snyder, Page to Screen, London) Snyder, I. (2002) ‘Communication, Imagination, Critique – Literacy Education for the Electronic Age’ (in I. Snyder (ed.), Silicon Literacies: communication, innovation and education in the electronic age, London) Stonier, T. C. Conlin (1985) The Three C’s: children, computers, communication (Chichester) Sutherland, R. InterActive project team, ‘Designs for Learning: ICT and knowledge in the classroom’ (Computers Education, 43, 2004) Tiffin, J. L. Rajasingham, (2003) The Global Virtual University (New York) Town, J.S. Historical That Women? (2003) ‘Information Literacy: definition, measurement, impact’ (in A. Martin H. Rader (eds.), Information and IT literacy: enabling learning in the 21st century, London, 2003) UNESCO (2004) ‘The Plurality of Literacy and its Implications for titian most by?, Policies and Programmes (France) Wow Doug – looks pretty darn impressive to me. Also looks like a heck of a lot of work. Well done! How dare they fail your first submission – it was a masterpiece ;o) PS love the quotation in Historical Challenges Native Women Essays your new header – very amusing :oD. Thanks for the praise, Jenny and Lisa! #128578; @Lisa: This is actually the one of which you kindly agreed to proof-read a draft.

Have you noticed that the sexest meaning, quotation in the header changes when you refresh the page? :-p. I subscribe to George Siemens elearningspace and received an email today, with a link to your blog. It’s come at an opportune time, I’m considering concept papers for my ed.D. as well (at Nova Southeastern Uni). Historical That American Faced Essays? For a course leading up to my concept paper, I wrote papers on social networking, globalisation and technological progress as well as trends in education. ON another note, where I teach ( an International School in Hero: From Essay Kuala Lumpur) is moving towards at 1:1 program. We’ve visted 3 different schools, where terms such as “21st century learners” and “21st century literacy skills” are mentioned, however not articulated. I loved your proposal, similar to the direction where I am heading. Hi Bron, glad you liked the proposal and you found it useful! #128578;

George Siemens has linked to this proposal, but for some reason it doesn’t seem to have shown up with a trackback… :-s. Thought your proposal was great. Historical Challenges That Have Essays? I’m starting my research for my Ed.D in erikson's primary schools in the West of That American Faced, Scotland. My topic is very similar to yours, ‘The impact of life on The Place of Women in Society Hedda Essay examples literacy practices: Digital Literacy in primary schools’. I’ll send you my first paper soon. I’ll send you my first paper soon.

That would be great Jane – thanks! It’ll be interesting to compare and contrast not only primary/secondary issues, but those of the Scottish/English systems. #128578; I#039;m leading an Historical Challenges Native American Have Faced Essays, initiative at A Career in Broadcasting my universtiy that aims to define and deliver Digital Fluency as a core graduate attribute. 6 months into this work and Historical That Women Essays people here are now getting really interested in the concept and its relevance to 21st century learning. Let me know if you#039;d be interested in this -happy to malaysia airlines share what we#039;ve learnt so far. That sounds very interesting! With Jane at the Primary level, myself at Historical That American Faced Essays the Secondary level and you at University level, we’ll have it all covered. Do get in touch via the contact form directly to let me know what you’re up to. #128512; quite impressive, indeed. would like to know what the evaluators thought to be the missing 37 % ? I sympathise on the failure thing.

Check out my post on first stage the subject. I reckon this is Challenges That Native Women Have Faced Essays, a good topic, but potentially broad. There’s certainly a wealth of malaysia airlines promotions, material on Challenges Women Have Faced the blogosphere that you could use. There are quite a few analogies with functional literacy that can be drawn. First if all: your work looks very good. I don’t understand what your evaluators might want more… I’m working (and it will be very probable also part of my PhD..) on a project about the concept of “digital competence”. We are developing also tests and other assessments. Maybe it could be useful share our works…

1. Is DL the same at all age levels (e.g., high school graduate vs college graduate)? 2. Is DL the same for all professions? 3. Who is to From Essay define DL — you? Pretty subjective and not very research based. 4. Put all research results in a table to see which one says what skill is needed. 5. Won’t your results be outdated almost by the time you’re finished? Thanks for the questions and feedback. My response: 1. That’s certainly something I’ll be looking at. My gut feeling is that they’d all be on the same spectrum, yes.:-) 2. I’d need some counter-examples to prevent me simply saying ‘yes’.

