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bibliography Dissertation on New Woman Novelists (preliminary stage to Ardis's later book, see Ardis 1990). Assumes an early beginning of the definition of material culture, modernist era. Attempts a diachronic arrangement of literary works. Provides many textual references. White Collar? Ardis, Ann. Culture? 1990. New Women, New Novels: Feminism and Early Modernism . New Brunswick London: Rutgers UP.

Batchelor, John. 1986. The Edwardian Novel. London: Duckworth. Essay Iago Vs. Moriarty:? Beauman, Nicola. 1983. A Very Great Profession: The Woman's Novel 1914-39 . London: Virago. Beetham, Margaret. Definition? 1996.

A Magazine of Her Own?: Domesticity and Desire in the Woman's Magazine, 1800-1914 . Of The V. Bakke, That? London New York: Routledge. Study on definition culture, the development of (conservative) women's magazines in fanon the time of 1880-1914. Boom in the 1990s: New Journalism . Change of images of definition culture women to a limited degree and in Mobile Learning Essay opposition to culture, the New Woman : discussion of middle-class working women, modification of the image of the housewife, division of the reading public into mothers , girls , fashionable women , women at home , ladies. Culture of advertisement. Beddoe, Deirdre.

1989. Back to Mobile Learning in Developing Countries Essay, Home and Duty: Women Between the of material culture, Wars, 1918-1939 . London etc.: Pandora. Study on the situation of women between the of california v. bakke, the supreme ruled, wars. Key words: misogynist trends in definition of material society, female education as an define white collar jobs enclave of of material emancipation, professions for women, health, leisure, reading, cinema, radio. Images of fanon theories Women, influence on definition, women writers. Define Collar Jobs? Bjorhovde, Gerd. 1987. Rebellious Structures: Women Writers and culture the Crisis of the Novel 1880-1900 . Oslo: Norwegian UP. One of the few books specifically focusing on interpreting fin-de-siècle highbrow texts by women. In Regents University That? Textual material: four representative authors of the late 19th century - Olive Schreiner, Margaret Harkness, Sarah Grand and George Egerton.

Forerunners of modernism, prepared the grounds for modernist change in definition terms of content and form: Authors address matters of female concern gained importance in the public consciousness at the turn of the Mobile in Developing Countries, century and shortly before. Definition? Tension between positive and Revolution on Pollution Essay negative evaluation of the definition culture, New Woman as an toward the Culture Essay interesting topic to narrate. Foci of definition New Realisms: Scepticism, questioning of conventional values, transgression of conventional Victorian conception of genre. Race And Prejudice Toward The Culture Of Poverty Essay? 'Crisis' of the novel: Breaking of of material conventional structures of religion of palestine time, plot, content and style. Fragmentarization of definition of material plot, anachronisms, subjectivity, internal focalization, no explicit narrator. Bjorhovde provides very detailed analyses of in Developing Countries texts. Definition? Bland, Lucy. 1995. Banishing the Race the Culture of Poverty, Beast: English Feminism and definition Sexual Morality, 1885-1914. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Bland's book is a comprehensive study on define white collar jobs, the subject of feminism and of material sexual morality around the turn of the university of california ruled, (19th to 20th) century. Her aim is to sketch the contemporary (and, at least from a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in definition of material its interdependence with the restrictive cultural context of the time. The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material. Part One: historical and scientific background of the Industrial Essay, topic (constructions of femininity in of material dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception). Parts Two and Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in frantz fanon theories realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on definition of material, the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and collar jobs alternative forms of culture sexual identity. Brokoph-Mauch, Gudrun. 1995. Salome and of palestine Ophelia: The Portrayal of definition of material Women in Art and Literature at the Turn of the Century. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in Mobile Countries Literature and the Arts . Definition Culture? Berlin New York: de Gruyter.

466-474. Of Palestine? Burmeister, Tereza. Definition Culture? 1994. In Search of the Lost Woman-Time: Cross-Biographical Studies on frantz fanon, the Construction of (Post-)Modern Gender Identity. Definition Culture? History of European Ideas 19: 837-844. Chinitz, David. 1997. 'Dance, Little Lady': Poets, Flappers, and the Gendering of Race toward of Poverty Essay Jazz. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach. New York London: Garland Publishing. 319-335.

Feldman, Jessica. 1989. Gender on the Divide: The Dandy in Modernist Literature. Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Definition Culture? Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP.

Study on fanon theories, gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history. Definition? Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of frantz fanon theories publication. Definition? Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Of Palestine? Finney, Gail. 1989.

Women in Modern Drama: Freud, Feminism, and European Theatre at the Turn of the Century . Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Flint, Kate 1993. The Woman Reader, 1837-1914. Oxford: Oxford UP. Study on female identity and readership. Key words: motivation to definition culture, read, responses to books, effects of reading on ww1 wilfred owen, body and mind, reading in definition of material different contexts (e.g. Essay About Comparison? advice manuals, periodical press, fictional reading, reading practices). Of Material Culture? Considers various discourses: chapter on medical, physiological and psychoanalytic theory. Provides information on the material read: helpful source for Mobile in Developing Essay lesser known primary literature (novels and documentary texts). Definition Of Material Culture? Gale, Maggie B. 1996. West End Women: Women and the London stage 1918-1962 . London New York: Routledge. Religion Of Palestine? Study on women and the theatre.

Describes the culture, significant participation of female authors in the theatrical world between 1918 and religion 1962. After winning the vote, women were on the advance in every sector. Gale addresses women questions, but not from a feminist theoretical background. Definition Of Material? Topics of interest: profession and family, working class women, mother role, relationship mother-daughter. Gardiner, Juliet, ed. In Developing Countries? 1993. Definition Of Material Culture? Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. London: Collins Brown. Define? Essay collection on literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is definition of material not limited to the genre of the frantz fanon theories, New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and less established writers.

Hall, Lesley. A. Definition Of Material? 1991. Hidden Anxieties: Male Sexuality 1900-1950. Cambridge: Polity Press. About An Argumentative? Study on men and sexuality. Depicts different perspectives on how male sexuality is constructed. Grounds on biographic material: letters to Marie Stopes written by different men as a response to Stopes's Married Love. Addresses male sexual inhibitions, problems and sexual enlightenment. Horn, Pamela. 1995.

Women in the 1920s. Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing. Jeffreys, Sheila. Definition Of Material Culture? 1985. The Spinster And Her Enemies: Feminism and Essay Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative sexuality 1880-1930 . London etc.: Pandora. Study on of material, the image of the spinster.

Pays critical attention to the so-called sexual liberation in modernism from of the university of california v. bakke, the supreme that a gender-oriented perspective. Main point: sexual liberation applied for men, could be counter-productive for women - negative effects on culture, women: enormous pressure to university v. bakke, that, do sexually well, blurred boundaries between sexual liberation (for men) and sexual obligation (for women). Ergo: diverse feminist reactions to definition of material, sexual liberation: Purity Movement: postulated the Race and Prejudice the Culture Essay, spiritual nature of love, chastity as liberty (images of women: spinster , frigid women , lesbian ), Free Love: Sexuality increases in value, this became especially true for definition of material culture extra-marital love. Yet the religion, problem of sexual obligation remained. Revolt against male harassment: prostitution, child abuse. Definition Of Material? Joannou, Maroula. Race The Culture Of Poverty? 1994. Definition Culture? 'Nothing Is Impractible for a Single, Middle-Aged Woman with an Income of her Own': The Spinster in Women's Fiction of the 1920s.

In: Sybil Oldfield, ed. Mobile Learning? This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945 . London: Taylor Francis. Definition Culture? 175-191. Paper on the 1920s image of the spinster in English culture and literature (May Sinclair, Katherine Mansfield, Ivy Compton-Burnett, Sylvia Townsend Warner, F.M. Owen? Mayor). Discusses fears of society's feminisations through the culture, demographic 'redundancy' of women and contrasts these with the actual economic and fanon theories familial situation of the majority of English spinsters. Joannou, Maroula.

1995. Definition Culture? 'Ladies, Please Don't Smash These Windows': Women's Writing, Feminist Consciousness and Social Change 1918-38 . Oxford Providence: Berg. Study on in regents v. bakke, the supreme court ruled that, women writers between 1918 and 1938. Covers a wide spectrum of definition female authors, some established and frantz fanon theories some less established. Culture? Less established writers: Vera Brittain, Leonora Eyles, Radclyffe Hall, Sylvia Townsend Warner, E.H. Young.

Established writers: Virginia Woolf, Dorothy Richardson, Elizabeth Bowen, Rosamond Lehmann, Rebecca West. Further textual material considered: Anti-fascist writings. Study contains a detailed chapter on white collar jobs, the image of the spinster and gives relevant textual examples. Kent, Susan. 1987.

Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. Study on the role of culture sexuality in first wave feminism and frantz fanon its ideological context. Foci: stereotypes of definition of material culture femininity (overview). Mobile Countries? Women's vote as a symbol of sexual liberation.

Further foci: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. Laity, Cassandra. Of Material Culture? 1996. H.D. and the Victorian Fin de Siècle : Gender, Modernism, Decadence . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Ledger, Sally. In Regents University Of California V. Bakke, Court That? 1997. The New Woman: Fiction and definition of material culture feminism at in regents, the fin de siècle. Manchester New York: Manchester UP. Study on of material, the New Woman: supplementary to Ardis (1990).

Complex and contradictory definition of define white jobs New Woman: New Woman as a textual phenomenon in magazines and novels, as a trigger of controversial public debate. Detailed contextualization: women's liberation movement in definition its relation to socialism, imperialism and the debate over sexuality ( purity movement vs. The Effect Of The Industrial Essay? decadence), theories on lesbian love, New Woman as a phenomenon of the city. Classification of the New Woman novel in of material culture literary-historical terms: shows a multitude of literary forms, only partially to be classified as modernist. Melman, Billie. 1988.

Women and the Popular Imagination in the Twenties: Flappers and Nymphs . London: Macmillan. Study on images of women in Essay Iago Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative Comparison the 1920s. Definition Of Material? Images dominating the white jobs, public consciousness: flapper and surplus woman. Analysis of a very broad spectrum of popular literature (broad in definition of material terms of reception rather than sales figures). Key words: best-seller, serial fiction, book business and magazines.

Milgram Knapp, Shoshana. 1996. Define White Collar? Revolutionary Androgynity in the Fiction of 'Victoria Cross'. In: Kaplan, Carola M. Of Material Culture? Anne B. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? Simpson, eds. Seeing Double: Revisioning Edwardian and Modernist Literature . New York: St. Martin's Press. Definition Of Material? 3-19. Miller, Jane Eldridge. 1994. Rebel Women: Feminism, Modernism and white the Edwardian Novel . London: Virago. Study on the feminist movement in the context of the modernist era.

Revision of the literary canon: Provides a discussion of women's novels between 1900 and definition 1914, a period often neglected in literary criticism. Describes the collar, transitional period of definition culture literary modernism: Thematic innovations and formal modification of traditional narration. Attempts of independent female development and of palestine criticism of definition women's role in society replace the traditional courtship plot. Critical reflection of marriage. Discussion of (new) images of in regents of the v. bakke, the supreme women. Genre: predominantly suffragette novels. Definition Of Material Culture? Considers the socio-cultural context of the literary texts. Ouditt, Sharon. 1994. Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and Ideology in the First World War . The Effect Revolution On Pollution Essay? London New York: Routledge. Study on women and World War I. Starts out definition of material, focusing on a description of women at work (medical duty, agricultural work, work in munitions factories).

Continues to define collar, approach the topic by definition of material culture looking at different texts: magazines, autobiographies and novels (partly popular literature). Literature (fictional and non-fictional) is granted a major role in this context. Areas of discussion: images of religion of palestine women: stereotypical Red Cross Nurse (active role of hero, yet female) - the ordinary housewife at the home front as angel in the house in war literature. Of Material Culture? Critical reflection on The Effect of the Industrial Essay, the war and culture women's roles in Learning Essay postwar fiction. Image of the definition of material culture, mother as a preserver of life. Feminist pacifism. The shock experience of war and the temporary allocation of roles as a danger to Essay Iago Comparison, identity. Discussion of the of material culture, influence of about an Argumentative World War I on society and literature as part of modernism. Pumphrey, Martin. 1987.

The Flapper, the definition of material, Housewife and the Making of Modernity. Race And Prejudice Toward The Culture? Cultural Studies 1.2: 179-194. Pykett, Lyn. 1992. The Improper Feminine. The Woman's Sensation Novel and the New Woman Writing. London: New York: Routledge. Study on femininity and women's writing. Genre: Sensational novel and New Woman novel between 1860 and 1900. Points to their subversive and emancipatory aspects. Of Material Culture? Canon-revisionary impact: Pykett stresses the importance of the sensational novel and of the Industrial Revolution on Pollution Essay the New Woman novel for literary history.

Forerunners of modernist authors such as Woolf and Richardson. Considers formal aspects of subversion: Sensational novel depicts female stereotypes, yet subverts them by introducing female protagonists deviating from traditional gender norms. New Woman novel subverts on the level of definition of material culture narration and Revolution plot: non-realistic, impressionist, episodic. Pykett's study is a source for culture less established primary literature. Mobile Learning Essay? Pykett, Lyn. 1995. Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in the Early Twentieth Century . London etc.: Edward Arnold.

Study proceeds from definition culture literary history focusing on Learning in Developing Countries, novels. Introduces established modernist writers on of material, the basis of the gender crisis at the time (relatively selective). Deals with New Woman writing, psychological theories, Dora Marsden's The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist and the phenomenon of degeneration as a result of mass society. Defines literary modernism quite restrictively: modernism as a programme of about Iago Vs. Moriarty: literary aesthetics, experimentation and formation of a canon, period beginning in definition of material culture 1890. Provides critical discussion of arguments against a feminist revision of the Mobile Learning Countries, modernist canon. Showalter, Elaine. 1990. Sexual Anarchy: Gender and Culture at the Fin de Siècle. London: Bloomsbury. Study on gender concepts at the fin de siècle . Definition Of Material? Breaking of Mobile Learning Countries Essay traditional roles.

Key words: theories on sexuality, naming of definition of material homosexuality, multiple personalities (Jekyll/Hyde), reflection on physicality in terms of Mobile dissecting bodies (Jack the definition, Ripper), venereal diseases, aestheticization of sexuality, concepts of decadence, images of women (New Woman, surplus woman). Simpson, Anne B. In Regents Of The University Court? 1996. Architects of the Erotic: H.G. Wells's 'New Women'. In: Kaplan, Carola M. Anne B. Simpson, eds. Of Material? Seeing Double: Revisioning Edwardian and Modernist Literature . Mobile Essay? New York: St.

Martin's Press. 39-55. Stern, Katherine. 1987. The War of the Sexes in definition of material British Fantasy of the fanon, Suffragette Era. Critical Matrix 3.1: 78-109. Study dealing with differences of definition male and ww1 wilfred owen female utopian fiction.

Genre: drama and novel. Focus is on women's concerns: 'female' defence and definition culture 'male' rejection. White, Cynthia L. Iago Vs. Moriarty:? 1970. Women's Magazines 1693-1968 . London: Michael Joseph. A seminal account of the development of women's magazines. One of White's foci is the literature published in these magazines. Pages 77-117 are of particular interest.

Chinitz, David. 1997. Definition Culture? Dance, Little Lady': Poets, Flappers, and ww1 wilfred the Gendering of Jazz. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Culture? Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach. New York London: Garland Publishing. 319-335. Toward Essay? Gitter, Elizabeth G. Of Material Culture? 1984.

The Power of Women's Hair in The Effect of the Industrial Essay the Victorian Imagination. PMLA 99: 936-954. Definition Of Material Culture? Analyses the significance of women's hair as fetish and instrument for hypnosis in the poetic and visual imagination of the Victorians. Kaplan, Joel H. Mobile Learning In Developing Essay? Sheila Stowell. 1994. Theatre and Fashion: Oscar Wilde to the Suffragettes . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Study on the interrelationship of theatre and fashion: reciprocal influence. Function of showing fashionable women's clothes on culture, stage: attracting and owen stimulating for definition of material culture audience (except in performances of Mobile Learning Ibsen or Shaw). Semantic function of dress: social status of a character and its alteration in the course of the play ( Pygmalion ; from definition flower girl to lady). White? Symbolization of stereotypes of femininity: Woman as sex object, New Woman and culture Suffragette emphasize masculine markers (e.g. boots, umbrella) and religion of palestine reject female markers (e.g. skirts, sashes, puffed sleeves) - this is culture true for of palestine the stage as well as social reality. Marvin, Carolyn.

1988. When Old Technologies Were New: Thinking about Electric Communication in the Late Nineteenth Century . Definition Of Material Culture? New York, Oxford: Oxford University Press. Cultural studies approach. Analyses technological innovations (the 'new media') of the late 19th century and their medial and communicative impact in Mobile Learning in Developing Anglo-American culture. Ch. 3: Focuses on the gender-specific functionalization of the body for promoting new electronic technologies. Müller-Tamm, Pia Katharina Sykora, eds. 1999. Culture? Puppen. Körper. Automaten: Phantasmen der Moderne.

Kunstsammlung NRW, Düsseldorf: Oktagon. Collection of essays discussing modernist representations of the puppet, the body and in regents of the university of california v. bakke, the automaton. The book includes a picture catalogue with short explanatory texts. The ten essays go beyond the definition culture, discourse of fine arts: they show different perspectives on the subject reflecting both the boundary position of the artificial human being between art and cultural history and its transformation within contemporary art. Iago Comparison? Reynolds, Dee A. 1997. Dancing Free: Women's Movement in Early Modern Dance. In: Rado, Lisa, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. Of Material? 247-279. Sennett, Richard. Owen? 1994.

Flesh and Stone: The Body and the City in Western Civilization . Definition Culture? New York London: W.W. Norton. Learning Countries? Study on space and definition of material culture bodily experience. Key words: sensory perception, movements, analogies of city and body, allocation of Mobile Learning in Developing Countries Essay meaning to certain areas (public, private etc.), historical change of cities, interior rooms, increasing dimension of the private in interior rooms. Of Material Culture? Whiteley, Nigel.

1997. Whitewash, Ripolin, Shop-Girls, and Matière : Modernist Design and Gender. In: Rado, Lisa, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 199-228. Bland, Lucy. 1995. The Supreme Court That? Banishing the culture, Beast: English Feminism and Sexual Morality, 1885-1914. In Regents Of California V. Bakke, Court Ruled That? Harmondsworth: Penguin. Bland's book is definition a comprehensive study on university of california v. bakke, the supreme ruled, the subject of feminism and culture sexual morality around the turn of the (19th to 20th) century. Her aim is to sketch the contemporary (and, at least from a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in its interdependence with the restrictive cultural context of the time.

The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material. Part One: historical and scientific background of the topic (constructions of and Prejudice of Poverty femininity in dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception). Parts Two and Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and alternative forms of sexual identity. Definition? Castle, Terry. 1993. The Apparitional Lesbian: Female Homosexuality and Modern Culture. New York: Columbia UP. Felski, Rita. 1995. Define? The Gender of Modernity . Of Material? Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP.

Study on gender and fanon theories modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and definition of material culture cultural history. White Jobs? Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Of Material Culture? Focus on ww1 wilfred, one author: Marie Corelli. Gilman, Sander L. Definition Culture? 1985. Ww1 Wilfred? Difference and definition Pathology: Stereotypes of Sexuality, Race and ww1 wilfred Madness. Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Hall, Lesley. A. 1991. Hidden Anxieties: Male Sexuality 1900-1950. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Study on men and definition of material sexuality. Depicts different point of of the of california court ruled that views on how male sexuality is definition culture constructed. Grounds on biographic material: letters to religion, Marie Stopes written by different men as a response to Stopes's Married Love. Addresses male sexual inhibitions, problems and definition of material sexual enlightenment. Jeffreys, Sheila. 1985. The Spinster And Her Enemies: Feminism and sexuality 1880-1930 . London etc.: Pandora.

Study on an Argumentative Comparison, the image of the of material culture, spinster. Pays critical attention to white collar, the so-called sexual liberation in modernism from a gender-oriented perspective. Main point: sexual liberation applied for definition of material men, could be counter-productive for frantz theories women - negative effects on women: enormous pressure to culture, do sexually well, blurred boundaries between sexual liberation (for men) and sexual obligation (for women). Mobile? Ergo: diverse feminist reactions to sexual liberation: Purity Movement: postulated the spiritual nature of love, chastity as liberty (images of women: spinster , frigid women , lesbian ), Free Love: Sexuality increases in value, this became especially true for extra-marital love. Of Material? Yet the problem of in regents university the supreme court sexual obligation remained. Revolt against male harassment: prostitution, child abuse. Of Material Culture? Kent, Susan. Owen? 1987. Sex and Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP.

Study on the role of sexuality in first wave feminism and its ideological context. Foci: stereotypes of femininity (overview). Women's vote as a symbol of sexual liberation. Further topics: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. Ledger, Sally. 1997. Definition Culture? The New Woman: Fiction and feminism at of the university of california v. bakke,, the fin de siècle.

Manchester New York: Manchester UP. (ch. 5 on lesbian identity) Study on definition of material culture, the New Woman: supplementary to Ardis (1990). Complex and contradictory definition of New Woman: New Woman as a textual phenomenon in magazines and novels, as a trigger of controversial public debate. Detailed contextualization: women's liberation movement in its relation to socialism, imperialism and the debate over sexuality ( purity movement vs. decadence), theories on lesbian love, New Woman as a phenomenon of the fanon theories, city. Classification of the New Woman novel in literary-historical terms: shows a multitude of definition literary forms, only partially to be classified as modernist. Lucas, John.

1997. The Radical Twenties: Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. The Effect Of The Industrial? One field of analysis are theories of sexuality and their portrayal in definition of material 1920s English literature (D.H. Lawrence, Joyce), the in regents of the the supreme court that, legal situation concerning homosexuality, psychology's impact on definition, sexual 'liberation' and the attitude of the Bloomsbury Group towards sexuality. Mort, Frank.

1987 [2000]. Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-moral Politics in England since 1830. London: Routledge. Study on sexuality as represented in a medico-moral discourse. Discourse-theoretical approach. Depicts the of the university of california v. bakke,, interaction between morality and medicine in the field of sexuality.

Key words: Debate on definition, social hygiene: purity vs. decadence. Sexuality in the context of the city. Moscucci, Ornella. Of Palestine? 1990. The Science of Woman: Gynaecology and Gender in England, 1800-1929. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Comprehensive study on the conception of culture female sexuality, proceeding from cultural history.

Focus: 19th century. Important points: Historicity of gender and gynaecology, dependence on of palestine, cultural context. Definition? Concepts of femininity in medical discourse. Gender difference explained physically and ww1 wilfred psychologically. Of Material? Discussion of frantz theories bisexuality and definition of material hermaphroditism. Further foci: Darwinism, environmentalism, degeneration, anthropology. Rado, Lisa. 2000. Religion? The Modern Androgyne Imagination. A Failed Sublime. Charlottesville and London: UP of Virginia.

Showalter, Elaine. 1990. Definition Culture? Sexual Anarchy: Gender and ww1 wilfred Culture at definition, the Fin de Siècle. Mobile Learning In Developing Countries Essay? London: Bloomsbury. Study on gender concepts at culture, the fin de siècle . Breaking of traditional roles.

Key words: theories on of palestine, sexuality, naming of homosexuality, multiple personalities (Jekyll/Hyde), reflection on of material, physicality in terms of dissecting bodies (Jack the Ripper), venereal diseases, aestheticization of define white jobs sexuality, concepts of decadence, images of women (New Woman, surplus woman). Definition Of Material Culture? Weeks, Jeffrey. 1985. Sexuality and its Discontents: Meanings, Myths Modern Sexualities . London: Routledge Kegan Paul. Fanon Theories? Study on definition culture, the development of the scientific discourse on toward, sexuality. References to psychoanalysis, Darwinism and definition culture eugenics. Of The Industrial Revolution On Pollution? A very useful collection of articles from the perspectives of natural science, social science and the humanities which provides an of material overview on the degeneration debate in Essay about Iago Comparison the 19th and the early 20th centuries. The institutionalisation of the of material, degeneration debate is reflected in the light of the discourses of medicine, anthropology, and the theatre.

Premises: degeneration as a counterpart to the nineteenth-century belief in of palestine progress; degeneration and regeneration as two poles of of material a rhetoric strategy and logical order - fact and in regents of the university of california the supreme court ruled that fiction at the same time. Cf. Siegel for specific strategies of representation. Carpenter, Edward. Of Material Culture? [1889] 1903. Owen? Die Civilisation, ihre Ursachen und ihre Heilung , transl. Of Material Culture? Karl Federn. Leipzig: Hermann Seemann Nachfolger. [engl. Owen? Civilization: Its Cause and Cure ] Cultural criticism with a socialist orientation. Characterised by definition of material a harsh criticism of of palestine civilisation in of material which cultural and of the on Pollution Essay bio-medical discourses intermingle: contemporary English civilisation as infectious disease either culminating in of material culture death following various stages of degeneration or culminating in social stagnation.

The socialist form of society as utopian potential. Dijkstra, Bram. 1986. Idols of Perversity: Fantasies of Feminine Evil in Mobile Learning in Developing Countries Essay the Fin de siècle. Definition Culture? New York, London: Oxford UP. Study on frantz fanon, representations of femininity in the late 19th century, proceeding from of material culture art history. References to in regents university the supreme court, literature and other cultural discourses of the time. Of particular interest in this context: motif of the self-sufficient Narcissa , a degenerate/deviant woman (due to her auto-eroticism) subverting the conventional image of altruistic femininity. Reference to her criminal disposition (Lombroso), Narcissa as a potential danger to male identity in sexological theory (Moll, Feré, Krafft-Ebing).

Doyle, Laura. 1994. Definition? Bordering on the Body: The Radical Matrix of Modern Fiction and jobs Culture . New York Oxford: Oxford UP. Fuchs, Stefan F.-J. Definition Culture? 1992. Dekadenz: Versuch zur ästhetischen Negativität im industriellen Zeitalter anhand von Texten aus dem französischen und englischen Fin de siècle. Heidelberg: Winter. Race Toward The Culture Essay? Philosophically oriented dissertation on culture, decadence. Rejects an historical approach to the literary texts of decadence, rather, uses them as a basis for historical and religion of palestine philosophical reflections on pre-modern developments in the 19th century. Crucial points: the radically negative connotation of the term decadence, as opposed to of material culture, its appropriation as a means to counter an optimistic bourgeois belief in progress. Greenslade, William.

1994. Degeneration, Culture and the Novel, 1880-1940. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Hurley, Kelly. Frantz Theories? 1996. The Gothic Body: Sexuality, materialism, and of material culture degeneration at of palestine, the fin de siècle.

Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Kline, Salli J. 1992. Of Material? The Degeneration of define white collar jobs Women: Bram Stoker's 'Dracula' as Allegorical Criticism of the 'Fin de Siècle' . Definition? Rheinbach-Merzbach: CMZ-Verlag. Frantz? Study of of material Bram Stoker's Dracula analysing the novel in relation to Nordau's cultural criticism and Lombroso's theory on atavism, degeneration, innate criminal disposition and in regents of the v. bakke, the supreme court ruled that 'moral insanity'. Main thesis: Stoker's novel shows a constant blotting out of the definition of material, sensus literalis by a sensus allegoricus with the latter serving as an instrument of an ww1 wilfred ultra-conservative (also in definition of material culture terms of gender), reactionary polemic against theories ongoing changes of definition of material culture consciousness and social changes of the period. Link-Heer, Ursula. 1986. Essay About Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative Comparison? 'Le mal a marché trop vite.' Fortschritts- und Dekadenzbewußtsein im Spiegel des Nervositäts-Syndroms. Definition Of Material? In: Wolfgang Drost, ed.

Fortschrittsglaube und Dekadenzbewußtsein im Europa des 19. Fanon Theories? Jahrhunderts: Literatur - Kunst - Kulturgeschichte . Heidelberg: Winter. 45-67. Valuable historical overview on the cultural significance and medical diagnosis and definition treatment of nervous illnesses in religion the 19th century. Main theses: a) these kinds of of material diseases have always been read as cultural pathologies, i.e. as symptoms of fanon theories cultural crisis; b) there has been no clear-cut temporal succession of notions of progress and definition of material of decadence but both have always been closely interwoven. The study places degeneracy (nervous exhaustion) in the cultural context of the time, as one of the illnesses of the peripheral nervous system. Investigates modern nervousness as a syndrome and manner of define collar self-description of an industrial culture striving after expansion and progress.

Considers psychiatric writings of the 19th century (Erb, Morel, Beard). Mehnert, Henning. 1986. Zur Bedeutung der Begriffe 'symbolisme', 'décadentisme' und 'dégénerescence' im 19. Jahrhundert. Definition Culture? In: Wolfgang Drost, ed. Fortschrittsglaube und Dekadenzbewußtsein im Europa des 19. Jahrhunderts: Literatur - Kunst - Kulturgeschichte . Heidelberg: Winter. 75-84.

Study traces concepts of decadence back to Montaigne and define white jobs Rousseau and analyses the definition culture, later tendency to individualise and psychologize these notions (starting with Morel). Essay About Vs. Moriarty:? Focus on Morel's prototypical study: the medico-psychiatric component of degeneration, which is also analysed in Magnan, Lombroso, Gobineau, Nordau and, as a literary premise, in definition Baudelaire and Huysmans. Nordau, Max. Essay Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative? 1993. Degeneration . Of Material Culture? Lincoln, New York: University of Industrial on Pollution Essay Nebraska Press. [Original: Entartung , 2 vols. Berlin: Carl Duncker, 1892/93]. Study in definition culture two volumes by Max Nordau, a doctor and cultural theorist, first published in German, from owen 1895 onward also available in an English translation. A scandalous success at the time, one of the best known works in definition culture the debate on the supreme ruled, degeneration. It is a poignant, and at times openly polemic attack against certain tendencies in the arts: Decadence, aestheticism, symbolism (among others) are classified as degenerate (in a physiological and of material culture mental sense). Nordau's argumentation is based on collar jobs, his medical knowledge and on the criminological theories of definition of material Lombroso.

Criticism of civilisation is expressed in Essay about Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative the form of apocalyptic scenarios ('the dusk of definition culture nations') and, for the first time, presented as a concern of ww1 wilfred doctors and, especially, psychiatrists. Phenomena of degeneracy (intellectual, moral or physical) become the culture, object of psycho-pathology. Mobile Learning In Developing? For Nordau, mysticism and definition of material culture egomania count as typical symptoms of the ww1 wilfred, degenerate artist, for culture which he offers methods of diagnosis and even suggestions for therapy. Nordau's study is an attack in scientific disguise against intellectuals and is directed against personalities like Wagner, Nietzsche, Ibsen, Swinburne, Huysmans or Wilde. Pick, Daniel.

1989. The Culture Of Poverty? Faces of definition culture Degeneration: A European Disorder, c. Mobile Learning In Developing? 1848-c. 1918 . Definition Of Material? Cambridge: Cambridge UP. A sociological study, well-documented and thoroughly researched. Ww1 Wilfred? Provides important information on definition culture, the concept of degeneration in the late 19th and about Comparison early 20th centuries. Pick predominantly analyses scientific and pseudo-scientific documents of the definition, time, but also considers literary examples.

Study covers texts from all over Europe but lacks any explicit reflection on the interrelation between degeneration and gender. Pykett, Lyn. 1995. Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in Race and Prejudice toward of Poverty Essay the Twentieth Century . London, etc.: Edward Arnold. Feminist study on the interdependence between constructions of femininity and degeneration: The New Woman as cause and symptom of definition cultural degeneration and religion as 'cure for social evils'; like the definition of material culture, homosexual, the New Woman is an example of the in regents of california the supreme ruled that, transgression of definition of material gender boundaries (illustrated also in Mobile Learning in Developing Countries exterior appearance: body and style); effects: pathological allocations of sexual excess, degeneration, denial of definition of material culture femininity. Urban mass culture and society as a product of feminisation. Feminism as a symptom of degeneration.

Emerging concepts of religion of palestine regeneration within the feminist debate. Rose, Jonathan. 1986. Of Material? The Edwardian Temperament 1895-1919. Athens/Ohio, London: Ohio UP. Study on the change of ww1 wilfred values in the Edwardian period, proceeding from cultural and literary history (however, literary texts are generally only definition of material culture discussed on a surface level, and of the on Pollution Essay the category of gender is reflected in a rather uncritical manner, if at all). Aspects of interest: religious (and moral) crisis, the secularisation of spirituality and culture the emergence of surrogate religions, the 'quest for otherness', the idealisation of in regents university of california the supreme court interpersonal relations and in particular homoeroticism, the cult of vitality as a reaction to definition of material culture, late Victorian decadence, the motif of the The Effect of the Revolution on Pollution, illegitimate child and the unmarried mother, the culture, efficiency movement and eugenics, the Edwardian culture of university v. bakke, leisure and of material culture fun. Schulte, Christoph.

1997. Psychopathologie des Fin de siècle : Max Nordau: Der Kulturkritiker, Arzt und Zionist. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. Revised postdoctoral thesis based on the unpublished works of Nordau (mainly letters, researched for the first time). A comprehensive study, structured biographically. Theoretical approach: rejects deconstruction, favours Foucauldian discourse analysis.

Content: Analysis of the The Effect Revolution on Pollution Essay, interconnected strands within intellectual history 1870 to 1920. Definition? Shows the define, lasting effects of scientific positivism on social theories, psychology and medicine as well as the transfer of culture psycho-pathological findings into the field of civilisation and art criticism through terms like decadence and degeneration. Shaw, George Bernard. Race And Prejudice Of Poverty Essay? 1932 [1908]. The Sanity of Art: An Exposure of the Current Nonsense about definition culture, Artists Being Degenerate. Owen? In: Major Critical Essays . London: Constable.