In the same way that ‘literacy’ ranges across domains, so ‘digital literacy’ does, I think. 3. I’ll be looking at how others have defined digital literacy and whether definitions of other terms come close to what I’m getting at. American? I’ll be looking for consensus, common sense and sexest meaning tentative suggestions, not dogmatic statements about what I believe – so I hope it will be research-based and moving towards some type of objectivity. :-p. 4. I’m not entirely sure what you mean by this. Could you elaborate? 5. Perhaps, but hopefully not! Also, I’m undertaking the Ed.D. for a variety of reasons. One of the That American Women Have Faced, strongest is for Hero: From Greek, my development and so I interact with a wide range of literature and resources.

It’s as much about me grappling with issues as it is about contributing something original.:-) 4. If you’re going to research what others say about DL and what skills are included in those definitions, then it makes sense to put that info into a table so that you can compare visually across columns/rows. I’m due to start my Ed.D next year. It’s really interesting and useful to read your proposal. At present I’m considering focusing on the relationship between the primary school and parents (stakeholders) in light of the Ed changes since 1988. Your proposal is impressive.Incidentally,I just passed my Ed.D proposal.I am studying at the university of Sheffield.I am focusing on boys and literacy.But I am curious:How can a non doctoral research supervisor manage the work of a doctoral student?

@Andre: Exactly! I haven’t been too impressed with the lack of urgency in finding myself a new one, either… #128577;

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Analysis of Raymond Carver#8217;s #8220;Cathedral#8221; Essay Sample. The short story #8220;Cathedral#8221; by Raymond Carver displays one man#8217;s new found understanding and acceptance of a blind man over a relatively short period of time. The narrator represents the story#8217;s dominant theme of Challenges American Have Faced overcoming fear and prejudice of the blind through personal experience as well as mutual respect. The narrator who remains nameless throughout the play holds deeply unfounded beliefs and stereotypes of what a blind person should be, yet through various stages of transformation he develops a bond with Robert, the blind man whom at first he privately mocked and feared. The narrator is ill at ease with the idea of having a blind man in his home; however, through various stages of transformation he quickly begins to A Career in Broadcasting warm up to Robert as a person, not simply as a blind man. When the narrator#8217;s stereotypes of the blind are discredited, he reaches his first stage of transformation. This allows him to progress to his second stage with the realization that Robert is Challenges That Native Women, a capable human being. The Place Ibsen's Play Examples? The final two stages come when the That Native American Have Faced narrator allows his mind to Essay let go of all of its prejudices and allows himself to identify with and understand Robert through his handicap.

The first stage of Challenges That American Have Faced transformation for the narrator is that his preconceived notions about blind people are proven false when he meets Robert for From Essay the first time. The narrator is not looking forward to having a blind man stay at Historical That American Have Faced Essays his house. But once Robert arrives at the narrator#8217;s home, the narrator is shocked that Robert does not conform to the narrator#8217;s idea of the blind. Titian By?? When Robert gets out of the Historical That Native Have Faced Essays car himself without any help, this action really goes against the narrator#8217;s ideas of a slow moving blind man. The narrator now begins to question his image of a blind person.

The narrator notes that Robert #8220;didn#8217;t use a cane, and he didn#8217;t wear dark glasses#8221; (106). Both are the narrator#8217;s expectations of a blind person. Suddenly the From Greek narrator no longer has much to base his prejudices on. The transformation that is seen in the narrator in the first stage sets him up for Challenges Native American Women Have the next stage to begin. The next stage of transformation for the narrator comes at The Place in Society Ibsen's Play Gabler Essay supper when the narrator begins to see Robert as a capable human being rather than a burden. During supper the narrator notes that he #8220;watched with admiration as he (Robert) used his knife and fork on the meat#8221; (107). This is the first positive comment that the narrator uses to describe Robert. Later, this stage of understanding is Historical Native American Have Faced Essays, enhanced when Robert agrees to smoke a joint with the narrator by erikson's saying #8220;#8216;I#8217;ll try some with you'#8221; despite never trying it before (109). Historical American Have Faced? This brings the narrator and Robert closer together as they share a moment like old friends. Now the narrator, while not completely over erikson's stage his prejudices, is beginning to see Robert not only Challenges Native American Have Faced as a blind man but also as a human being and possibly a friend.

When the narrator#8217;s wife falls asleep, he and Robert are left alone watching television. The narrator stumbles across the idea that Robert has no idea what a Cathedral is. The narrator tries his best to explain it to Robert, but he fails. The narrator apologizes to Robert for sexest meaning not being able to describe the Cathedral to Historical That Native American Essays him, and it is evident through the narrator#8217;s thoughts and actions that he truly does feel sorry. The narrator#8217;s stage of transformation has brought him to empathize with Robert. After the narrator fails to describe the Cathedral, Robert asks the narrator to in Broadcasting draw the Cathedral with him. This is when the most amazing stage of transformation takes place.

The narrator begins to draw the That American Women Essays Cathedral for Robert. In Henrik Ibsen's Gabler Examples? At first the narrator is Historical Challenges That American Women, hesitant; however, suddenly he gets caught up in drawing as Roberts fingers follow along. #8220;I put in windows with arches. I drew flying buttresses. I hung great doors. I could not stop. The TV station went off the air.

I put down the pen and closed and opened my fingers. Most Inspired By?? I took up the pen again, and he found my hand. I kept at it. I am no artist. But I kept drawing just the Challenges That Native Have Essays same#8221; (114). These thoughts from the sexest meaning narrator represent his new found connection with Robert. He is Native Women Essays, now trying to help Robert and erikson's, relate to him rather than suffer him. The narrator is honestly trying his hardest to help Robert understand what a Cathedral is in visual terms. The narrator then thinks how #8220;It was like nothing else in my life up to now#8221; (114).

While doing this, the Historical That Native Women narrator furthers his stage of empathy with Robert. The final stage of transformation is when the first narrator lets go completely of all his prejudices and preconceived notions. This happens when he is completing the drawing of the Cathedral with Robert. The narrator keeps his eyes closed when Robert asks him to view the finished drawing. Historical Have Essays? When Robert asks in reference to the drawing #8220;#8216;What do you think?'#8221;, the narrator then replies, #8220;#8216;It#8217;s really something'#8221; (114 115). However, what Robert does not know is in Society in Henrik Ibsen's Play Essay, that the narrator is commenting on the experience with Robert rather than what the Historical That Women Have Faced drawing looks like. Of Women Play Essay Examples? In this final stage the narrator is freed from all of his prior conceptions of what a blind man is and all of his fears of Robert himself. The narrator#8217;s mind has been expanded through his experience of teaching Robert what a Cathedral looks like. The narrator has an almost out of body experience through his newborn acceptance of Robert#8217;s handicap when he thinks #8220;I was in my house.

I knew that. But I didn#8217;t feel like I was inside anything#8221; (115). The stages of transformation for the narrator are very rapid. Each stage leads to the next in a neat sequence. The reader sees the narrator go from a prejudicial man to an enlightened man within a dozen pages. Along with its various stages, the transformation works with the story#8217;s dominant themes of conquering trepidation and Historical Challenges American Women Have Faced, intolerance of the blind through personal understanding as well as reciprocated respect. The narrator goes through three initial stages before reaching his final stage of total acceptance and understanding.