281-332. Polemic response to Nordau's Degeneration from the perspective of the artist. Shaw refutes Nordau's arguments by showing up their inherent paradoxical and unscientific nature and of material thus attacks Nordau at frantz fanon, his weakest point, i.e. his attempt to legitimise his theories with the help of medical science. Of Material? Siegel, Sandra. 1985. Literature and Degeneration: The Representation of 'Decadence'. Frantz Theories? In: Edward J. Chamberlain Sander L., Gilman, eds.

Degeneration: The Dark Side of Progress. Culture? New York: Columbia UP. 199-219. In Regents Of The University? Trotter, David. 1993. Of Material? The English Novel in History . Of The Court? London, New York: Routledge. (ch.7) Short outline of the history of degeneration theory focusing on culture, the origins of degeneration in Race and Prejudice the Culture the natural sciences and medicine, its Darwinist basis, the classification of degenerative symptoms, the of material culture, emergence of a discourse of of palestine degeneration in the cultural and definition literary theory of the late 19th century. Important points in the literary context of degeneration: popularity of Mobile Learning Countries Essay a 'plot of decline, of physical and moral exhaustion' in naturalistic fiction (also in of material culture so-called slum fiction). Degeneration as a topic in of the Industrial the new woman novel and likewise in popular fiction. Bland, Lucy. 1995.

Banishing the Beast. English Feminism Sexual Morality. Definition? 1885-1914. Ww1 Wilfred? London et. al: Penguin Books. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on the subject of feminism and of material culture sexual morality around the turn of the (19th to 20th) century. Frantz Theories? Her aim is to sketch the contemporary (and, at least from of material a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in its interdependence with the restrictive cultural context of the Revolution, time.

The study therefore provides a wealth of definition of material culture biographical material. Part One: historical and scientific background of the Race and Prejudice toward of Poverty, topic (constructions of femininity in definition culture dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception). Parts Two and frantz Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and definition of material alternative forms of sexual identity. DiQuinzio, Patrice Iris Marion Young, eds. 1997. Feminist Ethics and Social Policy . Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana UP. A slightly heterogeneous collection of essays focusing on examples of practised (feminist) morality.

Requires knowledge of the theoretical discussion. Industrial Revolution On Pollution? Provides articles on the following topics: politics, medicine, health system, military, immigrants, AIDS, pornography and abortion. Main focus: the situation in definition the United States. In Regents Court Ruled? Dreitzel, H.P. Definition Culture? 1972.

Die gesellschaftlichen Leiden und das Leiden an fanon der Gesellschaft: Vorstudien zu einer Pathologie des Rollenverhaltens. Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke. A study on definition, subjectively perceived marginality and its psycho-pathological and and Prejudice toward the Culture Essay socio-pathological causes from the perspective of of material culture social psychology. Suggested approach: role theory. Of particular interest: Dreitzel's notion of white 'Anomie' (= total lack or confusion of norms), which he derives from the definition culture, history of sociology and supplements with his own concepts of interaction and role identity. Gilligan, Carol. 1982. In a Different Voice: Psychological Theory and Women's Development . Define White Jobs? Cambridge, Mass. London: Harvard UP. Probably the most influential feminist study on the topic of morality.

Takes Lawrence Kohlberg's model of moral development as a starting point. Exposes Kohlberg's argumentation as male-centred. Definition? Modifies his theory with the help of frantz fanon object relations theory to definition culture, account for gender differences. Gilligan's work is based on empirical studies. Her main thesis: due to disposition and experiences of frantz fanon theories socialisation, men/boys tend to an ethic of of material justice whereas girls/women typically internalise an define ethic of care . Gilman, Sander L. 1985. Of Material? Difference and Pathology: Stereotypes of of palestine Sexuality, Race and Madness. Ithaca London: Cornell UP. Definition Culture? Hall, Lesley. A. 1991. Hidden Anxieties: Male Sexuality 1900-1950. Cambridge: Polity Press.

Study on theories, men and definition of material sexuality. Depicts different point of views on how male sexuality is constructed. Grounds on biographic material: letters to Mobile Learning Countries, Marie Stopes written by different men as a response to of material, Stopes's Married Love. Addresses male sexual inhibitions, problems and sexual enlightenment. Learning? Harrison, Beverley Wildung. 1985.

Making the Connections: Essays in Feminist Social Ethics, ed. Of Material Culture? Carol S. Frantz Fanon Theories? Robb. Boston: Beacon Press. A collection of definition culture essays (written between 1972 and frantz 1985) on the feminist discourse of ethics and Christianity. Culture? Approach: theologically oriented social history. Mobile In Developing? Harrison's ethics is characterised as feminist socialist Christian in of material Robb's preface. Harrison sets a universalist Christian ethics against religion the ideas of Carol Gilligan.

Advocates an equality feminism pleading for 'objectivity' of the feminist perspective. Hekman, Susan J. 1995. Of Material Culture? Moral Voices, Moral Selves: Carol Gilligan and Feminist Moral Theory . Iago Vs. Moriarty: Comparison? Cambridge, Oxford: Polity Press. Of Material Culture? In-depth discussion of the in Developing Essay, work of definition of material Carol Gilligan offering various readings of her work. The study also provides a critical analysis of the meaning of morality in a poststructuralist context (Foucault, Lyotard et al.).

Documents a significant conceptual shift in the morality debate, which has lost theoretical impact through the influence of other academic disciplines. Essay An Argumentative? Hekman favours a gender-oriented reconceptualization of definition of material culture moral theory that would take its pluralistic approach from discourse analysis. Theories? Jakobsen, Janet R. 1998. Working Alliances and the Politics of Difference: Diversity and definition of material Feminist Ethics . Of The Industrial On Pollution? Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana UP. Culture? Study on religion, feminist practices of of material culture alliance politics . Rejects notions of of Poverty female unity as an axiomatic base. Discards the feminist difference hypothesis. Argument proceeds from culture postmodern theoretical debates: ethics as a field of about Iago Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative Comparison complex negotiations; agency as a basis for definition of material alliance politics. Religion? Jeffreys, Sheila. Definition Culture? 1985. The Spinster And Her Enemies: Feminism and Sexuality 1880-1930 . London etc.: Pandora. Frantz Theories? A very useful study which questions critically the definition of material culture, general presumption of sexual liberation in the modernist period, a development which continues to be regarded as one of the most characteristic and influential within the modernist context.

Jeffreys shows that the emergence of fanon theories sexology by no means meant that women experienced sexual liberation. Definition Culture? Quite the opposite, according to and Prejudice the Culture, Jeffreys, it helped to definition of material, force women into toward Essay, male-dominated heterosexual patterns. Mort, Frank. 1987 [2000]. Dangerous Sexualities: Medico-moral Politics in England since 1830. London: Routledge. Study on of material, sexuality as represented in ww1 wilfred a medico-moral discourse. Discourse-theoretical approach.

Depicts the interaction between morality and medicine in the field of sexuality. Key words: Debate on social hygiene: purity vs. decadence. Sexuality in the context of the definition, city. Moscucci, Ornella. 1990. The Science of Woman: Gynaecology and Essay about Iago an Argumentative Gender in England, 1800-1929. Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Comprehensive study on the conception of female sexuality, proceeding from cultural history. Focus: ed. Culture? century. Important points: Historicity of ww1 wilfred owen gender and gynaecology, dependence on cultural context.

Concepts of definition of material femininity in medical discourse. Gender difference explained physically and Essay about Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative Comparison psychologically. Discussion of bisexuality and hermaphroditism. Definition Culture? Further foci: Darwinism, environmentalism, degeneration, anthropology. Nunner-Winkler, Gertrud, ed. 1995.

Weibliche Moral: Die Kontroverse um eine geschlechtsspezifische Ethik . München: dtv. Essay collection which discusses critically and systematically Carol Gilligan's notion of a gender-specific morality (female ethics of care vs. male ethics of justice ). Covers work by Butler, Gilligan, Harding, Habermas. Some of the articles were previously published. Singer, Mona. Countries? 1996. Weibliches Subjekt und Gastfreundschaft: Ende und Anfang einer Moral. In: Ruthard Stäblein, ed. Definition Culture? Moral: Erkundungen über einen strapazierten Begriff. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. 118-139. Religion Of Palestine? Stäblein, Ruthard, ed.

1996. Moral: Erkundungen über einen strapazierten Begriff. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. Relatively heterogeneous collection of essays, partly in culture form of interviews. Includes articles by Baudrillard and Race and Prejudice toward the Culture Essay Blanchot. Culture? Points of interest: morality's myths of origin, gender difference and morality (Nitzschke, Singer), Foucault's notion of morality.

Weeks, Jeffrey. 1985. Sexuality and its Discontents: Meanings, Myths Modern Sexualities . London: Routledge Kegan Paul. Study on Essay Iago an Argumentative Comparison, the development of the scientific discourse on sexuality. Definition? References to Essay about Iago, psychoanalysis, Darwinism and culture eugenics. Bland, Lucy. Essay? 1995.

Banishing the Beast: English Feminism and definition of material Sexual Morality, 1885-1914. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Bland's book is a comprehensive study on the subject of feminism and sexual morality around the turn of the (19th to of the on Pollution, 20th) century. Her aim is to sketch the contemporary (and, at least from definition a 21st-century point of view, often problematical) feminist discourse in its interdependence with the owen, restrictive cultural context of the definition of material, time. The Effect Industrial Revolution On Pollution? The study therefore provides a wealth of biographical material. Of Material? Part One: historical and scientific background of the topic (constructions of femininity in Countries dominant patriarchal discourses such as medicine, religion, evolutionary theory and their feminist reception). Culture? Parts Two and white collar jobs Three: discussion of the concrete practical difficulties in realising feminist sexual politics, focusing on the fields of prostitution, marriage, eugenics, sexology and definition of material alternative forms of sexual identity. Byles, Joan Montgomery. 1985. Women's Experience of World War I: Suffragists, Pacifists and Poets. Of The University Of California V. Bakke, Ruled? Women's Studies International Forum 8.5: 473-487.

Article on the suffrage movement in the context of definition of material World War I. White Collar Jobs? Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. pacifist suffragettes. Example: conflict between Emmeline and Sylvia Pankhurst. Textual material: war poetry by women. Dyhouse, Carol. 1989.

Feminism and the Family in definition England 1880-1939 . Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative? London: Blackwell. Study on family and marriage from a woman-centred perspective. Textual material: basically (auto)biography, but also some novels. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of Modernity . Culture? Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Essay About Iago? Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and definition cultural history.. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on one author: Marie Corelli.

Garner, Les. 1984. Of Material Culture? Stepping Stones to Women's Liberty: Feminist Ideas in toward the Culture of Poverty the Women's Suffrage Movement 1900-1918. Definition Of Material Culture? Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson UP. Kent, Susan. 1987. Sex and in regents of the court that Suffrage in Britain, 1860-1914. Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP.

Study on the role of sexuality in first wave feminism and its ideological context. Foci: stereotypes of femininity (overview). Women's vote as a symbol of sexual liberation. Further topics: sex war, prostitution, marriage, medicine, legislation. Definition? Lyon, Janet. 1992. Militant Discourse, Strange Bedfellows: Suffragettes and Vorticists before the define collar jobs, War. Of Material? differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 4.2: 100-133. Article on an Argumentative Comparison, the suffrage movement and developments in art before World War I. Discusses analogies and definition of material culture interactions between militant suffragettes and radical artists of the avant-garde (e.g. vorticists, futurists). Key words: militancy, iconoclasms, feminist delimitation and self-marginalisation, polarizing tendencies and linguistic unambiguity in feminist pamphlets and manifestos.

Lyon, Janet. Learning Countries Essay? 1994/95. Women Demonstrating Modernism. Discourse 17.2: 6-25. Definition Culture? Stowell, Sheila. 1992. A stage of their own: Feminist playwrights of the suffrage era . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Stowell, Sheila. 1996. Suffrage critics and political action: a feminist agenda. Of The Industrial? In: Michael R. Booth Joel H. Kaplan, eds. Definition? The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on performance and the stage . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Frantz Fanon? 166-184.

Bjorhovde, Gerd. 1987. Definition Of Material Culture? Rebellious Structures: Women Writers and the Crisis of the owen, Novel 1880-1900 . Oslo: Norwegian UP. One of the definition, few books specifically focusing on interpreting texts of high literary One of the few books specifically focusing on interpreting fin-de-siècle highbrow texts by women. Textual material: four representative authors of the late 19th century - Olive Schreiner, Margaret Harkness, Sarah Grand and George Egerton. Forerunners of modernism, prepared the white jobs, grounds for of material modernist change in terms of content and form: Authors address matters of female concern that emerged in university v. bakke, ruled the public consciousness at the turn of the century and of material shortly before.

Tension between positive and negative evaluation of the define, New Woman as an definition of material interesting topic to narrate. Foci of New Realisms: Scepticism, questioning of The Effect of the Industrial on Pollution Essay conventional values, transgression of conventional Victorian conception of definition of material culture genre. 'Crisis' of the novel: Breaking of conventional structures of time, plot, content and style. Religion? Fragmentarization of plot, anachronisms, subjectivity, internal focalization, no explicit narrator. Bjorhovde provides very detailed analyses of texts. Burke, Carolyn. Of Material? 1984. Getting spliced: Modernism and Sexual Difference. American Quarterly 39.1: 98-121. Burmeister, Tereza. 1994.

In Search of the Lost Woman-Time: Cross-Biographical Studies on the Construction of (Post-)Modern Gender Identity. Define? History of European Ideas 19: 837-844. DeKoven, Marianne. 1991. Rich and definition culture Strange: Gender, History, Modernism . Race And Prejudice The Culture Essay? Princeton, NJ: Princeton UP. Definition Of Material? Study on Gender, History and of the Industrial on Pollution Essay Modernism (DeKoven's periodization: 1890-1930). Based on Derrida's concept of two co-existing paradoxes ( sous-rature ). Main point: male and female authors are afraid of definition culture revolutionary literary changes for different reasons: on the male side it is jobs fear of losing one's power position, on the female side it is fear of being punished. Textual material: analysis of canonized texts. Criticism: DeKoven's study is definition of material culture partially difficult to Race and Prejudice toward Essay, comprehend. Felski, Rita.

1995. Culture? The Gender of ww1 wilfred Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and culture cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. In Regents University Of California The Supreme Ruled? Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Friedman, Ellen G. Miriam Fuchs, eds. 1989. Definition Of Material Culture? Breaking the Sequence: Women's Experimental Fiction . Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP. Gale, Maggie B. 1996. West End Women: Women and the London stage 1918-1962 . London New York: Routledge. Of Palestine? Study on women and the theatre.

Describes the significant participation of female authors in the theatrical world between 1918 and definition of material 1962. After winning the white collar, vote, women were on the advance in every sector. Gale addresses women questions, but not from definition of material culture a feminist theoretical background. In Developing Countries? Topics of interest: profession and family, working class women, mother role, relationship mother-daughter. Gardiner, Juliet, ed. Definition? 1993. Essay? Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. London: Collins Brown. Definition Culture? Essay collection on collar, literary representations of the New Woman. Analysis is definition of material culture not limited to the genre of the New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents.

Deals with established and less established writers. Gardner, Viv Susan Rutherford, eds. 1992. The New Woman And Her Sisters: Feminism And Theatre 1850-1914 . Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Gilbert, Sandra M. Susan Gubar, eds.

1986. Owen? The Female Imagination and the Modernist Aesthetic . New York etc.: Gordon Breach. Gilbert, Sandra M. Definition Of Material Culture? Susan Gubar. 1988. No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Essay Vs. Moriarty: Comparison? Vol.

I: The War of the Words . Of Material Culture? New Haven: Yale UP. Gilbert, Sandra M. The Effect Industrial On Pollution? Susan Gubar. 1988. No Man's Land: The Place of the definition culture, Woman Writer in about Iago an Argumentative Comparison the Twentieth Century. Vol. II: Sexchanges . New Haven: Yale UP.

Gilbert, Sandra M. Of Material Culture? Susan Gubar. 1988. The Culture Of Poverty Essay? No Man's Land: The Place of the Woman Writer in the Twentieth Century. Vol. III: Letters from the Front . New Haven: Yale UP. Griffin, Gabriele, Ed. 1994. Difference in View: Women and of material Modernism . London: Taylor and university v. bakke, ruled Francis. Of Material? Ingram, Angela Daphne Patai, eds. 1993. Rediscovering Forgotten Radicals: British Women Writers, 1889-1939 . Chapel Hill London: The University of North Carolina Press.

Essay collection on radical feminist socialist women writers between 1889 and of the of california the supreme ruled that 1939. Textual material: novels in of material general (special focus on popular literature by forgotten female authors), a multitude of biographical information, New Woman novel , Romance, Utopian fiction. Distinction between middle-class and working-class authors and ww1 wilfred readers. Topics of definition of material culture social criticism: birth control, marriage, alcoholism, venereal disease. And Prejudice Toward The Culture Of Poverty Essay? Formal aspects: Modification of plot with feminist impact. Joannou, Maroula. 1995. 'Ladies, Please Don't Smash These Windows': Women's Writing, Feminist Consciousness and Social Change 1918-38 . Oxford Providence: Berg. Study on women writers between 1918 and culture 1938. Covers a wide spectrum of ww1 wilfred owen female authors, some established and some less established.

Less established writers: Vera Brittain, Leonora Eyles, Radclyffe Hall, Sylvia Townsend Warner, E.H. Definition Of Material? Young. Established writers: Virginia Woolf, Dorothy Richardson, Elizabeth Bowen, Rosamond Lehmann, Rebecca West. Further textual material considered: Anti-fascist writings. Study contains a detailed chapter on owen, the image of the spinster and definition culture gives relevant textual examples. Light, Alison. Collar? 1991.

Forever England: Femininity, literature and conservatism between the definition of material, wars . London New York: Routledge. Laity, Cassandra. 1996. Frantz Fanon? H.D. and the Victorian Fin de Siècle : Gender, Modernism, Decadence . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Liska, Vivian. 1995. Culture? From Topos to Trope: Feminist Revision of Industrial Revolution on Pollution Essay Modernism.

In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the of material, Century: Modernism and Modernity in religion Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. Definition Culture? 66-76. Miller, Jane Eldridge. 1994. Rebel Women: Feminism, Modernism and the Edwardian Novel . Religion? London: Virago. Study on definition of material culture, the feminist movement in the context of the religion of palestine, modernist era.

Revision of the of material culture, literary canon: Provides a discussion of women's novels between 1900 and 1914, a period often neglected in frantz literary criticism. Describes the transitional period of culture literary modernism: Thematic innovations and ww1 wilfred formal modification of definition traditional narration. Attempts of collar jobs independent female development and criticism of women's role in society replace the of material culture, traditional courtship plot. Critical reflection of marriage. Religion Of Palestine? Discussion of (new) images of women. Genre: predominantly suffragette novels.

Considers the socio-cultural context of the literary texts. Montefiore, Janet. 1996. Men and Women Writers of the definition of material culture, 1930s: The dangerous flood of white jobs history . Of Material Culture? London New York: Routledge. Useful study on lesser known authors and texts. Textual material: works by left-wing women writers, antifascist texts, novels, autobiography and poetry. Pykett, Lyn. 1992. The Improper Feminine.

The Woman's Sensation Novel and the New Woman Writing. London: New York: Routledge. Study on in Developing Countries, femininity and definition of material culture women's writing. Genre: Sensational novel and New Woman novel between 1860 and of palestine 1900. Definition Of Material? Points to Mobile Countries, their subversive and emancipatory aspects. Canon-revisionary impact: Pykett stresses the of material, importance of the sensational novel and the New Woman novel for literary history. Mobile Learning In Developing Countries? Forerunners of modernist authors such as Woolf and Richardson. Considers formal aspects of subversion: Sensational novel depicts female stereotypes, yet subverts them by definition culture introducing female protagonists deviating from traditional gender norms.

New Woman novel subverts on the level of Essay about Vs. Moriarty: narration and culture plot: non-realistic, impressionist, episodic. Pykett's study is a source for less established primary literature. Pykett, Lyn. 1995. Engendering Fictions: The English Novel in the Early Twentieth Century . London etc.: Edward Arnold. Study proceeds from literary history focusing on novels. Introduces established modernist writers on the basis of the Essay Iago Comparison, gender crisis at the time (relatively selective). Deals with New Woman writing, psychological theories, Dora Marsden's The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist and the phenomenon of of material culture degeneration as a result of Mobile Learning Countries Essay mass society. Defines literary modernism quite restrictively: modernism as a programme of literary aesthetics, experimentation and formation of of material a canon, period beginning in Race and Prejudice of Poverty Essay 1890. Provides critical discussion of arguments against a feminist revision of the of material culture, modernist canon.

Quinn, Patrick J., ed. 1996. Of Palestine? Recharting the Thirties . Definition Of Material Culture? Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. Essay collection on the effects of The Effect Industrial Essay World War I on society and of material culture particularly on literature. Race And Prejudice The Culture Of Poverty? Considers neglected authors: Irene Rathbone, R.H. Definition Of Material? Mottram, but also Rosamond Lehmann and Elizabeth Bowen. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? Rado, Lisa, ed. 1994. Rereading Modernism: New Directions in Feminist Criticism . New York London: Garland.

Feminist collection of essays on modernism. Essays address the following topics: Dorothy Richardson as a modernist, Rebecca West as a critic, Left Bank Women and lesbian life, the definition of material, work of Sylvia Townsend-Warner, women's magazines, Wyndham Lewis's Tarr (as a misogynous text). Of particular importance is Felski's article on Race of Poverty, the term 'modernism' (see above Felski 1994). Schabert, Ina. 1997.

Englische Literaturgeschichte: Eine Darstellung aus der Sicht der Geschlechterforschung . Stuttgart: Kröner. Srebrnik, Patricia. 1994. The re-subjection of 'Lucas Malet': Charles Kingsley's daughter and definition of material the response to muscular Christianity. In: Donald E. Hall, ed. Muscular Christianity: Embodying the Victorian Age . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Essay About Vs. Moriarty: Comparison? 194-214. Canon-revisionary article on Lucas Malet (pseudonym of Charles Kingsley's daughter). Definition Of Material? Questions traditional concepts of masculinity in Malet's Novels.

Stowell, Sheila. 1992. A stage of their own: Feminist playwrights of the suffrage era . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Stowell, Sheila. 1996. Industrial Essay? Suffrage critics and political action: a feminist agenda.

In: Michael R. Booth Joel H. Definition Of Material? Kaplan, eds. The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on frantz theories, performance and the stage . Definition? Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 166-184. Waters, Chris. 1993. New Women and Socialist-Feminist Fiction: The Novels of Race toward the Culture of Poverty Isabella Ford and definition culture Katherine Bruce Glasier. In: Angela Ingram Daphne Patai, eds. Rediscovering Forgotten Radicals: British Women Writers, 1889-1939 . Frantz Theories? Chapel Hill London: The University of North Carolina Press. 25-42.

Altick's seminal account of the development of the reading culture in England from the 15th to the early 20th century. Especially his chapter on Periodicals and Newspapers 1851-1900 (chapter 15) is important for definition of material culture an understanding of the background of publication practices in the modernist period. Benstock, Shari. 1986. Of Palestine? Women of the definition culture, Left Bank: Paris, 1900-1940 . London: Virago. Ww1 Wilfred? An important study on women writers of the definition of material, Left Bank in general. Of special interest is Essay Iago an Argumentative Comparison chapter 10: At the Sign of the Printing Press: The Role of Small Presses and Little Magazines. Unfortunately Benstock remains on a biographical and anecdotal level, introducing editors, publishers and contributors.

She says very little about the actual contributions. Beetham, Margaret. 1996. A Magazine of Her Own?: Domesticity and Desire in the Woman's Magazine, 1800-1914 . Definition Of Material? London New York: Routledge. It is Parts III and IV (New Woman, New Journalism, the 1880s and 1890s, The reinvention of the domestic English woman: into the twentieth century) that are of particular interest. Beetham concentrates on magazines that offer alternative and Learning in Developing reactionary discourses on women to the innovative trends of the time. She also comments on the literature that appeared in definition of material these magazines and Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative Comparison its function. She thus offers an important view of of material culture this area of public culture that many of the modernist women reacted against. Dennison, Sally. 1984. [Alternative] Literary Publishing: Five Modern Histories . Essay? Iowa City: University of Iowa Press. Definition Of Material Culture? Dennison demonstrates how all sorts of Learning in Developing Countries Essay non-commercial publishing - from self-publishing to small presses, university press publishing, little magazine publishing, publishing through a bookstore, and publishing through patrons - helped to definition of material culture, further modernist literature and to make it accessible to a wider audience.

In most cases such alternative publishing was the religion of palestine, only means for young authors to definition of material culture, get their works published at all. Dennison uses Eliot, Joyce, Woolf, Nin, and Nabokov as examples. What she fails to notice is ww1 wilfred that alternative publishing can have commerical interests, too (see Rainey 1989, 1997, 1998). Definition Of Material? Dettmar, Kevin J.H. Stephen Watt, eds. And Prejudice Toward The Culture Of Poverty? 1996. Definition Of Material? Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of ww1 wilfred owen Michingan Press. An important essay collection by definition of material young American scholars presenting a new perspective on and evaluation of ww1 wilfred modernist literature. They distance themselves from the traditional view of modernism as an definition culture awe-inspiring solitary fortress against a growing mass culture by showing that it was clearly rooted within commodity culture, too.

Today it is difficult to Industrial on Pollution Essay, imagine that some senior scholars refused to definition, contribute to this collection because they considered it inappropriate to discuss financial interests and fanon theories commodity culture in connection with modernist literature. Of particular interest are the introduction and the essays by definition of material Diepeveen, Materer, and Murphy (see the respective entries). Eliot, Simon. 1994. And Prejudice Toward Of Poverty? Some Patterns and Trends in British Publishing, 1800-1919 . London: The Bibliographical Society. Definition Of Material Culture? A statistical survey of about Vs. Moriarty: book and magazine publications in definition the period of of palestine 1800-1919. Definition Of Material? The data is and Prejudice the Culture of Poverty Essay covered in of material six sections: Section A The Annual Pattern of Mobile Learning in Developing Publication; Section B The Monthly Pattern of Publication 1800-1919; Section C Subject Publishing; Section D Price Structure; Section E Periodical Publication; Section F The Background. Unfortunately Eliot focuses mainly on the 19th century.

He has nothing to say on the magazine and newspaper market in the 20th century, for example, so that his survey is only of very limited value for the modernist period. Feather, John. 1988. A History of definition British Publishing . London: Croom Helm. Feather offers important background information about the of the Essay, development of the publishing trade in Britain. Although he only of material focuses on commercial publishing the study offers some useful background information about the book market in and Prejudice toward Essay general. Of particular interest is Part IV: The Trade in the Twentieth Century in of material culture which Feather uses Stanley Unwin, Victor Gollancz and Mobile in Developing Allen Lane as examplary publishers. Garrity, Jane. 1999. Culture? 'Selling Culture to the Civilized': Bloomsbury, British Vogue , and the Marketing of of the university of california v. bakke, that National Identity. Modernism/modernity 6.2: 29-58. Definition Culture? Garrity shows that the connection between commodity culture and 'high culture' was much closer than has been previously thought by demonstrating how readily the various members of the collar, Bloomsbury group published in Vogue . Hanscombe, Gillian and definition of material culture Virginia L. Smyers.

1987. Writing for Race their Lives: The Modernist Women 1910-1940 . Definition Of Material? London: The Women's Press. Hanscombe and Essay Smyers's seminal study on modernist women writers, editors and publishers. Definition? Of special interest for an Argumentative modernist publication practices in general are Chapter 12 'The public is definition of material culture a stupid beast. ' Book publishing I and Chapter 13 'There is a climax in sensibility' Book publishing II in which they particularly stress the Essay, close connection between little magazines and the book market. Culture? They argue that in most cases of define white experimental writing only publication in little magazines made a later book publication possible. Jensen, Robert. 1994. Marketing Modernism in Fin-de-Siècle Century Europe . Princeton: Princeton UP. Jensen does not deal with modernist literature but with art.

It is nevertheless an culture interesting study to compare developments in Race and Prejudice toward the Culture Essay the art world (especially the marketing of definition of material avant-garde artists) and the book market. Kaufmann, Michael. 1998. A Modernism of owen One's Own: Virginia Woolf's TLS Reviews and Eliotic Modernism. In: Beth Carol Rosenberg Jeanne Dubino, eds. Virginia Woolf and the Essay . Of Material? New York: St Martin's Press. 137-155. Kaufmann shows how the religion, place of publication can be indicative of an author's conception of literature and her or his readership by comparing Virginia Woolf's and T.S.

Eliot's essays. He argues that Woolf's reviews in definition of material the TLS address a much more 'common reader' than Eliot's essays in Vs. Moriarty: Comparison ephemeral and elitist little magazines such as The Egoist and The Little Review . Of Material? Keating, Peter. 1989. Essay Vs. Moriarty:? The Haunted Study: A Social History of the English Novel 1875-1914 . London: Secker Warburg. A seminal social historical account of the definition culture, development of the contemporary bookmarket. Religion? Keating shows what influence the conditions and changes in the bookmarket had on writers. Leavis, Q.D.

1932. Fiction and the Reading Public . London: Chatto Windus. Of Material? Leavis's still interesting study of British reading habits in the 1920s. Mobile Learning In Developing Countries Essay? It is not only an definition of material culture important document because of the empirical data she offers but also as a New Critical position taking within the intellectual and frantz literary field of the early 1930s. Lee, Hermione. 1998. 'Crimes of Criticism': Virginia Woolf and Literary Journalism. In: Jeremy Treglown Bridget Bennett, eds.

Grub Street and the Ivory Tower: Literary Journalism and Literary Scholarship from Fielding to the Internet . Oxford: Clarendon Press. Culture? 112-134. Lee not only define white collar jobs gives an overview of Virginia Woolf's journalistic work but also shows how she used journals and literary and little magazines in of material culture order to advertise her own and her friends' work as well as the and Prejudice, Hogarth Press. McDonald, Peter D. Definition Of Material Culture? 1997. British Literary Culture and religion Publishing Practice 1880-1914 . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Unfortunately a misleading title. McDonald does not analyse the culture, publication system in the age of transition but rather in late Victorianism. He hardly pays any attention to the authors of the The Effect of the Industrial Revolution on Pollution, 1890s. Definition Of Material Culture? His case studies focus rather on in regents of the of california the supreme court that, Joseph Conrad, Arnold Bennett, and culture Arthur Conan Doyle without making clear why he chose these authors.

Ohmann, Richard. 1996. Selling Culture: Magazines, Markets, and frantz fanon theories Class at the Turn of the culture, Century . New York: Verso. Rainey, Lawrence. 1998.

Institutions of Modernism: Literary Editors and Public Culture . New Haven: Yale UP. Essay Comparison? A seminal contribution to the argument that the alleged gap between modernism and definition culture public (or even mass) culture was not as great as the modernists claimed themselves. As example cases Rainey uses the publication history of Pound, H.D., Joyce's Ulysses and Eliot's The Waste Land. And Prejudice Toward? One rather irritating 'flaw' of this otherwise important study is Rainey's discussion of H.D. Here he leaves his seemingly disinterested position and tries to of material, show that H.D.'s recanonisation by feminist critics was a mistake since H.D.'s work does not deserve it at all (a judgement of the owen, value of an author he does not give with respect to any of the of material culture, male authors!). Wexler, Joyce Piell. Essay About? 1997. Definition Of Material? Who Paid for Modernism? Art, Money, and the Fiction of Conrad, Joyce, And Lawrence . Fayetteville: The University of Arkansas Press. Using the careers of Conrad, Joyce and Lawrence as examples Wexler demonstrates that the Essay, modernist artists' image as oppositions to financially oriented bourgeois artists is of material culture a myth and that authors made use of this myth to further their success. She also shows that in modernism the collar jobs, writer's position became particularly complicated because s/he was wedged between the Romantic ideal of the genius who shows no interest in his or her market value and an interest in acknowledgement (because no recognition at all is still regarded as a sign of failure) and being able to definition culture, live on one's writing.

White, Cynthia L. 1970. Women's Magazines 1693-1968 . London: Michael Joseph. Theories? A seminal account of the culture, development of women's magazines. One of White's foci is the literature published in these magazines. Pages 77-117 are of particular interest.

Willison, Ian, Warwick Gould and Warren Chernaik, eds. 1996. Ww1 Wilfred? Modernist Writers and the Marketplace . Basingstoke London: Macmillan. An essay collection that deals with the conditions of publication for modernist writers, focusing on the publication histories of individual (canonised) authors (James, Yeats, Conrad, Lawrence, Woolf, Eliot, Pound, Lewis). Only Edward Bishops essay on little magazines (see above) offers a more general overview on avant-garde publication practices. 291 (1915-1916, American magazine) The (New) Adelphi (1923-1955) Art and Letters (1917-1920) Blue Review (1913) Broom (1921-1924, American magazine) The Calendar of Modern Letters (1925-1927) The Chapbook (1919-1925) The Criterion (1922-1939) The Dial (1880-1929, American magazine; especially the era of Scofield Thayer's and Marianne Moore's editorship 1920-1929) The Egoist (1914-1919) The Enemy (1927-1929) (New) English Review (1908-1937) The (New) Freewoman (1911-1914) The Golden Hind (1922-1924) Life and Letters (1923-1924) Life and Letters later Life and culture Letters Today (1928-1950) The Little Review (1914-1929, American magazine) The London Aphrodite (1928-1929) The London Mercury (1919-1939) The Masses (1911-1917, American magazine) New Age (1894-1938; especially the religion of palestine, years of A.R.

Orage's editorship, 1908-1922) The New Coterie (1925-1927) The New Masses (1926-. American magazine) Others (1915-1919, American Magazine) Open Window (1910-1911) (New) Oxford Outlook (1919-1932) Oxford Broom (1923) The Palatine Review (1916-1917) Poetry (1912-present, American magazine; especially the phase of Harriet Monroe's editorship, 1912-1935) Poetry and Drama (1913-1914) The Poetry Review (1912-present) The Scottish Chapbook (1922-1923) Secession (1922-1924; exile-American magazine published in various European cities) Time and Tide (1920-1979) [in its first phase 1920-1928 it was a little magazine] Transatlantic Review (1924-1925) transition (1927-1938, published in definition of material France and owen Holland) The Tyro (1921-1922) Wheels: An Anthology of definition of material culture Verse (1916-1921) One of the the Culture of Poverty Essay, first overviews of definition of material British and American modernist little magazines and one of the owen, bases for Hoffman, Allen and Ulrich's (1946) bibliography. Allen especially stresses the importance of little magazines as almost the culture, only medium of publication for experimental young authors. Fanon? Anderson, Margaret. [1930] 1971. Definition Of Material? My Thirty Years' War . Westport: Greenwood Press.

Margaret Anderson's famous autobiography in Industrial Revolution on Pollution which she not only describes her unconventional life but also the development of The Little Review under her editorship. This is, of course, a very subjective account, but it nevertheless contains important information for any study on little magazines. Anonymous. 1941. Little Mags, What Now?.

The New Republic 104.13: 424. A state-of-the-art article on definition of material, little magazines. Essay Iago Comparison? The author discusses the development of a little-magazine culture in culture America from the 1920s to Mobile Learning in Developing, the late 1930s and argues for a revival of little magazines in a 1920s fashion in order offer new authors a forum for publication. Culture? Baker, Denys Val, ed. Of The Industrial On Pollution? 1943. Little Reviews Anthology . London: Allen Unwin.

An anthology of what Baker himself calls the best writing which has appeared in definition of material the little reviews and literary magazines of white Britain since the outbreak of war (v). His introduction offers some theoretical reflections on definition, little magazines. Interesting is his choice of little magazines from which he takes the stories and poems: The Bell , Horizon , Indian Writing , New Writing , Oasis , Opus , Our Time , Now , Poetry (London), Poetry Quarterly , Poetry Review , The Bell , New Vision , Wind and the Rain , Oasis , Opus , Scythe (formerly Townsman ), and of palestine Seven . Barash, Carol. 1987. Dora Marsden's Feminism, the Freewoman , and definition the Gender Politics of Early Modernism. The Culture Of Poverty? Princeton University Library Chronicle 49.1: 31-56.

One of the first essays on the development of The (New) Freewoman / Egoist from culture a feminist to a literary little magazine. Barash presents this development as the story of Pound's take-over. This assessment has changed, though (see especially Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997, 2001; Thacker 1993). Bennett, David. 1989. Periodical Fragments and Organic Culture: Modernism, the Avant-Garde, and the Little Magazine. Contemporary Literature 30: 480-502. The author sees in and Prejudice Essay little magazines an example for a distinction between avant-garde and modernism as proposed by Peter Bürger (1974).

Publications in of material the ephemeral medium of Comparison little magazines are still part of an avant-garde culture, but they become modernist texts by being published in book form. This distinction has been convincingly questioned by Bishop (1996) and Rainey (1998). Benstock, Shari Bernard Benstock. 1991. The Role of Little Magazines in the Emergence of Modernism. Library Chronicle of the University of definition of material Texas 20: 68-87. Of Palestine? An important overview of the copies of (American) little magazines at the Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center at the University of Texas, Austin.

Unfortunately the authors remain on definition, a merely biographical level. The editors of the little magazines and their aesthetic ideas are introduced. Benstock and Benstock say very little about the exact content of these magazines. van den Berg, Hubert Ralf Grüttemeier, eds. 1998. Manifeste: Intentionalität (Avant Garde Critical Studies 11). Essay Vs. Moriarty:? Amsterdam Atlanta: Rodopi. A rather heterogeneous essay collection on definition of material, literary manifestos (mainly European modernist ones). Theoretically the authors base their contributions on the intentionality debate (Eco, Searle, Fish, Knapp Michaels, Hirsch).

The authors' claim that a manifesto is religion necessarily intentional and that its authors' intentions can be gauged from definition culture it is quite problematic. Of particular interest are the frantz theories, contributions by Wolfgang Asholt (on intentional strategies in futurist, dadaist and surrealist manifestos) and by Martin A. Kayman (on Pound and definition culture imagism). Bishop, Edward. 1996. Re:Covering Modernism - Format and Function in Mobile Learning Countries the Little Magazines. Definition Of Material? In: Willison, Gould and Chernaik, eds. 287-319. An important overview of little magazines from the Essay about Vs. Moriarty: Comparison, 1890s to the 1920s.

Bishop pays special attention to the connection between visual and of material typographical design and the literary contents of these magazines. He sees the different magazine as a representation of the on Pollution, increasing institutionalisation of definition of material culture modernism (in this he argues against Learning Countries Essay Bennett's (1989) postulation that little magazines represent the avant-garde and culture not modernism). Bishop covers The Yellow Book , The Savoy , The Dial , The Little Review , Poetry , The Egoist , Blast , and Criterion . Theories? Bloomfield, B.C. Definition Of Material Culture? 1976. Fanon Theories? An Author Index to Selected British Little Magazines 1930-1939 . Of Material Culture? London: Manssell. An additional (but by far not as comprehensive) reference to Sader, ed. (1976). Race The Culture? Bradbury, Malcolm. Definition Culture? 1958.

The English Review . London Magazine 5: 46-57. One of the first accounts of The English Review with a special focus on the period of Ford Madox Ford's editorship. Bradbury stresses that this was one of the fanon, few Edwardian magazines where new and definition culture experimental could publish alongside more traditional ones. About? Bradbury, Malcolm. 1961. The Calendar of Modern Letters : A Review in Retrospect.

London Magazine n.s. Of Material Culture? 1.7: 37-47. Bradbury's attempt to revaluate The Calendar of Modern Letters as an important literary-critical review alongside The Criterion and about Iago Vs. Moriarty: The Adelphi . He points out that the Calendar served as model for F.R. Leavis's Scrutiny (a series of definition of material critical articles in white collar jobs the Calendar , called Scrutinies actually gave Leavis's magazine its name). Of Material Culture? Unfortunately the white jobs, Calendar 's importance is still not recognised today. Of Material? Bradbury, Malcolm.

1971. The Social Context of Modern English Literature . Oxford: Blackwell. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1976. London 1890-1920. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. And Prejudice Toward The Culture Essay? Modernism 1890-1930 . Definition Culture? Harmondsworth: Penguin. Of The Industrial Revolution On Pollution? 172-190.

This chapter is definition of material culture of interest because Bradbury introduces some of the important contemporary British little magazines such as Rhythm / The Blue Review , The Poetry Review , a Poetry and Drama , The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist , and ww1 wilfred owen Blast . Definition Of Material Culture? Bradbury, Malcolm. 1995. The Criterion. A Literary Review in Retrospect. The London Magazine 5.2: 41-54. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1999.

Modernism and of the of california v. bakke, the supreme court ruled that the Magazines. Of Material Culture? In: Heinz Antor and Mobile Countries Kevin L. Cope, eds. Transcultural Encounters - Studies in English Literatures . Heidelberg: Winter. 187-313. A survey of little magazines which mainly remains on a positivist level, listing names of magazines, editors, and definition of material culture contributors. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? Bradbury demonstrates the interconnection of the development of modernism and of little magazine. He manages to give an idea of the diversity of magazines, but because he covers so many he does not have much space for detailed discussions of culture specific examples. Bradbury, Malcolm James McFarlane.

1976. Movements, Magazines and Learning Countries Manifestos: The Succession from Naturalism. Definition Of Material Culture? In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism 1890-1930 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. Essay About Iago Vs. Moriarty: Comparison? 192-205.

The authors show how much the various European modernist movements (especially Imagism, Vorticism, Futurism, Surrealism, Expressionism, and Dadaism) depended on of material culture, little magazines as an outlet. Casford, E. Of The? Leonore. 1929. The Magazines of the 1890's: A Chapter in the History of English Periodicals; Being a Critical Study of definition culture The Albemarle, The Yellow Book, and The Savoy, with a Brief Description of religion Other Literary Magazines of the culture, 1890's (Language and and Prejudice the Culture of Poverty Essay Literature Series 1). Definition Of Material? Eugene: University of Oregon Press. An important overview of white little magazines of the 1890s which shows how early the definition culture, concept of little magazines received literary critical attention. Apart from The Albemarle , The Yellow Book and The Savoy Casford also discusses The Anti-Philistine , The Butterfly , The Dome , Hobby Horse , The Pageant and define collar The Quarto . Clarke, Bruce. Definition Of Material? 1985. Dora Marsden's Egoism and Modernist Letters: West, Weaver, Joyce, Pound, Lawrence, Williams, Eliot.

Works and Days 2.2: 27-47. An early version of the Culture of Poverty Essay parts of his seminal study on Dora Marsden (1996). Clarke, Bruce. 1992. Dora Marsden and definition of material Ezra Pound: The New Freewoman and Race and Prejudice the Culture of Poverty Essay 'The Serious Artist'. Definition? Contemporary Literature 33.1: 91-112. University Court Ruled? An early version of parts of his seminal study on culture, Dora Marsden (1996). Define Collar? Clarke, Bruce. 1996.

Dora Marsden and Early Modernism: Gender, Individualism, Science . Ann Arbor: University of of material culture Michigan Press. An important revaluation of owen Dora Marsden's role in the cultural field at the beginning of the 20th century. Clarke argues that Marsden's intellectual development from suffragism to egoism mirrors in culture a nutshell the direction literature took at the time (a turn from personal politics to an individualistic literary practice, 1). He provides a detailed account of Marsden's philosophical, political and literary influences. Other than Barash (1987) Clarke sees Marsden's change of ww1 wilfred name of her little magazine from The (New) Freewoman to definition of material culture, The Egoist as a voluntary one. He thus reduces the owen, influence Pound allegedly had on definition of material culture, her (see also Barash 1989; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997, 2001; Thacker 1993). Clooney, J.P. The Effect Of The On Pollution? 1938. Among the Magazines. The Phoenix 1.2: 134-150.

A very critical review of a number of literary magazines of the time with quite different literary and political positions ( The Townsman , Purpose , Life and Letters Today , Poetry , The Examiner ). Definition? Interesting as a document of how little magazines were received and discussed in the contemporary literary field. Diepeveen, Leonard. 1996. 'I Can Have More Than Enough Power to Satisfy Me': T.S. Eliot's Construction of His Audience. In: Kevin J.H. Dettmar Stephen Watt, eds.

Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press. 37-60. An interesting discussion of how Eliot created his own elitist audience through his essays. Diepeveen shows the of the on Pollution Essay, importance the ephemeral form of publication of little magazines had in this. Eliot argued that only in definition these smaller but literary more 'elitist' media of publication could he find what he termed the qualified reader Eliot explicitly differentiated himself from and Prejudice of Poverty Essay editors of larger - and definition of material thus to his mind more commercial - magazines such as The London Mercury (see also Kaufmann 1998 on Race the Culture, the difference between Eliot's and Virginia Woolf's conceptions of their readership). Definition? Dupee, F.W. 1938. Learning Essay? British Periodicals.

Partisan Review 5: 45-48. A very critical review of definition of material culture British little magazines. Dupee criticises their apolitical stance (which is not surprising considering the political position of the Partisan Review ) and at the same time stresses their ideological heterogeneity. He also finds fault with the - to his mind - poor literary quality. Essay About Iago Vs. Moriarty: Comparison? He discusses The Criterion , Scrutiny , Purpose , Arena , Colosseum , Left Review , Life and of material culture Letters Today , and in regents of the v. bakke, the supreme ruled that New Verse . Eliot, Thomas S. 1926. The Idea of a Literary Review. The New Criterion 4: 1-6.

Eliot's own outline of an ideal little or literary magazine. It not only offers a contemporary perspective on little magazines but also reveals important information about of material culture, his own conception of define white literature. Definition Of Material? Emmart, A.D. Of The Of California Court That? 1923. The Limitations of American Magazines. Modern Quarterly 1.3: 17-26. A very conservative critique of definition of material culture American little magazines and the literature published in them.

He particularly finds fault with an alleged lack of moral and too much experimentation in the field of psychological realism. Emmart is especially critical of The Dial and of palestine The Little Review . Of Material Culture? Ferrall, Charles. 1992a. Essay About Comparison? Suffragists, Egoists, and definition culture the Politics of Learning in Developing Countries Essay Early Modernism. Culture? English Studies in Canada 18.4: 433-446. Learning In Developing Essay? Ferrall tries to show that Pound's 'take-over' of the definition of material culture, New Freewoman and the change of name into The Egoist was not just an Industrial Essay appropriation of definition culture a feminist magazine through 'phallocratic' and misogynist men but that this change reflects Marsden's development, too. He examines her turn from suffragism to and Prejudice toward the Culture of Poverty Essay, a Nietzschean and definition Stirnerian egoism and points out define white collar, some analogies between her political and philosophical writings and that of the definition culture, imagists, especially Pound (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Morrisson 1997, 2001; Thacker 1993). Countries? Ferrall, Charles. 1992b. The New Age and the Emergence of Reactionary Modernism Before the Great War.

Modern Fiction Studies 38: 653-667. Ferrall counters the notion that the of material, New Age was one of the central magazines in white propagating modernism in of material culture general. In contrast to Martin (1967) he argues that A.R. Orage, the Essay about Iago an Argumentative Comparison, editor at the time only supported politically reactionary authors such as Ezra Pound and Wyndham Lewis and thus contributed to the development of a 'reactionary modernism' only. Fletcher, John Gould. Definition Of Material Culture? 1934. The Little Reviews: Yesterday and define jobs To-Day. Of Material? Space 1.8: 84-86. An contemporary account of American little magazines (1914-1929). Fletcher observes a tendency towards a proletarisation and religion a decentralization of American literature and culture through these new little magazines (85). He does, however, acknowledge that some of the new authors would have had no other possibility of publication.

Garner, Les. 1990. Of Material? A Brave and Beautiful Spirit: Dora Marsden 1882-1960 . Aldershot: Avebury. The first book-length biography of Marsden. An attempt at a revaluation of Marsden's role in the suffragette movement and in The Effect Revolution on Pollution modernism.

At times a little too subjective and culture anecdotal. Of special interest are chapters 4 The Freewoman , 1911-1912; 5 The New Freewoman , June-December 1913; 6 The Egoist , January 1914-December 1919. Görtschacher, Wolfgang. 1993. Religion? Little Magazine Profiles: The Little Magazines in culture Great Britain 1939-1993. Salzburg: Salzburg University. Although Görtschacher focuses on little magazines of the second half of the about Iago Vs. Moriarty:, 20th century his comments on of material, the nature of ww1 wilfred owen little magazines in general are quite useful. What he offers is a descriptive discussion of various magazines and their editors (sometimes with interviews). It is a little odd, though, that he restricts the term 'little magazine' to poetry magazines only; his typology of little magazines is definition thus not very convincing.

Graham, Walter. 1930. English Literary Periodicals . New York: Thomas Nelson. A very early survey of British periodical culture from the 18th century to the 1920s. He only fanon theories briefly touches on little magazines, though. Of particular interest in definition of material culture this respect are Chapter 9 The Later Reviews and the Fortnightly , Chapter 11 The weekly journal of belles-lettres , and The Effect of the Revolution Essay Chapter 12 (in which he discusses among other magazines The (New) Adelphi , The Athenaeum , The Criterion , The English Review , Life and Letters The London Mercury , and the TLS ). Grant, Joy.

1967. Of Material Culture? Harold Monro and the Poetry Bookshop . Ww1 Wilfred Owen? London: Routledge Kegan Paul. A biography of one of the lesser known editors of little magazines ( The Poetry Review , Poetry and Drama , The Chapbook ) and a discussion of his own poetry. Culture? Hamilton, Ian. 1976. The Effect Industrial Revolution? The Little Magazines: A Study of definition Six Editors . London: Weidenfels and Nicolson. Frantz Theories? A much quoted study in which Hamilton focuses on an anecdotal and biographical account of definition of material The Little Review , Poetry , The Criterion , New Verse , The Partisan Review , and about Iago Comparison Horizon . Hamilton's ironical comments on culture, contributions that he regards as inferior can be quite irritating. One severe disadvantage is that he neither gives any bibliographical information about the quotations he uses nor offers a bibliography. Hanscombe, Gillian and Virginia L. Smyers. 1987. Writing for frantz fanon theories their Lives: The Modernist Women 1910-1940 . London: The Women's Press.

Hanscombe and Smyers's seminal study on of material, modernist women writers, editors and publishers. Define White Collar? Of particular interest for definition of material little magazines are Chapter 10 'The stand of the individual against immensities. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? ' - Periodical publishing I and Chapter 11: 'Life for Art's sake. ' - Periodical publishing II in which they discuss the role of women in little-magazine publishing. Of Material? Magazines they cover include The (New) Freewoman / The Egoist (here they hold the early feminist opinion that Pound forced Marsden into a change of name and conception of her magazine, cf. Barash), The Little Review , The Dial , Poetry , Contact , The Transatlantic Review , The Quarter , Close-up , and The Effect Revolution Essay transitions . Culture? Hayman, Ronald. White? 1975. The Calendar of Modern Letters. New Review 1: 14-19.

Heyl, Lawrence. 1940. Little Magazines. The Princeton University Library Chronicle 2.1: 21-6. Definition Of Material Culture? An early attempt at a definition and religion description of (American) little magazines.

Interesting as a historical document. Culture? Hoffman, Frederick J. Frantz? 1943. The Little Magazines: Portrait of an definition of material culture Age. Of California The Supreme Court? The Saturday Review of Literature 26.52: 3-5. One of the definition, first overviews of British and American modernist little magazines and one of the of the Revolution, bases for Hoffman, Allen and Ulrich's (1946) bibliography. Culture? Allen especially stresses the importance of little magazines as almost the only medium of publication for experimental young authors. Hoffman, Frederick J., Charles Allen and Carolyn F. Ulrich. 1946. The Little Magazine: A History and a Bibliography . Princeton: Princeton UP. Religion Of Palestine? Still the authoritative annotated bibliography of British and American little magazines.

The introductory chapters are also of interest. Hoffman, Allen, and Ulrich even attempt a typology of definition of material little magazines, but mostly they remain on a positivist and anecdotal level listing dates of publication, names of editors and contributors, etc. Homberger, Eric. 1976. Chicago and New York: Two Versions of American Modernism. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Modernism 1890-1930 . Ww1 Wilfred Owen? Harmondsworth: Penguin. 151-161. Of Material Culture? Only of marginal interest for little magazines, but at least Homberger mentions the religion, great influence of little magazines on the New York literary scene (e.g. The Liberator , Smart Set , Others , Glebe , Seven Arts , New Republic , The Freeman , Nation , Masses , The Little Review , The Dail ). Howarth, Herbert.

T.S. Eliot's Criterion : The Editor and His Contributors. Comparative Literature 2: 97-110. Johnson, Abby Arthur. 1973/74. The Politics of definition culture a Literary Magazine: A Study of The Poetry Review , 1912-1972. Journal of and Prejudice toward the Culture of Poverty Modern Literature 3: 951-964. Joost, Nicholas. 1967. Years of Transition: The Dial 1912-1920 . Definition Of Material? Barre, Mass.: Barre Publishers. A detailed study of the of the Industrial Essay, development of The Dial from a rather conventional (literary) magazine to a platform for experimental literature under Scofield Thayer and culture Sibley Watson.

Joost, however, argues that the literature that appeared in the Dial has been overestimated and that more radical magazines such as The Little Review did much more to further modernist writings. Frantz Fanon? Joost, Nicholas Alvin Sullivan. 1970. Of Material? D.H. Lawrence and 'The Dial'. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois UP. A detailed account of Lawrence's involvement with The Dial in in regents university of california the supreme court that the course of his career. A bit too anecdotal at definition of material, times, but still readable. Of The Revolution On Pollution Essay? Kadlec, David. Culture? 1993.

Pound, Blast , and religion of palestine Syndicalism. English Literary History 60.4: 1015-1031. Kadlec argues that the design of BLAST was informed by the development of syndicalist miner's actions in Wales under Tom Mann before WW I. According to him not only the magazine's name is indebted to the worker's movement but also its visual aggressiveness and definition aesthetic militancy. The Effect Revolution On Pollution Essay? He also attributes Pound's radical aesthetics in this period to his interest in syndicalism (introduced to him mainly via A.R. Orage's The New Age ). Kenner, Hugh. 1971. The Pound Era . Definition Of Material? Berkeley: University of California Press. Kenner's book is interesting as an account of Pound's involvement with The New Freewoman / The Egoist - especially if you compare it with more recent studies of in regents university v. bakke, the supreme court ruled that this little magazine. Definition Of Material? It is amazing how Kenner manages to leave out Dora Marsden's entirely! Knight, Melinda. 1996.

Little Magazines and the Emergence of Modernism in in regents university of california v. bakke, the supreme court ruled the Fin de Siècle . American Periodicals 6: 29-45. Definition Culture? Knight convincingly demonstrates that little-magazine culture in America did not begin in in regents of the university of california v. bakke, court ruled 1912 with the definition, appearance of Poetry , The Poetry Journal , The Smart Set and The Masses , but much earlier with fin-de-siècle magazines such as The Chap-Book , M'lle New York , The Fly Leaf , The Lark , The Philistine and others. She argues for Learning Countries Essay a revaluation of these magazines' influence in definition of material the development of modernism. Fanon? Lewis, Wyndham. 1927. Editorial notes: Art and 'Radical' Doctrines. Definition? The Enemy 2: xxiii-xxviii. And Prejudice Toward? Lewis's own 'position taking' in of material culture the literary field.

His editorial mainly consists of a biting critique of transitions and Gertrude Stein's - to Race and Prejudice toward the Culture of Poverty Essay, his mind - negative influence on it. Culture? Implicitly, of of the university v. bakke, court ruled that course, this is culture indicative of his own conception of literature and collar jobs little magazines. Of Material? Lidderdale, Jane Mary Nicholson. 1970. Dear Miss Weaver: Harriet Shaw Weaver, 1876-1961 . London: Faber Faber. About Iago Vs. Moriarty:? A still seminal biography of definition of material culture Harriet Shaw Weaver with a special focus on her role as Joyce's patron. But Lidderdale and Nicholson also touch upon her role as editor of The Effect of the on Pollution Essay The Egoist and publisher of The Egoist Press. Little Magazine. 1997.

Britannica CD: Version 97 . Encyclopaedia Britannica, Inc. A valuable first source of information on little magazines providing a definition, a list of the culture, most prominent British and American little magazines, and in regents of the university v. bakke, the supreme a classification into different periods. MacKendrick, Louis K. 1972. Definition Culture? New Freewoman : A Short Story of Literary Journalism. Frantz Theories? English Literature in Transition 15.3: 180-187. MacKendrick, Louis K.. 1975. T.S. Of Material Culture? Eliot and the Egoist : The Critical Preparation.

Dalhousie Review 55: 140-154. MacShane, Frank. 1961. The English Review . South Atlantic Quarterly 60: 311-320. Marek, Jayne E. 1995. Race Toward The Culture Essay? Women Editing Modernism: Little Magazines and Literary History . Lexington: The UP of Kentucky. A very important feminist contribution to the history of little magazines. Marek tries to show that in the function of publishers and editors more women were involved in the development of definition of material modernism than traditional accounts convey. Race The Culture Essay? The question, however, remains why there were not more women contributors (especially in a British context). With the exception of Bryher, Marek focuses on definition of material, American women editors and publishers (Harriet Monroe, Alice Corbin Henderson, Margaret Anderson, Jane Heap, Bryher, Marianne Moore) and has an of the of california v. bakke, court additional chapter on Ezra Pound's role in little magazine culture.

Marek concentrates on definition, the editors' own writings in their magazines and their personal contacts. She says hardly anything about the set-up of particular issues or the norms and values conveyed in other contributions. Marks, Peter. 1997. Illusion and Reality: the Spectre of Socialist Realism in Iago Thirties Literature Williams, Keith Steven Matthews, eds.

Rewriting the Thirties: Modernism and After . London New York: Longman. 23-36. In his essay on British literature of the 1930s Marks also discusses the role of definition of material little magazines. He distinguishes between left-wing magazines that explicitly engage in the relationship between literature and politics (such as The Left Review , New Signatures , The Adelphi , and Cambridge Left ) and those magazines that are their unpolitical or conservative ( New Verse , The Criterion , Scrutiny ). Of Palestine? Interesting for an analysis of the definition, development of in regents university of california court little magazine culture. Definition Of Material? Martin, Peter A. 1977. The Short Story in England: 1930s Fiction Magazines. Studies in frantz fanon theories Short Fiction 14: 233-240. An account of the role of little magazines ( New Writing , New Stories , Lovat Dickson's Magazine , Penguin Parade ) in the development of definition of material prose writing - especially the define collar, short story - in the 1930s. Martin, Wallace. Of Material? 1967.

The New Age Under Orage: Chapters in English Cultural History . And Prejudice Toward Essay? Manchester: Manchester UP. One of the first studies on the role of the New Age in the modernist period. Martin is a little too enthusiastic in definition culture portraying The New Age as a platform for innovative and fanon experimental authors alongside BLAST and The Egoist (see for example Ferrall 1992b for a more critical evaluation of the definition of material, magazine). Masteller, Richard N. 1997. Using Brancusi: Three Writers, Three Magazines, Three Versions of Modernism. American Art 11.1: 47-66. Materer, Timothy. 1996. Make It Sell! Ezra Pound Advertises Modernism. In: Kevin J.H.

Dettmar Stephen Watt, eds. Race And Prejudice The Culture Of Poverty? Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Of Material Culture? Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press. Of The Industrial Revolution On Pollution? 17-36. Definition Of Material Culture? Materer shows how Pound took over advertising schemes from commodity culture in Mobile Learning in Developing Countries order to make Imagism and Vorticism popular. He thus discloses the allegedly unbridgeable gap between the definition culture, avant-garde and consumer culture as a mere modernist self-stylisation. Frantz Fanon? He demonstrates how Pound used little magazines such as The Egoist , The Little Review and definition of material BLAST for frantz fanon theories his purpose and how these magazines themselves adopted methods from commodity culture advertising. Morrisson, Mark S. 1996. The Myth of the of material culture, Whole: Ford's English Review , The Mercure de France and Early British Modernism. ELH 63: 513-533. Morrisson argues that Ford turned to white collar jobs, France, i.e. the Mercure de France in culture his outline of The English Review because he saw no English equivalent that could bridge the gap between 'high' literary standards and a broad audience.

He wanted neither a typical coterie magazine nor one of the typical mass papers such as the Daily Mail . Morrisson, Mark S. 1997. Marketing British Modernism: The Egoist and Counter-Public Spheres. Twentieth Century Literature 43.4: 439-469. An analysis of the development from The Freewoman as a suffragist magazine to The Egoist as a magazine of the literary avant-garde. Religion Of Palestine? Morrisson shows that this change not only had an of material influence on the readership of the magazine but on advertisers as well. He argues that The Egoist folded up because in contrast to The Freewoman it failed to address a homogeneous audience (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 2001; Thacker 1993). Morrisson, Mark S. 2001. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? The Public Faces of of material culture Modernism: Little Magazines, Audiences, and Reception 1905-1920 . An Argumentative Comparison? Madison: The University of Wisconsin Press. Of Material Culture? A seminal study of little magazines. Morrisson not only gives the typical account of little magazines' central role in ww1 wilfred owen the development of modernism but also analyses their relationship to culture, what he calls the 'public sphere'. He thereby manages to demonstrate convincingly that the alleged gap between mass culture and the avant-garde is not as great as has been posited.

He focuses on four British ( The English Review , Poetry and about Comparison Drama , The Egoist , Blast ) and of material two American ( The Little Review , The Masses ) magazines (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997; Thacker 1993). Munson, Gorham. 1937. How to of palestine, Run a Little Magazine. Definition? The Saturday Review of Race and Prejudice toward the Culture of Poverty Literature 15.22: 3-4, 14, 16-17. A contemporary discussion of culture little magazine culture. Munson interestingly already claims to have noticed a decline of and Race and Prejudice the Culture Essay loss of interest in little magazines as compared with the 1920s. Murphy, Michael. 1996. Culture? 'One Hundred Per Cent Bohemia': Pop Decadence and toward Essay the Aestheticization of Commodity in definition of material the Rise of the Slicks. In: Kevin J.H.

Dettmar Stephen Watt, eds. Marketing Modernism: Self-Promotion, Canonization, Rereading . Ann Arbor: University of Michingan Press. 61-89. Collar? Murphy demonstrates that the connection between commodity culture and of material culture avant-garde culture was much closer than has been previously thought. He uses Vanity Fair to show how quickly commodity culture picked up some of the features of the avant-garde. Not only Mobile in Developing Essay did modernist authors publish in magazines such as Vanity Fair but also the advertisements in these magazines show clear influences of modernist art.

Nelson, Cary. Definition Of Material Culture? 1989. Repression and Recovery: Modern American Poetry and the Politics of Cultural Memory, 1910-1945 . Madison: University of Wisconsin Press. In his study on Essay, American poetry of the first half of the 20th century Nelson also briefly discusses the definition of material culture, role little magazines (including left-wing magazines and magazines of the religion, Harlem Renaissance) played in the publication and, ultimately, canonization of some of the best known authors. He also provides an impressive variety of illustrations from definition culture little magazines. Nelson's canon debate originates in ww1 wilfred owen a Marxist rather than a gender-oriented position, but he discusses some lesser-known women authors, too. Definition Of Material? One great disadvantage is the structure of the The Effect of the, book: Nelson deliberately designed it as one long essay without chapter divisions so that the of material culture, reader is of california v. bakke, the supreme ruled that left with the detective work of deducing from the implicit information given in the course of the study what organisational principle underlies the study. Definition Culture? Pollack, Felix. Mobile Learning Countries Essay? 1976. Of Material? Elitism and the Littleness of Little Magazines. Race And Prejudice Toward? Southwestern Review 61: 297-303.

Pound, Ezra. 1930. Small Magazines. The English Journal 19.9: 689-704. Pound's own position on the role and functions of little magazines. He discusses almost exclusively the definition of material, magazines he was involved with (and, of course, he is define collar jobs very critical of those he has left, such as Poetry ). Of Material? He covers Poetry , The Egoist , The English Review, The Little Review , The Dial , and briefly The Criterion , transatlantic review , and transition . Rainey, Lawrence. And Prejudice Essay? 1989. The price of modernism: reconsidering the publication of The Waste Land . Critical Quarterly 31.4: 21-47. Rainey's seminal first contribution to culture, the discussion of modernism's economic interests. Mobile In Developing Essay? He demonstrates that the question of where to definition of material culture, publish The Waste Land was guided by financial interests. Theories? Eliot ultimately chose the magazine ( The Dial ) that offered the definition culture, most and define collar jobs actually made quite a lot of definition of material culture money.

The modernists' self-stylization as artists who had no interest in about Iago Comparison financial success whatsoever thus has to be modified. Of Material Culture? Rainey, Lawrence. 1997. The real scandal of Ulysses : How literary modernism came to retreat from the in regents of the of california v. bakke, the supreme ruled, public sphere. TLS (January 31): 11-13.

Rainey argues that Sylvia Beach's decision to publish Ulysses was not just a selfless act of support for definition of material culture an avant-garde author, but was guided by financial considerations as well. She consciously chose to publish Ulysses as a deluxe and not as a limited edition. The book thus immediately became a collector's item rather than a book for a limited audience. The attention was diverted from the content to ww1 wilfred, the book as object. Rhondda, Viscountess, Margaret Haig. 1933. This Was My World . Definition Of Material Culture? London: Macmillan. Lady Rhondda's highly interesting autobiography in Learning Countries Essay which she also briefly mentions the foundation and development of Time and Tide . Of Material? Rosenberg, Harold. 1938.

Literature Without Money. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? Direction 1.3: 6-10. A contemporary discussion of the of material, role of owen little magazines in the development of of material culture modernism in Mobile America. Rosenberg stresses that the little magazines often served as a first step in the publication history of an author and that commercial magazines and of material culture publishing houses latched on when they considered her or him financially promising. He notices a difference in reception with regard to the three genres (decidedly less interest in poetry with the ww1 wilfred, commercial publishers). Definition Of Material Culture? Sader, Marion, ed. Of Palestine? 1976. Comprehensive Index to English Language Little Magazines 1890-1970 . Millwood, NY: Kraus-Thomson-Organization. A six-volume author index to over one hundred - mainly American and British - little magazines. The entries include information on works by and about authors who were published in these magazines (interviews, articles, essays, poems, drama, fiction).

Schwartz, Delmore. 1939. The Criterion , 1922-1939. Kenyon Review 1: 437-449. Culture? Selver, Paul. Fanon Theories? 1959. Orage and The New Age Circle: Reminiscences and Reflections . London: Allen Unwin. This is of material more an autobiography than an account of The New Age and Learning in Developing Countries its editor A.R. Of Material Culture? Orage although he tries to improve Orage's reputation with his book. Selver describes his own (rather marginal) function in the magazine. Fanon Theories? His comments on of material, some of the avant-garde authors reflects his own conservative literary values.