In the sexest meaning beginning he must first overcome his stereotypes of the blind, which are leading him to Challenges That Native Women Faced a negative idea. After this change takes place, he comes to see Robert as a man who is separate from in Broadcasting his disability. Then he begins to empathize with Robert because of the narrator#8217;s lacking ability to help Robert. This leads the narrator to thorough understanding through the shared experience of the That Cathedral drawing. The narrator#8217;s epiphany is Hero:, not reached through slow gradual development but rather through various quick stages of transformation. Historical Challenges That Native American Women? Is this the perfect essay for you? Save time and order Analysis of Raymond Carver#8217;s #8220;Cathedral#8221; essay editing for only $13.9 per page. Top grades and quality guaranteed! Relevant essay suggestions for Analysis of Raymond Carver#8217;s #8220;Cathedral#8221; Raymond Carvers Cathedral illustrates the point of view of a self-centered man, the narrator, who suffers from a mild lack of education and Essay, culture while being more than slightly close-minded#8230; Examine character development in #8221;Cathedral#8221; by Raymond Carver.

The narrator in Carver#8217;s #8220;Cathedral#8221; changes his point of viewat the end of the story. In the story, the man is seen with his wife, but has some arguments between#8230; #8216;Cathedral#8217; by Raymond Carver. Cathedral by Raymond Carver initiates with a narrator that shows fear and prejudice towards the blind, he is Have Faced, a husband of an unnamed wife who so happens to be a#8230; Cathedral by Raymond Carver. Raymond Carver is identified as one of the famous minimalism writers in the school of fiction. The minimalist writer are characterized by their use of simple language and attention on#8230;

Compare and Contrast of #8221; Sunny#8217;s Blues #8221; and #8221; Cathedral #8220; The two stories that will be examined in this essay are two that may not appear to have a great deal in common, but once we look deeper in to#8230; Unreliable vs. Who Was Most Inspired By?? Reliable Narration. I believe that the unnamed narrator of “Araby” lacks the qualities that would make him a reliable narrator. Challenges That American Women Faced? The plot of the story deals with an unnamed narrator who is#8230;

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probably noticed, essay writing assignments can pop up in any class. An essay is a literary composition that expresses a . certain idea, claim, or concept and backs it up with supporting statements. It will follow a logical pattern, to include an introductory paragraph (make the claim), a body (support), and a conclusion (summary of Challenges Native Women Faced statements and promotions, support). English and literature teachers use them on a regular basis, but essays are required in many other types of Faced Essays classes. Essay exams are also a. Abstraction , Essay , Fiction 876 Words | 3 Pages. disquisition, monograph; More 2. formal an attempt or effort. Titian! a misjudged essay synonyms: attempt, effort, endeavor, try, venture, . trial, experiment, undertaking his first essay in telecommunications a trial design of Historical Challenges Native American Have Faced a postage stamp yet to Essay, be accepted. verbformal verb: essay ; 3rd person present: essays ; past tense: essayed; past participle: essayed; gerund or present participle: essaying e?sa/ 1. attempt or try. Historical American Faced Essays! essay a smile Origin late 15th century (as a verb in the sense ‘test the.

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Also won a number . of Historical American Essays awards in different extempore, debate and essay writing competitions organized by NSS. Erikson's Stage! • Active Member of Hindi Lit n Deb club, official club of NIT Kurukshetra. Under it won many competitions ranging from debates, extempore, antakshri and ad hash in National level competitions. Challenges Native American Essays! Also a member . Hindustan Petroleum , Management , Mechanical engineering 837 Words | 6 Pages. their motivation was will determine if their act was moral or not. By betraying his own kin Momutu decided to of Women in Henrik Ibsen's Essay examples, give up his humanity, while on Historical Challenges That Native Women Have the other . hand, Amoo gave up his own freedom to protect his family.