Singer, Herman B. Learning In Developing Countries Essay? 1940. Definition Of Material Culture? The Modern Quarterly 1923-1940. Modern Quarterly 11.7: 13-19. A characterisation of Modern Quarterly from a political perspective. Singer focuses on the editor's (V.F. Calverton) position with respect to marxism and the Soviet Union and Essay its influences on the magazine. Definition Culture? He hardly says anything about the literature in Modern Quarterly . The Culture Essay? Spender, Dale. 1984. Time and Tide Wait for definition of material No Man . London etc.: Pandora Press. One of the ww1 wilfred owen, few accounts of Time and Tide . Definition Of Material Culture? Unfortunately Spender concentrates on giving biographical information about the most important (political) contributers (Lady Rhondda, Elizabeth Robins, Rebecca West, Cicely Hamilton, Helena M. Ww1 Wilfred? Swanwick, Winifred Holtby, Very Brittain, and Crystal Eastman) and on reprinting some of their articles.

Apart from naming some of the most prominent authors that appeared in Time and culture Tide she says very little about the magazine's literary contents. Fanon? Sullivan, Alvin, ed. 1984. Definition Of Material? British Literary Magazines: The Victorian and Edwardian Age, 1837-1913 . Westport, Conn. About Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative Comparison? London: Greenwood Press.

To date one of the most important reference work on literary and little magazines. The magazines are arranged in alphabetical order. Definition Of Material? Each magazine is introduced in and Prejudice toward Essay an essay (whose length depends on the assumed importance of the magazines), including bibliographical references, information on publishers, editors, location sources as well as possible indexes and reprint editions, Sullivan, Alvin, ed. 1986. British Literary Magazines: The Modern Age, 1914-1984 . Westport, Conn. Definition Of Material Culture? London: Greenwood Press. To date one of the Essay about Iago Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative, most important reference work on literary and definition little magazines. In Regents Of The V. Bakke, The Supreme Court Ruled That? The magazines are arranged in alphabetical order.

Each magazine is introduced in an essay (whose length depends on the assumed importance of the magazines), including bibliographical references, information on of material, publishers, editors, location sources as well as possible indexes and reprint editions, Symons, Julian. 1967. The Cri. In Regents Of The Of California The Supreme? London Magazine n.s. 7: 19-23. A description of of material culture The Criterion . Symons presents the magazine as an odd combination of ww1 wilfred owen a conservative and overly academic literary criticism and an interest in definition of material culture literary innovation, revealing T.S. Theories? Eliot's own position. This also becomes apparent in of material Eliot's conservative social criticism. Symons notes some of the poetry that was published in The Criterion as remarkable, the ww1 wilfred owen, prose less so and definition culture he complains that some genres such as history and biography were ignored altogether. Tell, Waldo. White Jobs? 1934.

Review of Radical Magazines. Partisan Review 1: 60-63. An early account of a new turn to the left in (American) little magazines of the 1930s. Tell introduces Left Front , The Anvil , Dynamo , and of material culture Blast (not Wyndham Lewis's London magazine of 1913). Thacker, Andrew. White Jobs? 1993. Dora Marsden and The Egoist : 'Our War Is With Words'. English Literature in Transition, 1880-1920 36.2: 178-196. Another attempt to revaluate Marsden's position as editor of The (New)Freewoman / The Egoist and of material culture her role in the development of literary modernism (see also Barash 1989; Clarke 1996; Ferrall 1992a; Morrisson 1997, 2001) Todd, Ruthven.

1939. The Little Review. Define Jobs? Twentieth Century Verse 15/16: 159-162. An early account of The Little Review focusing mainly on definition of material culture, its early years. Todd criticises Margaret Anderson's indiscriminate choice of literature and Race and Prejudice toward of Poverty stresses that her only real 'find' was Ulysses . Definition? He sees the most important improvement of the magazine in Pound's employment as foreign editor.

Trilling, Lionel. 1951. The Function of the of palestine, Little Magazine. Of Material? The Liberal Imagination Essays on Literature and Society . London: Secker and Warburg. 93-103. Originally published as an frantz fanon individual essay in 1946 in culture an anthology on and of The Partisan Review this is another quite early literary-critical account of the function of fanon little magazines, especially with respect to the development of culture modernism. Trilling criticises that the intellectuals of of the v. bakke, his time have lost interest in literature but sees a new hope in politically oriented little magazines such as The Partisan Review . Troy, William. 1930.

The Story of the definition, Little Magazines. The Bookman 70: 476-481, 657-563. Vondeling, Johanna E. 2000. The Manifest Professional: Manifestos and Modernist Legitimation. College Literature 27.2: 127-145. Vondeling's notion of the manifesto is a little too vague, including essays and ww1 wilfred owen programmatic poetry, but she offers an interesting analysis of the of material culture, function of little magazines in an author's self-legitimation. She focuses on Marinetti's Futurist Manifesto, Pound's essays in BLAST , and Loy's Feminist Manifesto and her essay International Psycho-Democracy. Wall, Alan. 1976. Little Magazines: Notes towards a methodology.

In Francis Barker et al., eds. Theories? Literature, Society and the Sociology of Literature (Proccedings of the Essex Conference of the Sociology of Literature). Colchester: University of of material culture Essex. 105-117. Wall provides some genereal sociological reflections from a typical 1970s marxist position on the status of little magazines. His main focus is on The Calendar of Essay an Argumentative Modern Letters , though. In spite of definition Wall's today rather outmoded political stance he offers a valuable attempt to in regents of the university v. bakke, the supreme ruled that, go beyond a mere positivist listing of names of authors, editors and contributors. Whiteley, Mary N.S. 1932.

Shall We Let It Die? The Saturday Review of of material culture Literature 9.2: 19. Race Toward The Culture Essay? A letter to the editor that regrets the imminent death of Harriet Monroe's Poetry . In a retrospective account Whitley stresses the magazine's importance in definition of material the advancement of modernist - especially imagist - poetry. Frantz Fanon? Young, Alan Michael Schmidt. 1973. A Conversation with Edgell Rickword. Definition Culture? Poetry Nation 1: 73-89. Zabel, Morton Dauwen.

1929. The Way of Periodicals. Poetry 34.6: 330-4. A comment on the death of The Dial and The Little Review , which Zabel with amazing foresight also regards as the end of religion a literary-historical era: In going, they open the definition of material culture, way to our next literary period, and so leave with us some of the sensations of suspense we experienced when they first flashed upon the view (1929: 334). Study on the situation of women between the wars. Key words: misogynist trends in owen society, female education as an enclave of emancipation - professions for women, health, leisure, reading, cinema, radio. Images of definition culture Women, influence on ww1 wilfred, women writers. Brantlinger, Patrick. 1996. 'The Bloomsbury Fraction' Versus War and definition of material culture Empire.

In: Carola M. Kaplan Anne B. Simpson, eds. Seeing Double: Revisioning Edwardian and Modernist Literature . New York: St. Martin's Press. 149-167. Buitenhuis, Peter. 1987. The Great War of Words: British, American, and Canadian Propaganda and Fiction, 1914-1933 . The Effect Revolution? Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.

Study on definition of material, war and literature. Key words: established (male) authors, war euphemisms, war propaganda. And Prejudice Of Poverty? Textual material: predominantly pamphlets, but also narrative fiction. Fictional accounts less obvious and stereotypical, more ambivalence (cf. Culture? ch. 8). Buitenhuis distinguishes between two phases: 1st phase - patriotic, glorification of religion war, 2nd phase - less patriotic, critical discussion of definition of material culture war.

Byles, Joan Montgomery. 1985. Women's Experience of World War I: Suffragists, Pacifists and Iago Comparison Poets. Definition Of Material? Women's Studies International Forum 8.5: 473-487. Ww1 Wilfred? Article on definition, the suffrage movement in the context of World War I. Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. pacifist suffragettes.

Example: conflict between Emmeline and Sylvia Pankhurst. Textual material: war poetry by women. Fussell, Paul. 1975. The Great War and Modern Memory . London New York: Oxford. Study on war and modernism.

Details on World War I: major events, the end of the Great War - national ideals vs. reality. Foci: war landscape - depiction of the trenches and actual fighting, enemy territory vs. friendly territory, contrast home front - front, dichotomy of good and evil. Mythicisation and fictionalization of in regents of the university of california v. bakke, the supreme court that war: revival of the cultic, the mystical, the sacrificial, the sacramental and the universally significant. Definition Culture? Speechlessness in the face of terror and its euphemistic verbalisation. The pastoral as a sheltering place of escape. Homoeroticism. Criticism: study is restricted to male authors and toward the Culture of Poverty Essay provides questionable value judgements. Gardiner, Juliet, ed. Definition Of Material? 1993.

Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. The Effect Of The On Pollution? London: Collins Brown. Definition Of Material Culture? Essay collection on literary representations of the New Woman. The Effect Of The Industrial Revolution On Pollution? Analysis is not limited to definition, the genre of the New Woman novel , covers a wide range of Essay about Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and definition of material culture less established writers. (ch. Define Collar? 6: Women's War) Goldman, Dorothy, ed. Culture? 1993. The Effect On Pollution? Women and World War I: The Written Response . Basingstoke: Macmillan. Essay collection on women writers' reactions to World War I. Introduces female authors (not restricted to British ones).

Key words: War from a female perspective, female world of experience. Patriotic vs. Definition? pacifist attitudes. Textual material: poetry (contrast to male war poets) and novels. Of Palestine? Hewitt, Douglas. Culture? 1988. English Fiction of the Early Modern Period, 1890-1940 . Longman Literature in English Series. London, New York: Longman.

Higonnet, Margaret et al., eds. 1987. Behind the ww1 wilfred owen, Lines: Gender and of material culture the Two World Wars . New Haven London: Yale UP. Frantz Fanon Theories? Essay collection on of material culture, gender and frantz theories war. Postulates a gender-specific experience of the World Wars: confirmation of definition of material culture traditional gender roles, yet some change of Race and Prejudice the Culture of Poverty Essay gender consciousness in the field of war occupations such as driver, nurse, factory worker new professions (see Higonnet, Gould, Gubar). Questioning of masculinity through depiction of of material culture war neurosis and mutilation (see Showalter).

Different perspectives and manners of Learning Essay perceiving war: men focus on the dramatic war action, women focus on the long-term effects of the war. (cf. Rebecca West's The Return of the Soldier ). Special role of definition of material culture literature: expresses problems more poignant, yet has little effect on ww1 wilfred, political change. Hynes, Samuel. 1990. A War Imagined: The First World War and English Culture.

London: Bodley Head. Detailed study on culture, the influence of religion of palestine World War I on literature and of material art. Of Palestine? Introduces war as a driving force for of material culture Modernism. Key words: Loss of values. Decadence. Search for university that new forms and contents. War and of material the difficulty of its representation - conventional means do not suffice for adequate representation of war. Of Palestine? Disillusionment (caused by war) leads to of material culture, experimental tendencies in art and literature. Of Palestine? Representation of space is further considered. Captures the time before and after the of material, war in different phases. Criticism: On the whole very informative, also with regards to primary sources, but: unfortunately no bibliography.

Kern, Stephen. 1983. Frantz Fanon Theories? The Culture of Time and Space, 1880-1918 . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. (ch. 11: The Cubist War) Longenbach, James. 1989. The Women and Men of 1914.

In: Helen M. Cooper, Adrienne Auslander Munich Susan Merill Squier, eds. Arms and the Woman: War, Gender, and of material culture Literary Representation . Chapel Hill, London: The University of North Carolina Press. 97-123. Lucas, John. 1997. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? The Radical Twenties. Aspects of Writing, Politics and Culture.

Nottingham: Five Leaves. (ch. 4 on Jazz) Cultural-theoretical study on definition, the 1920s as a time of radical change. Points out several aspects of Iago Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative Comparison society and discusses them in terms of their radicality: Effects of Wold War One on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Of Material? Detailed discussion of about Iago an Argumentative novels (also by female authors). Definition Culture? Considers literary representation of space. Mowat, John Loch. Race And Prejudice Toward Of Poverty Essay? 1955. Britain Between the definition, Wars 1918-1940 . London: Methuen. Nicholls, Peter. 1995. Modernisms: A Literary Guide . London: Macmillan.

Study on the time between the two World Wars: the ww1 wilfred, 'Roaring Twenties' and the social consciousness in the 1930s (socialism, marxism, Spanish civil war, pacifism). Further key words: Fashion (the androgynous style of the flapper), architecture and mass media. Onions, John. 1990. English Fiction and Drama of the Great War, 1918-39. Culture? Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Study on British war fiction. Similar to Hynes (1990), but not as detailed. And Prejudice Toward Of Poverty Essay? Centred on the figure of the hero and likewise the definition of material, anti-hero. Considers comparatively few literary works, most of them established texts. Devaluation of of the of california court ruled that minor works. Definition Culture? Ouditt, Sharon. 1994. And Prejudice Toward Of Poverty Essay? Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and Ideology in the First World War . London New York: Routledge. Study on women and World War I. Starts out definition, focusing on a description of women at work (medical duty, agricultural work, work in in regents university of california v. bakke, the supreme court munitions factories).

Continues to culture, approach the frantz fanon theories, topic by looking at different texts: magazines, autobiographies and novels (partly popular literature). Literature (fictional and non-fictional) is granted a major role in this context. Areas of definition of material discussion: images of women: stereotypical Red Cross Nurse (active role of hero, yet female) - the ordinary housewife at religion, the home front as angel in the house in war literature. Critical reflection on definition, the war and women's roles in The Effect of the Essay postwar fiction. Image of the definition, mother as a preserver of owen life. Feminist pacifism. The shock experience of war and the temporary allocation of of material culture roles as a danger to owen, identity. Discussion of the influence of World War I on society and definition literature as part of modernism.

Quinn, Patrick J., ed. Frantz? 1996. Recharting the Thirties . Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. Of Material Culture? Essay collection on religion, the effects of World War I on definition of material culture, society and particularly on literature. Define White Collar? Considers neglected authors: Irene Rathbone, R.H. Mottram, but also Rosamond Lehmann and Elizabeth Bowen.

Trout, Steven. 1986. R. H. Mottram: The Great War and of material culture Europa's Beast . In: Patrick J. Quinn, ed. Recharting the Thirties. The Effect Of The Revolution On Pollution? Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. 51-63. Tylee, Claire M. 1990. Definition? The Great War and Women's Consciousness: Images of Militarism and Womanhood in in Developing Countries Essay Women's Writings, 1914-64 . Basingstoke London: Macmillan. Definition Of Material Culture? de Vries, Jaqueline. 1994.

Gendering Patriotism: Emmeline and The Effect of the Industrial on Pollution Christabel Pankhurst and World War I. In: Sybil Oldfield, ed. This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and definition Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945. London: Taylor Francis. 75-88. White Jobs? Wilson, Trevor. 1986. The Myriad Faces of War: Britain and the Great War 1914-1918 . Cambridge: Polity Press.

Study on World War I: based upon facts and events. Key words: happenings at culture, the front, the Race and Prejudice the Culture Essay, home front, working situation, job market and definition culture women's participation. Winter, J.M. 1985. White? The Great War and the British People . Basingstoke London: Macmillan. Demographic study on World War I, proceeding from definition culture social history. Key words: war and loss, people's health, standards of living, efforts to increase birthrates, female surplus. Criticism: the study hardly considers women's situations and perspectives.

Zilboorg, Caroline. 1996. And Prejudice Toward Of Poverty? Irene Rathbone: The Great War and Its Aftermath. In: Patrick J. Quinn, ed. Recharting the Thirties. Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP. 64-81.

Berg, Christian, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. Of Material Culture? 1995. The Turn of the Mobile Essay, Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and of material the Arts . Frantz Fanon? Berlin New York: de Gruyter. Bloom, Clive, ed. Definition? 1993. Literature and Culture in Modern Britain. Vol. 1: 1900-1929 . In Regents V. Bakke,? London New York: Longman. Essay collection on definition of material culture, the socio-cultural context of modernism. Focuses on and Prejudice toward Essay, literature and art in their relation to society.

Considers a multitude of aspects: mass culture, literary criticism, poetry, the novel (also: popular fiction), drama, forms of publication, radio, cinema, popular music and fine arts. Booth, Michael R. Definition Of Material Culture? Joel H. Kaplan, eds. 1996. The Edwardian Theatre: Essays on performance and the stage . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Essay collection on fanon, Edwardian theatre. Culture? Focus on the business aspects of theatre: stage, management, critics, audience.

Popular theatre: musical comedy, Music Hall, Variety, suffrage plays, East End popular theatre. Popularity of Cross-dressing: male cross-dressing as misogynist, female as positive (imitating the male accepted norm), general implication: blurring of gender boundaries. Butler, Christopher. 1994. Early Modernism: Literature, Music, and Mobile Learning Essay Painting in of material culture Europe, 1900-1916 . Religion Of Palestine? Oxford: Clarendon Press. Chinitz, David. 1997. Dance, Little Lady': Poets, Flappers, and culture the Gendering of religion of palestine Jazz.

In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach. New York London: Garland Publishing. Of Material Culture? 319-335. Finney, Gail. 1989. Women in Modern Drama: Freud, Feminism, and European Theatre at the Turn of the define white jobs, Century . Ithaca London: Cornell UP.

Gale, Maggie B. Definition Culture? 1996. West End Women: Women and the London stage 1918-1962 . London New York: Routledge. Study on women and the theatre. Describes the significant participation of female authors in the theatrical world between 1918 and fanon theories 1962. Definition Of Material? After winning the vote, women were on the advance in The Effect of the Industrial every sector. Gale addresses women questions, but not from a feminist theoretical background. Topics of interest: profession and of material culture family, working class women, mother role, relationship mother-daughter. White Collar? Griffin, Gabriele. Definition Of Material Culture? 1994.

Becomings as Being: Leonora Carrington's Writings and Paintings 1937-40. Religion Of Palestine? In: Griffin, Gabriele, ed. Difference in of material View: Women and Modernism . London: Taylor and Race and Prejudice toward of Poverty Francis. Holledge, Julie. 1981.

Innocent Flowers: Women in the Edwardian Theatre . London: Virago. Of Material Culture? Hynes, Samuel. 1990. A War Imagined: The First World War and English Culture. London: Bodley Head. Detailed study on the influence of World War I on literature and The Effect of the Industrial Revolution art. Of Material Culture? Introduces war as a driving force for modernism. Key words: Loss of values. Decadence. Search for new forms and of palestine contents.

War and the difficulty of its representation - conventional means do not suffice for an adequate representation of culture war. Ww1 Wilfred? Disillusionment (caused by definition of material culture war) leads to experimental tendencies in religion art and literature. Representation of of material culture space is in Developing further considered. Definition Of Material Culture? Captures the time before and after the white, war in of material different phases. Criticism: On the whole very informative, also with regards to primary sources, but: unfortunately no bibliography. Isaak, Jo Anna. 1986. In Regents Of The University V. Bakke, The Supreme Court? The Ruin of definition of material culture Representation in Modernist Art and Texts . Ann Arbor, Michigan: UMI Research Press. Kahn, Elizabeth Louise.

1997. Engendering the Scandal: The Cubist House and The Effect of the on Pollution the Private Spaces of definition Modernity. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Race And Prejudice Of Poverty Essay? Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 175-198. Kaplan, Joel H. Sheila Stowell. 1994.

Theatre and Fashion: Oscar Wilde to definition, the Suffragettes . The Effect Of The Industrial On Pollution? Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Study on of material, the interrelationship of theatre and fashion: reciprocal influence. Function of Learning showing fashionable women's clothes on stage: attracting and stimulating for audience (except in definition performances of Ibsen or Shaw). Semantic function of dress: social status of Mobile Learning Essay a character and definition its alteration in Mobile in Developing the course of the definition of material culture, play ( Pygmalion ; from flower girl to lady). Symbolization of stereotypes of femininity: Woman as sex object, New Woman and Suffragette emphasize masculine markers (e.g. boots, umbrella) and reject female markers (e.g. skirts, sashes, puffed sleeves) - this is frantz theories true for the stage as well as social reality. Lucas, John. 1997. Definition Culture? The Radical Twenties. Aspects of Writing, Politics and The Effect of the Industrial Revolution Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. Definition? (ch.

4 on Jazz) Study on of palestine, the 1920s as a time of radical change, proceeding from cultural theory. Points out several aspects of culture society and discusses them in religion terms of their radicality: Effects of World War I on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of novels (also by female authors). Lyon, Janet. 1992. Definition Culture? Militant Discourse, Strange Bedfellows: Suffragettes and Vorticists before the War differences: A Journal of Feminist Cultural Studies 4.2: 100-133.

Article on the suffrage movement and developments in art before World War I. Discusses analogies and interactions between militant suffragettes and of the v. bakke, court that radical artists of the definition of material, avant-garde (e.g. vorticists, futurists). Of Palestine? Key words: militancy, iconoclasms, feminist delimitation and self-marginalisation, polarizing tendencies and linguistic unambiguity in feminist pamphlets and manifestos. Plassard, Didier. 1995. Le Théatre de Kandinsky face à l'interpretation.

In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in of material culture Literature and the Arts . Frantz Theories? Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 507-521. Culture? Reynolds, Dee A. 1997. Dancing Free: Women's Movement in theories Early Modern Dance. Definition Of Material Culture? In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. 247-279.

Stevenson, Randall. 1992. Fanon Theories? Modernist Fiction: An Introduction . Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Culture? (ch. 4 on frantz, art) Weisstein, Ulrich. Definition Culture? 1995.

How Useful is the frantz, Term 'Modernism' for definition culture the Interdisciplinary Study of Twentieth-Century Art?. In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in Literature and the Arts . Berlin New York: de Gruyter. Ww1 Wilfred? Yaari, Monique. 1995. Ironies of Modern/Postmodern Art: Duchamp, Margritte, Adami.

In: Christian Berg, Frank Durieux Geert Lernout, eds. The Turn of the Century: Modernism and Modernity in definition culture Literature and the Arts . About Vs. Moriarty: Comparison? Berlin New York: de Gruyter. 537-552. Culture? Zabel, Barbara. The Effect Of The Industrial? 1997. Gendered Still Life: Painting of Still Life in the Machine Age.

In: Lisa Rado, ed. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . Of Material Culture? New York London: Garland Publishing. 229-246. Beddoe, Deirdre. 1989. Jobs? Back to Home and Duty: Women Between the Wars, 1918-1939 . London etc.: Pandora. Definition Of Material Culture? Study on the situation of women between the frantz theories, wars.

Key words: misogynist trends in society, female education as an enclave of definition culture emancipation - professions for women, health, leisure, reading, cinema, radio. Images of Women, influence on women writers. Mobile Countries Essay? Bloom, Clive, ed. Definition Of Material? 1993. Essay About Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative? Literature and Culture in Modern Britain. Vol. Definition Culture? 1: 1900-1929 . London New York: Longman. Essay collection on the socio-cultural context of modernism. Focuses on literature and The Effect on Pollution art in their relation to definition culture, society. Considers a multitude of ww1 wilfred owen aspects: mass culture, literary criticism, poetry, the novel (also: popular fiction), drama, forms of definition publication, radio, cinema, popular music and fine arts. Carey, John.

1992. The Intellectuals and toward of Poverty the Masses: Pride and Prejudice among the culture, Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939. London: Faber Faber. Study on frantz fanon theories, the phenomenon of the masses from the perspective of of material intellectuals. Ww1 Wilfred? Key words: polarization - mass culture vs. literary elite. Revolt of the masses. Rewriting the masses: question of of material culture value judgements, increase in of the on Pollution Essay value.

Cultivation of high intellectual standards as a means of excluding the masses from a reading public. Space: suburbia - housing development, suburbia as a place of the masses. Definition Of Material Culture? Travel: flight from ww1 wilfred civilisation of culture established authors like Robert Byron, Graham Green, Evelyn Waugh. DiBattista, Maria Lucy McDiarmid, eds. 1996. High and Low Moderns: Literature and Culture 1889-1939 . The Effect Of The On Pollution Essay? Oxford: Oxford UP.

Hewett, Angela. 1994. The Great Company of Real Women': Modernist Women Writers and Mass Commercial Culture. In: Lisa Rado, ed. Definition Culture? Rereading Modernism: New Directions in Feminist Criticism . New York London: Garland. 351-372. Of The University Of California The Supreme Court That? Huyssen, Andreas. Of Material Culture? 1986. Of Palestine? After the of material culture, Great Divide: Modernism, Mass Culture, Postmodernism . London: Macmillan.

LeMahieu, D. Collar? L. Of Material Culture? 1988. A Culture for of the on Pollution Democracy: Mass Communication and the Cultivated Mind in Britain between the definition, Wars. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Lucas, John. 1997. The Radical Twenties. Aspects of the Culture Essay Writing, Politics and of material Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. Religion Of Palestine? Study on definition of material culture, the 1920s as a time of radical change, proceeding from cultural theory. Points out several aspects of ww1 wilfred owen society and discusses them in definition of material terms of university v. bakke, ruled that their radicality: Effects of World War I on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals).

Detailed discussion of novels (also by female authors). Culture? Melman, Billie. 1988. Women and the Popular Imagination in The Effect of the on Pollution the Twenties: Flappers and definition of material Nymphs . Define White Jobs? London: Macmillan. Study on images of culture women in the 1920s. Images dominating the public consciousness: flapper and surplus woman. Analysis of a very broad spectrum of popular literature (broad in of the university of california ruled that terms of reception rather than sales figures). Key words: best-seller, serial fiction, book business and magazines.

Rado, Lisa, ed. 1997. Modernism, Gender, And Culture: A Cultural Studies Approach . New York London: Garland Publishing. Heterogenous essay collection. Of Material Culture? Key words: Flaneuse, Striptease, spirituality (moments of being), advertising in popular magazines, Modernist Design, Modern Dance, primitivist and ww1 wilfred matriarchal tendencies ( Herland ), Flappers and Jazz.

Trodd, Anthea 1998. Women Writing in English: Britain 1900 1945. London: Longman. Wicke, Jennifer. 1988. Advertising Fictions: Literature, Advertisement, Social Reading . New York, Columbia UP. Ankum, Katharina von, ed. 1997. Women in the Metropolis: Gender and Modernity in Weimar Culture . Of Material Culture? Berkeley: University of university of california v. bakke, the supreme court ruled California Press.

Barta, Peter I. Definition Culture? 1990. The Treatment of the Mobile in Developing Countries Essay, Fourth Dimension in of material the Modernist City Novel. Of The On Pollution? In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. Definition Culture? 3. München: iudicum. Fanon Theories? 310-315. Study on the modernist city novel . Key words: the fourth dimension, i.e. the representation of space as a major constituent of the integrative text structure.

Space and identity. Becker, Claudia. Definition? 1990. On Pollution? Zur Interiorisierung der Raumsymbolik in der Literatur der Moderne. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Definition Culture? Space and fanon Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the of material culture, XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. Iago Vs. Moriarty: Comparison? München: iudicum. 281-287.

The article deals with modernist tendencies of internalization: depiction of different rooms of the interior (factual and psychological ones). Becker, Sabina. 1993. Urbanität und Moderne: Studien zur Großstadtwahrnehmung in der deutschen Literatur 1900-1930. Definition Of Material Culture? St.

Ingbert: Röhrig. Berghahn, Daniela. In Regents University The Supreme Court Ruled? 1988. Raumdarstellung im englischen Roman der Moderne . Definition? Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Owen? Authoritative text on of material culture, literary representations of space in the avant-gardist modernist novel. Key words: Subjectivity, integration of space in stream of consciousness; selectivity of perception and representation, processes of fragmentarization, montage as technique to depict space; associative spaces; spatial symbolism; interdisciplinary analogies (literature and art: impressionism, cubism); provides an analysis of Henry James The Ambassadors , Joseph Conrad Nostromo , Ford Madox Ford The Good Soldier , D.H.

Lawrence Women in Love , James Joyce Ulysses , E.M. Forster A Passage To India , and Virginia Woolf To the Lighthouse . Boynton, Percy Holmes. 1913. London in Vs. Moriarty: English Literature. Definition Of Material Culture? Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press. (Ch. 10 Contemporary London) Bradbury, Malcolm. 1976. London 1890-1930. In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Of California V. Bakke, The Supreme Court? Modernism. 1890-1930.

Harmondsworth: Penguin. Definition Culture? 172-190. Bronfen, Elisabeth. 1986. Der literarische Raum: Eine Untersuchung am Beispiel von Dorothy M. Richardsons Romanzyklus Pilgrimage. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Study on literary space in religion the work of Dorothy Richardson. Approach: phenomenological (cf. Definition Culture? Ströker and ww1 wilfred owen Hoffmann) and structuralist (cf. Of Material Culture? Lotman). Key words: subjectivity of white spatial perception in streams of culture consciousness. Metaphorical space (additional symbolism) vs. space which can be physically entered. Space and identity. Spatial textual structures.

Carey, John. Of The University The Supreme That? 1992. Definition Of Material Culture? The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939. London: Faber Faber. (Chap. Essay About Iago An Argumentative Comparison? 3 The Suburbs and the Clerks) Study on the phenomenon of the masses from the perspective of definition of material intellectuals. Space: suburbia - housing development, suburbia as a place of the masses. Travel: flight from civilisation of established authors like Robert Byron, Graham Green, Evelyn Waugh. Ecker, Gisela. 1995. On Pollution Essay? Allegorical Gardens of Desire in Modernity: A Gendered Perspective.

In: Susan C. Scott, ed. The Art of Interpreting . University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. 260-292. Allocations of meaning to the garden based on of material, depth psychology. Of Poverty Essay? Gender-specific dimensions of the garden: a place of solitude and expansion of consciousness for women - a place of maternal security for men. Frank, Joseph.

1963. Spatial Form in Modern Literature. In: The Widening Gyre: Crisis and Mastery in Modern Literature . New Brunswick: Rutgers UP. Of Material Culture? 3-63. Article on Mobile in Developing Countries, textual space. Of Material Culture? Textual structures are described with help of spatial metaphors (see also Smitten 1981). Friedman, Susan Stanford.

1996. Spacialization, Narrative Theory, and Virginia Woolf's The Voyage Out . In: Kathy Mezei, ed. Ambiguous Discourse: Feminist Narratology and British Women Writers . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. The Effect On Pollution? 109-136. Article is an example of the notion of text as space. Of Material? Structure of of palestine text and structure of definition communication: intertextual, historical and psychological (semiotic and symbolic) references. And Prejudice Toward The Culture? Fryer, Judith. 1984. Of Material? Women and Space.

The Flowering of Desire. In: Prospects: An Annual of American Cultural Studies : 187-230. Article on Countries, gendered concepts of space in architecture, housing and narrative fiction from the turn of the century up to culture, the 1930s based on social geography. Contains writings on architecture and feminist reform efforts. Gindin, James. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? 1992. British Fiction in the 1930s: The Dispiriting Decade . New York: St. Martin's Press. Study introduces only the well-known texts of the 1930s.

There are several references to definition culture, the literary representation of Mobile Learning space (ex. Rosamond Lehman, Elizabeth Bowen) Hertel, Kirsten. 1997. London zwischen Naturalismus und Moderne: Literarische Perspektiven einer Metropole. Heidelberg: Winter. Keating, Peter. Of Material? 1984. The Metropolis in jobs Literature. In: Anthony Sutcliffe, ed. Definition Of Material Culture? Metropolis 1890-1940. London: Mansell.

129-145. Kern, Stephen. 1983. The Culture of Time and Space 1880 1918 . Define White Collar Jobs? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Culture? Study on modernist concepts of Essay an Argumentative Comparison time and space. Documents historical changes of spatial concepts in modernity.

Key words: Subjectivity, categorisation according to different ways of definition of material perception (visual, acoustic, tactual etc.) Microscopic space. Define White Jobs? Art (cubism, impressionism) and definition culture sculpture. Film (rapid change of pictures and scenes). Toward The Culture Of Poverty Essay? Heterogeneous space. Plurality of of material culture stance, multi-perspectivity. Changes of attitude. Space as designable matter (magnetic fields, architecture, artificial lighting). Expansion and reduction of geographical space (expeditions, public and private transport, aviation). Define Jobs? Urban spaces. Psychoanalysis (mental rooms of the interior, stream of definition culture consciousness). Klarer, Mario.

1995. Simultaneity and Gender in religion of palestine Modernist Discourses. In: Near Encounters. Festschrift für Richard Martin . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Interdisciplinary study on the phenomenon of simultaneity and its implications concerning space and definition culture gender.

Simultaneity as spatially represented in the novel as well as in modernist paintings. Of Palestine? Androgynity as a form of simultaneity. Müller, Lothar. 1988. Die Großstadt als Ort der Moderne: Über Georg Simmel. Definition Of Material Culture? In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed.

Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Of The Industrial On Pollution Essay? Reinbek: Rowohlt. Definition Culture? 14-36. Mobile Learning In Developing? Pike, Burton. 1981. The Image of the definition, City in Modern Literature. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP. Pratt, Annis. 1972.

Women and Learning Countries Nature in Modern Fiction. Comparative Literature 13: 476-490. Of Material? Article on Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative, space and culture nature in theories modern fiction. Definition Culture? Key words: epiphanies in natural settings (especially in Iago Vs. Moriarty: Comparison novels of development), gender-specific differences in the perception of definition culture nature. Sizemore-Wick, Christine. Religion? 1989. Of Material Culture? A Female Vision of the City. Collar? London in the Novels of Five British Women . Knoxville: University of definition of material culture Tennessee Press. Study on the city from a female perspective. In Regents Of The V. Bakke, Court? City can be entered by definition women in v. bakke, ruled that the 20th century. Culture? Provides detailed analysis of novels.

Spencer, Sharon. 1971. Space, Time and Structure in the Modern Novel . Theories? New York: New York UP. Squier, Susan Merill. 1985. Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of the City . Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Stanzel, Franz. 1990. Das Niemandsland in definition of material culture der englischen und deutschen Dichtung. Define? In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Of Material Culture? Space and white collar jobs Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the of material culture, International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. Collar Jobs? 3. München: iudicum. Definition Culture? 219-27. Article on the connecting and separating aspects of Industrial a boundary. Example: no-man's land between the trenches during the First World War in German and English literature. Definition Culture? Voss, Dietmar. Race And Prejudice Toward Essay? 1988.

Die Rückkehr der Flanerie: Versuch über ein Schlüsselphänomen der Moderne. Definition Of Material Culture? In: Klaus R. Essay An Argumentative Comparison? Scherpe, ed. Definition Culture? Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Reinbek: Rowohlt. 37-60. Weightman, Gavin Steve Humphries. In Regents University Court Ruled That? 1984. The Making of Modern London, 1815-1914. London: Sidgwick Jackson.

Wolff Janet. 1985. The Invisible Flaneuse. Of Material? Women and the Literature of Modernity. Theory, Culture and Society 2.3: 37-46. Würzbach, Natascha. in print. Identitätskonstitution durch Raumerleben in der englischen Erzählliteratur des Modernismus.

Theory of Essay about Iago Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative subjectivity and definition of material identity. The significance of space and body for ww1 wilfred owen the pre-linguistic formation of identity. Codes of definition of material culture spatial representation. Gender-specific spatial experience and concepts of frantz theories subjectivity in some modernist novels. Ackroyd, Peter. [2000] 2001. London. Definition Culture? The Biography . Industrial Essay? London: Vintage. Alexander, Sally.

1989. Becoming a Woman in London in of material culture the 1920s and Mobile in Developing Countries 1930s. In: David Feldman Gareth Stedman Jones, eds. Of Material? Metropolis London: Histories and Representations since 1800. London New York: Routledge. 245-271. Alter, Peter.

1993. Of Palestine? Im Banne der Metropolen: Berlin und London in den zwanziger Jahren . Göttingen: Vandenhoeck Ruprecht. Of Material? Alter, Peter. 2000. London in frantz fanon theories der Neuzeit. Definition Of Material Culture? In: Andreas Sohn Hermann Weber, eds.

Haupstädte und Global Cities an the Culture Essay der Schwelle zum 21. Jahrhundert . Bochum: Winkler. 57-79. Ankum, Katharina von, ed. 1997. Women in definition the Metropolis: Gender and Modernity in Weimar Culture . Learning? Berkeley: University of culture California Press. The Supreme Court? Barta, Peter I. Of Material Culture? 1990. The Treatment of the Fourth Dimension in the Modernist City Novel. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the about Vs. Moriarty:, XIIth Congress of the definition, International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum.

310-315. Study on owen, the modernist city novel . Key words: the fourth dimension, i.e. the representation of space as a major constituent of the definition of material culture, integrative text structure. Space and identity. Of The University Of California The Supreme Ruled? Becker, Sabina. 1993. Urbanität und Moderne: Studien zur Großstadtwahrnehmung in definition of material der deutschen Literatur 1900-1930. Industrial Revolution Essay? St. Ingbert: Röhrig.

Boynton, Percy Holmes. Culture? 1913. London in English Literature. Chicago, Ill.: University of frantz fanon Chicago Press. Definition Culture? (Ch. 10 Contemporary London) Bradbury, Malcolm. Of The Of California The Supreme Ruled? 1976. London 1890-1930. Definition? In: Malcolm Bradbury James McFarlane, eds. Religion Of Palestine? Modernism. 1890-1930. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

172-190. Breuner, Michael. 1991. Hunger for Place: Studien zur Raumdarstellung im London-Roman seit 1940 . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Study on culture, the London Novel after 1940. Key words: literary appropriation of the define white collar, city.

Space and subjectivity: subjective perceptions and formations of space (philosophical basis: see Ströker, psychological basis: see Minkowski). Brooks, J.A. 1982. Ghosts of London: The East End, City, and North. Norwich: Jarrold. Carey, John. 1992. Definition? The Intellectuals and the Masses: Pride and The Effect Industrial on Pollution Prejudice among the Literary Intelligentsia 1880-1939. London: Faber Faber. Definition? (Chap. Frantz? 3 The Suburbs and the Clerks) Study on definition of material, the phenomenon of the masses from the perspective of in Developing Countries intellectuals.

Space: suburbia - housing development, suburbia as a place of the culture, masses. Travel: flight from of the Revolution Essay civilisation of definition established authors like Robert Byron, Graham Green, Evelyn Waugh. Drabble, Margaret. 1979. A Writer's Britain: Landscape in Literature.

Photographed by Jorge Lewinski. Religion Of Palestine? London: Thames Hudson. Definition Of Material? Epstein-Nor, Deborah. 1991. The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer. Nineteenth Century Literature 46.3: 351 - 375.

Frisby, David. Religion Of Palestine? 2001. Cityscapes of Modernity: Critical Explorations . Cambridge: Polity Press. Harding, Desmond. 2002. Writing the culture, City: Urban Visions And Literary Modernism . New York: Routledge. Hertel, Kirsten. The Effect Industrial Essay? 1997.

London zwischen Naturalismus und Moderne: Literarische Perspektiven einer Metropole. Heidelberg: Winter. Definition Culture? Keating, Peter. 1984. About Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative Comparison? The Metropolis in Literature. Definition Of Material Culture? In: Anthony Sutcliffe, ed. Metropolis 1890-1940. About? London: Mansell. Of Material? 129-145. And Prejudice Toward The Culture Essay? Kilian, Eveline.

2002. Exploring London. Culture? Walking the City - (Re)Writing the City. In: Hartmut Berghoff, Barbara Korte Ralf Schneider, eds. The Making of Modern Tourism: The Cultural History of the fanon theories, British Experience, 1600 to definition, 2000 . London: Palgrave. 267-283. Iago Comparison? Klotz, Volker. Culture? 1969. Die erzählte Stadt: Ein Sujet als Herausforderung des Romans von Lesage bis Döblin.

München: Hanser. Learning Countries Essay? Kublitz-Kramer, Maria. Of Material Culture? 1995. Frauen auf Straßen: Topographien des Begehrens in Erzähltexten von Gegenwartsautorinnen. München: Fink. Define White Collar? Kursbuch Stadt. Stadtleben und Stadtkultur an culture der Jahrtausendwende. 1999 . Redaktion Stefan Bollmann.

Stuttgart: DVA. Lane, Eric. The Effect Industrial? 1988. A Guide to Literary London. Sawtry, Cambridgeshire: Dedalus. Lefèbvre, Henri. 1972. Definition? Die Revolution der Städte. München: List. Lehan, Richard.

1998. The City in white jobs Literature: An Intellectual and Cultural History . Berkeley: University of California Press. Culture? Mahler, Andreas, ed. 1999. Stadt-Bilder: Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination . Of The Revolution On Pollution Essay? Heidelberg: Winter. Manley, Lawrence. 1995. Literature and Culture in Early Modern London . Cambridge: Cambridge UP.

Marcus, Steven. Of Material? 1987. Of The University Of California The Supreme Court Ruled That? Reading the Illegible. Of Material? Some Modern Representations of Urban Experience. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Race Toward The Culture Of Poverty? Visions of the Modern City: Essays in definition of material culture History, Art, and Literature. Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. 232-256. Milgram, Stanley. In Regents University V. Bakke, Court? 1970.

Das Erleben der Großstadt: Eine psychologische Analyse. Definition Culture? Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie 1: 142-152. Müller, Lothar. The Effect Of The Industrial Revolution? 1988. Die Großstadt als Ort der Moderne: Über Georg Simmel. Definition? In: Klaus R. Collar? Scherpe, ed. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne.

Reinbek: Rowohlt. 14-36. Nord, Deborah Epstein. 1991. The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer. Nineteenth Century Literature 46.3: 351-375. Nowel, Ingrid. Definition Of Material? 1998.

London: Biographie einer Weltstadt - Architektur und Kunst, Geschichte und Literatur. Köln: Dumont. Parson, Deborah L. 2000. Owen? Streetwalking the Metropolis: Women, the City and Modernity. Oxford: Oxford UP. Pfeil, Elisabeth. Culture? 1972.

Großstadtforschung: Entwicklung und gegenwärtiger Stand. Countries? Hannover: Jänecke. Pike, Burton. 1981. The Image of the City in definition of material Modern Literature. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton UP. Punter, David. 1979. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? Blake's Capital Cities.

In: P. Of Material Culture? Weston, ed. London in Literature. London: Roehampton Institute. Owen? 46-72. Scherpe, Klaus R., ed. 1988. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Definition? Reinbek: Rowohlt. Sennett, Richard, ed. 1978. In Regents Of The Of California Court? Classic Essays on the Culture of Cities . New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Sennet, Richard. 1995. Flesh and culture Stone. The Body and owen the City in of material Western Civilization . London: Faber Faber. Shaffer, Elinor S., ed. 1996. Spaces: Cities, Gardens and Wilderness . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Sharpe, William 1986. Feminizing the Urban World. Urban Resources . Ww1 Wilfred? 3.2: 55-57.

Sharpe, William Leonard Wallock. 1987. From 'Great Town' to of material culture, 'Nonplace Urban Realm': Reading the Modern City. In: William Sharpe und Leonard Wallock, Hgg. Visions of the Modern City. Essays in History, Art, and of the Industrial on Pollution Literature.

Baltimore/London: Johns Hopkins UP. Of Material Culture? 1-51. Fanon? Sharpe, William Leonard Wallock. 1987. From 'Great Town' to 'Nonplace Urban Realm': Reading the Modern City. Of Material? In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Visions of the Modern City: Essays in ww1 wilfred owen History, Art, and Literature. Definition Of Material Culture? Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. 1-51.

Sizemore-Wick, Christine. 1989. A Female Vision of the of the university v. bakke, the supreme ruled that, City: London in definition the Novels of Five British Women . Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. Study on the city from a female perspective. Vs. Moriarty: Comparison? City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of novels. Smuda, Manfred, ed.

1992. Die Großstadt als Text . München: Wilhelm Fink. Squier, Susan Merrill, ed. 1984. Women Writers and definition of material culture the City: Essays in Feminist Literary Criticism . Knoxville. University of define white Tennessee Press. Squier, Susan Merill.

1985. Virginia Woolf and London: The Sexual Politics of the City. Chapel Hill London: The University of North Carolina Press. (Ch. 5 The Carnival and Funeral of Mrs Dalloway's London) Sutcliffe, Anthony, ed. 1984. Definition Culture? Metropolis 1890-1940. London: Mansell. Timms, Edward David Kelley, eds. 1985. Unreal City: Urban Experience in Modern European Literature and of palestine Art.

Manchester: Manchester UP. Of Material? Twyning, John. 1998. London Dispossess: Literature and Social Space in the Early Modern City. Basingstoke: Macmillan. Voss, Dietmar. Define Collar Jobs? 1988. Die Rückkehr der Flanerie: Versuch über ein Schlüsselphänomen der Moderne. In: Klaus R. Scherpe, ed. Die Unwirklichkeit der Städte: Großstadtdarstellung zwischen Moderne und Postmoderne. Reinbek: Rowohlt.

37-60. Weigel, Sigrid. 1990. 'Die Städte sind weiblich und nur als Sieger hold': Zur Funktion des Weiblichen in definition Gründungsmythen und Städtedarstellungen. In: Sigrid Weigel, ed. Topographien der Geschlechter. Mobile Learning Essay? Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt. 149-189.

Weightman, Gavin Steve Humphries. 1984. The Making of Modern London, 1815-1914. London: Sidgwick Jackson. Weightman, Gavin Steve Humphries. 1984. Definition Of Material Culture? The Making of Modern London, 1914-1939. London: Sidgwick Jackson. Race And Prejudice The Culture Of Poverty? Weinreb, Ben Christopher Hibbert.

1983. The London Encyclopaedia. London: Macmillan. Wilson, Elizabeth. 1991. Culture? The Sphinx in Race toward of Poverty the City: Urban Life, the Control of Disorder, and Women . London: Virago. Definition? Wolff Janet. Frantz Fanon? 1985. The Invisible Flaneuse. Women and the Literature of Modernity.

Theory, Culture and definition Society 2.3: 37-46. Bausinger, Hermann et al., eds. 1991. Reisekultur: Von der Pilgerfahrt zum modernen Tourismus . München: Beck. Berghoff, Hartmut, Barbara Korte Ralf Schneider, eds. 2002. The Making of Essay Vs. Moriarty: Modern Tourism: The Cultural History of the British Experience, 1600 to 2000 . Culture? London: Palgrave. Blake, Susan L. 1990. A Woman's Trek: What Difference Does Gender Make? Women's Studies International Forum 13.4: 347-353.

Birkett, Dea. 1989. Spinsters Abroad: Victorian Lady Explorers . Oxford: Blackwell. Black, Jeremy. 1985. The British and the Grand Tour . The Effect Revolution On Pollution? London: Croom Helm. Blunt, Elison Gillian Rose, eds. 1994. Writing Women and Space: Colonial and Postcolonial Geographies . New York: The Guilford Press. Collection of essays on ethnological and geographical issues. Theoretical background: postcolonial studies, gender studies, discourse theory, and of material culture constructivism.

Premiss: the Mobile Essay, white, middle-class subject constructs other cultures from a privileged and relatively uncritical stance. Female living spaces: social mapping paves the way for social and culture political orientation, territorial dissociation. Fight against imperialism and The Effect Industrial on Pollution gender-specific oppression. Articles on: Mary Kingsley's perspective on landscape, geographical spaces such as Australia, Western Africa, Ireland. Bode, Christoph, ed. 1997. West Meets East: Klassiker der britischen Orient-Reiseliteratur . Heidelberg: Winter.

Brendon, Piers. Definition Culture? 1991. Thomas Cook: 150 Years of Popular Tourism . Religion? London: Secker Warburg. Brenner, Peter J., ed. 1989. Der Reisebericht: Die Entwicklung einer Gattung in der deutschen Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Of Material? Articles on the history of German travel literature.

Introduction considers basic issues: perception of the foreign through patterns of the (kn)own. Perception is of palestine influenced by emotions: stimulation, rejection, amazement. Quality of travel experience ranges from of material dissociation to Mobile Countries, identification. Change of the German travel report relative to the changes in the philosophical conception of the world (homogeneity or heterogeneity of the world). Brenner, Peter J. 1989. Die Erfahrung der Fremde: Zur Entwicklung einer Wahrnehmungsform in der Geschichte des Reiseberichts. Definition Of Material? In: Peter J. Brenner, ed. Der Reisebericht: Die Entwicklung einer Gattung in der deutschen Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. 14-49. Burkart, Arthur J. Slavoj Medlik.

1974. Tourism: Past, Present, and Future . London: Heinemann. Buzard, James. 1993. And Prejudice Toward The Culture Of Poverty Essay? The Beaten Track: European Tourism, Literature, and definition the Ways to Culture, 1800 - 1918 . Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Seminal study on the definition and history of tourism. Define White Collar? Critically assesses the culture, traveller vs. tourist dichotomy . Tourism is religion of palestine approached in culture a differentiated manner weighing the of palestine, following aspects: tourism as phenomenon of the masses, processes of stereotyping the foreign, selection and assessment of tourist attractions, alleged authenticity, convenience and enhancement of infrastructure, the hierarchical structure of home culture vs. foreign culture, relaxation and definition flight from civilisation, democratisation of about Vs. Moriarty: Comparison travelling, antitourism ( off the beaten track ). Textual sources: travel reports, tourist guides, literary texts, documents on economic aspects of tourism. Chard, Chloe. 1999. Pleasure and Guilt on the Grand Tour: Travel Writing and Imaginative Geography 1600-1890 . Manchester: Manchester UP. Cocker, Mark. 1992. Definition Of Material? Loneliness and white collar Time: British Travel Writing in the Twentieth Century . London: Secker Warburg. Definition Of Material Culture? Study exclusively deals with white, middle-class, imperialistic, male authors. Uncritical stylisation of the of the court ruled that, male traveller as a hero (alleged male characteristics: self-discipline, survival in of material the face of danger, suppression of emotions, 'the lone wolf', self-sufficiency). Claims travel literature to The Effect Industrial Revolution on Pollution Essay, be factual.

Cocker's arguments are not very well organised, nor up to the current state of research. Nevertheless, a useful source for definition culture male travel reports. Define White? Culler, Jonathan. 1988. Of Material Culture? The Semiotics of Tourism. Industrial Revolution On Pollution? In: Jonathan Culler, ed. Definition Of Material? Framing the Sign: Criticism and Its Institutions . Oxford: Blackwell. 153-167. Article describes tourism as a semiotic system of Essay about an Argumentative stereotypization. Definition Of Material? Emphasises the fact that tourist attractions and souvenirs are semiotically communicated, i.e. they are signifiers serving the satisfaction of certain desires. Discusses this representative function of tourism from a Barthesian perspective, sees the availability of tourism as a commercial product.

Thesis: semiotic processes of tourism turn the world into an accumulation of travel destinations. Essay Iago Comparison? Dodd, Philip. Definition Culture? 1982. Race Toward Essay? The Views of Travellers: Travel writing in the 1930s. Prose Studies 5.1 (Special Issue The Art of definition of material culture Travel: Essays on and Prejudice toward of Poverty, Travel Writing ): 127-138. Dodd analyses the definition of material culture, traveller's/the narrator's attitude towards the travelled places as the most important structural component of the text. Religion Of Palestine? In general, the attitudes mirror the of material, culturally given standards; personal interests also come into the play: e.g. nostalgic childhood memories ( home tour ), social interests etc. Dodd discusses texts by Greene, Muir, Orwell, Priestley. In Regents Of The University Court? Foster, Shirley. 1990.

Nineteenth Century Women Tavellers and Their Writings . New York: Harvester Wheatsheaf. The study predominantly deals with female English travellers/travel writers of the 19th century. It is structured according to areas of destination (Italy, North-America, Far East) documenting the travellers' different attitudes towards the respective countries. Introductory chapter is of fundamental relevance for theories and histories of female travelling. The following aspects are given detailed treatment: breaking away from social conventions and confining norms, the double bind of the female traveller and culture her difficulties as a woman due to male prejudice. Female travellers as exceptional women: acquisition of stereotypically male characteristics, emancipated behaviour (positive evaluation, depicted in an almost panegyric manner). Mixture of male and female conventions of writing: topography, economic aspects, male activity vs. Religion Of Palestine? female aesthetics of landscape, female living spaces; objectivity, factual information vs. emotionalised information, expression of subjectivity and self-analysis, practising dominance vs. opening up to the foreign culture and showing a readiness to integrate. Foucault, Michel.

1992. Definition Of Material? Andere Räume. In: Karlheinz Bark et al., eds. Frantz Fanon Theories? Aisthesis: Wahrnehmung heute oder Perspektiven einer anderen Ästhetik . Leipzig: Reclam: 34-46. Foulke, Robert. 1992. The Guide Book Industry. Of Material? In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. 93-106.

Essay on the genre of the ww1 wilfred owen, travel-guide: the travel-guide as the definition of material, sole source for mass-tourists, the best-selling subgenre within travel literature. Distinction between predominantly factual-informative and The Effect Industrial on Pollution Essay other, more personally oriented, guides. Criteria for evaluation: travel-guides have to culture, be up to date, affordable, handy, and respectable. Of Palestine? Content: sights and practical hints (means of transportation, hotels, restaurants, food, clothing). Early travel handbooks in the 19th century are above all educational ( Grand tour ). Of Material Culture? Three different treatments of Bath demonstrate how travel-guides differ (in terms of of palestine selection, representation, or evaluation of the place). Definition? Frederick, Bonnie Susan H. McLeod, eds.

1993. Women and the Journey: The Female Travel Experience . Pullman, Washington: Washington State UP. Essay collection on women and Race of Poverty Essay travelling. Of Material? Introduction discusses fundamental issues: women's motivations for travelling (liberation from the confining domestic shelter, transgression of boundaries), special risks for in Developing Essay women, self-development, women's difficulties in of material culture finding a balance between the demands and conventions of home on define white collar jobs, the one hand and the freedom of travelling on the other hand. Of Material? The individual contributions deal with examples of women travellers, focusing on their encounters with women of other ethnicities and questions of sex, race and class. Define? The representation of female travelling in literary texts is also considered: the female quest plot seems to allow no happy ending for female characters (either return to restrictive patriarchal structures at home or emigration to a foreign country). Fussell, Paul. 1980. Abroad: British Literary Travelling Between the Wars . Oxford: Oxford UP. Early authoritative text on of material culture, travel literature. Collar Jobs? Deals exclusively with traditional male travel literature written between the wars (summaries, biographical details).

Authors discussed are: Robert Byron, Norman Douglas, Graham Greene, D.H. Lawrence, Evelyn Waugh. Aspects of analysis: major need to travel in post-war society, boom of travel literature, introduction of definition of material passports, awareness of national borders. Race And Prejudice Toward The Culture Essay? Travel vs. tourism, the latter strongly deprecated. Questionable categorisation of of material travel periods: exploration (Renaissance), travel (age of the religion, bourgeoisie), tourism (proletarian age). Definition? Fussell's study is of rather restricted use for information on about an Argumentative Comparison, travel literature. Fussell, Paul. Definition Of Material Culture? 1992.

Travel and the British Literary Imagination of the Twenties and Thirties. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of ww1 wilfred Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. Of Material? 71-92. Ghose, Indira.

1998. Women Travellers in about Colonial India: The Power of the Female Gaze . Oxford: Oxford UP. Postcolonial-deconstructionist and definition culture feminist study on India. Ghose's study aims at uncovering ideologies. Shows women as doubly colonised. In Regents Of The University Court Ruled? Women's subversive refusal of the colonial discourse, female quest for identity. Questions of definition of material ethnic difference and multi-culturalism. Contemplation of the Other serves self-definition (confirmation of the Self through reduction of the Other). The rational subject of Mobile Countries Essay European Enlightenment as the standard of evaluation. Culture? Textual sources: 19th-century travel literature of in regents of the the supreme British women depicting different images of of material Indian women. The female perspective of women travellers is influenced by aspects of in regents of california the supreme that race, class and gender.

They seem to have taken over male positions of definition of material culture epistemological superiority, of voyeurs or spies. This is frantz fanon theories also evident in definition of material culture the description of landscape following the and Prejudice toward the Culture of Poverty, aesthetic conventions of the picturesque. Henderson, Heather. 1992. The Travel Writer and of material the Text: My Giant Goes with Me Wherever I Go. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. In Regents University The Supreme Ruled That? 230-240. Henderson demonstrates the intertextuality of travel literature on the basis of definition several examples.

Literary and cultural influences determined the fanon theories, perception and style of travel writers: stereotypes, prejudices, historical and literary knowledge, former travel reports. Impossibility of a direct access to the reality of the travelled country. Subjective experiences of the traveller as another element of mediating reality. Hindley, Geoffrey. Of Material? 1983. Tourists, Travellers, and Pilgrims . London: Hutchinson.

Hunter, Jefferson. Define White Collar Jobs? 1982. Edwardian Fiction . Cambridge, Ma. Definition Culture? London: Harvard UP. Study on the Edwardian novel . About Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative Comparison? Discusses predominantly male authors (only Woolf and definition Vita Sackville West are mentioned). Key words: Formal aspects (continuity and Mobile in Developing change). Depiction of culture social problems.

Best-sellers (do not account for define white jobs the particular character of the definition of material culture, epoch). Travel literature as a means of escaping into the exotic. Imperialism. Debate on ww1 wilfred, identity. The English country mansion as a topos. Criticism: Tendency towards superficial judgements. Ingemanson, Brigitta Maria. Definition? 1993.

Under Cover: The Paradox of the supreme court ruled that Victorian Women's Travel Costume. Of Material? In: Bonnie Frederick Susan H. McLeod, eds. Women and Race toward Essay the Journey: The Female Travel Experience . Pullman, Washington: Washington State UP. 5-24. The essay shows how women travellers of the definition culture, Victorian and define Edwardian period endeavoured to dress and definition act according to conventional norms of femininity.

This caused considerable difficulties for women: mountaineering with crinoline and frantz Alpenstock . Culture? Dressing according to religion of palestine, male dress codes was perceived as a loss of identity by most women up to the 20th century. Definition Culture? Jost, Herbert. 1989. Of Poverty? Selbst-Verwirklichung und Seelensuche: Zur Bedeutung des Reiseberichts im Zeitalter des Massentourismus. In: Peter J. Definition Of Material? Brenner, ed. Der Reisebericht: Die Entwicklung einer Gattung in der deutschen Literatur . Essay About Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative? Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. 490-507. Definition Of Material Culture? Kohl, Stephan. 1990.

Travel Literature and the Art of Self-Invention. White Collar Jobs? In: Rüdiger Ahrens, ed. Of Material Culture? Anglistentag 1989 Würzburg: Proceedings . In Regents University That? Tübingen: Niemeyer. Korte, Barbara. Of Material? 1996. Frantz Theories? Der englische Reisebericht: Von der Pilgerfahrt bis zur Postmoderne . Darmstadt: WBG. Of Material Culture? Study on the history of travel literature in England; attempts a systematic description of the genre. Key words: genre hybridity and openness, relation of fact and fiction, narrative components, subject-object relation.

Marginally, Korte also considers travel literature by women authors. Distinguishes different motivations for travelling and define collar different forms of travel reports: pilgrimage (spiritual salvation), voyages of discovery (trade routes, map-making, exotic merchandise, conquest), expedition (scientific and nautical discoveries), Grand tour (identity formation, sights, sexual adventures), Home tour (getting to definition culture, know one's own country, questions of and Prejudice the Culture national identity and nationalism), subjectivity, experimental forms of travel literature in the 1930s (personal experience, civilisation critique), development of tourism (relaxation, security, comfort, sights), intertextual play with travel reports in definition culture postmodernism. Owen? Kowalewski, Michael, ed. 1992. Definition? Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of in regents of the of california Travel . Athens: The University of definition of material Georgia Press. The contributions to this essay collection are quite heterogeneous with respect to content and quality, they are separately listed and annotated under the The Effect Revolution, names of the definition culture, respective authors (see Rober Foulke, Heather Henderson, Mary Morris). The following aspects are mentioned in ww1 wilfred owen the editor's foreword: emphasis of the newly awakened interest in of material travel literature; hybridity of the genre (mixture of autobiography, journalism, travel guide, confessional literature, and novel); curiosity and Race the Culture of Poverty Essay desire for of material independence as travel motivations; subjectivity of travel impressions. Lawrence, Karen L. 1994.

Penelope Voyages: Women and ww1 wilfred owen Travel in the British Literary Tradition . Cornell: Cornell UP. Semiotic-psychoanalytic approach to of material, interpreting travel literature and frantz theories novels calling upon mythical constructions. Lawrence asks the hypothetical question: What happens if Penelope no longer waits for Odysseus but begins to travel herself? Thesis: it is the traditional exclusion of women from travelling that brings about the male travel plot. Lawrence argues on the basis of psychoanalytic theorems: Freud's association of the definition, uncanny with the frantz theories, stranger and the mother suggests the male traveller's ambivalent search for of material culture the maternal/original safety. The Effect Industrial Revolution On Pollution Essay? Travelling enabled women to definition, penetrate new spaces, experiencing the toward, tension between the definition of material culture, familiar and the strange. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? The flexibility of the genre of travel literature opened up opportunities for definition of material culture women, even the religion of palestine, process of writing became a kind of definition of material culture travel adventure, a breaking away from male (literary) conventions. Lawrence illustrates that the of palestine, signifier 'travel' can denote various signifieds.

Postulates differences between male and culture female conventions of writing and behaviour, provides evidence from a number of texts (Mary Kingsley and Mobile Learning in Developing Essay Sarah Lee among others). Lobsien, Eckhard. 1981. Landschaft in definition culture Texten: Zur Geschichte und Phänomenologie der literarischen Beschreibung . Stuttgart: Metzler. Lutwack, Leonard. 1984. Learning In Developing Countries Essay? The Role of Place in of material culture Literature . New York: Syracuse UP. MacCannell, Dean.

1976. Fanon? [1999] The Tourist: A New Theory of the Leisure Class . New York: Schocken Books. Structuralist-semiotic study on tourism. Definition? MacCannell sees the tourist as a prototype of the white collar jobs, modern human being (hunger for adventure, need for culture leisure time, superficiality). Sights are signifiers to which different signifieds can be assigned; they acquire a representative function. Authenticity of sights is produced and serially reproduced in of palestine the souvenir. Process of of material culture semantisation: sacrilization, framing and elevation, mechanical reproduction. Wide spectrum of tourist attractions: museums, parks, historical buildings, residential areas (e.g.

Beverley Hills), shipyards, slums, garbage dumps (examples of the fanon theories, negative sides of culture tourism), ways of in regents of the university v. bakke, the supreme court transport (tunnels, canals, bridges), business quarters, markets, population groups (e.g. Amish people). Melchett, Sonia 1991. Definition? Passionate Quests: Five Modern Women Travellers . London. Heinemann. Mersmann, Arndt. 2000. Of The Industrial Essay? Novel Topographies: A Spatial Reading of Sybil. Definition Of Material Culture? In: Joachim Frenk, ed.

Spatial Change in English Literature . Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. Disraeli's novel serves as an example for illustrating the new experiences of space created by religion the possibility of railroad travelling (the account is culture based on Schivelbusch 1977, see below). Key words: mobility, speed, transportation of goods, communication, overcoming of distances, changes of landscape, gaining knowledge of different social areas. Mills, Sara. 1991. Discourses of Difference: An Analysis of frantz fanon theories Women's Travel Writing and Colonialism . London: Routledge. Of Material? One of the first studies focusing on postcolonial issues from a feminist perspective (see also Ghose 1998). Extensive methodological reflections on the discourse-theoretical approach (Foucault).

Mills emphasises that travelling women should - just as men - be viewed in the context of an imperialist ideology, yet they deal with it differently ( double-voiced discourse ). Mills provides a research report on travel literature and remarks on the previous neglect of female travellers. There are three case studies: Mary Kingsley, Alexandra David-Neel, Nina Mazuchelli. Morris, Mary. 1992. Race And Prejudice The Culture Of Poverty? Women and Journeys: Inner and Outer. In: Michael Kowalewski, ed. Temperamental Journeys: Essays on the Modern Literature of Travel . Athens: The University of Georgia Press. 25-32.

Morris characterises female travelling and travel writing from of material culture her own perspective. Two types of white collar jobs travel plots are possible for women authors: either waiting for the stranger at home or searching for the strange abroad. Morris discusses women's inclination to of material, enter a dialogic relationship with the foreign country, to bring in about Vs. Moriarty: Comparison their own perception. Women prefer travelling in company, they are often in need of male protection. On the whole the study draws a somewhat simplistic picture of travelling women. Pelz, Annegret. 1993. Definition Of Material? Reisen durch die eigene Fremde: Reiseliteratur von Frauen als autobiographische Schriften . Köln: Böhlau. Pfister, Manfred. 1993.

Intertextuelles Reisen, oder: Der Reisebericht als Intertext. In: Herbert Foltinek, Wolfgang Riehle Waldemar Zacharasiewicz, eds. Of The Of California V. Bakke, Court That? Tales and 'their telling difference': Zur Theorie und Geschichte der Narrativik . Festschrift Franz K. Stanzel. Heidelberg: Winter. Of Material? The article refutes the myth of theories authenticity and shows the manifold intertextual networks of travel literature. Typology of intertextuality in travel literature. Repressed and definition of material culture negated intertextuality (blurring of intertextual tracks; search for new, non-verbalised spaces), compiled intertextuality (excerpting travel guides and reports), homage paying intertextuality (visiting cult-places and Race and Prejudice of Poverty Essay quoting authorities), dialogic function of definition culture intertextuality (discussion of Comparison former travel traditions). Pfister, Manfred Indira Ghose. 1996. Of Material Culture? Still Going Strong: The Loneliness of the Mobile Countries, Long Distance Traveller in definition of material culture Modern Travel Writing. Journal for the Study of British Culture 3.2: 149-163.

Pratt, Marie Louise. Of The The Supreme Ruled That? 1992. Imperial Eyes: Travel Writing and Transculturation . Definition Culture? London: Routledge. Race Of Poverty? Postcolonial approach. Deals with travel literature on South America and Africa 1750-1980. Of Material? Shows different types of relations between two cultures: co-presence ( contact zone ), dominance of the conqueror's perspective ( colonial frontier ), seemingly innocent stance of the conqueror ( anti-conquest ), assimilation of the ww1 wilfred owen, conquered ( autoethnographic ). An imperialistic attitude of conquest can also be expressed within Europe, e.g. through arrogance towards the stranger or through mental appropriation.

Pratt includes rhetorical devices of imperialistic tendencies in of material travel literature: epithets and similes referring to in regents of the of california court ruled, the traveller's own country, aesthetisation of landscape according to native categories, elevated position with panoramic view, self-revaluation caused by definition a joy for discovery, exploiting the knowledge of the native guide. Of California Court That? Quadflieg, Helga. Of Material Culture? 2000. Kleine Fluchten: Isabella Bird und ihre Reisen nach Amerika. Mobile Learning Essay? In: Querelles: Jahrbuch für Frauenforschung 2000. (Vol. Definition Of Material Culture? 5: Grenzgängerinnen des moralischen Geschlechts ). Stuttgart: Metzler. 110-123. A case study of some of Isabella Bird's travel writings. Illustrates the double bind of the of the Revolution on Pollution, female traveller in the 19th and the beginning of the definition culture, 20th century: tension between conventionality and freedom, affirmation and frantz fanon theories subversion of existing norms (see also Forster 1990: Frederick, ed.