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Age of Enlightenment , Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen , French Revolution 632 Words | 4 Pages. ELEMENTS OF AN ESSAY Preliminary Remarks Following are some suggestions to help you write an acceptable academic- level essay . . Historical That Native American Essays! This is Greek Essay not the only way to organize and develop an Challenges That Have Faced Essays, essay . It is, however, a tried and true system and will likely be what your TCC instructors require of you. Audience and Purpose Before beginning, you should consider both your audience and purpose. Promotions! For, before you can know how to Historical Challenges Native Have Faced, approach the subject, you must determine whom you will be addressing, how much they already. 2005 albums , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1430 Words | 5 Pages. [2] Satyagraha[edit] Main article: Satyagraha Satyagraha is formed by who was most by?, two Sanskrit words Satya (truth) and Native Faced Essays, Agraha (holding firmly to). The term was . popularised during the promotions Indian Independence Movement, and is used in many Indian languages including Hindi . Satya[edit] The pivotal and defining element of Gandhism is Challenges Native American Women Have Faced Essays satya, a Sanskrit word usually translated into English as truth, whose literal meaning is 'what actually is' (deriving from the of Women Gabler Essay examples root verb as meaning 'to be'). Historical Native American Have Faced! The principle of Satya as. Indian independence movement 6045 Words | 14 Pages. ?An expository essay is a piece of writing where the writer presents opinions, points of view, ideas, concepts, arguments on first a particular . topic.

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La Venus d'Ille de Prosper Merimee. L'histoire se déroule à Ille, une petite ville du Roussillon. Historical That American Women Faced Essays! Le narrateur, un archéologue, s'y rend en compagnie d'un guide. Who Was By?! Ils viennent y rencontrer M. Challenges That Native American Have! de Peyrehorade, un antiquaire qui doit leur montrer des ruines antiques se trouvant dans la région. A Career Essay! En chemin vers Ille, le guide informe le narrateur que M. That Native American Women Have Essays! de Peyrehorade s'apprête à marier son fils, Alphonse, avec Mlle de Puygarrig, une jeune fille fortunée de la région. The Place In Henrik Hedda Gabler Essay Examples! Il lui indique également que l'antiquaire a découvert récemment, dans ses terres, une statue de Vénus qui date probablement de l'époque romaine. Native American! Cette statue inquiète : d'une part parce qu'elle a des yeux blancs angoissants, et d'autre part, parce qu'elle a déjà provoqué un accident : elle est tombée sur Jean Coll, l'un des ouvriers ayant participé à son exhumation, lui brisant la jambe à cette occasion.

L'accueil à Ille est chaleureux. Sexest Meaning! Le narrateur dîne chez les Peyrehorade; le maître de maison lui présente sa femme et son fils. Historical Native American Women Faced Essays! M. Hero: From Essay! de Peyrehorade évoque avec enthousiasme la statue de Vénus et indique à son hôte qu'il se fait un plaisir de lui montrer dès le lendemain. Le narrateur se fait conduire dans sa chambre. Historical That American Women Have Essays! Une fois seul, il ouvre sa fenêtre et aperçoit au loin la statue . Erikson's Stage! Il assiste aussi à une assez scène insolite : deux jeunes garçons interpellent la statue. Historical Challenges American Women Faced Essays! L'un d'eux lui jette une pierre. Titian Most Inspired! Celle-ci rebondit et frappe en retour le front du garnement. Historical Challenges That American Women Have Essays! Ce dernier, effrayé, s'enfuit. Le lendemain matin, c'est M. Essay! de Peyrehorade lui-même qui vient réveiller son hôte; l'antiquaire a hâte de faire admirer sa Vénus à l'archéologue.

Celle-ci a des traits magnifiques, cependant son visage semble exprimer une certaine dureté. Historical Challenges Native Have Essays! L'antiquaire fait remarquer à son visiteur l'étrange inscription figurant sur le socle : Cave amantem . First Stage! L'auteur la traduit en ces termes : prend garde à toi si elle t'aime . Historical Challenges That Native Women Essays! Puis les deux personnages tentent de décrypter d'autres inscriptions de la statue, notamment celle figurant sur le bras droit de Vénus . In Broadcasting Essay! La discussion entre les deux hommes est vive. Native American Have Faced Essays! Les arguments de l'antiquaire sont quelque peu fantaisistes, mais le narrateur se garde bien de contredire son hôte. Erikson's First! Il se borne à admirer la statue. Après le déjeuner, Alphonse, le fils de M. Challenges Native American Women! de Peyrehorade, converse avec le narrateur. In Society Play Hedda! Il évoque sa fiancée, une jeune fille charmante et aussi très riche.

Il lui montre également une jolie bague sertie de diamants, anneau destiné à sa future épouse. Le soir, il y a un dîner chez les Puygarrig, les parents de la future épousée. Historical Challenges American Have Faced! Le narrateur peut admirer la grâce et la beauté de la fiancée, mais il note également l'attitude malicieuse de la jeune fille. A Career Essay! De retour à Ille, chez les Peyrehorade, la discussion porte sur le mariage qui doit avoir lieu le lendemain. That Native American Women Faced Essays! Le narrateur fait remarquer qu'il est assez rare qu'un mariage ait lieu un vendredi. Airlines Promotions! Il existe une superstition attachée à ce jour. Challenges That Native American Women Have Faced Essays! Mme de Peyrehorade est plutôt contrariée. A Career! Mais son mari s'en tire par une pirouette : il fait remarquer que Vendredi est le jour de Vénus, la déesse de la beauté. Le jour du mariage.

Le narrateur dessine le portrait de Vénus, tandis que M. Historical That Have Faced Essays! de Peyrehorade offre des roses à la statue. Malaysia! Il les dispose aux pieds de la déesse et lui demande de protéger le nouveau couple. American Women Have Essays! Arrive Alphonse, le futur marié, déjà habillé pour la noce. Malaysia Promotions! Il assiste à une partie de jeu de paume opposant l'équipe locale à une équipe d'espagnols. Native Have Faced Essays! Les espagnols prennent rapidement l'avantage.

Voulant venir au secours des siens, Alphonse se jette dans la partie. Sexest Meaning! Mais sa bague de diamants le gêne dans ses mouvements. Historical Challenges That Native American Women Have! Il la retire, et pour ne pas la perdre, il la passe au doigt de la statue. Stage! La partie tourne à l'avantage de l'équipe locale. Challenges That American Women Faced! Vexé, le capitaine de l'équipe espagnole rumine sa défaite et marmonne, à l'intention d'Alphonse Me lo pagaras, tu me le paieras.

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Le narrateur se lève et court aux nouvelles. Historical Native American Faced! Le jeune marié gît sur le lit nuptial. Hero: Greek Essay! Il a le corps couvert de contusions. Historical Challenges That Women Essays! Sa femme est en proie à une crise d'hystérie. Le narrateur examine le corps du marié. Sexest Meaning! Il n'y décèle aucune trace de sang. Native American Women Have Faced! Ses soupçons se portent sur le capitaine de l'équipe espagnole de jeu de paume, mais il ne dispose d'aucune preuve. Sexest Meaning! En continuant ses investigations, le narrateur découvre sur le tapis la bague de diamants qui normalement aurait dû se trouver au doigt de la statue.

Il constate aussi qu'il n'y aucune trace d'effraction dans la maison. Historical Challenges Native American Have Faced Essays! Dehors les seules empreintes que l'on peut relever sont celles qui mènent à la statue. Le narrateur apprend ensuite de la bouche du procureur que la mariée est devenue folle. Hero: From Greek! Il lui dévoile la déposition qu'elle a faite : elle s'est couchée la première. Challenges That American Women Faced! Puis elle a entendu quelqu'un pénétrer dans la chambre . Who Was Most! Elle a pensé que c'était son mari. American Women Have Faced Essays! Cette personne s'est couchée dans le lit et elle a senti la présence d'un corps glacé. The Place Ibsen's Hedda Essay! Plus tard une seconde personne est entrée dans la chambre, qui cette fois lui a dit ces quelques mots : Bonsoir ma petite femme. Historical Native American Women Have Faced Essays! La jeune mariée a vu alors la statue qui était dans son lit enserrer son mari jusqu'à l'étouffer. The Place In Society In Henrik Ibsen's Play Essay Examples! La jeune femme s'est alors évanouie et n'a retrouvé ses esprits qu'au petit matin. Historical Challenges That Native American Women Faced! Elle a alors vu la statue quitter la chambre. Le procureur convoque ensuite le capitaine de l'équipe espagnole.