1991). Robinson, Jane. Definition Culture? 1990. Wayward Women: A Guide to Women Travellers . Oxford: Oxford UP. And Prejudice Of Poverty? A bibliography of definition culture women's travel writing listing approx. 400 authors. Entries contain brief biographical sketches, key words and synopses. Race And Prejudice The Culture Of Poverty Essay? Robinson provides bibliographical access to definition of material, a comprehensive corpus of in regents of the of california v. bakke, court ruled that texts, and culture thereby enables further research on female travel literature. Russel, Mary. [1986] 1996. The Blessings of of palestine a Good Thick Skirt: Women Travellers and culture Their World. And Prejudice Essay? London: Flamingo.

Said, Edward. 1983. Culture? Orientalism . Religion Of Palestine? New York: Random House. Schabert, Ina. 1997. Reisebücher: Die Frau in der Fremde. In: Ina Schabert. Englische Literaturgeschichte aus der Sicht der Geschlechterforschung . Definition Of Material? Stuttgart: Kröner. 589-597.

Schäffter, Ortfried, ed. 1991. Das Fremde: Erfahrungsmöglichkeiten zwischen Faszination und Bedrohung . Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. Schaff, Barbara. 1999. Gendered Cities: Italienische Städte im Blick britischer Reisender. In: Andreas Mahler, ed. Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination . Heidelberg: Winter. 173-196. Ww1 Wilfred? Schaff discusses the textuality of cities and their literary representation with respect to the different perspectives of of material culture male and female authors/characters. Examples: phallic conception of Florence as cultural space of Mobile Learning in Developing Essay masculinity (Lawrence), Venice as art-trophy (Ruskin) or as embodiment of the archetypal mother (Byron); Rome as unapproachable (for Dorothea in Middlemarch ), or as a symbol of definition triumphant conquest (Felicia Hemans).

Schivelbusch, Wolfgang. Define? 1977. Geschichte der Eisenbahnreise. Zur Industrialisierung von Raum und Zeit im 19. Jahrhundert. Frankfurt/M: Fischer. Authoritative study on travelling by railroad. Focuses on: development of definition culture railway traffic in England, on the continent and in North America; the railroad's peculiarities as a means of public transport and merchandise transportation; the Essay Iago Vs. Moriarty:, change of the definition, experience of space and in regents of the the supreme court that time; economic, social and cultural aspects; Schivelbusch presents a (somewhat one-sided) critique of definition civilisation (alienation from Essay about Iago an Argumentative nature).

Schülting, Sabine. Definition Of Material Culture? 1997. Wilde Frauen, Femde Welten: Kolonisierungsgeschichten aus Amerika . Reinbek: Rowohlt. Define Collar? Stannard, Martin. 1982. Debunking the definition of material, Jungle: The Context of Evelyn Waugh's Travel Books 1930-9. Prose Studies 5.1 (Special Issue The Art of Travel: Essays on Travel Writing ): 105-126. Stevenson, Catherine Barnes. 1982. Victorian Women Travel Writers in Africa . Learning In Developing? Boston: Twayne.

Schwarze, Hans-Wilhelm. 1982. Ereignisse, Zeit und Raum, Sprechsituationen in of material culture narrativen Texten. About An Argumentative Comparison? In: Hans-Werner Ludwig, ed. Arbeitsbuch Romananalyse: Eine Einführung . Tübingen: Narr. 145-188. [esp. 170-174] Tinling, Marion.

1989. Culture? Woman into the Unknown: A Sourcebook on Women Explorers and Travelers . New York: Greenwood Press. Learning Countries Essay? Veit, Karin. 1997. Definition Of Material? Journey and in Developing Gender - Diversity of Travel Writing. In: Susanne Fender, ed. Feminist Contributions to culture, the Literary Canon: Setting Standards of Taste . Leviston, N.Y.: Edwin Mellen Press.

107-138. Veit examines gender-specific aspects of travelling and Iago Vs. Moriarty: Comparison travel writing. Cites examples of definition culture women writers blurring the gender boundaries, i.e. exemplary travel texts depicting women who break away from their conventional female role. Toward The Culture Essay? Examples of definition of material gender-specific discourses: the journey of Ella Maillart and Peter Fleming from white collar Peking through the Chinese province Sianking to Cashmere is of material culture told in university of california v. bakke, court ruled that two different texts (1936) representing a female and a male version; further examples are the two journeys to definition of material, Russia undertaken by ww1 wilfred owen Susan Richards and Christopher Hope at the same time (1990). Culture? Veit's analysis confirms gender stereotypes, but also illustrates the double-voiced discourse of female travellers in their writings.

Würzbach, Natascha. Essay About Comparison? 2001. Definition? Erzählter Raum: fiktionaler Baustein, kultureller Sinnträger, Ausdruck der Geschlechterordnung. In: Jörg Helbig, ed. Erzählen und Erzähltheorie im 20. Jahrhundert: Festschrift für Wilhelm Füger . Heidelberg: Winter. Collar Jobs? 105-129. Definition Culture? Article covers the of california the supreme ruled that, state of research on the phenomenon of definition culture literary space. Approaches: narratology, phenomenology, psychoanalysis, social geography, structuralism, semiotics of culture, deconstruction, cultural history, and frantz gender studies.

Introduces categories of definition culture conceptions and ww1 wilfred typologies of space. Points of special consideration: semantization of space, reference to culture, the subject, the body, movement in space and its function as a reader's guide. Provides literary examples. Essay collection on the socio-cultural context of modernism. Focuses on literature and art in their relation to society.

Considers a multitude of aspects: mass culture, literary criticism, poetry, the novel (also: popular fiction), drama, forms of publication, radio, cinema, popular music and fine arts. Felski, Rita. 1995. The Gender of religion Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from definition of material cultural theory and cultural history. Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Harris, Jose. 1994.

Private Lives and Public Spirit: Britain 1870-1914 . Harmondsworth: Penguin. Fanon? Study proceeding from social history. Of Material Culture? Key words: demography, family, property, profession, religion, society and state, social theories. Essay About Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative Comparison? Keating, Peter. 1989. The Haunted Study: A Social History of the definition of material culture, English Novel 1875-1914 . London: Secker Warburg. Kern, Stephen. 1983.

The Culture of Time and Space, 1880-1918 . And Prejudice Toward The Culture? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Of Material Culture? Lewis, Jane, Ed. 1986. Labour and Love: Women's Experience of Home and Family, 1850-1940 . Oxford: Blackwell. Study on define white, women's social history between 1850 and 1940. Deals with the usual topics: childhood, marriage, motherhood, class differences. Lucas, John. 1997. The Radical Twenties.

Aspects of Writing, Politics and of material Culture. Nottingham: Five Leaves. Study on the 1920s as a time of radical change, proceeding from cultural theory. Points out toward Essay, several aspects of definition society and The Effect of the Industrial discusses them in definition of material terms of their radicality: Effects of World War I on the public consciousness, socialism, women question, sexual liberation, drugs, music culture (jazz as decadent), dance (dance orgies, modern dance), mass culture (journals). Detailed discussion of novels (also by Essay Iago female authors). Culture? McFarlane, Barbara. 1984. Toward The Culture Essay? Homes for Heroines. Housing in the Twenties.

In: Making Space. Of Material? Women and in regents of the v. bakke, the supreme court ruled the Man-Made Environment . Definition Of Material Culture? London: Pluto Press. 26-36. Social history: women-centred housing. Mowat, John Loch. 1955. Britain Between the Wars 1918-1940 . London: Methuen. Nicholls, Peter.

1995. Modernisms. A Literary Guide . London: Macmillan. Study on of the Industrial on Pollution Essay, the time between the two World Wars: the 'Roaring Twenties' and the social consciousness in definition the 1930s (socialism, marxism, Spanish civil war, pacifism). Further key words: Fashion (the androgynous style of the flapper), architecture and of the of california v. bakke, the supreme court ruled mass media. Oldfield, Sybil, ed. 1994. This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and definition Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945. Define White Jobs? London: Taylor Francis. Essay collection on definition of material culture, social history.

Centred on and Prejudice toward, women's history, introduces several women's groups. Definition Culture? Key words: Divorce laws, motherhood. Women's rights to work between the wars, elementary school teachers. Suffragettes. Pacifist movement. Fascism. Female artists. Winter, J.M.

1985. The Great War and the British People . Basingstoke London: Macmillan. Demographic study on World War I, proceeding from social history. Key words: war and loss, people's health, standards of religion living, efforts to increase birthrates, female surplus. Criticism: the of material culture, study hardly considers women's situations and perspectives. Ww1 Wilfred? Study on female experience of the definition of material culture, two World Wars. Special focus: women and profession. Mobile Learning? Restraining of women from definition of material working in the time between the Essay about Iago Vs. Moriarty: Comparison, wars. Study provides detailed historical evidence: thoroughly investigated. Byles, Joan Montgomery. 1985.

Women's Experience of World War I: Suffragists, Pacifists and Poets. Definition Of Material? Women's Studies International Forum 8.5: 473-487. Race Toward The Culture? Article on the suffrage movement in the context of World War I. Key words: division - militarist suffragettes vs. pacifist suffragettes. Culture? Example: conflict between Emmeline and in regents university v. bakke, the supreme that Sylvia Pankhurst. Textual material: war poetry by of material culture women. The Effect Essay? Dyhouse, Carol. Of Material? 1989. Feminism and the Family in England 1880-1939 . London: Blackwell. Study on family and of the of california the supreme marriage from a women-centred perspective. Textual material: basically (auto)biography, but also some novels. Felski, Rita.

1995. The Gender of definition of material culture Modernity . Cambridge, Ma.: Harvard UP. Study on gender and modernity, proceeding from cultural theory and cultural history. Countries Essay? Considers different discourses: philosophy, history, natural sciences, psychology, sexology, social history, conditions of publication. Focus on one author: Marie Corelli. Gardner, Viv Susan Rutherford, eds. 1992.

The New Woman And Her Sisters: Feminism And Theatre 1850-1914 . Hemel Hempstead: Harvester Wheatsheaf. Definition Of Material? Gardiner, Juliet, ed. Essay? 1993. Women's Voices 1880-1918: The New Woman. London: Collins Brown.

Essay collection on literary representations of the New Woman. Of Material Culture? Analysis is not limited to the genre of the New Woman novel , covers a wide range of textual examples: poetry, drama, travel literature, letters and other cultural-historical documents. Deals with established and less established writers. Horn, Pamela. 1995. Women in the 1920s . Stroud: Alan Sutton Publishing. Lewis, Jane, ed. Iago An Argumentative? 1986. Labour and Love: Women's Experience of of material culture Home and Race the Culture of Poverty Essay Family, 1850-1940 . Oxford: Blackwell. Essay collection on women's social history between 1850 and culture 1940. Deals with the usual topics: childhood, marriage, motherhood, class differences.

McFarlane, Barbara. 1984. White Jobs? Homes for Heroines. Housing in the Twenties. In: Making Space. Of Material? Women and the Man-Made Environment . London: Pluto Press. Learning In Developing? 26-36. Social history: women-centred housing. Definition? Oldfield, Sybil, ed. 1994.

This Working-Day World: Women's Lives and jobs Culture(s) in Britain 1914-1945. Culture? London: Taylor Francis. Essay collection on social history. Centred on religion of palestine, women's history, introduces several women's groups. Key words: Divorce laws, motherhood. Women's rights to work between the wars, elementary school teachers. Suffragettes. Pacifist movement. Culture? Fascism. About Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative Comparison? Female artists. Of Material? Ouditt, Sharon.

1994. Fighting Forces, Writing Women: Identity and Learning Essay Ideology in definition of material culture the First World War . Of Palestine? London New York: Routledge. Study on women and World War I. Culture? Starts out focusing on a description of women at work (medical duty, agricultural work, work in munitions factories). Continues to approach the theories, topic by looking at definition, different texts: magazines, autobiographies and novels (partly popular literature). Literature (fictional and about Iago an Argumentative Comparison non-fictional) is granted a major role in this context. Areas of discussion: images of definition women: stereotypical Red Cross Nurse (active role of frantz theories hero, yet female) - the ordinary housewife at the home front as angel in of material the house in war literature. The Effect Of The Revolution? Critical reflection on the war and women's roles in postwar fiction. Image of the mother as a preserver of of material life. Feminist pacifism. The shock experience of war and The Effect Industrial the temporary allocation of definition of material roles as a danger to identity.

Discussion of the influence of World War I on society and literature as part of modernism. Bataille, Georges. Fanon? 1994. Die Erotik , ed. G. Culture? Bergfleth. Essay About Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative? München. Benthien, Claudia. 1999. Haut: Literaturgeschichte, Körperbilder, Grenzdiskurse . Reinbek b. Definition Of Material Culture? Hamburg: Rowohlt. Benthien, Claudia Irmela Marei Krüger-Fürhoff, eds. 1999. Über Grenzen: Limitation und Transgression in Literatur und Ästhetik . Ww1 Wilfred Owen? Stuttgart, Weimar: Metzler.

Bordo, Susan. Definition Of Material Culture? 1993. Unbearable Weight: Feminism, Western Culture, and the Body . Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. Breger, Claudia Tobias Döring, eds. 1998. Define Collar? Figuren des/der Dritten: Erkundungen kultureller Zwischenräume . Of Material? Amsterdam, Atlanta: Rodopi. Butler, Judith. 1990. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of The Effect Revolution Identity.

New York, London: Routledge. de Lauretis, Teresa. Definition? 1990. Eccentric Subjects: Feminist Theory and Historical Consciousness. Feminist Studies 16.1: 115-150. Dollimore, Jonathan. 1992. The Dominant and the Deviant: A Violent Dialectic.

In:ed. Wayne R. Dynes Stephen Donaldson, eds. Homosexual Themes in Literary Studies . Frantz Fanon? New York: Garland. 87-100. Douglas, Mary. Definition Culture? [1966] 1984. Frantz Fanon? Purity and Danger: An Analysis of the Concepts of definition of material culture Pollution and Taboo . London, etc.: Ark.

Doyle, Laura. 1994. White Collar Jobs? Bordering on the Body: The Radical Matrix of of material Modern Fiction and owen Culture . Definition Of Material? New York, Oxford: Oxford UP. Durkheim, Emile. [1893] 1996. In Regents Of The Of California V. Bakke, The Supreme Ruled That? Über soziale Arbeitsteilung. Studie über die Organisation höherer Gesellschaften. Frankfurt/M. Definition Culture? Dreitzel, H.P. Religion? 1972.

Die gesellschaftlichen Leiden und das Leiden an der Gesellschaft: Vorstudien zu einer Pathologie des Rollenverhaltens . Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke. Febvre, Lucien. Definition? 1990. 'Frontière - Wort und Bedeutung. In: Lucien Febvre. White? Das Gewissen des Historikers . Frankfurt/M. Of Material Culture? 27-36. Collar? Ferguson, Russell, Martha Gever, Trinh T. Minh-ha Cornel West, eds. Of Material Culture? 1990. Out There: Marginalization and Contemporary Cultures. Frantz Fanon Theories? New York: The New Museum of Contemporary Art Cambridge/Mass., London: The MIT Press.

Finke, Laurie. Of Material Culture? 1986. The Rhetoric of Marginality: Why I Do Feminist Theory. Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 5.2: 251-72. Foucault, Michel. [1963] 1988. Zum Begriff der Übertretung. In: Michel Foucault. Schriften zur Literatur . Frankfurt/M.: Fischer. 69-89. Freud, Sigmund. [1919] 1994.

Das Unheimliche. In: Sigmund Freud. Studienausgabe IV, Psychologische Schriften, ed. Alexander Mitscherlich et al. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. 241-274. Gregg, John. 1994. Maurice Blanchot and the Literature of Transgression. Princeton/New Jersey: Princeton UP.

Hohnsträter, Dirk. Religion? 1999. Im Zwischenraum. Ein Lob des Grenzgängers. In: Claudia Benthien Irmela Marei Krüger-Fürhoff, eds.

1999. Über Grenzen: Limitation und Transgression in Literatur und Ästhetik . Stuttgart, Weimar: Metzler. 231-244. Jervis, John. 1999. Transgressing the Modern: Explorations in the Western Experience of definition Otherness . Oxford: Blackwell. Koschorke, Albrecht. 1990.

Die Geschichte des Horizonts: Grenze und Grenzüberschreitung in literarischen Landschaftsbildern . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Kristeva, Julia. 1980. Powers of frantz fanon Horror. An Essay on Abjection . New York, London: Routledge. Definition Of Material Culture? Sargisson, Lucy. 2000.

Utopian Bodies and the Politics of Transgression. London, etc.: Routledge. Shildrick, Margrit, Janet Price. 1999. Openings on the Body: A Critical Introduction. In: Janet Price Margrit Shildrick, eds.

Feminist Theory and the Body: A Reader . New York: Routledge. 1-14. Shildrick, Margrit. 1997. Define White Jobs? Leaky Bodies and Boundaries. Feminism, Postmodernism and (Bio)Ethics . London, New York: Routledge. Showalter, Elaine. Culture? 1985. Feminist Criticism in white collar the Wilderness.

In: Elaine Showalter, ed. The New Feminist Criticism: Essays on Women, Literature and Theory . London: Virago, 243-270. Of Material Culture? Stallybrass, Peter Allan White, eds. And Prejudice Toward Of Poverty? 1986. The Politics and Poetics of Transgression . London: Methuen. Stevens, Hugh. 2000. Introduction: Modernism and its Margins. In: Hugh Stevens Caroline Howlett, eds.

Modernist Sexualities . Manchester, New York: Manchester University Press, 1-12. Turner, Victor. Culture? 1967. And Prejudice The Culture Of Poverty? Betwixt and Between: The Liminal Period in Rites de Passage . Of Material Culture? In: Victor Turner. The Forest of of the of california court that Symbols . Definition? New York: Cornell UP. Van Gennep, Arnold. [1908] 1960. The Rites of Passage , trans.

M.B. Vizedom, G.L. Caffee. Chicago: U of The Effect Industrial on Pollution Chicago P. Weigel, Sigrid. 1990. Rekonstruktion und Relektüre: Die Arbeit von Frauen in der Literaturwissenschaft als Teil weiblicher Kulturkritik. In: Sigrid Weigel.

Topographien der Geschlechter: Kulturgeschichtliche Studien zur Literatur . Reinbek b. Definition? Hamburg: Rowohlt. Essay About Iago Comparison? 252-263. Butler, Judith. 1993. Definition? Bodies that Matter: On the Mobile in Developing Countries, Discursive Limits of 'Sex' . New York London: Routledge. Diprose, Ros. Definition Of Material? 1994. The Bodies of ww1 wilfred owen Women: Ethics, Embodiment and Sexual Difference. London: Routledge. Definition Of Material? Foucault, Michel. 1992.

Sexualität und Wahrheit 1: Der Wille zum Wissen. 6th ed. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Foucault, Michel. 1994. Überwachen und Strafen: Die Geburt des Gefängnisses . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Essay About Vs. Moriarty: Comparison? Foucault, Michel. 1998. Culture? Über Hermaphrodismus: Der Fall Barbin , ed. Wolfgang Schäffner Joseph Vogl.

Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Grosz, Elizabeth. 1994. Volatile Bodies: Toward a Corporeal Feminism. Bloomington, Indianapolis: Indiana UP. Haraway, Donna. Define? 1991.

The Promises of of material culture Monsters: A Regenerative Politics for Inappropriate/d Others. In: L. And Prejudice? Grossberg, C. Definition Of Material? Nelson, P. Treichler, eds. Cultural Studies. London: Routledge. Herdt, Gilbert, ed. Religion Of Palestine? 1994.

Third Sex, Third Gender: Beyond Sexual Dimorphism in definition of material Culture and History . New York: Zone Books. Horner, Avril Angela Keane. In Regents University Of California V. Bakke,? 2000. Body Matters: Feminism, Textuality, Corporeality. Manchester, New York: Manchester UP. Hurley, Kelly. 1996. The Gothic Body: Sexuality, Materialism, and Degeneration of the of material culture, Fin de Siècle. And Prejudice? Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Jacobus, Mary, Evelyn Fox Keller Sally Shuttleworth, eds.

1990. Body/Politics: Women and the Discourses of definition of material Science. New York London: Routledge. Frantz Fanon? Laqueur, Thomas. 1992. Making Sex: Body and Gender from the definition, Greeks to Essay about Iago an Argumentative, Freud . Definition Of Material Culture? Cambridge/Mass., London: Harvard UP. Price, Janet Margrit Shildrick, eds. 1999. The Effect Revolution Essay? Feminist Theory and the Body: A Reader . New York: Routledge.

Sargisson, Lucy. 2000. Utopian Bodies and the Politics of Transgression. London, etc.: Routledge. Shildrick, Margrit. 1997. Culture? Leaky Bodies and The Effect Industrial Essay Boundaries: Feminism, Postmodernism, and (Bio)Ethics . Of Material Culture? London: Routledge. Terry, Jennifer Jacqueline Urla, eds. Theories? 1995. Deviant Bodies . Culture? Bloomington: Indiana UP.

Brooks, J.A. 1982. Ghosts of fanon theories London: The East End, City, and North. Norwich: Jarrold. Culture? Dinzelbacher, Peter, ed. 1993. Europäische Mentalitätsgeschichte: Hauptthemen in Einzeldarstellungen . Stuttgart: Kröner. Essay collection on different experiences of space from antiquity up to the present. Approach: history of mentality. Theories? Key words: experience of definition culture space as social, geographic, and cultural (fields of interest: religion, architecture etc.).

Space and aspects of conquering and ww1 wilfred owen opening up (of new rooms). Cyberspace. Foucault, Michel. Definition? 1992. Vs. Moriarty:? Andere Räume. Of Material? In: Karlheinz Bark et al., eds. Aisthesis: Wahrnehmung heute oder Perspektiven einer anderen Ästhetik . Reclam: Leipzig. Collar? 34-46. Of Material? Article on space and otherness. Difference between normal and deviant spaces.

Key words: heterotopias (hospitals, psychiatric clinics, prisons. ); spatial symbolism and history of mentality. Frenk, Joachim, ed. 2000. Spatial Change in English Literature . Fanon Theories? Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. Of Material Culture? Aufsatzsammlung. Mentalitätsgeschichtlich bedingter Wandel von Raumvorstellungen in der englischen Literaturgeschichte. Besonderes Interesse der Postmoderne am Raum (Sozialgeographie, Kolonialismus, Datenflüsse um den Erdball, Cyberspace.) Fryer, Judith. 1984. Women and Space. The Flowering of of the Revolution Essay Desire. In: Prospects: An Annual of American Cultural Studies . 187-230.

Study on gendered concepts of space in definition of material architecture, housing and narrative fiction from the The Effect on Pollution, turn of the century up to of material, the 1930s based on toward of Poverty, social geography. Contains writings on architecture and feminist reform efforts. Grosz, Elizabeth. 1995. Space, Time and Perversion. Definition? Essays on the Politics of religion Bodies . London: Routledge. (esp.

103-124) Hauser, Susanne. Definition Culture? 1990. Der Blick auf die Stadt: Semiotische Untersuchungen zur literarischen Wahrnehmung bis 1910 . Berlin: Dietrich Reimer. Semiotic studies on religion, literary perceptions of urban spaces. Key words: perception of space in general. Basic patterns of the experience of city space (multi-stimulation, processes of selection. Of Material? ). Theories? Culturally variable navigation of perception (closely connected with aspects of value judgements).

Higonnet, Margaret R. Joan Templeton, eds. Definition Of Material? 1994. In Regents Of The University Ruled? Reconfigured Spheres: Feminist Explorations of Literary Space . Amherst: University of Mass. Of Material Culture? Press. Religion? Essay collection. Culture? Provides different perspectives on The Effect Industrial on Pollution Essay, the feminist relevance of space: Historical, multi-cultural, metaphorical. Key words: Symbolic representative functions of definition space in ww1 wilfred owen texts. Marginalisation, transgression of boundaries, role of clothing, ghettoisation of feminist literary criticism. Hubrath, Margarete, ed. 2001.

Geschlechterräume: Konstruktionen von gender in definition Geschichte, Literatur und Alltag . Köln: Böhlau. Kern, Stephen. 1983. Race Toward The Culture Of Poverty? The Culture of Time and definition of material Space 1880 1918 . Frantz Fanon Theories? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Of Material? Study on modernist concepts of define collar jobs time and space.

Documents historical changes of spatial concepts in modernity. Key words: Subjectivity, categorisation according to definition of material culture, different ways of perception (visual, acoustic, tactual etc.) Microscopic space. Essay About Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative Comparison? Art (cubism, impressionism) and sculpture. Film (rapid change of culture pictures and toward of Poverty Essay scenes). Heterogeneous space. Of Material? Plurality of stance, multi-perspectivity. Countries? Changes of attitude. Of Material Culture? Space as designable matter (magnetic fields, architecture, artificial lighting). Race And Prejudice The Culture Of Poverty? Expansion and reduction of definition of material geographical space (expeditions, public and the Culture of Poverty private transport, aviation). Urban spaces. Psychoanalysis (mental rooms of the interior, stream of of material consciousness).

Kursbuch Stadt. The Culture Essay? Stadtleben und Stadtkultur an der Jahrtausendwende. 1999 . Redaktion Stefan Bollmann. Stuttgart: DVA. Läpple, Dieter. Definition? 1991. Gesellschaftszentriertes Raumkonzept: Zur Überwindung von physikalisch-mathematischen Raumauffassungen in white collar jobs der Gesellschaftsanalyse. In: Martin Wentz, ed. Stadt-Räume . Frankfurt/M.: Campus. 35-46. Theoretical essay on different natures of space: Human-centred concepts of space vs. scientific concepts of culture space.

Lefèbvre, Henri. 1972. Die Revolution der Städte. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? München: List. Definition Culture? McFarlane, Barbara. 1984. Homes for Race and Prejudice Heroines. Housing in the Twenties. In: Making Space.

Women and culture the Man-Made Environment . London: Pluto Press. 26-36. Social history: women-centred housing. Nowel, Ingrid. Industrial On Pollution Essay? 1998. London: Biographie einer Weltstadt. Architektur und Kunst, Geschichte und Literatur.

Köln: Dumont. Definition Of Material? Shaffer, Elinor S., ed. 1996. The Effect Of The Revolution On Pollution Essay? Spaces: Cities, Gardens and Wilderness . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Sharpe, William 1986. Feminizing the of material culture, Urban World. Urban Resources 3.2: 55-57. Schivelbusch, Wolfgang.

1979. Owen? Geschichte der Eisenbahnreise. Zur Industrialisierung von Raum und Zeit im 19. Jahrhundert . Frankfurt/M.: Ullstein. Historical study on space and time in definition of material culture the 19th century related to fanon theories, the development of the railway as a means of travel and transport. Of Material Culture? Its influence on the perception of space and time. (Germany, England, USA). Sennett, Richard. 1994. Flesh and of Poverty Stone: The Body and the City in definition Western Civilization . Race Toward? New York London: W.W. Norton.

Study on space and bodily experience. Key words: sensory perception, movements, analogies of city and body, allocation of meaning to certain areas (public, private etc.), historical change of definition cities, interior rooms, increasing dimension of the private in interior rooms. Weigel, Sigrid. 1983. Topographien der Geschlechter: Kulturgeschichtliche Studien zur Literatur . Reinbek: Rowohlt. Study on Industrial Revolution Essay, gender topographies and literature.

Cultural-historical approach. Considers space: female allegorization of the city. Definition Culture? Weinreb, Ben Christopher Hibbert. 1983. The London Encyclopaedia. Frantz? London: Macmillan. Definition? Collection of essays, proceeding from cultural theory. Social space is defined by theories rules of behaviour, moral concepts, interests, objectives and class. It is therefore relevant for questions of gender identity. Key words: setting and transgression of culture boundaries; domains of power; imaginary space in literature and ww1 wilfred owen utopia.

Bell, David Gill Valentine, eds. 1995. Mapping Desire: Geographies and definition of material culture Sexuality . London: Routledge. Collection of essays, proceeding from social geography. Key words: connection of The Effect Industrial Revolution Essay space and definition culture different facets of identity formation (personal, professional and white collar sexual). Questions of the body. Urban spaces. Power relations connected with space. Benko, Georges Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Of Material? 1997. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford.

Blackwell. Collection of ww1 wilfred essays. Approach: deconstructivist social geography - social space as a linguistic construct to be newly developed over definition of material culture, and over by the individual. Of Palestine? Key words: Blurring of boundaries between mental and of material culture empirical spaces; spatial symbolism (described from a constructivist background and not from the usual arguments of social history or history of mentality). Duncan, Nancy, ed. 1996. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. Essay collection on Essay about Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative, space, gender and sexuality.

Approach: social geography. Key words: territories. Boundaries: blurring of boundaries, transgression of of material culture boundaries. Domains of power concerning questions of gender identity and deviation from define white collar gender norms. Duncan, Nancy.

1996. Renegotiating Gender and Sexuality in Public and Private Spaces. In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. Culture? 127-145.

Article on spaces of home and family. Ww1 Wilfred? Key words: homosexuality (male and female); prostitution. MacDowell, Linda. 1996. Spatializing Feminism. Definition Of Material? Geographic Perspectives. In: Nancy Duncan, ed.

Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. 28-44. In Regents Of The Of California V. Bakke, The Supreme That? Article on a feminism and definition of material culture space. Ww1 Wilfred? Approach: deconstructivist social geography. Key words: socially conditioned and definition of material designed space, processes of religion of palestine placement, boundaries, centres and definition of material margins, changes of owen place and transgression of boundaries, space and identity.

Reference to culture, gender relations. Natter, Wolfgang John Paul Jones III. 1997. Identity, Space, and Learning in Developing Other Uncertainties. Definition Culture? In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Define White Collar Jobs? Oxford. Blackwell. 141-161. Article on definition culture, the volatile nature of of california v. bakke, the supreme space and identity. Definition? Approach.

Deconstructivist social geography. In Regents Of California The Supreme? Conception of space adapted from the conception of of material subject. Constructivity and Race and Prejudice the Culture of Poverty Essay contingency of discursive concepts as means of social change. Of Material? Pfeil, Elisabeth. 1972. Großstadtforschung: Entwicklung und gegenwärtiger Stand. Hannover: Jänecke. Owen? Rose, Gillian. 1996.

Masculine Dwelling, Masculine Theory and Feminist Masquerade. Of Material? In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Owen? Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. Definition? 56-74. Article on space and gender.

Approach: Deconstructivist social geography. Essay About Comparison? Space as projection: imagined emotions and definition of material actual design of The Effect of the Industrial Revolution space. Concept of masquerade grounds on Luce Irigaray. Definition Of Material? Spain, Daphne. Collar Jobs? 1992. Gendered Spaces . Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press. Of Material Culture? Study on owen, space as a relevant factor for status and of material gender, proceeding from social geography. Gender-specific segregation (architecture, territorization of Essay about Iago public spaces) Provides examples from different ethnic cultures.

Authoritative text on definition culture, spatial symbolism. Key words: archetypical spaces and their meaning in Mobile Learning Countries depth psychology: psychological dimension of definition of material places like 'house', 'shell' 'box', etc. Universalist allocation of meaning. Barta, Peter I. 1990. The Treatment of the define, Fourth Dimension in the Modernist City Novel. Of Material Culture? In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. Jobs? München: iudicum. 310-315. Definition Culture? Essay on define collar, the modernist city novel . Key words: the fourth dimension, i.e. the representation of space as a major constituent of the of material culture, integrative textual structure.

Space and in regents of the university ruled that identity. Becker, Claudia. 1990. Zur Interiorisierung der Raumsymbolik in der Literatur der Moderne. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. Definition Of Material Culture? 281-287. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? Study deals with modernist tendencies of internalization: depiction of different spaces of the interior (factual and psychological ones). Berghahn, Daniela. 1988.

Raumdarstellung im englischen Roman der Moderne . Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Definition Culture? Authoritative text on literary representations of define collar space in the avant-gardist modernist novel. Key words: Subjectivity, integration of space in stream of consciousness; selectivity of of material culture perception and representation, processes of fragmentarization, montage as technique to depict space; associative spaces; spatial symbolism; interdisciplinary analogies (literature and art: impressionism, cubism); provides an analysis of Henry James The Ambassadors , Joseph Conrad Nostromo , Ford Madox Ford The Good Soldier , D.H. Lawrence Women in Love , James Joyce Ulysses , E.M. Forster A Passage To India , and Virginia Woolf To the Lighthouse . Breuner, Michael. University Of California V. Bakke, That? 1991. Hunger for Place: Studien zur Raumdarstellung im London-Roman seit 1940 . Definition Of Material Culture? Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang.

Study on white collar jobs, the London Novel after 1940. Key words: literary appropriation of the city. Space and subjectivity: subjective perceptions and formations of space (philosophical basis: see Ströker, psychological basis: see Minkowski). Archetypical aspects of space. Of Material Culture? Criticism: terminologically imprecise, appears rather essayistic. Bronfen, Elisabeth. 1986. Der literarische Raum: Eine Untersuchung am Beispiel von Dorothy M. Theories? Richardsons Romanzyklus Pilgrimage. Definition Culture? Tübingen: Niemeyer. Study on literary space in the work of Dorothy Richardson.

Approach: phenomenological (compare Ströker and Hoffmann) and structuralist (compare Lotman). Key words: subjectivity of spatial perception in streams of consciousness. Metaphorical space (additional symbolism) vs. V. Bakke, The Supreme Ruled That? space which can be physically entered. Of Material? Space and identity. Industrial Revolution Essay? Spatial textual structures. Drabble, Margaret. 1979. A Writer's Britain: Landscape in Literature. Photographed by Jorge Lewinski. London: Thames Hudson.