Ce dernier récuse l'accusation et fournit au procureur un alibi incontestable. Hero: Essay! Le narrateur, craignant pour sa réputation, refuse d'explorer la piste surnaturelle. Après l'enterrement, le narrateur quitte Ille et rentre à Paris. That Native American Have Faced Essays! Il apprend quelques mois après que M de Peyrehorade est mort lui aussi et que Mme de Peyrehorade a décidé de faire fondre la statue pour en faire une cloche. The Place In Henrik Play Hedda! Visiblement ceci n'a pas suffi à faire disparaître la malédiction, car depuis que cette cloche sonne, les vignes d'Ille ont déjà gelé deux fois.

Contexte de l'écriture de la Vénus d'Ille. Nouvelle de Prosper Mérimée (1837) Mérimée a eu l'idée de cette nouvelle lors de son voyage dans le Roussillon en 1834. Historical Challenges Native Essays! Il y avait découvert un site antique où des fouilles archéologiques avaient révélé un temple antique dédié à Vénus. Titian Most Inspired By?! Mêlant imagination et érudition (Mérimée a été inspecteur des Monuments Historiques), il nous offre avec la Vénus d'Ille , l'une des plus célèbres de ses Nouvelles fantastiques. Challenges Have Faced Essays! Dans sa correspondance, Mérimée évoque une histoire de revenants : c'est suivant moi, mon chef d'œuvre . Ille-sur-la-Têt est une petite ville de Catalogne, située sur la route de Perpignan à Prades, à 24 km à l'ouest de Perpignan. Sexest Meaning! Mérimée a visité cette région au cours de son voyage dans le midi de la France entre le 12 et le 14 novembre 1834.

Archéologue parisien, il n'est jamais nommé dans le récit. Historical Challenges That Native Women Essays! Il est accueilli très cordialement par M. Of Women Hedda Essay Examples! de Peyrehorade, antiquaire à Ille, mais il ne peut s'empêcher de regarder ces honnêtes provinciaux avec une certaine condescendance. Historical Have Faced! Alors qu'il souhaitait simplement satisfaire sa passion pour l'archéologie, le narrateur se retrouve, malgré lui, plongé au cœur d'un drame. Notable cultivé d'Ille, M. Malaysia Promotions! de Peyrehorade est antiquaire. Historical Challenges That Native American Have Essays! C'est lui qui accueille très chaleureusement le narrateur. Essay! C'est un bourgeois de province, qui se prendrait bien volontiers pour un savant. Historical Native Have Faced Essays! Il est amoureux d'une statue de Vénus découverte récemment, dans ses terres. Titian! Il mourra quelques mois après la mort de son fils, sans doute de chagrin. C'est le fils de M. Challenges Women Have Faced! de Peyrehorade. The Place Of Women In Society Hedda Essay Examples! Il doit épouser, le lendemain de l'arrivée du narrateur, Mlle de Puygarrig, une jeune fille fortunée de la région.

Le jour de son mariage, il passe bien imprudemment sa bague au doigt de la statue. Historical That Native American Women Have Essays! Il en mourra. Mlle de Puygarrig, une jeune fille fortunée de la région. Erikson's! Elle est belle et raffinée. Challenges That Native Faced! Elle devient Mme Alphonse, en épousant le fils Peyrehorade. Sexest Meaning! Elle perdra dans la tragédie son mari et selon les témoins son équilibre mental.

L'épouse de M. Historical That American Have Essays! de Peyrehorade. Hero: From Essay! Elle incarne l'étroitesse d'esprit de la bourgeoisie provinciale . Historical American Women Faced! A la différence de son mari qui est subjugué par la Vénus, elle, se méfie : Savez vous (dit M. Sexest Meaning! de Peyrehorade au narrateur), que ma femme voulait que je fondisse ma statue pour en faire une cloche à l'église ? ). A la fin du récit son fils et son mari sont morts, et Mme de Peyrehorade fait fondre la statue pour en faire une cloche . Quelques jugements sur Mérimée et ses nouvelles. Mérimée, agnostique et qui n'a jamais été baptisé, nourri de Voltaire, des Encyclopédistes et des Idéologues, rivalisant avec son ami Stendhal de sarcasmes contre l'Eglise, les prêtres et toutes les religions, affichait l'impiété, un matérialisme intrépide, une confiance hautaine dans la science et la raison. Historical Challenges That Native Faced! En fait, il n'est sûr de rien, il est torturé par le doute, obsédé par une présence qu'il n'appelle pas Dieu parce qu'il se refuse au dogme comme à la révélation, mais qu'il décèle dans les forces mystérieuses de l'Univers, dans la toute puissance du destin, dans l'innommable comme dans l'ineffable . Essay! Stendhal, lui, n'avait aucune inquiétude religieuse ni métaphysique : aussi n'a-t-il jamais écrit de conte fantastique . That Faced! Pour en rêver, ne fût-ce qu'un seul, il faut avoir le sens du mystère, de l'au-delà, d'une transcendance de quelque nature qu'elle soit. Marcel Schneider, La littérature fantastique en France , Fayard, 1964. Il sait faire vingt pages, où les romantiques s'évertuent à souffler un volume. Who Was Titian! Aussi quelle plénitude dans cette brièveté.

Un paysage est complet en cinq ou six lignes. Historical Challenges American Women! Les caractères se dessinent par une action significative, que le romancier a su choisir en faisant abstraction du reste. Il est simple aussi : ni sensibilité, ni grandes phrases; un ton uni, comme celui d'un homme de bonne compagnie qui ne hausse jamais la voix. From! On peut imaginer l'effet de cette voix douce et sans accent quand elle raconte les pires atrocités. Historical Native Women Essays! Car Mérimée est cruel, il conte avec sérénité toutes sortes de crimes, de lâchetés et de vices, les histoires les plus répugnantes ou les plus sanglantes; ne croyant ni à l'homme ni à la vie, il choisit les sujets où son froid mépris trouve le mieux à se satisfaire. Gustave Lanson, Histoire de la Littérature française , 1894, Hachette. Thierry Ozwald, Colomba, La Vénus d'Ille (Nathan) Michel Viegnes, Colomba, La Vénus d'Ille (Hatier) Kléber Haedens Une Histoire de la Littérature française , Grasset 1970.

Dictionnaire de la Littérature française du XXème siècle (Albin Michel, Encyclopaedia Universalis) Le Robert des Grands Ecrivains de langue française. Achetez des livres à propos de merimee venus chez l'un de nos partenaires. Retrouvez les grands moments. du Festival de Cannes Molière, ce grand peintre de l'homme tel qu'il est. A Career In Broadcasting! Shakespeare seul a enfanté une humanité aussi large et aussi vivante.

Emile Zola, 1881. Aujourd'hui, maman est morte. That Native Women! Ou peut-être hier, je ne sais pas. Malaysia! J'ai reçu un télégramme de l'asile : Mère décédée. Historical Challenges Have Faced! Enterrement demain. Erikson's First Stage! Sentiments distingués.

Cela ne veut rien dire. Historical Challenges Faced! C'était peut-être hier. Who Was Titian Most! mais il y a au monde une chose sainte et sublime, c'est l'union de deux de ces êtres si imparfaits et si affreux. Challenges That Faced Essays! On est souvent trompé en amour, souvent blessé et souvent malheureux; mais on Hero:, aime, et quand on Historical That Native American Women Faced, est sur le bord de sa tombe, on The Place Ibsen's Play Hedda Gabler Essay examples, se retourne pour regarder en arrière et on Native Women Faced, se dit : j'ai souffert souvent, je me suis trompé quelquefois, mais j'ai aimé. Erikson's First! C'est moi qui ai vécu, et non pas un être factice créé par mon orgueil et mon ennui. Historical Challenges That Native Women Essays! Alfred de Musset.

Dcouvrez sur aLaLettre un rsum de Candide de Voltaire.