Ecker, Gisela. 1995. Allegorical Gardens of Desire in Modernity: A Gendered Perspective. Of Material? In: Susan C. Scott, ed. The Art of Interpreting . University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. 260-292. Jobs? Allocations of definition of material culture meaning to the garden based on depth psychology. Gender-specific dimensions of the garden: a place of Race and Prejudice toward Essay solitude and expansion of culture consciousness for and Prejudice the Culture of Poverty women - a place of of material culture maternal security for men. Of The University V. Bakke, Court Ruled? Epstein-Nor, Deborah. 1991. The Urban Peripatetic: Spectator, Streetwalker, Woman Writer.

Nineteenth Century Literature 46.3: 351-375. Fludernik, Monika. Definition Of Material? 1999. Of The Industrial On Pollution? Carceral Topography: Spatiality, Liminality and definition of material culture Corporeality in the Literary Prison. Industrial Revolution Essay? Textual Practice 13.1: 43-77.

Article on space and identity. Key words: boundaries; identity formation; spatial symbolism. Definition? Provides examples of texts. Of Palestine? Füger, Wilhelm. 1984. Streifzüge durch Allotopia: Zur Topographie eines fiktionalen Gestaltungsraums. Anglia 102.3,4: 349-391.

Article on space in the utopian genre. Hillebrand, Bruno von. 1975. Poetischer, philosophischer, mathematischer Raum. In: Alexander Ritter, ed. Landschaft und Raum in of material der Erzählkunst . Darmstadt: WBG. 417-463. Article on different spaces: geometrical space vs. textual space.

Narratological perspective on spatial representation (narratological background of the Mobile Learning in Developing Essay, 1970s). Hoffmann, Gerhard. 1978. Raum, Situation, erzählte Wirklichkeit . Definition Of Material? Poetologische und historische Studien zum englischen und amerikanischen Roman. Stuttgart: Metzler. Race The Culture Of Poverty Essay? Authoritative text on narrative representation of culture space.

Approach: phenomenological, structuralist and semantic. Race Toward The Culture? Key words: different facets of space, i.e. visional space, space of action, atmospheric space (Ströker). Typology of narrated space based on subjectivity and literary devices: curious space, grotesque space, gothic space etc. Allocation of meaning to definition of material culture, space. Archetypal space, forms of representation: panoramic space, tableau, scene. In Regents University V. Bakke, The Supreme Court That? Hubrath, Margarete, ed. 2001. Geschlechterräume: Konstruktionen von gender in definition Geschichte, Literatur und Alltag . Köln: Böhlau.

Hunt, John Dixon. And Prejudice Toward? 1996. Paragone in culture Paradise: Translating the Garden. In: Elinor S. Define White Jobs? Shaffer, ed. Spaces: Cities, Gardens and Wilderness . Cambridge: Cambridge UP. 55-70. Article on garden symbolism. Definition Of Material? Depicts the Essay Iago an Argumentative, garden as a paradox combining nature with culture, preservation of the fleeting and the fragile.

Jäger, Dietrich. Definition Culture? 1998. In Regents V. Bakke, Court That? Erzählte Räume. Studien zur Phänomenologie der epischen Geschehensumwelt . Würzburg: Könighausen Naumann. Study on the phenomenology of narrative environments of action. Definition Of Material? Textual examples (predominantly German, but also some English) are viewed as variants of mimesis. Frantz Theories? Criticism: terminology is imprecise and unsystematic, generally not up to the contemporary level of of material culture research. Kilian, Eveline. 2002.

Exploring London. Walking the City - (Re)Writing the City. In: Hartmut Berghoff, Barbara Korte Ralf Schneider, eds. Industrial On Pollution? The Making of Modern Tourism: The Cultural History of the culture, British Experience, 1600 to 2000 . Frantz Fanon Theories? London: Palgrave. 267-283. Klarer, Mario. Culture? 1995. Simultaneity and owen Gender in Modernist Discourses. In: Near Encounters: Festschrift für Richard Martin . Definition Culture? Frankfurt/M.: Peter Lang. Ww1 Wilfred? Interdisciplinary article on of material culture, the phenomenon of simultaneity and its implications concerning space and The Effect gender. Simultaneity as spatially represented in definition culture the novel as well as in Mobile Learning in Developing modernist paintings.

Androgynity as a form of simultaneity. Klein, Holger. Definition? 1990. Owen? Exploring Place and Space in Drama and in Fiction. In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the definition, XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol. 3. München: iudicum. 174-181. Genre-theoretical essay on the nature of space in drama and fiction. Different spatial representations in drama and fiction: multi-sensory display of few places on stage vs. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? linguistic-evocative display of many places in narrative texts. Klotz, Volker.

1969. Die erzählte Stadt: Ein Sujet als Herausforderung des Romans von Lesage bis Döblin. München: Hanser. Kublitz-Kramer, Maria. 1995. Frauen auf Straßen: Topographien des Begehrens in of material Erzähltexten von Gegenwartsautorinnen. München: Fink. Lane, Eric. 1988. A Guide to Literary London. Sawtry, Cambridgeshire: Dedalus.

Lutwack, Leonard. 1984. The Role of of Poverty Place in Literature . New York: Syracuse UP. Study on definition, the role of Learning in Developing Countries space in fiction. Definition Of Material? Contains multiple aspects of analysis. In Regents Of The University The Supreme Court Ruled? Key words: literary coining of space (topoi). Definition? Genre-specific variants. Space imagery (spatial allegories, spatial symbols). Expansion and toward the Culture of Poverty Essay movement.

Time and of material culture its spatial component. Characterisation through space. Historical and national particularities of space (placelessness in Modernism, wildering in American literature) Provides detailed textual evidence. On the whole rather unsystematic, yet very stimulating. Maatje, Frank C. 1975.

Versuch einer Poetik des Raumes. In: Alexander Ritter, ed. Frantz Fanon Theories? Landschaft und Raum in der Erzählkunst . Darmstadt: WBG. 392-416. Definition Of Material Culture? Revised article on space (1st version from 1965) providing a summary of the state of of the university of california the supreme court ruled that discussion at culture, the time. Refers to spatial symbolism and the phenomenon of perspective. Mahler, Andreas, ed. 1999. Stadt-Bilder: Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination . Mobile Learning Essay? Heidelberg: Winter. Culture? Manley, Lawrence. 1995.

Literature and Culture in Race the Culture Early Modern London . Definition Culture? Cambridge: Cambridge UP. Define Collar? Marcus, Steven. 1987. Reading the Illegible. Some Modern Representations of Urban Experience. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. Visions of the Modern City: Essays in History, Art, and Literature. Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. Of Material? 232-256. Essay Iago An Argumentative? Mersmann, Arndt. Of Material Culture? 2000.

Novel Topography: A Spatial Reading of Sybil . In: Joachim Frenk, ed. In Regents Of The Of California V. Bakke, Court Ruled That? Spatial Change in definition of material English Literature . Trier: Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier. 147-171. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? Article on the representation of space in Sybil. Definition Of Material? Analysis of the white jobs, particular influence of railway traffic on definition of material, the perception of space in connection with the of the university court that, narrative structure of the of material culture, text.

Mitchel, W.J.T. 1989. In Regents Of The Of California Ruled? Space, Ideology, and definition Literary Representation. Poetics Today 10.1: 91-102. Of Palestine? Article on culture, space in literature. Court Ruled That? Functional representation of culture space: instrument of Vs. Moriarty: conveying ideology.

Criticism: argument not quite clear. Pratt, Annis. 1972. Women and Nature in of material Modern Fiction. Comparative Literature 13: 476-490. Article on space and about Iago Vs. Moriarty: Comparison nature in modern fiction. Key words: epiphanies in definition culture natural settings (especially in novels of development), gender-specific differences in Essay about Vs. Moriarty: the perception of nature. Of Material Culture? Punter, David. Mobile In Developing Countries? 1979. Of Material Culture? Blake's Capital Cities.

In: P. Weston, ed. London in The Effect Literature. London: Roehampton Institute. 46-72. Reichel, Norbert. 1987. Definition Of Material Culture? Der erzählte Raum: Zur Verflechtung von sozialem und poetischem Raum in der erzählenden Literatur . Darmstadt: WBG. Study on the intermingling of social and define white collar poetic space. Space as bearer of meaning.

Narrative representations of space are shown in definition the context of a history of in regents of the university court ruled mentality. Ritter, Alexander, ed. 1975. Landschaft und Raum in der Erzählkunst . Definition? Darmstadt: WBG. Schaff, Barbara. 1999. Of Palestine? Gendered Cities: Italienische Städte im Blick britischer Reisender. In: Andreas Mahler, ed. Of Material Culture? Stadt-Bilder: Allegorie, Mimesis, Imagination. Heidelberg: Winter. Industrial Essay? 173-196.

Article on the gendered nature of cities. Definition Culture? Key words: linguistic and ww1 wilfred literary conceptualization of cities with male or female connotations, gender-specific perspectives on cities. Application of gender stereotypes to definition of material, cities. Sharpe, William Leonard Wallock. 1987. Race And Prejudice Toward Of Poverty Essay? From 'Great Town' to 'Nonplace Urban Realm': Reading the of material, Modern City. In: William Sharpe Leonard Wallock, eds. And Prejudice Toward Of Poverty Essay? Visions of the definition of material, Modern City: Essays in jobs History, Art, and Literature.

Baltimore London: Johns Hopkins UP. 1-51. Sizemore-Wick, Christine. Of Material Culture? 1989. A Female Vision of the City: London in the Novels of religion Five British Women . Definition? Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press. Study on the city from a female perspective. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Provides detailed analysis of toward the Culture Essay novels. Smuda, Manfred, ed. Culture? 1992. Die Großstadt als Text . München: Wilhelm Fink.

Squier, Susan Merrill, ed. 1984. Women Writers and owen the City: Essays in definition of material culture Feminist Literary Criticism . Knoxville. Fanon Theories? University of Tennessee Press. Stanzel, Franz. Of Material? 1990. Das Niemandsland in der englischen und deutschen Dichtung. Of The V. Bakke, Court That? In: Roger Bauer et al., eds. Space and Boundaries/Espace et Frontières: Proceedings of the definition of material culture, XIIth Congress of the International Comparative Literature Association/Actes du XIIe Congrès de l'Association Internationale de Littérature Comparée , Vol.

3. München: iudicum. 219-27. Race And Prejudice Toward Of Poverty Essay? Article on the connecting and separating aspects of of material culture a boundary. Example: no-man's land between the university of california v. bakke, that, trenches during the First World War in German and English literature. Timms, Edward David Kelley, eds. 1985. Unreal City: Urban Experience in definition of material Modern European Literature and jobs Art. Of Material Culture? Manchester: Manchester UP. Turner, James.

1979. The Politics of define white collar Landscape: Rural Scenery and Society in English Poetry 1630-1660 . Oxford: Blackwell. Study on spatial symbolism according to the poetological devices of the definition of material, 17th century. Race And Prejudice Toward The Culture Of Poverty? Social space and literature. Aestheticizing of topography. Definition Of Material Culture? Methods of Essay about Iago an Argumentative symbolizing and allegorizing space. Influence of culture landscape painting on literature in theories the 17th century. Twyning, John. 1998. London Dispossess: Literature and definition Social Space in the Early Modern City.

Basingstoke: Macmillan. Weigel, Sigrid. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? 1990. 'Die Städte sind weiblich und nur als Sieger hold': Zur Funktion des Weiblichen in Gründungsmythen und Städtedarstellungen. Definition Of Material? In: Sigrid Weigel, ed. Topographien der Geschlechter. Reinbek bei Hamburg: Rowohlt. 149-189. Würzbach, Natascha. 2001.

Erzählter Raum: fiktionaler Baustein, kultureller Sinnträger, Ausdruck der Geschlechterordnung. In: Jörg Helbig, ed. Of The Industrial Revolution Essay? Erzählen und Erzähltheorie im 20. Jahrhundert: Festschrift für Wilhelm Füger . Heidelberg: Winter. 105-129.

Article covers the definition of material, state of of california v. bakke, the supreme court ruled research on definition of material, the phenomenon of literary space. Approaches: narratology, phenomenology, psychoanalysis, social geography, structuralism, semiotics of culture, deconstruction, cultural history, and theories gender studies. Introduces categories of conceptions and typologies of of material culture space. Points of special consideration: semantization of of the of california v. bakke, court ruled space, reference to the subject, the body, movement in space and its function as a reader's guide. Provides literary examples. Würzbach, Natascha. in print. Identitätskonstitution durch Raumerleben in der englischen Erzählliteratur des Modernismus. Article on of material, the theory of frantz theories subjectivity and identity.

The significance of definition space and body for the pre-linguistic formation of identity. Of The Revolution On Pollution? Codes of spatial representation. Gender-specific spatial experience and concepts of subjectivity in some modernist novels. Culture? Article is an example of the notion of text as space. Structure of text and fanon theories structure of communication: intertextual, historical and psychological (semiotic and symbolic) references. Kahrmann, Cordula Gunter Reiß, Manfred Schluchter. 1977. Erzähltextanalyse: Eine Einführung in Grundlagen und Verfahren . 2 vols. Kronberg: Athenäum. Study on the interpretation of definition of material culture narrative texts. Representations of of palestine space are allocated to different textual levels of communication.

Schwarze, Hans-Wilhelm. 1982. Ereignisse, Zeit und Raum, Sprechsituationen in culture narrativen Texten. In: Hans-Werner Ludwig, ed. Arbeitsbuch Romananalyse: Eine Einführung . Tübingen: Narr. 145-188. And Prejudice Toward The Culture Essay? [esp. 170-174] Essay collection on text analysis. Definition Culture? Contains a brief part on and Prejudice toward the Culture of Poverty Essay, the narratological description of space on culture, the grounds of Hoffmann 1978 (see 2.3). White Collar Jobs? Ronen, Rose. 1986.

Space in Fiction. Poetics Today 7: 421-438. Article on the phenomenon of space and definition of material culture its characteristics in narrative texts. Ww1 Wilfred? Study is linguistically backed up. Categorisation of space in culture its relation to the perceiving and acting character (immediacy), degree of factuality. Toward The Culture Of Poverty Essay? Functions of of material culture space: public and Mobile Learning Countries private, symbolic, means of characterisation. Integration in definition culture the spatial overall structure (topographic, semantic). Stanzel, Franz.

1979. Theorie des Erzählens . Göttingen: Vandenhoeck Ruprecht. [ch. 5.2] Study on narratology. Learning In Developing Essay? Foci: perspectival relation of objects to each other vs. Of Material Culture? non-perspectival naming of objects. In the 20th century: priority of perspectival representations of The Effect Industrial on Pollution Essay space: Subjectivity. Study on definition, literary space and narratology.

Approach: structuralist/semiotic text analysis (Lotman). Text as a spatial structure. Semantic functions of of palestine space: convey conceptions of the definition of material, world, archetypal notion of verticality and horizontality, distance and closeness, setting and Race and Prejudice toward the Culture of Poverty Essay transgressing boundaries. Segmenting function of of material culture literary representations of space. Essay About Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative? Selectivity of representation of space. Depiction of time through space. Generally a universalist notion of space. Lotman, Jurij.

1972. Of Material? Die Struktur literarischer Texte . München: Fink. Define? Theoretical study on the structure of literary texts. Semiotic/structuralist concept of literary space as a model of definition of material cultural rooms. Universalist allocations of The Effect Industrial Revolution Essay meaning, depiction of definition culture oppositional spaces. Mobile In Developing? Sappok, Christian.

1970. Die Bedeutung des Raumes für die Struktur des Erzählwerks . Aufgezeigt an Beispielen aus der polnischen Erzählliteratur . München: Otto Sagner. Structuralist/semiotic approach to space and narrative traditions. Definition Of Material? Collection of essays, proceeding from define white collar jobs cultural theory. Social space is defined by rules of behaviour, moral concepts, interests, objectives and class. It is definition of material therefore relevant for questions of gender identity.

Key words: setting and transgression of boundaries; domains of power; imaginary space in literature and utopia. Bell, David Gill Valentine, eds. 1995. Industrial Revolution On Pollution Essay? Mapping Desire: Geographies and Sexuality . London: Routledge. Collection of essays, proceeding from social geography. Key words: connection of space and definition of material different facets of identity formation (personal, professional and The Effect Revolution sexual). Definition Of Material Culture? Questions of the body. Urban spaces. Power relations connected with space. Duncan, Nancy, ed. 1996.

Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. Theories? London: Routledge. Essay collection on space, gender and of material sexuality. Approach: social geography. In Developing Countries? Key words: territories. Definition Of Material? Boundaries: blurring of and Prejudice the Culture of Poverty Essay boundaries, transgression of boundaries. Domains of definition power concerning questions of gender identity and ww1 wilfred deviation from gender norms.

Duncan, Nancy. 1996. Definition Of Material? Renegotiating Gender and Sexuality in Public and Private Spaces. Frantz Fanon Theories? In: Nancy Duncan, ed. Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. Definition? London: Routledge. 127-145. Article on spaces of home and define white collar family.

Key words: homosexuality (male and female); prostitution. Friedman, Susan Stanford. 1996. Spacialization, Narrative Theory, and Virginia Woolf's The Voyage Out . In: Kathy Mezei, ed. Ambiguous Discourse. Of Material? Feminist Narratology and British Women Writers . Chapel Hill: Univ. of North Carolina Press. 109-136. Essay Vs. Moriarty:? Article is an example of the notion of text as space. Structure of definition culture text and structure of communication: intertextual, historical and psychological (semiotic and symbolic) references. Fryer, Judith.

1984. Women and Space. The Flowering of Desire. In: Prospects: An Annual of American Cultural Studies . 187-230. Essay on gendered concepts of frantz fanon theories space in of material architecture, housing and narrative fiction from the turn of the century up to Mobile Learning Countries, the 1930s based on definition culture, social geography. Contains writings on architecture and feminist reform efforts. Of Palestine? Gibson-Graham Julie Kathy.

1997. Postmodern Becomings: From the Space of definition of material Form to the Space of Essay about Iago an Argumentative Potentiality. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and definition of material Postmodernity . Oxford. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? Blackwell. Of Material? 306-323. Article on conceptual forms of Industrial on Pollution Essay space from a post-structuralist perspective.

Key words: Chora, identity, patriarchy, capitalism. Definition Of Material? Remaining question from a gender point of view: Is discursive space volatile enough to be changed more easily than space proper? Higonnet, Margaret R. Joan Templeton, eds. 1994. Reconfigured Spheres: Feminist Explorations of Literary Space . Essay Iago Comparison? Amherst: University of Mass.

Press. Essay collection. Provides different perspectives on of material, the feminist relevance of fanon space: Historical, multi-cultural, metaphorical. Definition Of Material? Key words: Symbolic representative functions of space in Race and Prejudice toward texts. Marginalisation, transgression of boundaries, role of of material culture clothing, ghettoisation of of palestine feminist literary criticism. Culture? Pratt, Annis. 1972. The Effect Of The On Pollution? Women and definition of material culture Nature in Modern Fiction. About Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative Comparison? Comparative Literature 13: 476-490. Of Material? Article on space and nature in modern fiction.

Key words: epiphanies in natural settings (especially in novels of religion development), gender-specific differences in definition culture the perception of nature. Rose, Gillian. 1996. Masculine Dwelling, Masculine Theory and Feminist Masquerade. In: Nancy Duncan, ed.

Bodyspace: Destabilizing Geographies of Gender and Sexuality. London: Routledge. 56-74. Article on space and gender. Religion Of Palestine? Approach: Deconstructivist social geography. Space as projection: imagined emotions and actual design of space. Of Material Culture? Concept of masquerade grounds on Luce Irigaray. Sizemore-Wick, Christine.

1989. Fanon? A Female Vision of the City. London in the Novels of Five British Women . Definition Culture? Knoxville: University of define Tennessee Press. Study on definition culture, the city from in regents of the of california a female perspective. City can be entered by women in the 20th century. Of Material? Provides detailed analysis of novels. Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative Comparison? Spain, Daphne. Culture? 1992. Mobile In Developing Essay? Gendered Spaces . Chapel Hill: The University of of material culture North Carolina Press.

Study on space as a relevant factor for status and gender, proceeding from social geography. Gender-specific segregation (architecture, territorization of of palestine public spaces) Provides examples from different ethnic cultures. Weigel, Sigrid. Definition Culture? 1983. Religion Of Palestine? Topographien der Geschlechter: Kulturgeschichtliche Studien zur Literatur . Reinbek: Rowohlt. Study on definition culture, gender topographies and literature. Proceeding from cultural history. Religion? Considers Space: female allegorization of the of material culture, city. Philosophical study on define collar, space. Phenomenological approach. Had a major influence on the treatment of definition of material culture space in literary criticism.

Compare Hoffmann 1978 (3.3), and others. Religion? Authoritative text on spatial symbolism. Key words: archetypical spaces and of material their meaning in depth psychology: psychological dimension of places like 'house', 'shell' 'box', etc. Define White Collar? Universalistic allocation of meaning. Definition Of Material Culture? Ecker, Gisela. 1995. Race And Prejudice Toward Of Poverty Essay? Allegorical Gardens of Desire in of material Modernity: A Gendered Perspective.

In: Susan C. Scott, ed. The Art of Interpreting . University Park, Pa.: Pennsylvania State University. Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative? 260-292. Allocations of definition meaning to the garden based on depth psychology. Gender-specific dimensions of the garden: a place of solitude and expansion of consciousness for women - a place of maternal security for men.

Erikson, Erik. Of The University Of California V. Bakke, The Supreme Court Ruled? 1970. Womanhood and Inner Space. In: Identity. Youth and Crisis . London: Faber Faber. 261-294. Article on womanhood and inner space. Psychological approach, supported by evidence from ethnic studies. Investigates the play of definition of material culture children as a confirmation of traditional gender differences.

Milgram, Stanley. 1970. Das Erleben der Großstadt: Eine psychologische Analyse. Zeitschrift für Sozialpsychologie 1: 142-152. Article on in Developing Countries, interior space. Definition? Approach: psychoanalytical, feminist.

Key words: psychological places of the Race and Prejudice of Poverty Essay, interior; interpersonal spaces of (human) relationship; psychoanalytical symbolization, space imagery, female subjectivity; Separateness and integrity. Gibson-Graham Julie Kathy. Definition Culture? 1997. Postmodern Becomings. From the Mobile in Developing Countries Essay, Space of Form to the Space of Potentiality.

In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Definition Of Material Culture? Space and Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Oxford. Blackwell. 306-323. Article on conceptual forms of space from a post-structuralist perspective. Key words: Chora, identity, patriarchy, capitalism. Remaining question from a gender point of view: Is discursive space volatile enough to of the Industrial Revolution on Pollution Essay, be changed more easily than space proper? Gregory, Derek. Of Material Culture? 1997.

Lacan and Geography: The Production of Space Revisited. In: Georges Benko Ulf Stohmeyer, eds. Space and of the university of california v. bakke, the supreme court that Social Theory: Interpreting Modernity and Postmodernity . Definition Of Material Culture? Oxford. Blackwell. 203-234. Article on psychoanalytical space. Key words: bodily experience of space (pre-lingual/premature), experience of space and formation of identity through entering the of california v. bakke, court ruled that, symbolic order, discursive dependency. Winzen, Matthias. 2000. Hysterisierte Räume. In: Silvia Eibelmayr et al., eds.

Die verletzte Diva: Hysterie, Körper, Technik in definition of material der Kunst der 20. Religion? Jahrhunderts . Köln: Oktagon. 154-178. Article on space and hystericalization. Foci: paradoxical intermingling of movement and definition culture stiffness.

Loss of orientation and Essay Iago Vs. Moriarty: Comparison expressivity. Sudden removal of subject-object relations in art and photography. Article on textual space. Textual structures are described with help of spatial metaphors (see also Smitten 1981). Smitten, Jeffrey M. Ann Dagistany, eds. Culture? 1981.

Spatial Form in Narrative . Ithaca, New York. Study theorizes text as space. Describes textual structures with the help of spatial metaphors. Semiotic studies on literary perceptions of urban spaces. Key words: perception of space in general. Ww1 Wilfred Owen? Basic patterns of the experience of city space (multi-stimulation, processes of selection. ). Culturally variable navigation of perception (closely connected with aspects of of material value judgements). Jackendoff, Ray Barbara Landau. 1992. Spatial Language and Spatial Cognition. Owen? In: Language of the Mind: Essays on Mental Represenation . Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

99-124. Article postulates the superiority of the concrete image of an perceived object over of material culture, its verbal representation. Based on the supreme court, cognitive linguistics. Definition Culture? Tuan, Yi-Fu. 1974. In Regents University? Topophilia: A Study of Environmental Perception, Attitudes, and culture Values. Owen? Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall. Wagener-Wender, Monika. Of Material Culture? 1993.

Mentale Repräsentation räumlicher Informationen. Bonn: Holos. Essay Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative? Study on space from of material a perspective of cognitive psychology. Point of interest: cognitive-psychological processes are manifested in the linguistic representation of space. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1966. Champ intellectuel et project créateur. And Prejudice Toward The Culture Of Poverty Essay? Les Temps Modernes 246: 865-906. Bourdieu, Pierre. Definition Of Material Culture? 1974.

Zur Soziologie der Symbolischen Formen . Fanon? Trans. Wolfgang Fietkau. Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Of Material Culture? Bourdieu, Pierre. 1982. Die feinen Unterschiede: Kritik der gesellschaftlichen Urteilskraft . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Bourdieu, Pierre. In Regents Of California The Supreme Ruled That? 1983. The Field of definition Cultural Production, or: The Economic World Reversed.

Poetics 12: 311-56. Bourdieu, Pierre. [1984] 1988. Ww1 Wilfred? Homo Academicus . Of Material? Cambridge Polity. Bourdieu, Pierre. 1985. The Genesis of the Concepts of of the of california the supreme ruled that Habitus and of Field . Sociocriticism 2: 11-24. Bourdieu, Pierre.

1996. The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and definition of material culture Literature , ed. Religion? Randal Johnson. Cambridge: Polity Press. Bourdieu, Pierre. Of Material Culture? 1996. The Rules of Art . Ww1 Wilfred? Cambridge: Polity. Bourdieu, Pierre. Definition? 1998. Mobile Countries Essay? La Domination Masculine . Paris: Seuil.

Bürger, Peter. 1986. Adorno, Bourdieu and the sociology of literature. Stanford Literary Review : 75-90. Definition Of Material? Calhoun, Craig, Edward LiPuma Moishe Postone, eds. 1993. About An Argumentative Comparison? Bourdieu: Critical Perspectives . Cambridge: Polity. Dörner, Andreas Ludgera Vogt.

1990. Kultursoziologie (Bourdieu - Mentalitätengeschichte - Zivilisationstheorie). In: Klaus Michael Bogdal, ed. Neue Literaturtheorien . Opladen: Westdeutscher Verlag. 131-153.

Dubois, Jaques. Definition Of Material? 2000. Pierre Bourdieu and Literature. SubStance 93: 84-102. Eder, Klaus, ed. 1989. Klassenlage, Lebensstil und kulturelle Praxis: Beiträge zur Auseinandersetzung mit Pierre Bourdieus Klassentheorie . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Fischer, Ludwig Klaas Jarchow. 1987.

Die soziale Logik der Felder und das Feld der Literatur. Mobile Learning Countries Essay? Sprache im technischen Zeitalter 25: 164-172. An introductory essay to a whole issue on Bourdieu's sociology of culture in which the culture, authors clarify and Essay about Iago Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative Comparison defend Bourdieu's key terminology - especially the concepts of field and habitus. Fowler, Bridget. 1997. Pierre Bourdieu and Cultural Theory: Critical Investigations . London: Sage. A very perceptive and insightful study of Bourdieu's writings on the cultural field with a special emphasis on definition culture, literature.

She even offers a gender-related discussion of modernist British literature from a Bourdieusian perspective (chapter 6) which unfortunately remains somewhat superficial and does not reflect the latest research in religion this area. This partly has to do with the fact that Fowler is more interested in revaluating 'middlebrow' women's writing than in a discussion of neglected modernist women writers. Fowler Bridget, ed. Of Material? 2000. Reading Bourdieu on Society and Culture . Oxford: Blackwell. Garnham, Nicholas Raymond Williams.

1980. Learning Countries? P. Bourdieu and the Sociology of definition of material culture Culture: An Introduction. Media, Culture and Society 2: 209-223. About Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative Comparison? Gebauer, Gunter. 1994. Of Material? Bourdieus Hermeneutik. lendemains 75/76: 27-40. Mobile Learning Countries? Gebauer, Gunter Christoph Wulf, eds. Of Material? 1993. Religion? Praxis und Ästhetik: Neue Perspektiven im Denken Pierre Bourdieus . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Harker, Richard et. al., eds.

1990. An Introduction to definition of material, the Work of Pierre Bourdieu: The Practice of Theory. Define White Jobs? Basingstoke: Macmillan. Honneth, Axel. 1984.

Die zerrissene Welt der symbolischen Formen: Zum kultursoziologischen Werk Pierre Bourdieus. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie 36: 147-164. Jarchow, Klaas Hans-Gerd Winter. Culture? 1993. Essay About Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative? Pierre Bourdieus Kultursoziologie als Herausforderung der Literaturwissenschaft. In: Gunter Gebauer Christoph Wulf, eds.

Praxis und Ästhetik: Neue Perspektiven im Denken Pierre Bourdieus . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Definition Of Material Culture? 93-134. Jenkins, Richard. 1992. Essay Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative Comparison? Pierre Bourdieu . Definition Of Material Culture? London New York: Routledge. Jurt, Joseph. 1979. Für eine Rezeptionssoziologie. RZLG 3: 214-231. Jurt, Joseph.

1994. Für eine Wissenschaft der Genese kultureller Werke: Versuch einer Rekonstruktion des literatursoziologischen Ansatzes von Pierre Bourdieu in of the university of california v. bakke, ruled Les règles de l'art . Archiv für das Studium der neueren Sprachen und Literaturen 231: 319-347. Jurt, Joseph. 1995. Das literarische Feld: Das Konzept Pierre Bourdieus in culture Theorie undPraxis . Darmstadt: WBG. Jurt, Joseph. 1997. Bourdieus Analyse des literarischen Feldes oder der Universalitätsanspruch des sozialwissenschaftlichen Ansatzes. Internationales Archiv für Sozialgeschichte der deutschen Literatur 22.2: 152-180. The Effect Of The Industrial Essay? Jurt offers a defense of Bourdieu's concept of the (literary) field against critics who regard it as too economically oriented and as interactionist.

Instead he conceives of the of material, model as constructivist, offering a wide range of inderdisciplinary possibilies. Mobile Learning Essay? Moreover, he points out that it enables both a synchronic and a diachronic analysis of the structure of the production, publication, and of material culture reception of literature. Jurt, Joseph. 2000. Pierre Bourdieus Theorie des Literarischen Feldes. About Iago Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative? In: Derek Robbins, ed. Pierre Bourdieu , vol.

2. London etc.: Sage. 117-147. Lane, Jeremy F. 2000. Pierre Bourdieu: A Critical Introduction . London: Pluto Press. Culture? McClean, Ian. 1993. Bourdieu's field of of the university of california v. bakke, cultural production. French Cultural Studies 4.3: 241-251. Moi, Toril.

1991. Appropriating Bourdieu: Feminist Theory and Pierre Bourdieu's Sociology of Culture. New Literary History 22: 1017-1049. Moi, Toril. 1997. The Challenge of the definition of material culture, Particular Case: Bourdieu's Sociology of Culture and Mobile Learning in Developing Countries Literary Criticism. Definition? Modern Language Quarterly 58.4: 497-508. White Collar? Paulson, William. 1997. Definition? The Market of frantz fanon Printed Goods: On Bourdieu's Rules. Definition Culture? Modern Language Quarterly 58.4: 399-415.

Pinto, Louis. 1996. In Developing? The Theory of Fields and the Sociology of Literature: Reflections on the Work of Pierre Bourdieu. Definition Of Material Culture? International Journal of Mobile in Developing Countries Essay Contemporary Sociology 33.2: 171-86. Of Material? Pinto, Louis Franz Schultheis, eds.

1997. Streifzüge durch das literarische Feld: Texte von Pierre Bourdieu, Christophe Charle, Mouloud Mammeri, Jean-Michel Péru, Michael Pollak, Anne-Marie Thiesse . Konstanz: Universitätsverlag Konstanz. In Regents V. Bakke, Ruled? van Rees, Cees J. 1983a. Advances in the Empirical Sociology of Literature and definition culture the Arts: The Institutional Approach. Poetics 12: 285-310. Religion Of Palestine? van Rees, Cees J. 1983b. Culture? How a Literary Work Becomes a Masterpiece: On the Threefold Selection Practised by Literary Criticism. Poetics 12: 397-417. van Rees, Cees J. Vs. Moriarty:? 1987. Definition Of Material Culture? How reviewers reach consensus on religion, the value of literary works.

Poetics 16: 275-94. van Rees, Cees J. 1989. The Institutional Foundation of a Critic's Connoisseurship. Definition Of Material? Poetics 18: 179-98. Robbins, Derek. 1991. The Effect Industrial Revolution On Pollution Essay? The Work of Pierre Bourdieu: Recognizing Society . Definition Of Material Culture? Milton Keynes: Open University.

A short and at Mobile Learning Countries Essay, times rather simplistic survey of Bourdieu's work in chronological order designed as an introduction for students. Robbins covers Bourdieu's major publications from Sociology d'Algerie to La Noblesse d'Etat , but only marginally touches on his literary sociological works. Robbins, Derek. 2000. Bourdieu and Culture. London etc: Sage.

de Saint Martin, Monique. 1990. Definition? Les 'femmes écrivains et le champ littéraire. Actes de la recherche en sciences sociales 83: 52-56. Schwingel, Markus. Owen? 1993. Analytik der Kämpfe: Macht und Herrschaft in der Soziologie Bourdieus . Hamburg: Argument Verlag.

Schwingel, Markus. 1997. Definition Of Material Culture? Kunst, Kultur und Kampf um Anerkennung: Die Literatur- und Kunstsoziologie Pierre Bourdieus in ihrem Verhältnis zur Erkenntnis- und Kultursoziologie. Internationales Archiv für Sozialgeschichte der Deutschen Literatur 22.2: 109-151. A useful overview of the central aspects of Bourdieu's sociology of culture. Schwingel shows in how far the concepts of the field and habitus are the essential building blocks of an religion extensive model not only definition of the fanon theories, sociology of culture but, ultimately, of a genereal sociology. Shiagh, Morag.

1993. Definition Of Material? 'Cultural studies' and the work of Pierre Bourdieu. Fanon Theories? French Cultural Studies 4.3: 213-223. Definition Of Material? Verdaasdonk, Hugo. 1989. Religion? Literary Magazines as Media for definition culture Publishing Literary Texts. Poetics 18: 215-32. Assmann, Aleida Jan Assmann. 1987. Kanon und Zensur als kultursoziologische Kategorien. Fanon Theories? In: Aleida Assmann Jan Assmann, eds. Definition Culture? Kanon und Zensur: Beiträge zur Archäologie der literarischen Kommunikation II . München: Fink.

7-27. Bradbury, Malcolm. 1971. Countries? The Social Context of definition of material Modern English Literature . Frantz? Oxford: Blackwell. Bürger, Peter. 1974. Theorie der Avantgarde . Frankfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. [ Theory of the Avant-Garde . Trans. Michael Shaw. Manchester: Manchester UP, 1984] Bürger, Peter. 1985/1986. The Institution of 'Art' as a Category in the Sociology of culture Literature.

Cultural Critique 2: 5-33. Bürger, Peter, ed. 1978. Seminar: Kunst- und Literatursoziologie . And Prejudice Of Poverty? Franfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Cultural Studies 4. 1973. (Special issue on Literature/society: mapping the of material, field) Desan, Phillippe, Priscilla Parkhurst Ferguson Wendy Griswold, eds. 1989.

Literature and Social Practice . In Regents University The Supreme Court? Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Fügen, Hans Norbert. 1966. Definition Of Material? Die Hauptrichtungen der Literatursoziologie . Bonn: Bouvier. Gaiser, Gottlieb. Define White Collar Jobs? 1983. Zur Empirisierung des Kanonbegriffs.

SPIEL 2: 123-35. Gaiser, Gottlieb. Definition Of Material? 1993. Literaturgeschichte und literarische Institutionen: Zu einer Pragmatik der Literatur . Meitingen: Verlag Literatur + Wissenschaft. Gedin, Per. 1977. Literature in the Marketplace . London: Faber. Griswold, Wendy.

1987. The Fabrication of Meaning: Literary Interpretation in of palestine the United States, Great Britain, and definition of material the West Indies. American Journal of jobs Sociology 92: 1077-1117. von Hallberg, Robert, ed. Definition Culture? 1984. Canons . Fanon? Chicago: Chicago UP. Culture? Lepenies, Wolf.

1985. The Effect Revolution On Pollution? Die drei Kulturen: Soziologie zwischen Literatur und Wissenschaft . München: Hanser. Poggioli, Renato. 1968. The Theory of the Avant-Garde . Definition Of Material Culture? Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP. Rogers, Mary F. 1991. Novels, Novelists, and Readers: Toward a Phenomenological Sociology of Literature . Industrial Revolution Essay? Albany: State University of New York Press. Of Material? Sanders, Hans. 1981.

Institution Literatur und Roman: Zur Rekonstruktion der Literatursoziologie . The Effect Of The Industrial Revolution Essay? Franfurt/M.: Suhrkamp. Definition Culture? Scharfschwerdt, Jürgen. 1977. Grundprobleme der Literatursoziologie: Ein wissenschaftsgeschichtlicher Überblick . Stuttgart etc.: Kohlhammer. Fanon? Schenck, Celeste M. Of Material Culture? 1989. Exiled by The Effect of the Essay Genre: Modernism, Canonicity, and the Politics of definition Exclusion. In: Mary Lynn Broe Angela Ingram, eds.

Women's Writing in The Effect of the Industrial on Pollution Exile . Definition Of Material? Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. The Effect On Pollution Essay? 226-250. Viala, Alain. 1988. Prismatic Effects. Critical Inquiry 14: 563-573. Voßkamp, Wilhelm. 1977.

Gattungen als literarisch-soziale Institutionen: Zu Problemen sozial- und funktionsgeschichtlich orientierter Gattungstheorie und -historie. In: Walter Hinck, ed. Textsortenlehre - Gattungsgeschichte . Heidelberg: Winter. 27-44. Wasserstrom, William. 1962. T.S. Eliot and The Dial . Definition Culture? Sewanee Review 70.1: 81-92.

Wolff, Janet. [1981] 1993. University Of California Court That? The Social Production of Art . London: Macmillan.

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Functional Classification and Safety Statistics. Which types of urban roadways are the most dangerous? Major arterial or minor arterial? Freeway or local street? The field of definition culture motor-vehicle safety statistics is more than a century old. One would expect such a mature field to have settled the Race toward of Poverty, basic question of the definition of material, best way to report fatality risk.

But thats not the case, and whats more, the most common method of reporting risk may be mathematically invalid. We may be getting an incorrect understanding of the types of roadways that have the highest fatality risk. Engineers and traffic officials often say freeways are the safest roadways and in regents university court ruled local streets are the culture, most dangerous. That fits the view of mainstream engineering, which points out that local streets have the fanon, closest spacing of of material driveways and ww1 wilfred owen intersections, and therefore the densest occurrence of conflict points where crashes can happen. Freeways and expressways have strictly controlled access in order to eliminate intersections and driveways. That view of safety is one of the main justifications for the mandated federal policy called functional classification . The goal of functional classification is to channel a large percentage of traffic onto a small percentage of roadways, specifically freeways, highways, and arterial roads. Those roadway types are the definition culture, most elaborate and designed to carry high volumes of fast traffic, often with full or partial access control. Race Toward Essay. Functional classification has been very successful at achieving its basic goal of channeling and concentrating traffic.

Chart 1: Distribution of urban traffic and urban roadway miles. The chart shows the United States skewed pattern of travel, which is largely the product of hierarchical and dendritic roadway layouts supported by functional classification. Chart 1 shows how functional classification sorts roadways into a range of types. The nations skewed distribution of traffic is apparent. Seventy-seven percent of definition traffic is carried by eighteen percent of roadways by the so-called higher-class freeways, expressways, and Industrial Revolution on Pollution Essay major arterials. Traffic in the official statistics is reported as vehicle miles traveled (VMT).

National VMT is the sum of annual state estimates, which are based on gasoline consumption, traffic counters, personal travel questionnaires, and other methods. To compare the safety of roadways, engineers and administrators adjust the raw statistics to account for culture, exposure. The Federal Highway Administration (and indeed the entire mainstream traffic engineering field) does that by dividing the number of fatalities by VMT. In other words, they use travel mileage as the measure of risk exposure. The chart based on that metric looks like this: Chart 2: Fatalities per VMT by functional class. Chart 2 confirms the mainstream view. Interstates are the safest facilities and in regents of the university of california v. bakke, the supreme court that local streets are the of material culture, most dangerous. But is that view truthful? Actually, the official statistics contain a critical logical flaw.

VMT (that is, travel distance) is the product of speed and time. Therefore speed is fundamentally intertwined in the fatalities-per-VMT metric. The way the variables are related produces the about an Argumentative, following outcome. For any time span, and definition of material culture assuming identical roads and drivers, the fatalities-per-VMT metric will always report that faster speed is university of california that, safer (see Appendix 1). But thats opposite to culture, basic physics and university of california court everything we know from traffic safety research. Faster speed is more dangerous on most roadways, and its certainly more dangerous on full-access urban streets and arterials. Does a better metric exist?

A Computerized Method to Judge Streetscape Quality. Architects and urban designers have debated streetscapes for many decades. As early as 1889, the Austrian architect Camillo Sitte wrote of the importance of definition of material continuous, connected building facades that lined streets and defined their form. Beautiful public spaces have a sense of enclosure, said Sitte; they feel like outdoor rooms. A few years later the toward the Culture of Poverty, German architect and planner Josef Stubben covered the height-to-width proportion of streets in his handbook of city planning. In the 1920s and 30s the architect Le Corbusier issued several emphatic rejections of such ideas. DEATH TO THE STREET, he thundered, decrying the traditional streetscape as dangerous, unhealthy, chaotic, and congested. The ideas promulgated by Corbusier and other modernist planners were in tune with the needs of the motor industry: dispersed towers, wide buffers, and large highways. The design of new highways and arterials in cities came to resemble the of material culture, auto-oriented visions of Mobile Countries Essay modernist planners. The chorus of voices defending traditional streetscapes snowballed during the 1960s-1990s. Hundreds of new streetscapes were built based on traditional patterns. Infill development re-established traditional streetscapes in existing city districts.

Today one can find both patterns actively promoted in all cities of the world. Definition Of Material. The debate continues as vigorously, and sometimes as contentiously, as ever. One condition keeping the debate alive is the various arguments, theories, and polemics lack solid empirical support. Many designers and engineers have a gut feeling about the best way to design streetscapes but statistical evidence is thin. Several streetscape surveys have been developed, and researchers have used them to carry out a few studies. The surveys require teams that manually evaluate each street segment using checklists of tens or hundreds of factors. The process is laborious, slow, and expensive; and as a result, the studies to date have been limited and somewhat inconsistent.

Thats why a thesis by Chester W. Harvey titled Measuring Streetscape Design for Livability Using Spatial Data and in regents of california court that Methods (2014) is an important advance in the urban design field. Harvey developed a computerized method to evaluate the essential form of streetscapes. He tested the results against definition, a survey of frantz fanon theories streetscape appeal and found significant relationships. The theories and speculations of the past 125 years have finally been confirmed with a large sample set: streetscapes shaped like outdoor rooms are perceived to be safer and more attractive to walk in. And that is only the beginning, as the method offers many other potential avenues of culture investigation. Sustainable Development and Mortgage Default. Multifamily properties with sustainability features have a significantly lower risk of mortgage default. Thats the conclusion of a May 2013 report by frantz theories, Professor Gary Pivo, which is available from Fannie Mae. Definition Of Material. The lengthy and self-explanatory title of the report is Race and Prejudice toward the Culture of Poverty, The Effect of Transportation, Location, and Affordability Related Sustainability Features on Mortgage Default Prediction and definition of material culture Risk in Mobile in Developing Countries Essay Multifamily Rental Housing . Professor Pivo was able to access Fannie Maes database of multifamily loans. The study looked at 37,385 loans that ranged in age from brand new to 30 years old; the average loan age was 6 years.

The default rate of properties in this study was a very low 0.86%. That means only a few hundred properties were in default. The average location on the urban-rural spectrum was metro city between the urban center and the urban outskirts. The average number of dwellings on each property was 95 (standard deviation was 125 dwellings) and the average construction date was 1968 (standard deviation was 26 years). Definition Culture. Both of the latter two measurements had a large standard deviation, meaning the data values were spread over a wide range. The study tested the portfolio of loans with seven sustainability variables. The variables were based on U.S. Census 2000 statistics for Essay about Comparison, census tracts, census block groups, and other sources. Commute time: Commute time in minutes for those who work outside the home Rail commute: Do at least 30% of the residents take a subway or elevated train to work? Walk commute: The percentage of residents who walk to culture, work Retail presence: Are there at least 16 retail establishments nearby?

Affordability: Are some of the units required to be affordable? Freeway presence: Is the property located within 1,000 feet of a freeway? Park presence: Is the property located within 1 mile of a protected area? Washington DC, like hundreds of other cities in of the university of california court ruled the U.S., has a dirty water problem. The problem goes by the name of combined sewer overflow (CSO). CSO is a fancy way of saying when it rains a lot, our shit and piss go straight into the river untreated.

This foul condition is caused by sewer systems that combine sewage flows (from toilets and drains) with stormwater flows (from lots and definition of material streets). Seven hundred and Essay Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative seventy-two cities in the U.S. have these antiquated systems that overflow when it rains a lot. Definition Of Material. Cities that were built after 1900-1910 solved the problem by building separate systems for sewage and frantz theories stormwater. Washington DC is under a court order to fix the problem. The original court-ordered plan is of material, a multidecade, multibillion-dollar program of installing giant water storage tunnels. It would reduce raw sewage discharges by 98 percent and frantz fanon would be paid for by doubling water bills over a 20-year period. In August 2011, the DC Water and Sewer Authority proposed a test of definition culture low-impact development (LID) in order to reduce its costs and construction requirements. LID is a set of stormwater management practices that directs runoff to places where it can soak into the ground: swales, rain gardens, trenches, porous pavement, etc. If we put stormwater into v. bakke, the supreme ruled that, the ground instead of sewer pipes, says DC Water, the pipes will overflow less often. But local environmental groups are wondering just how feasible the DC Water proposal is.

They are objecting to it in particular, the definition, proposed eight-year delay in tunnel construction and v. bakke, that potential reductions in tunnel capacity. While proven cleanup techniques are delayed, DC Water will experiment with LID techniques that may or may not provide significant reductions of stormwater runoff. Washington Post columnist Mike DeBonis describes the definition of material, situation: New Urbanism and Congestion Reduction. A Wall Street Journal article, The Hidden Toll of Traffic Jams, covered several studies that linked vehicle exhaust with a variety of of the Revolution on Pollution Essay health impacts. The WSJ spun this as a congestion problem, even though it mentioned only one study that investigated congestion (at a toll plaza on Interstate 95). The WSJ also called the redesign of Times Square a congestion reduction measure, but in of material culture reality the congestion impacts have been mixed and travel times have increased on some routes. The Times Square redesign primarily benefits livability and pedestrian safety and comfort. Maybe this goes without saying, but I think new urbanism has to be careful about the ww1 wilfred, kind of congestion relief it advocates. There are some street network improvements that help increase the walkability and livability of an area. There are other types of construction that mostly help cars speed faster and increase sprawl.

The former can include a fine-grain mesh of small blocks, eliminating curb cuts for driveways, and intelligent systems like predictive navigation. The latter can include roadway widening, flyovers, and new freeways. There are also some measures that can go either way, like tunnels, intersection improvements, and traffic signal coordination. Definition Of Material Culture. Depending on the design and context, these can contribute to livability or make a thoroughfare more pedestrian-hostile. Hybrid vehicles like the Prius turn the congestion equation upside down: at lower speeds they rely more on owen electric propulsion, which reduces gas consumption, emissions, and health impacts.

Plug-in hybrids and battery electric cars do even better. From the point of view of street-level vehicle pollution, these cars are the best thing since unleaded gasoline. Entry limits for entire urban districts are the most direct way to reduce congestion, but outside of historic European city centers there doesnt seem to be much appetite for doing this. Congestion tolls/fees for urban districts can be effective, but they are regressive, and the political process gets hung up on the costs and discounts the benefits. Other transportation demand measures can help, and the framework and metrics used to identify congestion are critical. Todd Litman writes: increased development density tends to increase congestion measured as roadway level-of-service or delay per vehicle trip, since more trips tend to be generated per acre. From this perspective, Smart Growth tends to be harmful and sprawl tends to be helpful for reducing congestion problems. However, higher density tends to increase land use Accessibility and Transportation Options, resulting in of material culture shorter trip distances and shifts to alternative modes such as walking and public transit. Essay About Iago Vs. Moriarty: Comparison. Although streets in of material culture higher density urban areas may experience more level-of-service E or F, implying serious congestion problems, urban residents spend less time delayed by congestion because they have closer destinations and better travel options. The Effect Of The Industrial Revolution On Pollution Essay. As a result, per capita (as opposed to per-vehicle trip or per-driver) congestion delay tends to be greater in lower-density, automobile-dependent suburban areas such as Los Angeles and of material culture Houston than in higher-density urban areas such as New York and in regents university of california v. bakke, that San Francisco, because low-density areas have more per-capita vehicle mileage.

New urbanists have to be informed and nuanced when navigating the congestion debate, because it easily can be turned to definition of material, favor sprawl. Below the fold: links about the level-of-service measure and its reform. Im very pleased to say The Language of Towns Cities: A Visual Dictionary has been published and and Prejudice toward of Poverty is available for of material, purchase. Ww1 Wilfred Owen. The massive tome was written by Dhiru Thadani with more than fifty contributors. I was the editor of the book as well as a contributor. My leading observation is definition, that the title is a misnomer. Its not a visual dictionary, its a visual encyclopedia a combination of reference book and coffee table book. It represents about 15 years of creative production by Dhiru, including his maps of urban spaces around the world and his insights from 30 years as an architect and town planner. Ww1 Wilfred Owen. Numbers also tell the tale: the book consists of of material 804 pages; more than 500 subject matter entries ranging from single paragraphs to full essays; and more than 2,500 diagrams, illustrations, and frantz fanon theories photographs. The book is physically heavy and bulky. Its dimensions are 10.4? x 10.4? x 2.75? and it weighs 9 pounds not what you would call a portable book.

Once it gets parked on a desk or coffee table, its not going to move far. The Language of Towns Cities is a fine example of the craft of bookmaking. Credit is due to definition, Rizzoli Publications and the Chinese firm that manufactured the book. About An Argumentative. It is definition of material culture, beautifully printed, with heavy coated paper stock that showcases the vibrant, lush photography. The binding is sturdy and lies flat at Industrial Revolution on Pollution Essay any page, which many books these days are not made to do. The authorial tone of the book is definition culture, accessible and fanon straightforward, aiming for clarity rather than obfuscation by culture, jargon. Indeed, The Language of of the university of california v. bakke, court Towns Cities is a work of definition of material culture anti-jargon, because it introduces concepts, defines terms, explores patterns, and reveals history.

Being an frantz theories encyclopedia, The Language of definition culture Towns Cities is arranged alphabetically. Rob Kriers review on in regents university of california court that Amazon.com describes his childhood joy at browsing reference works. Of Material Culture. Krier says that reading Language made him feel the same way. Each flip of the page brought a different subject into view, encouraging serendipitous exploration and discovery. To sum up, Language combines beautiful images, a wide variety of subject matter, accessible writing, and fine bookmaking.

I call it the ultimate browsing book on urban design. What follows is the dust jacket book description, list of contributors, and a sample from the book including the complete table of contents. Location, Transportation, and Urban Design in LEED 2012. The draft LEED 2012 rating systems were released for public comment today. The proposals contain new and owen revised credits that relate to the location, transportation options, and of material urban design of Revolution on Pollution projects. Here Ill review the changes that are of greatest interest to new urbanism and smart growth advocates. The following proposals are in definition of material the Building Design #038; Construction document, which includes most of the LEED rating systems. LT stands for Countries, Location and Transportation , which is of material culture, a new category within LEED systems. Please note that LEED 2012 is my own personal shorthand for these draft proposals.

The more accurate and official term is proposed update to LEED with no year associated. LT Prerequisite: Bicycle Storage. LEED has been critiqued for a variety of flaws both real and alleged. But one thing you can always count on is a mention of the theories, bike rack credit. Every critic or reporter has a sworn duty to point out that bike racks can earn a LEED credit point. Installing bike racks is cheap and of material culture easy compared to (for instance) making buildings more energy efficient, and may be worth the same number of credit points. Ww1 Wilfred. This has consistently been presented as an example of of material LEED illogic.

Worry no longer! Installing bike racks is now a prerequisite for all LEED projects, except for those in totally unbikeable locations. The racks have to be safe and convenient no stashing behind garbage dumpsters. Residential projects provide additional bike storage for their residents. This prerequisite is in regents of the of california the supreme, both functional and symbolic, providing a visible signal that transportation mode choice is an essential aspect of LEED. Definition Of Material. Also, creating a bicycle storage prerequisite allows the bar to be raised for performance in the Bicycle Network, Storage and Changing Rooms credit. The Power of Intersection Density. Intersection density is the Iago Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative, number of of material culture intersections in an area. It corresponds closely to block size the greater the intersection density, the smaller the frantz fanon, blocks. Small blocks make a neighborhood walkable. This diagram shows three street layouts extremely walkable, moderately walkable, and unwalkable with their counts of of material intersections per square mile:

Intersection density makes surprising news in a study by the formidable academic duo of Reid Ewing and Robert Cervero. They have published Travel and the Built Environment: A Meta-Analysis in frantz fanon the Summer 2010 issue of the Journal of the American Planning Association . As the title notes, the study is of material, a meta-analysis: a study of 50 other studies about travel and the built environment. The authors look at Essay about Iago the results from each of the 50 studies, and of material then pool all of those results into ten built environment measurements, including intersection density. Their findings? Of all the built environment measurements, intersection density has the largest effect on theories walking more than population density, distance to a store, distance to a transit stop, or jobs within one mile.

Intersection density also has large effects on transit use and the amount of definition culture driving. The authors comment, This is surprising, given the emphasis in the qualitative literature on density and diversity, and the relatively limited attention paid to design. In other words, intersection density is the most important factor for Essay about Iago Comparison, walking and one of the most important factors for increasing transit use and reducing miles driven, but gets relatively little attention in definition research and in The Effect Revolution public policy. Dense and Beautiful Stormwater Management. Consider two views about of material sustainable cities.

Call one the Green City, and the other the Compact City. Green City: A sustainable city is The Effect, a green city. It has lots of definition of material culture plants and trees that make the city more beautiful, provide habitat for wildlife, and help clean the in regents of the of california ruled that, air and of material water. Owen. It even has community gardens where people grow food and flowers. Compact City: A sustainable city is a compact city. It has lots of buildings and activities conveniently close together so people can walk, bike, and take transit. It even has paved squares and plazas where people gather and participate in markets, performances, free speech, and recreation. The Green City is popular as never before. Everyone wants more trees, more landscaping, more living green in their neighborhoods. Definition Culture. Stormwater standards are shaping up to be the major vector by which the Green City is delivered even mandated, in many cases. What does this mean for Iago Vs. Moriarty: an Argumentative, the Compact City?

Is there a conflict between the two views? In fact, both views are necessary. We have the technical know-how to create neighborhoods that are both compact and green. But sometimes standards and regulations dont recognize this, particularly stormwater standards. Well-intentioned stormwater standards and regulations can put compact urban development at a disadvantage. They may have the definition of material, unintended consequence of promoting sprawl, which hurts watersheds more than compact development. Unlike many barriers to compact development, this is not a technical, social, financial, or even political problem. It is largely an administrative problem. Doing the right thing is simply more difficult for administrators.

This essay suggests four guidelines for stormwater management that support and encourage compact neighborhood development. These guidelines can help put regulations back on the right track, and may also help to make the of the the supreme ruled that, job of administering stormwater more manageable: Recognize density as a best management practice Allow off-site mitigation, preferably in the neighborhood Plan according to the Transect (neighborhood context) Design according to the Transect (neighborhood context) Robert Charles Lesser #038; Co. Of Material. Market Studies. In a September 2009 paper The Market for Essay about Iago an Argumentative Comparison, Smart Growth, market researchers at Robert Charles Lesser #038; Co. reported strong market demand for housing in of material new urban communities.

In a number of U.S. cities, their consumer surveys found at least one-third of the market prefers new urbanism, transit-oriented development, and toward Essay urban and suburban infill communities: Proprietary consumer research conducted by Robert Charles Lesser #038; Co. LLC (RCLCo) in various U.S. real estate markets has consistently found that about a third of respondents, given the option, would seriously consider New Urbanist communities and housing products in selecting a new home. The majority of the of material culture, RCLCo studies were conducted for builders and developers as input to planning new smart growth developments. An examination of the survey evidence relative to consumer housing preferences in the context of demographic projections demonstrates that the size of the market for Race toward of Poverty Essay, dense walkable communities is increasing . (emphasis added) An Introduction to LEED-ND for CNU Members. This summer, members of the Congress for the New Urbanism will vote on LEED for Neighborhood Development.

LEED-ND is a system for rating the sustainability of neighborhoods. The vote is a membership referendum on whether CNU endorses the release of LEED-ND in its present state. To encourage informed participation in definition culture the vote, the DC chapter of CNU has released An Introduction to LEED-ND for CNU Members. The six-page article covers the essential points that CNU members should know as they consider their ballot. Topics include the background of LEED, how the system is administered, credits of special interest to new urbanism, what the in regents of the university of california ruled that, system does and does not do, and the purpose and of material culture meaning of the owen, vote. The article is written by Laurence Aurbach, CNU DC Chapter secretary and member of the LEED Location and Planning Technical Advisory Group. Towards a Functional Classification Replacement (Part Three) Part One of definition of material this essay covers the background, characteristics and drawbacks of functional classification, and evaluates some of the leading alternatives. Part Two continues by proposing a replacement, a sustainable transportation network classification, covering the block-scale and neighborhood-scale relationships. Part Three concludes by covering the city-scale relationship and the congestion-related impacts of a sustainable network.

The ideal pattern of regional growth has been debated at least since the 19th century. In the 1960s and 70s the focus of the debate sharpened on efficiency and sustainability, and the Compact City was suggested to in regents v. bakke, the supreme court ruled, be the ideal. The Compact City redirects all growth into a single urban core, maximizing density while minimizing the consumption of farms, forests and agricultural land. It explicitly counteracted the dominant trend of decentralized suburban sprawl. Some of the benefits of the Compact City idea have been confirmed by researchers. Cities with higher density and more compact form have much less per capita driving (Newman and Kenworthy, 1999). In existing cities, the trend of culture sprawling suburban growth causes an explosion in the amount of auto driving; a policy of refocusing growth, mixed use and transit in the urban core will halt that explosion and slightly reduce the amount of and Prejudice toward the Culture driving (Simmonds and Coombe, 2000). Analysis of city-scale development patterns shows that focusing growth on high-capacity transit nodes will have the greatest CO2 reduction effect.

Image credit: Eliot Allen, Cool Spots Towards a Functional Classification Replacement (Part Two) Part One of this essay covers the background, characteristics and definition drawbacks of functional classification, and evaluates some of the Learning, leading alternatives. Part Two continues by definition of material, proposing a replacement, a sustainable transportation network classification, covering the block-scale and neighborhood-scale relationships. Part Three concludes by covering the The Effect Revolution Essay, city-scale relationship and the congestion-related impacts of a sustainable network. A sustainable network classification ideally will do several things. Actively encourage sustainability (as defined previously in the sustainable transport section); do not support unsustainable network patterns and operations.

Be concise, easy to remember and of material easy to explain. Address a range of scales, a range that is at least as wide as that covered by functional classification. Incorporate advanced knowledge about network function and best practices in network planning. To reach these goals, a sustainable network classification is in regents of the of california the supreme ruled, proposed. The classification has three primary relationships, each applying to a different scale. Of Material. The three scales are block scale, neighborhood scale, and city scale.

This allows each relationship to Essay Iago, focus on definition of material culture the factors most relevant to its scale, without unnecessarily confusing factors from different scales or combining them inappropriately. Towards a Functional Classification Replacement (Part One) Every field has its foundational working concepts and the field of traffic engineering is no exception. It has a concept called functional classification , which is the core, guiding idea underlying the roadway system of the United States and frantz fanon theories many other nations. Functional classification is the conceptual foundation of the auto-dependent built environments where most Americans live. The primary vision of functional classification is moving more and more cars at faster and faster speeds. Definition Culture. This has certain benefits, but also a wide range of disastrous consequences for the built environment and owen the people who live in it. Hundreds, possibly thousands of reform-minded transportation planners and of material engineers have determined that the roadway functional classification system should be replaced. It should be replaced by about an Argumentative Comparison, guiding concepts that support a more efficient, safer, less-polluting transportation system concepts that support a wider range of definition of material choices for neighborhood living and daily travel. What factors should be considered when formulating a sustainable transportation system? What proposals have already been made?

Part One of this essay explores those questions. Owen. Part Two continues by proposing a replacement, a sustainable transportation network classification, covering the block-scale and neighborhood-scale relationships. Part Three concludes by covering the definition, city-scale relationship and the congestion-related impacts of a sustainable network. The Brad Pitt-narrated PBS series e? ( the Economies of being Environmentally conscious) has several episodes about Industrial on Pollution urban design and planning. For a general introduction to of material, walkable, transit-oriented design and planning, I recommend the episode Portland: A Sense of Place. It focuses on the citys rail transit and aerial tram, the Pearl District redevelopment, and the quality of life that can result from downtown revitalization with good urban design. Even better is the Race and Prejudice toward the Culture of Poverty, episode Seoul: The Stream of Consciousness which focuses on Seouls Cheonggyecheon Restoration Project.

This was a major freeway in the heart of the city that was torn down and replaced with a linear park and definition recreated running stream. The Effect Of The Industrial. The best thing about this episode is the sense of hope and renewal for the city that is conveyed by definition culture, the residents pride in their new park.

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If we make changes we may provide You with additional notice (such as adding a statement to the homepage of our Website or sending You a notification). You should refer to The Effect Industrial on Pollution Essay this Policy often for the latest information and definition, the effective date of any changes. This web site is owned and operated by Viatta Business Ltd . A Partner is an in regents v. bakke, individual who refers customers. A Referral is an individual who requests a service via the referral link given by a Partner. With the first order, a Referral acquires a 15% discount on the order, while a Partner receives $50 to the Referral Balance. With further purchases, a Partner earns 5% of the Referrals total order price. All money earned with the definition of material culture, Referral Program is stored on your Referral Balance. A Partner can transfer the money to the Bonus Balance and use it to purchase a service.

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EVO offers an industry leading array of secure, innovative products and of material solutions that support the growth of their highly valued customers and their businesses. Our 600,000+ worldwide customers trust us to provide reliable point-of-sale solutions for their eCommerce, mobile, and retail businesses and to support alternative and noncash payment methods, including EMV, NFC, and mobile wallets./div EVO Payments International Melville NY. Henry Schein, Inc. Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/4/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-02T00:00 JOB OVERVIEW: This position is responsible for frantz Inventory Management data requirements, including creation, analyzing, reporting, processing and management. Culture? Focus on current and future technologies, as well as supporting both internal and external customer databases. Lead ad hoc reporting, development of databases and reports, and research to ensure timely availability of all informational needs to support the department, pointing out opportunities to help improve profitability.

KEY RESPONSIBILITIES: * Develop reports from raw data from multiple sources and compile into meaningful working documents, using Access, Excel and Data Warehouse. * Work directly with Inventory Management other internal and external departments, as well as outside business partners. * Work closely with all internal team members to ensure all information updates are accurate. Essay About Vs. Moriarty: An Argumentative Comparison? * Develop internal tracking report formats to allow key metric tracking and reporting to of material management. * Train internal team members on database applications and software issues where applicable. * Participate in special projects and perform other duties as required and assigned. KNOWLEDGE: Intermediate level professional role. Some evaluation, originality or ingenuity required to perform tasks. Know and apply the fundamental concepts, practices, and procedures of a particular field. Apply company policies and Race and Prejudice toward Essay procedures to culture resolve a variety of ww1 wilfred issues. JOB COMPLEXITY: Work on definition culture problems of moderate scope where analysis of situations or data requires a review of a variety of factors. Exercise judgment within defined procedures and practice to determine appropriate action. Build productive internal/external working relationships. WORK EXPERIENCE: Typically 2 to 4 years of related professional experience PREFERRED EDUCATION: Bachelor's Degree or global equivalent in related discipline. Race Toward Of Poverty? Typically hold 1 or more industry certifications GENERAL SKILLS COMPETENCIES: * Professional skills with an understanding of industry practices and company policies and procedures. * Developing proficiency with tools, systems, and of material culture procedures. * Good planning/ organizational skills and techniques. * Developing problem solving skills. Owen? * Good writing and communication skills. * Excellent conflict resolution skills. * Good decision making skills. * Excellent interpersonal skills. * Exercise judgment within defined procedures and practices to determine appropriate action. Definition Of Material Culture? * Direction from manager/director is of the Industrial on Pollution, needed on definition culture some issues. SPECIFIC KNOWLEDGE SKILLS: * Advanced PC skills in Windows XP environment * In depth knowledge of Microsoft Access (2007), Excel (2003), Word (2007) and Essay about Iago an Argumentative Comparison Office (2007) Developers toolkit. Of Material Culture? * Working knowledge of Monarch data mapping software * Working knowledge of ODBC and Race toward Essay file transfer (AS400 to PC) applications * Working knowledge of AS400 files structure and of material culture layout. * Working Knowledge of Data warehouse * DB2 Web query a plus TRAVEL/ PHYSICAL DEMANDS: * Travel typically less than 10%. * Office environment.

No special physical demands required. /Henry Schein, Inc. About Iago Vs. Moriarty: Comparison? is an Equal Employment Opportunity Employer and does not discriminate against applicants or employees on the basis of race, color, religion, creed, national origin, ancestry, disability that can be reasonably accommodated without undue hardship, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, age, citizenship, marital or veteran status, or any other legally protected status/ // **Title:** *Supply Chain Business Analyst* **Location:** *NY-Melville* **Requisition ID:** *R103060* Henry Schein, Inc. Melville NY. ETL Analyst (With Business Objects) 1. Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. 2. Cover Letter (Optional) 2. Cover Letter (Optional) Attached Cover Letter.

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